MIKE FARRELL ~COLLECTION~

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1 THE MIKE FARRELL ~COLLECTION~ OF INDEPENDENT MAILS INCL U DIN G THE HISTORY, FORGERIES, & FAN TASIES OF U NITED STATES, LOCAL POSTS, CARRIERS, INDEPENDENT MAIL ROU TES, & EXPRESS CO.s chain deliveries The research for this section is primarily based on the articles by Mosher, Alexander and Bowman in The Penny Post vol 20 # 3 & 4; vol 21 # 3 & 4 The information and identification within t hese selections is t he individual work of t he Farrell Collection. It is always recommended to consult multiple sources for additional information or opinions. Local post company descriptions are based on information available at t he time of writi ng. Descriptions in the Farrell Collection were written based on personal research and sources including, but not limited to: Articles in t he Carriers and l ocals Society's The Penny Post; Amos Media's Scott Catalogue; Patton's Th e Private Local Post of the United States; Spri nger's Handbook of North American Cinderella Stamps; Lyons' Identifier for Carriers, Locals, Fakes Forge ri es and Bogus Posts of the United States; articles in t he USPCS's Th e Chronicle; M asher's Cata log of Pri vate Express Labels and Stamps; Th e Eastern Independent Mail Company Study Group's Eastern Independent Mail Companies and Express Mail Companies 1840~1845; Elliot Perry's Pat Paragraph s; James N. Dru mmond 1 s Catalog of Philatelic Miscellany; and the notes of George Sloane and Gordon Stimmel l. Colors listed for stamps and forgeries are the opinions of the Farrell Collection based on viewing physical copies of the pieces under consist ent lighting. Colors in the.pdfs may be slightly inaccu rate due to ma nipulations from the scanning process, computer monitor settings, or (in event t hat t he files are printed for offline viewing) t he printing process. Unless otherwise noted, stamps are identified by t heir Scott Catalogue numbers and forgeries are identified by their Lyons Identifier type. Scott numbers in parenthesis under listed forgeries represent approximately what stamp the forgery is attempting to imitate. Copyright Amos Media Company The Scott Numbers are the copyrighted property of Amos Media Company, and are used here under a licensing agreement with Amos. The marks Scott and Scott's are Registered in t he U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, and are t rademarks of Amos Media Company. No use may be made of these marks or of material in t his publication, which is reprinted from a copyrighted publication of Amos Media Company., wit hout t he express written permission of Amos Media Company, Sidney, Ohio

2 Origin.ally named the Motor Post, lnc., this delivery company served chain stores in the eastern United States from 1932 into the late 1940s. Chain Deliveries acted as a consolidator and forwarder of merchandise. The company contracted tru.cks to pick up small packages.from various factories and deliver them to the Chain Deliveries depots. All packages eventually made their way to one of six main tenninals in New York City, Boston, or Chicago. From there, all packages for specific clients were gathered into a single delivery and shipped out. Some of the chain stores that used the service were F.W. Woolworth, W.T. Grant, JJ. Newberry, and McLellan's Five and Dime. The company went through three dgf'erent names. The first, Motor Post, lnc. was changed in May of The exact reason for the change is unrecorded. lt is possible that the Post Office Department disapproved of the use of the word "post" in the name; or it is possible that the company believed "Chain Deliveries, lnc." better described their business. Then in 1937, the company began using the name "Chain Deliveries Express lnc." This was the name used for the remainder of the business. ln 1947, the company went bankrupt. lt was absorbed by new management under the name CDX Merchandise Express. This company did not opt to issue stamps for delivery payment, but continued to offer a delivery service into the 1980s. BUSINESS RECORI;,S.. ANKRUPTCV PROCEEDING BASTJmN D ltlc1' l.u.:4-117 ARTICLE FROM NEW YORK TIMES DECEMBER 23, 1947 The first stamps used by the company were probably issued in They are the only stamps that use the Motor Post lnc. name, which is printed on the winged package logo in the center of the stamp. They were printed in nine dgferent values.from 1 to 40. The stamps were printed on swface colored paper perforated at gauge 12. TYPE 1: 1 RED & GRAY /w BLACK TYPE1 :2 DEEP BLUE & RED lw BLACK

3 The first issued stamps for the Chain Deliveries company, then called "Motor Post, lnc.", were printed in nine denominations around Printed on swfa.ce colored pa.per and peefora.ted a.t gauge 12. They were printed with one color for the background, another color for the value numeral, and black for text and oval outline. The ova.[ measures 42 by 23.5mm. TYPE 1: 3 VERMILION & GREEN BLUE TYPE 1: 411 YELLOW & GREEN TYPEl: 5 GREEN BLUE & BROWN TYPEl: 10 LIGHT GREEN & GOLD TYPE 1: l5j! PINK (SHADE> & BLUE TYPEl: l5j! PINK (SHADE> & BLUE TYPE 1: 20 GRAY & ORANGE TYPE 1 : 40 BROWN & ORANGE

4 The second stamps issued by the Chain Deliveries company used the "Chain Deliveries lnc." name, which was illustrated on the winged package logo in the center of the design. The logo was centered in an oval that measured 43 by 23.5mm. Like the previous type, the oval and text were printed in black, while the background and numeral were printed in two d!ff erent additional colors. These stamps were printed on swface colored paper, peiforated at gauge These are the least common of all the Chain Deliveries stamp types. Although the usual nine denominations are believed to have been printed, examples ef only four of the values (,, 2, 5, and 10 ) have been recorded by collectors. TYPE2: 1 RED ORANGE (SHADE) & GRAY TYPE2: 1 RED ORANGE (shade) & GRAY TYPE2 :2 DEEP BLUE & RED TYPE2: 5 GREEN BLUE & BROWN

5 The third type of stamps used by Chain Deliveries continued with the winged package logo, although on this logo the words "Deliveries lnc." extend outside of the package lines. The logo is printed inside an oval that measures 42 by 2,3mm. The oval, logo and text are printed in black, and the value numeral is printed in red. Unlike the previous types, these stamps were printed on colored paper, each value in a different color. They are perforated at gauge 12. lt is believed that nine denominations were printed, although only six are recorded by collectors (the 1, 2, and 40 values are currently unknown). These stamps were used for a fairly short period, starting around TYPE3: 3 LIGHT ROSE & RED TYPE3 :'1 LIGHT YELLOW & RED TYPE3: 5 LIGHT GREEN BLUE & RED TYPE 3: 10 LIGHT GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE 3: 15 MEDIUM BLUE (SHADE) & RED TYPE 3: 20 PINK (SHADE) & RED TYPE 3: 10 LIGHT GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE3: 15 MEDIUM BLUE (SHADE) & RED TYPE 3: 20 PINK (SHADE) & RED

6 Chain Deliveries used a wavy lines cancellation that included the text "CANCELLED" within the lines. The text "CHAlN DELNERlES" and the date were printed above and below the lines. The was a large cancel - it is impossible to contain the entire print on one stamp. ln addition, the smooth surface of the stamps meant that many of the cancellations are smudged. The dearest examples of cancellations are shown when the stamps are still attached to larger pieces - usually plain brown packaging paper. TYPE 3: 15 MEDIUM BLUE (SHADE) & RED ON PIECE CANCELLED - WAVY LINES 1935

7 The fourth type of Chain Deliveries stamp was issued the same year as the third type. This version is printed with a new winged package logo - the package is only split horizontal (rather than quartered), and the entire text "Via Chain Deliveries lnc." fits within the package. The oval measures 41 by 19mm, and the text within the oval is written in a script font rather than a sans serf print The oval and text are printed in black, while the gingham pattern.eel background and value numeral are printed in two different colors. The stamps were printed in nine denominations, all of which are recorded. Some values are kn.own with color shade variations. TYPE4: 1 ORANGE RED (SHADE) & GRAY TYPE4: 1 ORANGE RED (SHADE) & GRAY TYPE4 :2 ULTRAMARINE & RED TYPE4: 3 ORANGE (SHADE) & TURQUOISE TYPE4: 3 ORANGE (SHADE) & TURQUOISE TYPE4: 411 YELLOW & YELLOW GREEN TYPE4: 5 LIGHT BLUE (SHADE) & BROWN TYPE4: 5 LIGHT BLUE (SHADE) & BROWN TYPE 4vAR : 5 BLUE GREEN (SHADE) & BROWN

8 TYPE4: 10 YELLOW GREEN (SHADE) &DEEP BLUE TYPE4: 10 YELLOW GREEN (SHADE) &DEEP BLUE TYPE4: 15 DULL ORANGE &BLUE TYPE4: 20 DULL MAUVE (SHADE) &LIGHT RED TYPE4: 20 DULL MAUVE (SHADE) &LIGHT RED TYPE4: 40 BROWN & GREEN BLUE TYPE 4: 15 DULL ORANGE & BLUE - TYPE 4: 4 YELLOW & YELLOW GREEN ON PIECE WITH OVEMBER 15, 1835 CANCEL

9 TYPE 4: 10 - YELLOW GREEN & DEEP BLUE VERTICAL PAIR TYPE 4: 5 LIGHT BLUE & BROWN I TYPE 4: 2 - ULTRAMARINE & RED TYPE4: 10 YELLOW GREEN & DEEP BLUE TYPE4: 3e ORANGE & TURQUOISE DULL~~ 1 i.f&kr RED BLu]1]~1~~Jlf>WN TYPE4 :4e YELLOW & YELLOW GREEN

10 The fifth Chain Deliveries stamps were printed by the Eureka Specialty Printing Company. They include a repeating "ESPCo" safety design in the paper, that shows through on the reverse. This safety design is water soluble - if someone wanted to wash off the can.eel to reuse the stamp, the safety design would also be washed off. Stamps were perforated at gauge 12. STAMP REVERSE SHOWING SAFETY DESIGN [TYPE2: 2 1 The stamps were printed with a completely new design, which included a decorative leafy border and gridwork background. Text at the top reads "COUPON I FOR PAYING TRANSPORTATION CHARGES". The winged package logo is still used and is mostly unchanged from the previous stamp type. Stamps were bi-colored, with the value numerals in one color (red or blue) and the rest of the design in a second color. Nine denominations were issued, and all are known. There are some shade variations within the printing, but nothing drastic enough to be considered a variation. TYPE5: 1 TYPE5: 1 TYPE5: 2 TYPE 5: 2 TYPE5 :2

11 rr\:~ 1:.r.~t ':'If(/-.,..,. '. ~~,,;, TYPE5: 3 TYPE5: 3 TYPE5: 4 VIOLET (SHADE) & RED TYPE5: 5 TYPE 5: 5 TYPE5: 5 TYPE5: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE5 : 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE 5: 15 BLACK (SHADE) & BLUE TYPE5: 20 BLUE (SHADE) & RED TYPE5: 20 BLUE (SHADE) & RED TYPE5: 20 BLUE (SHADE) & RED

12 TYPE5: 2 VERTICAL PAIR TYPE 5: 5 WITH LEFT MARGIN TYPE 5: 5; VERTICAL STRIP OF FOUR

13 The type 5 st.amps were issued in the same year as the previous type. lt is not unusual to see combination usages. TYPE 4 : 3 ;4?.J. }cftepf1fturquoise TYPE 5 : 2 - CARMINE & BLUE TYPE 4: 1 ORANGE RED & GRAY OCTOBER 28, 1935 CANCEL

14 Chain Delivery's.final stamps were also the longest used, spanningftom the earliest known usage in 1936 until the latest known in These stamps were also printed by the Eureka Specialty Printing Co. and are very similar in appearance to the previous type 5 stamps. There are several smaller dyf erences in the design, but the major change is the wording on the winged package logo, which now reads "CHAIN DEUVERIES EXPRESS INC." Like the previous issue, nine denominations were issued. Each stamp is bi-colored, with the value numeral in one color (red or blue) and the rest of the design in a second color. The stamps are printed on security printed paper and peeforated at gauge 12. TYPE6: 1 TYPE6: 1 TYPE6 :2 TYPE6: 3 TYPE6: 3 TYPE6: 3 TYPE6: 4 VIOLET (SHADE) & RED TYPE6 :4 VIOLET (SHADE) & RED TYPE6: 4 VIOLET (SHADE) & RED

15 TYPE6: 5 TYPE6: 5 TYPE6: 5 TYPE6: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE6: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE6: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE6: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE6: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED TYPE6: 15 TYPE6: 15 TYPE6: 15!1

16 TYPE 6: 20 BLUE (SHADE) & RED!";..._.~. I ~ ~-!~~:!::';{<? :.r.~_,,:_,.a,......, -...,:~,... t\?;;;;;!t~-,,,0,.~,.-~.t=-= ~1~ \. ":(l$\f:::; ;_.'".,, }\i,i:~[s ~1}>;."''=' ~ I ]f>,,.i,~ '< '.~\) 1 '.\i...,,. _ :. f 1, ;;'~.. ~.... TYPE6:34! VERTICAL PAIR TYPE6: 1 VERTICAL STRIP OF THREE

17 The stamps printed by ESPCo. (types 5 and 6) are known with plate numbers. Featu.red here are examples of the 5 type 6 stamp with margins that show the imprint Three different plate numbers are recorded for the 5 type 6 stamps: 03730, 09906, and TYPE6: 5 VERTICAL PAIR UNCANCELLED TYPE6: 5 VERTICAL STRIP OF THREE RIGHT MARGIN PLATE # TYPE6: 5 VERTICAL PAIR CANCELLED TYPE6: 5 RIGHT MARGIN

18 TYPE 6: 10 GREEN (SHADE) & RED VERTICAL PAIR