AP1 EEA-32 Sulphur dioxide SO 2 emissions

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "AP1 EEA-32 Sulphur dioxide SO 2 emissions"

Transcription

1 AP1 EEA-32 Sulphur dioxide SO 2 emissions Key messages EEA-32 emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) have decreased by 66% between 1990 and In 2005, the most significant source of SO 2 emissions was the energy industries sector (41%), followed by emissions occurring from industrial processes (35%) and industrial energy use (13%). The reduction in emissions since 1990 has been achieved as a result of a combination of measures, including fuel-switching in energy-related sectors away from high sulphur-containing solid and liquid fuels to low sulphur fuels such as natural gas, the fitting of flue gas desulphurisation abatement technology in industrial facilities and the impact of European Community directives relating to the sulphur content of certain liquid fuels. Thirteen of the EU-27 Member States have already reduced their national SO 2 emissions below the level of the emission ceilings set in the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD), while a number of others are close to meeting their ceilings. However, a small number of Member States still need to make significant further reductions in order to meet their respective ceilings under the NECD. Environmental context: Sulphur dioxide is emitted when fuels containing sulphur are combusted. It is a pollutant which contributes to acid deposition which in turn can lead to potential changes occurring in soil and water quality. The subsequent impacts of acid deposition can be significant, including adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems in rivers and lakes and damage to forests, crops and other vegetation. SO 2 emission also contributes to formation of particulate matter in the atmosphere, an important air pollutant in terms of its adverse impact on human health. Figure 1 : Emission trends of SO 2 for a) EEA-32; b) EU-15; c) New EU-12; d) EFTA-4 and e) CC-3 Figure 1a) EEA Index kt emission Sulphur dioxide 0 Notes: No data available for Iceland 1

2 Figure 1b) EU Index kt emission NECD Target Sulphur dioxide NECD Target path 2010 NECD Target 0 Figure 1c) New EU Index kt emission 40 NECD Target Sulphur dioxide NECD Target path 2010 NECD Target 2

3 Figure 1d) EFTA Index kt emission Sulphur dioxide 0 Notes: No data available for Iceland Figure 1e) CC Index kt emission Sulphur dioxide 0 Note: The increase in emissions for 1999 is caused by a significant increase in the SO 2 national total reported by Turkey for this year. 3

4 Figure 2: The contribution made by main economic sectors ( 1 ) to SO 2 emissions in 2005 for a) EEA-32; b) EU-15; c) New EU-12; d) EFTA-4 and e) CC-3 (%). Figure 2a) EEA % 6.4% 12.6% 1.8% 2.2% 0.9% 0.1% 41.4% Notes: No data available for Iceland 1 Energy industry : emissions from public heat and electricity generation, oil refining and production of solid fuels; Fugitive emissions : emissions from extraction and distribution of solid fossil fuels and geothermal energy; : emissions from combustion processes used in the manufacturing industry including boilers, gas turbines and stationary engines; Industry (processes) : emissions derived from non-combustion related processes such as the production of minerals, chemicals and metal production; : emissions principally occurring from fuel combustion in the services and household sectors; Other (non-energy): non-combustion related emissions mainly in the services and households sectors including activities such as paint application, dry-cleaning and other use of solvents; Road transport : combustion-related emissions from light and heavy duty vehicles, passenger cars and motorcycles and including tyre and brake-wear abrasion; Off-road transport : railways, domestic shipping, certain aircraft movements, and non-road mobile machinery used in agriculture and forestry; : emissions derived from agriculture-related activities including manure management, fertiliser application and field-burning of agricultural wastes; : incineration, waste-water management. 4

5 Figure 2b) EU % 16.90% 5.45% 61.97% 5.78% 0.00% 4.83% 0.93% 0.12% 0.01% Figure 2c) New EU-12 58% 5% 0% 1% 0% 7% 0% 0% 29% 0% 5

6 Figure 2d) EFTA-4 0.3% 10.8% 3.3% 0.1% 9.5% 4.2% % 36.3% Notes: No data available for Iceland Figure 2e) CC-3 0.2% 0.3% 4.8% 13.8% 1.9% 49.2% 28.0% 1.8% 6

7 Figure 3: Change (%) in SO 2 emissions in each sector , for a) EEA-32 b) EU-15; c) New EU-12; d) EFTA-4 and e) CC-3 country groupings. Figure 3a) EEA-32-63% Unallocated 401% -> -84% -34% 7% -74% 509% -> -68% -51% -65% -86% -90% -70% -50% -30% -10% 10% 30% 50% 70% 90% Notes: No data available for Iceland Figure 3b) EU-15-68% Unallocated <- 524% -92% -42% -8% -82% -40% -73% -59% -71% -88% -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 7

8 Figure 3c) New EU-12-65% Unallocated 4104% -> -90% 14% 0% -76% 1476% -> -74% 51% -63% -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Note: The large increase in is due to inconsistencies between the SO 2 national total and data reported by Romania for this sector. Figure 3d) EFTA-4 3% Unallocated -100% -98% -52% 47% -54% -51% -65% -54% -35% 0% -110% -90% -70% -50% -30% -10% 10% 30% 50% Notes: No data available for Iceland 8

9 Figure 3e) CC-3-98% Unallocated -82% 5% -35% 36% -3% -59% -13% 0% -4% 0% -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% Figure 4: The percentage contribution made by each sector with respect to the total change in SO 2 emissions for a) EEA-32; b) EU-15; c) New EU-12; d) EFTA-4 and e) CC-3 country groupings Figure 4a) EEA-32 0% Unallocated -21% -4% -1% 0% -14% 23% -21% -1% -61% 0% -70% -60% -50% -40% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 9

10 Notes: No data available for Iceland Figure 4b) EU-15 Unallocated -0.1% -0.1% -4.4% -1.4% -10.4% -1.5% -18.1% -2.4% -61.6% -70% -50% -30% -10% 10% Figure 4c) New EU-12 Unallocated -62.4% -2.5% 0.1% -18.5% 60.6% -22.4% 0.2% -55.1% -70% -50% -30% -10% 10% 30% 50% 70% 10

11 Figure 4d) EFTA-4 Unallocated 0.1% -13.1% -9.0% -18.1% -29.8% -22.4% -3.8% -3.9% -30% -20% -10% 0% 10% Notes: Data for Iceland not included (reported NO/NA for the entire time series) Figure 4e) CC-3 0.1% Unallocated % -0.6% 0.3% -0.2% 1.5% 8.3% 12.0% 5.7% Source: EEA/ETC-AC (2007) -140% -120% -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 11

12 Environmental Context Sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ) is emitted when fuels containing sulphur are combusted. Sulphur dioxide is a pollutant which contributes to acid deposition which in turn can lead to potential changes occurring in soil and water quality. The subsequent impacts of acid deposition can be significant, including adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems in rivers and lakes and damage to forests, crops and other vegetation. In many cases, the deposition of acidifying substances still exceeds the critical loads of the ecosystems (see EEA indicator CSI 005 Exposure of ecosystems to acidification, eutrophication and ozone ). Acidification can also damage buildings and cultural monuments. Further details concerning emissions of acidifying pollutants are provided in EEA s Core Set Indicator CSI 001 Emissions of acidifying substances. As a secondary particulate precursor, SO 2 also contributes to the formation of particulate aerosols in the atmosphere. Particulate matter is an important air pollutant due to their adverse impacts on human health, and SO 2 is therefore also indirectly linked to effects on human health (see EEA s Core Set Indicator CSI 003 Emissions of primary particles and secondary particulate precursors for further details concerning emissions of particulate matter. Policy objectives and measures A number of policies have been implemented within Europe that either directly or indirectly act to reduce emissions of SO 2. These include: The National Emission Ceilings Directive 2001/81/EC (NECD) which entered into force in the European Community in The NECD sets emission ceilings for four important air pollutants (SO 2, nitrogen oxides (NO x ), ammonia (NH 3 ) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs)) to be achieved from 2010 onwards for each Member State. The ceilings are designed to improve the protection in the Community of the environment and human health against risks of adverse effects arising from acidification, eutrophication and ground level ozone. The NECD is presently under review, the European Commission anticipates adopting a proposal for a revised Directive mid The Gothenburg Protocol (1999) to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe s (UNECE) Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention) to abate acidification, eutrophication and ground-level ozone. A key objective of the protocol is to regulate emissions on a regional basis within Europe and to protect eco-systems from transboundary pollution by setting emission reduction ceilings to be reached by 2010 for the same 4 pollutants as addressed in the NECD (i.e. SO 2, NO x, NH 3 and NMVOCs). Overall for the EU Member States, the ceilings set within the Gothenburg protocol are generally either slightly less strict or the same as the emission ceilings specified in the NECD. The Directive for the Sulphur content of Certain Fuels (93/12/EC). This requires Member States to cease the use of heavy fuel oil with a sulphur content greater than 1% by mass from 2001, and the use of gas oil with a sulphur content greater than 0.2% from 2001 and greater than 0.1% from 2008; The Large Combustion Plant Directive 2001/80/EC (LCPD) is important in reducing emissions of SO 2, NO x and dust from combustion plants having a thermal input capacity equal to or greater than 50 MW. Installations within the scope of this Directive include power stations, petroleum refineries, steelworks and other industrial processes running on solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. New plant must meet the emission limit values (ELVs) given in the LCPD. However Member States can choose to meet obligations for existing plant (i.e. those in operation per-1987) by either complying with the ELVs or they can operate within a national emission reduction plan (NERP) that sets a ceiling for each pollutant. The interaction of the LCPD and the IPPC Directive (see below) is currently being examined as part of a review of the IPPC Directive. The Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (96/61/EC) entered into force in It aims to prevent or minimise pollution to air, water or land from various industrial sources throughout the European Union. Those installations covered by Annex I of the IPPC Directive are required to obtain authorisation from the authorities to operate. New installations and existing installations, which are subject to substantial changes have been required to meet 12

13 the requirements of the IPPC Directive since 30 th October Other existing installations must have been brought into compliance by the 30 th October The emission limit values outlined in the permit conditions must be based on best available techniques (BAT). The Commission has been undertaking a review of the IPPC Directive and related legislation on industrial emissions and on the 21 st December 2007 adopted a proposal for a Directive on industrial emissions. The proposal recasts seven existing Directives relating to industrial emissions (including IPPC and the LCPD) into a single legislative instrument. The aim of the Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management (the Air Quality Framework Directive ) is to maintain and improve air quality within the European Community by establishing objectives for ambient air, drawing up common methods and criteria for assessing air quality and obtaining and disseminating information. The Daughter Directive 99/30/EC of the Air Quality Framework Directive entered into force in 1999 and sets limit values for concentrations of several pollutants including sulphur dioxide. The European Sulphur Content of Marine Fuels Directive (SCMFD) (2005/33/EC) requires Member States to ensure that marine gas oils are not placed on the market in their territory if the sulphur content exceeds 0.1% by mass amongst other requirements. The Marpol Convention covers the prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes. It is a combination of two treaties adopted in 1973 and 1978 and updated by amendments over the years since. Annex VI covers the prevention of air pollution from ships and it sets limits on sulphur dioxide emissions from ship exhausts. This came into force in May Current market grade petrol and diesel fuels do not have a sulphur level exceeding 50 ppm. This is the maximum level of sulphur permitted for road fuels in EU Member States from 2005 under the fuel quality Directive 98/70/EC. The introduction of sulphur-free fuels, with sulphur levels <10 ppm, is required by 1 st January 2009 under Directive 2003/17/EC. Assessment - EEA-32 emissions of SO 2 have decreased by 66% between 1990 and Substantial emission reductions have been made across a number of sectors including: road transport (84% reduction between 1990 and 2005), other energy (74%), industry energy (68%) and energy industries (65% between 1990 and 2005). - The energy industries sector (encompassing activities such as power and heat generation) is responsible for the largest reduction (in absolute terms) of emissions, contributing more than 60% of the total reduction in SO 2 emissions reported by countries. Nevertheless, despite this significant reduction, this single sector remains the most significant source of SO 2 in the EEA-32 region. Across Europe there is also an increasing awareness of the contribution made to SO 2 pollutant emissions by national and international ship traffic (a more detailed discussion of this issue is contained in the TERM indicator fact sheet TERM03 - Transport emissions of air pollutants). - A combination of measures has led to the reductions in SO 2 emissions. This includes fuelswitching from high-sulphur solid (e.g. coal) and liquid (e.g. heavy fuel oil) fuels to low sulphur fuels (such as natural gas) for power and heat production purposes within the energy industries, industry and domestic sectors, improvements in energy efficiency and the installation of flue gas desulphurisation equipment in new and existing industrial facilities. The implementation of several directives within the EU limiting the sulphur content of fuel quality has also contributed to the decrease. - The newer Member States of the European Union have in a number of cases also undergone significant economic structural changes since the early 1990s which has led to a general decline in certain activities which previously contributed significantly to high levels of sulphur emissions e.g. heavy industry and the closure of older inefficient power plants. - Within the EEA-32 group of countries, all have reported lower emissions in 2005 compared to 1990 except Greece (+9%), Cyprus (+16%) and Turkey (75%). 13

14 Figure 5a: Change in EU-15 national SO 2 emissions since 1990 compared with the 2010 NECD ceilings (%) Greece Portugal Spain Belgium Ireland Sweden Austria France Netherlands EU15 Italy Finland Luxembourg United Kingdom Denmark Germany -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% NECD Target Figure 5b: Change in New EU-12 national SO 2 emissions since 1990 compared with the 2010 NECD ceilings (%) Cyprus Romania Malta Bulgaria Poland New EU12 Estonia Slovenia Lithuania Slovakia Hungary Czech Republic Latvia -100% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% NECD Target 14

15 Figure 5c: Change in national SO 2 emissions since 1990 compared with the 2010 Gothenburg ceilings CC-3 and EFTA-4 (%) FYR of Macedonia 492% -> Turkey CC3 Norway Liechtenstein Switzerland Croatia -70% -50% -30% -10% 10% 30% 50% 70% : CLRTAP Gothenburg Protocol Notes: Data for Iceland not available. Turkey and FYR of Macedonia have not signed the Gothenburg Protocol and hence do not have ceilings assigned. Figure 6a: Distance-to-target indicators (in index points) for the 2010 ceilings of the NECD, EU-15 Spain 12 Portugal 5 Greece 3 Ireland -4 Belgium -5 France Netherlands EU Italy United Kingdom Germany -22 Luxembourg -25 Austria Finland Sweden Denmark

16 Figure 6b: Distance-to-target indicators (in index points) for the 2010 NECD ceilings, New EU-12. Cyprus Malta 9 11 Bulgaria Slovenia Poland Romania NewEU12 Slovakia Czech Republic Estonia Hungary -49 Lithuania -54 Latvia Figure 6c: Distance-to-target indicators (in index points) for the 2010 Gothenburg ceilings, EFTA-4 and CC-3 Croatia -20 Liechtenstein -53 Norway -11 Switzerland Notes: The distance-to-target indicator is a measure of how close the current emissions (2005) are to a linear path of emissions reductions from 1990 to the ceiling set in Data for Iceland are not available. 16

17 Assessment - In general strong progress in reducing SO 2 emissions has been made by countries. Thirteen of the EU-27 Member States have already reduced their national SO 2 emissions below the level of the emission ceilings set in the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD). The Member States which have already achieved their ceilings are: Austria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania and Sweden. - A number of other Member States reported SO 2 emissions for the year 2005 that were close to their respective ceilings under the NECD. These countries are considered well on track towards meeting their emission ceilings in However, a small number of Member States still require relatively significant reductions in SO 2 emissions to be made if they are to meet their 2010 ceilings under the NECD. These Member States include Cyprus, Malta, Portugal and Spain. - The EFTA-4 and CC-3 countries are not members of the European Union and hence have no emission ceilings set under the NECD. However, Switzerland and Norway have ratified the Gothenburg Protocol, requiring them to reduce their emissions to the agreed ceiling specified in the protocol by Switzerland has already met its Gothenburg Protocol ceiling, whilst Norway, which has not yet met its national ceiling, is on track to do so. References EEA EMEP / CORINAIR Atmospheric Emission Inventory Guidebook European Environment Agency, EMEP (1998). "Transboundary Acidifying Air Pollution in Europe", Part 1: Estimated dispersion of acidifying and eutrophying compounds and comparison with observations. EMEP/MSC-W Report 1/98, July

18 Data Table 1: EEA-32 SO 2 emissions by sector (ktonnes) Change % Change % contribution to total change % -61% % -1% % -21% % 23% % -14% % 0% % -4% % -1% % 0% % 0% Unallocated % -21% EEA-32 Total % -100% Notes: The change and % change between 1990 and 2005 may not exactly equal to that calculated using the figures in Table 1 due to rounding. Data for Iceland not available. Table 2: EU-15 SO 2 emissions by sector (ktonnes) Change % Change % % % % % % % % -1 % contribution to total change 19

19 % % 0 Unallocated % 0 Total % -100 Table 3: New EU-12 SO 2 emissions by sector (ktonnes), Change % Change % contribution to total change % -55% % 0% % -22% % 61% % -19% % 0% % -2% % 0% % 0% % 0% Unallocated % -62% Total % -100% Table 4: EFTA-4 SO 2 emissions by sector (ktonnes), Change % Change % -4% % -4% % contribution to total change % -22% % -30% 20

20 % -18% % 0% % -13% % -9% % 0% % 0% Unallocated % 0% Total % -100% Notes: Data for Iceland not available. Table 5: CC-3 SO 2 emissions by sector (ktonnes), Change Change (%) % contribution to Change % 6% % 0% % 12% % 8% % 1% % 0% % -1% % 0% % 0% % 0% Unallocated % -127% Total % -100% 21

21 Table 6: SO 2 emissions by country (ktonnes) Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland * NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA NO/NA Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Liechtenstein Malta Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania

22 Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom EEA EU Croatia FYR of Macedonia * Data not available for Iceland 23

23 Table 7: Absolute and percentage change in SO 2 emissions since 1990 and the percentage reductions required ( 2 ) to meet the 2010 NECD and CLRTAP emission ceilings for EEA-32 countries. Change (ktonnes) % Change : NECD ceiling (%) : CLRTAP Gothenburg Protocol ceiling (%) Austria % -47% -47% Belgium % -73% -71% Bulgaria % -58% -57% Cyprus 6 16% 7% - Czech Republic % -86% -85% Denmark % -69% -69% Estonia % -63% - Finland % -58% -55% France % -72% -70% Germany % -90% -90% Greece 42 9% 7% 12% Hungary % -50% -46% Iceland * Ireland % -77% -77% Italy % -74% -72% Latvia % 1% 7% Liechtenstein % - - Lithuania % -35% -35% Luxembourg % -73% -73% Malta % -72% - Netherlands % -74% -74% Norway % - -58% Poland % -56% -56% Portugal % -50% -46% Romania % -30% -30% Slovakia % -79% -79% Slovenia % -86% -86% Spain % -66% -64% Sweden % -38% -38% Switzerland % - -38% Turkey % - - United Kingdom % -84% -83% * Data not available for Iceland 2 The actual 2010 emission ceilings specified in the NECD and Gothenburg Protocol are expressed as absolute emissions of SO 2, NO x, NH 3 and NMVOC (in ktonnes). For the purposes of this indicator 1990 is considered as a base year and the percentage change to emissions to meet the ceilings is calculated. Reported emissions for past years may change reflecting e.g. updated and revised emission inventory guidance, and so the % reduction required to meet the CLRTAP and NECD targets as shown here may change slightly in the future. 25

24 Meta Data Technical Information 1. Data source: Based on officially reported national total and sectoral emissions to UNECE/EMEP (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe/Co-operative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long-range transmission of air pollutants in Europe) Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention), submission Base data are available from the EEA Data Service ( and the EMEP web site ( Where necessary, gaps in reported data are filled by ETC/ACC using simple interpolation techniques (see 6). The final gap-filled data used in this indicator is available from the EEA Data Service ( 2. Description of the data: Emissions (national totals and sectoral data) of SO 2 in 1000 tonnes (ktonnes). 3. Geographical coverage: EEA-32. The EEA-32 country grouping includes countries of the EU-27 (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) EFTA-4 (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Norway) and Turkey. Certain analyses also include data for the FYR of Macedonia and Croatia. 4. Temporal coverage: Methodology and frequency of data collection: Annual country emission inventory submissions to UNECE/LRTAP Convention/EMEP. Recommended methodologies for emission inventory estimation are compiled in the EMEP/CORINAIR Atmospheric Emission Inventory Guidebook 3rd edition, EEA, Copenhagen EEA (2007). 6. Methodology of data manipulation: EEA/ETC-ACC gap-filling methodology. To allow trend analysis where countries have not reported data for one or several years, data has been interpolated to derive annual emissions. If the reported data is missing either at the beginning or at the end of the time series period, the emission value has been considered to equal the first (or last) reported emission value. It is recognised that the use of gap-filling can potentially lead to artificial trends, but it is considered unavoidable if a comprehensive and comparable set of emissions data for European countries is required for policy analysis purposes. Base data, reported in SNAP, draft NFR or NFR are aggregated into the following EEA sector codes to obtain a common reporting format across all countries and pollutants: - Energy industries : emissions from public heat and electricity generation, oil refining and production of solid fuels; - Fugitive emissions : Emissions from extraction and distribution of solid fossil fuels and geothermal energy; - : emissions from combustion processes used in the manufacturing industry including boilers, gas turbines and stationary engines; - : emissions derived from non-combustion related processes such as the production of minerals, chemicals and metal production; - Road transport : light and heavy duty vehicles, passenger cars and motorcycles; - Off-road transport : railways, domestic shipping, certain aircraft movements, and non-road mobile machinery used in agriculture & forestry; - Other (energy-related) emissions principally occurring from fuel combustion in the services and household sectors; - : non-combustion related emissions mainly in the services and households sectors including activities such as paint application, dry-cleaning and other use of solvents; - : manure management, fertiliser application, field-burning of agricultural wastes - : incineration, waste-water management; - Unallocated : The difference between the reported national total and the sum of the sectors reported by a country. The unallocated sector corresponds to the difference between the reported national total and the sum of the reported sectors for a given pollutant / country / year combination. It can be either negative or positive. Inclusion of this additional sector means that the officially reported national totals do not require adjustment to ensure that they are consistent with the sum of the individual sectors reported by countries. The following table shows the conversion of Nomenclature for Reporting (NFR) sector codes used for reporting by countries into EEA sector codes: EEA classification NFR Emission Source Category 0 National totals National total 1 1A1 3 Industry (energy) 1A2 26

25 2 Fugitive emissions 1B 7 Road transport 1A3b 8 Other transport (non-road mobile machinery) 1A3 (exl 1A3b) 9 Industry processes B Other (energy) 1A4a, 1A4b, 1A4b(i), 1A4c(i), 1A5a 10 Other (non-energy) Energy industries (power and heat production) 1A1a 14 Unallocated Difference between national total and sum of sectors (1 10) Quality information 7. Strengths and weaknesses (at data level): Strength: officially reported data following agreed procedures and EMEP/CORINAIR Emission Inventory Guidebook (EEA 2007), e.g. regarding source sector split. Weakness: The incomplete reporting and resulting need to interpolate/extrapolate data may obscure some trends. 8. Reliability, accuracy, robustness, uncertainty: SO 2 emission estimates in Europe are thought to have an uncertainty of about ±10% as the sulphur comes from the fuel burnt and therefore can be accurately estimated. However, because of the need for interpolation to account for missing data, the complete dataset used will have higher uncertainty. EMEP has compared modelled and measured concentrations throughout Europe (EMEP 1998). From these studies, differences in the annual averages have been estimated to be ±30%, which is consistent with an inventory uncertainty of ±10% (there are also uncertainties in the measurements and especially the modelling). The trend is likely to be much more accurate than individual absolute values 9. Overall scoring: (1-3, 1=no major problems, 3=major reservations) Relevancy: 1 Accuracy: 2 Comparability over time: 2 Comparability over space: 2 Further work required: Countries should improve the completeness of the time series of their estimates (filling gaps) and reduce the amount of unallocated emissions. Further validation and checking is the responsibility of the country and needs especially to lead to improved detailed sectoral time series of emissions. There is also a need for further validation and checking of emission estimates within the framework of CLRTAP/EMEP and EEA/ETC-ACC activities. 27

Monitoring the CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: summary of data for 2010

Monitoring the CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: summary of data for 2010 Monitoring the CO 2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: summary of data for 2010 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EEA has collected data submitted by Member States on vehicle registrations in the year 2010,

More information

ACEA Report. Vehicles in use Europe 2017

ACEA Report. Vehicles in use Europe 2017 ACEA Report Vehicles in use Europe 2017 TABLE OF CONTENTS Summary... 2 Vehicles in use in Europe... 3 Passenger cars... 3 Light commercial vehicles... 4 Medium and heavy commercial vehicles... 5 Buses...

More information

Low Sulphur Fuel Oils Preliminary Estimated Costs to Canadian Industry based on European Data

Low Sulphur Fuel Oils Preliminary Estimated Costs to Canadian Industry based on European Data Low Sulphur Fuel Oils Preliminary Estimated Costs to Canadian Industry based on European Data Lyne Monastesse and Mark Tushingham Fuels Division Environment Canada August 2002 2 Table of Content INTRODUCTION...

More information

NEW ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Q1 2015

NEW ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Q1 2015 NEW ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS IN THE Q1 2015 ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE registrations: +28.8% in in first quarter In the first quarter of 2015, total alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) registrations

More information

NEW ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Q2 2015

NEW ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Q2 2015 NEW ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS IN THE Q2 2015 New alternative fuel vehicle (AFV) registrations in the EU by engine type Q2 2014 Q2 2015 Thousand units 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 EVs HEVs AFVs other

More information

NEW COMMERCIAL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION* September 2014

NEW COMMERCIAL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION* September 2014 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 A.M. (7.00 A.M GMT), October 28, 2014 NEW COMMERCIAL VEHICLE REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION* September 2014 Next Press Release: November 27, 2014 *Data for Malta unavailable Page 1 of

More information

NEW PASSENGER CARS BY FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter

NEW PASSENGER CARS BY FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter PRESS EMBARGO: NEW PASSENGER CARS BY FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 1 2018 Next press release: Thursday 6 September 2018 1 Data for Croatia, Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta is not available Page

More information

NEW PASSENGER CARS BY FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter

NEW PASSENGER CARS BY FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter PRESS EMBARGO: NEW PASSENGER CARS BY FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 1 2018 Next press release: Thursday 6 September 2018 1 Data for Croatia, Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta is not available Page

More information

National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period and status of reporting

National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period and status of reporting UNITED NATIONS Distr. GENERAL FCCC/SBI/26/26 19 October 26 Original: ENGLISH SUBSIDIARY BODY FOR IMPLEMENTATION Twenty-fifth session Nairobi, 6 14 November 26 Item 3 (b) of the provisional agenda National

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter PRESS EMBARGO: NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS BY ALTERNATIVE FUEL TYPE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 Quarter 2 2017 Alternative fuel vehicle registrations: +38.0% in second quarter of 2017 In the second quarter

More information

Proportion of the vehicle fleet meeting certain emission standards

Proportion of the vehicle fleet meeting certain emission standards The rate of penetration of new technologies is highly correlated with the average life-time of vehicles and the average age of the fleet. Estimates based on the numbers of cars fitted with catalytic converter

More information

Adjusted historic emission data, projections, and optimized emission reduction targets for 2030 A comparison with COM data 2013

Adjusted historic emission data, projections, and optimized emission reduction targets for 2030 A comparison with COM data 2013 Specific Contract No 070307//666175/FRA/ENV.C.3 implementing Framework Contract No ENV.C.3/FRA//0013-IIASA Adjusted historic emission data, projections, and optimized emission targets for 2030 A comparison

More information

I. Ježek et al. Correspondence to: I. Ježek and G. Močnik

I. Ježek et al. Correspondence to: I. Ježek and G. Močnik Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 1, 1 1, 01 http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/1/1/01/ doi:.1/acpd-1-1-01-supplement Author(s) 01. CC Attribution.0 License. Supplement of Black carbon, particle

More information

ADR: Accord Européen Relatif au Transport International des Marchandises Dangereuses par Route

ADR: Accord Européen Relatif au Transport International des Marchandises Dangereuses par Route ADR: Accord Européen Relatif au Transport International des Marchandises Dangereuses par Route (European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road) The European Agreement

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 19 April 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +8.4% first three months of 2017; +11.2% in In 2017, EU passenger car registrations

More information

Acid rain. Innholdsfortegnelse. Side 1 / 12

Acid rain. Innholdsfortegnelse.  Side 1 / 12 Acid rain Innholdsfortegnelse 1) Maps: Deposition of sulphur and nitrogen 2) Map: Areas where critical loads are exceeded http://www.environment.no/topics/air-pollution/acid-rain/ Side 1 / 12 Acid rain

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 17 November 2015 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +8.2% over ten months; +2.9% in In 2015, the EU passenger car market

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 15 February 2018 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +7.1% in 2018 In 2018, demand for passenger cars in the European Union

More information

February 2014 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.9% EU28 at 10.6%

February 2014 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.9% EU28 at 10.6% STAT/14/52 1 April 2014 February 2014 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.9% EU28 at 10.6% The euro area 1 (EA18) seasonally-adjusted 2 unemployment rate 3 was 11.9% in February 2014, stable since October

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 14 September 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +4.5% over eight months; +5.6% in August In August 2017, passenger

More information

WLTP for fleet. How the new test procedure affects the fleet business

WLTP for fleet. How the new test procedure affects the fleet business WLTP for fleet How the new test procedure affects the fleet business Editorial Ladies and Gentlemen, The automotive industry is facing a major transformation process that will also affect the fleet business

More information

Photo courtesy of NZTA

Photo courtesy of NZTA international comparisons for road deaths Photo courtesy of NZTA 14 Motor Vehicle Crashes in New Zealand international comparisons for road deaths 141 Contents TABLES Table 1 International comparison of

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS TECHNICAL REPORT RAPPORT TECHNIQUE TECHNISCHER BERICHT CEN/TR 15367-3 January 2009 ICS 75.160.20; 75.200; 03.100.50 English Version Petroleum products - Guide for good housekeeping - Part 3: Prevention

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 17 October 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +3.7% over nine months; 2.0% in In 2017, passenger car registrations

More information

BREXIT AND THE AUTO INDUSTRY: FACTS AND FIGURES

BREXIT AND THE AUTO INDUSTRY: FACTS AND FIGURES BREXIT AND THE AUTO INDUSTRY: FACTS AND FIGURES GLOBAL TRADE European Union EU vehicle imports: Total value: 45,693 million Quantity: 3,395,419 units EU vehicle exports: Total value: 135,398 million Quantity:

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 14 December 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +4.1% over 11 months; +5.9% in In 2017, registrations of new passenger

More information

BREXIT AND THE AUTO INDUSTRY: FACTS AND FIGURES

BREXIT AND THE AUTO INDUSTRY: FACTS AND FIGURES BREXIT AND THE AUTO INDUSTRY: FACTS AND FIGURES GLOBAL TRADE European Union EU vehicle imports: Total value: 48,019 million Quantity: 3,640,975 units EU vehicle exports: Total value: 138,536 million Quantity:

More information

Winners & Losers by Market - June 2017 vs June 2016

Winners & Losers by Market - June 2017 vs June 2016 Countries June 17/16 % Chg ROMANIA +47,0 1 CYPRUS +46,0 2 LITHUANIA +40,6 ESTONIA +33,7 BULGARIA +31,4 SLOVENIA +16,4 SLOVAKIA +14,5 GREECE +14,4 ITALY +12,9 HUNGARY +11,6 ICELAND +10,2 CROATIA +8,8 POLAND

More information

211 STATISTICAL APPENDIX

211 STATISTICAL APPENDIX 211 STATISTICAL APPENDIX For the user s convenience, as well as to lighten the text, the Economic Survey of Europe includes a set of appendix tables showing time series for the main economic indicators

More information

exports of goods annual change (%)

exports of goods annual change (%) 12.0 Austria s foreign trade 2015 by world region imports of goods 2015 exports of goods 2015 region 1 1 share (%) share (%) Europe 106,984 80.4 104,032 79.1 EU 93,686 70.4 90,841 69.1 EFTA 8,020 6.0 8,098

More information

exports of goods annual change (%)

exports of goods annual change (%) 12.0 Austria s foreign trade 2016 by world region imports of goods 2016 exports of goods 2016 region 1 1 share (%) share (%) Europe 110,067 81.2 104,271 79.5 EU 96,801 71.4 91,112 69.4 EFTA 7,718 5.7 8,132

More information

June 2014 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.5% EU28 at 10.2%

June 2014 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.5% EU28 at 10.2% STAT/14/121 31 July 2014 June 2014 Euro area unemployment rate at 11.5% EU28 at 10.2% The euro area 1 (EA18) seasonally-adjusted 2 unemployment rate 3 was 11.5% in June 2014, down from 11.6% in May 2014

More information

Sectoral Profile - Services

Sectoral Profile - Services Sectoral Profile - Services Energy consumption Changes in energy consumption and value added in services Since 2008 strong contraction of total energy consumption (-0.3%/year) although electricity consumption

More information

ErP Directive ErP Implementing Regulation 327/2011. The new minimum efficiencies for electrically powered blowers and the impact on Elektror devices

ErP Directive ErP Implementing Regulation 327/2011. The new minimum efficiencies for electrically powered blowers and the impact on Elektror devices ErP Directive ErP Implementing Regulation 327/2011 The new minimum efficiencies for electrically powered blowers and the impact on Elektror devices Your air technology partner The legal provisions Background

More information

Civil Dialogue Group on WINE Thursday April 19th, 2018

Civil Dialogue Group on WINE Thursday April 19th, 2018 COMMISSION EUROPÉENNE DIRECTION GÉNÉRALE DE L'AGRICULTURE ET DU DÉVELOPPEMENT RURAL Directorate G. Markets and Observatories G.2. Wine, spirits and horticultural products Bruxelles, le G.2/GD(2017) Civil

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 16 April 2015 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PASSENGER CAR registrations: +8.6% in first quarter; +10.6% in In 2015, demand for new passenger cars

More information

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1993-2:2006 Incorporating corrigendum July 2009 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 2: Steel bridges ICS 91.010.30; 91.080.10; 93.040 National foreword This British Standard

More information

Winners & Losers by Market - Feb 2014 vs Feb 2013

Winners & Losers by Market - Feb 2014 vs Feb 2013 Countries Feb. 14/13 % Chg PORTUGAL +40,2 LITHUANIA +40,1 POLAND +35,2 BULGARIA +32,5 ICELAND +30,3 AUSTRIA +30,2 HUNGARY +29,1 SLOVAKIA +22,4 CZECH REPUBLIC +21,0 IRELAND +20,6 DENMARK +20,5 SWEDEN +20,5

More information

ILNAS-EN 15663:2017. Railway applications - Vehicle reference masses. Bahnanwendungen - Fahrzeugreferenzmassen

ILNAS-EN 15663:2017. Railway applications - Vehicle reference masses. Bahnanwendungen - Fahrzeugreferenzmassen Railway applications - Vehicle reference masses Bahnanwendungen - Fahrzeugreferenzmassen Applications ferroviaires - Masses de référence des véhicules 07/2017 National Foreword This European Standard EN

More information

OECD unemployment rate stable at 5.8% in August 2017

OECD unemployment rate stable at 5.8% in August 2017 OECD unemployment rate stable at 5.8% in August 017 The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 5.8% in August 017, unchanged since May. Across the OECD area, 36.1 million people were unemployed, 3.5 million

More information

Vossloh Rail Vehicles

Vossloh Rail Vehicles Vossloh Rail Vehicles Economic Mobility June 2010 Vossloh Rail Vehicles Business Areas LOCOMOTIVES Diesel-Electric Electric Shunting Components for locomotives (bogies) PASSENGER VEHICLES Metros Tramways

More information

C O N S U L T JATO CONSULT CO 2 REPORT EXTRACT [AUGUST 2015] All Rights Reserved JATO Dynamics Ltd 1

C O N S U L T JATO CONSULT CO 2 REPORT EXTRACT [AUGUST 2015] All Rights Reserved JATO Dynamics Ltd 1 C O N S U L T JATO CONSULT CO 2 REPORT EXTRACT [AUGUST 2015] All Rights Reserved JATO Dynamics Ltd 1 JATO CONSULT CO 2 REPORT EXTRACT This report continues JATO s focus on the average CO 2 emissions of

More information

Guide to EU Rules ON DRIVERS HOURS REGULATION (EC) NO. 561/2006. Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre Road Safety Authority

Guide to EU Rules ON DRIVERS HOURS REGULATION (EC) NO. 561/2006. Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre Road Safety Authority Guide to EU Rules ON DRIVERS HOURS REGULATION (EC) NO. 561/2006 Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre European Union Rules on Drivers Hours What do the rules cover? The rules cover drivers hours, breaks

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council UNITED NATIONS E Economic and Social Council Distr. GENERAL TRANS/WP.6/1998/3 6 July 1998 Original: ENGLISH ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE INLAND TRANSPORT COMMITTEE Working Party on Transport Statistics

More information

An overview of Directive (EU) 2015/2193 from the Power Generation business perspective

An overview of Directive (EU) 2015/2193 from the Power Generation business perspective Our energy working for you. TM Power topic #EMERPT-6194-EN Technical information from Cummins Power Generation Medium Combustion Plants Directive White Paper By Pedro Ponte, Project Application Engineer

More information

DRINK-DRIVING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

DRINK-DRIVING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION DRINK-DRIVING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION Safe and Sober Talk Switzerland Bern, 17 th of October 2017 Frank Mütze Policy & Project Officer ETSC ETSC A science based approach to road safety Secretariat in Brussels

More information

Emissions Legislation

Emissions Legislation Emissions Legislation Potential Impact of the Medium Combustion Plant Directive 1 SAACKE Presentation All rights reserved by SAACKE Combustion Services Ltd, UK and SAACKE GmbH, Bremen The formation of

More information

Introduction of the Digital Tachograph

Introduction of the Digital Tachograph European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport Introduction of the Digital Tachograph Background and latest developments By Leo Huberts (EC-DG TREN) Historical overview 1992: Commission

More information

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1993-1-5:2006 Incorporating corrigendum April 2009 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1-5: Plated structural elements ICS 91.010.30; 91.080.10 National foreword This British

More information

Real-world Driving Emissions tests: the facts

Real-world Driving Emissions tests: the facts Real-world Driving Emissions tests: the facts How member states are trying to weaken Euro 6 rules through the backdoor December 201 5 1 st Real-world Driving Emissions package In May 2015, the European

More information

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION L 188/50 Official Journal of the European Union 19.7.2011 COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 11 July 2011 on a Union financial contribution towards Member States fisheries control, inspection and surveillance

More information

ASEAN International Merchandise Trade Statistics Yearbook 2014

ASEAN International Merchandise Trade Statistics Yearbook 2014 International Merchandise Trade Statistics Yearbook 2014 The Secretariat Jakarta The Association of Southeast Asian Nations () was established on 8 August 1967. The Member States of the Association are

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS CEN WORKSHOP CWA 15375 August 2005 AGREEMENT ICS 47.020.30 English version Separators for marine residual fuel - Performance testing using specific test oil This CEN Workshop Agreement has been drafted

More information

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1993-5:2007 Incorporating corrigendum May 2009 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 5: Piling ICS 91.010.30; 91.080.10 National foreword This British Standard is the UK implementation

More information

Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures

Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1992-3:2006 Eurocode 2 Design of concrete structures Part 3: Liquid retaining and containment structures The European Standard EN 1992-3:2006 has the status of a British Standard

More information

Sustainable Palm Oil in Europe

Sustainable Palm Oil in Europe Sustainable Palm Oil in Europe The National Initiatives approach The European Palm Oil Conference Milan, 29th October 2015 Eddy Esselink MVO-The Netherlands Oils and Fats Industry Daan van der Wekken IDH,

More information

Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance

Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1998-4:2006 Eurocode 8: Design of structures for earthquake resistance Part 4: Silos, tanks and pipelines The European Standard EN 1998-4:2006 has the status of a British Standard

More information

APPENDIX II AREA OF TERRITORY

APPENDIX II AREA OF TERRITORY APPENDIX II AREA OF TERRITORY Date November 19, 2017 Operator Annex Type: 3 1 / 6 Annex (a) Broadband Type I Country Partner Name 2G 3G 4G Albania Vodafone Albania TRUE TRUE FALSE Austria T-Mobile TRUE

More information

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1993-3-1:2006 Incorporating corrigendum July 2009 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 3-1: Towers, masts and chimneys Towers and masts ICS 91.010.30; 91.080.10 National foreword

More information

DEUTSCHE NORM February 2005 DIN EN ISO 1514 { Paints and varnishes Standard panels for testing (ISO 1514 : 2004) English version of DIN EN ISO 1514

DEUTSCHE NORM February 2005 DIN EN ISO 1514 { Paints and varnishes Standard panels for testing (ISO 1514 : 2004) English version of DIN EN ISO 1514 DEUTSCHE NORM February 2005 DIN EN ISO 1514 { ICS 87.100 Supersedes September 1997 edition. Paints and varnishes Standard panels for testing (ISO 1514 : 2004) English version of DIN EN ISO 1514 Beschichtungsstoffe

More information

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1993-3-2:2006 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 3-2: Towers, masts and chimneys Chimneys ICS 91.010.30; 91.060.40; 91.080.10 National foreword This British Standard is the

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS EESTI STANDARD EVS-EN 12120:2005 Chemicals used for treatment of water intended for human consumption - Sodium hydrogen sulfite Chemicals used for treatment of water intended for human consumption - Sodium

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS EESTI STANDARD EVS-EN 12674-3:2004 Roll containers - Part 3: Test methods Roll containers - Part 3: Test methods EESTI STANDARDIKESKUS EESTI STANDARDI EESSÕNA NATIONAL FOREWORD Käesolev Eesti standard

More information

Conrad Schulte GmbH & Co. KG

Conrad Schulte GmbH & Co. KG Particulars About Your Organisation 1.1 Name of your organization Conrad Schulte GmbH & Co. KG 1.2 What is/are the primary activity(ies) or product(s) of your organization? Oil Palm Growers Palm Oil Processors

More information

Low Emission Zones in Germany

Low Emission Zones in Germany Martin Lambrecht Umweltbundesamt (UBA) Federal Environment Agency Germany Section I 3.1 Environment and Transport 1 Outline 1. EU: Air Quality Targets 2. Implementation in Germany 3. Experiences in Berlin

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS TECHNICAL REPORT RAPPORT TECHNIQUE TECHNISCHER BERICHT CEN/TR 16514 June 2013 ICS 75.160.20 English Version Automotive fuels - Unleaded petrol containing more than 3,7 % (m/m) oxygen - Roadmap, test methods,

More information

European Union emission inventory report under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) ISSN

European Union emission inventory report under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) ISSN EEA Report No 9/217 European Union emission inventory report 199 215 under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) ISSN 1977-8449 EEA Report No 9/217 European Union emission

More information

- The Renault New Vehicle Warranty 2. Renault Traction Battery Warranty

- The Renault New Vehicle Warranty 2. Renault Traction Battery Warranty RENAULT Z.E. WARRANTY All models ordered & registered from 1st February 2018 The RENAULT Dealer Z.E. Network ( Renault NETWORK ) offers: Technicians, specially trained in the maintenance and servicing

More information

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles

The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles The Introduction of Euro 5 and Euro 6 Emissions Regulations for Light Passenger and Commercial Vehicles Introduction As a member of the European Union, Ireland is obliged to introduce Regulation (EC) No.

More information

Selected responses to NOx Protocol questions from 2008 questionnaire

Selected responses to NOx Protocol questions from 2008 questionnaire UNECE AIR POLLUTION QUESTIONNAIRE: Selected responses to NOx Protocol questions from 2008 questionnaire 5/4/10 This document contains a selection of responses to Q2-6 in the 2008 questionnaire. These questions

More information

Luigi Giacalone CEO Autostrade Tech. SICVe Safety Tutor

Luigi Giacalone CEO Autostrade Tech. SICVe Safety Tutor Luigi Giacalone CEO Autostrade Tech SICVe Safety Tutor What is it? It is a complete average speed enforcement system. It includes every feature, from road sensors to central systems, also including interfaces

More information

Continuously hot-rolled strip and plate/sheet cut from wide strip of nonalloy and alloy steels - Tolerances on dimensions and shape

Continuously hot-rolled strip and plate/sheet cut from wide strip of nonalloy and alloy steels - Tolerances on dimensions and shape Irish Standard Continuously hot-rolled strip and plate/sheet cut from wide strip of nonalloy and alloy steels - Tolerances on dimensions and shape NSAI 2010 No copying without NSAI permission except as

More information

Assessing and Enforcing Clean Air Regulations in Germany

Assessing and Enforcing Clean Air Regulations in Germany Assessing and Enforcing Clean Air Regulations in Germany Dr. habil. Uwe Lahl Head of Directorate-General Immission Control and Health Transatlantic Cooperation for Clean Air Brussels Workshop 5-6 February

More information

Land Rover Assistance

Land Rover Assistance Land Rover Assistance LAND ROVER ASSISTANCE Land Rover Assistance is a comprehensive assistance programme, designed specifically for Land Rover drivers to promote absolute peace of mind. The programme

More information

GEA charge air cooler. Innovations that put big things into motion. GEA Heat Exchangers GEA Maschinenkühltechnik

GEA charge air cooler. Innovations that put big things into motion. GEA Heat Exchangers GEA Maschinenkühltechnik GEA charge air cooler Innovations that put big things into motion GEA Heat Exchangers GEA Maschinenkühltechnik Charge air cooler in general GEA Maschinenkühltechnik Established component developer For

More information

ANNEXES to the report from the Commission to the Council

ANNEXES to the report from the Commission to the Council COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 22.9.2006 SEC(2006) 1167 COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT ANNEXES to the report from the Commission to the Council on the review of the energy crops scheme.

More information

STATISTISCHER ANHANG VORLÄUFIGE AUSGABE

STATISTISCHER ANHANG VORLÄUFIGE AUSGABE OECD-Wirtschaftsausblick Ausgabe 2013/1 OECD 2013 STATISTISCHER ANHANG VORLÄUFIGE AUSGABE Die statistischen Daten für Israel wurden von den zuständigen israelischen Stellen bereitgestellt, die für sie

More information

Evaluation of the European GreenLight Programme

Evaluation of the European GreenLight Programme Paris, 9 July 2010 1 Evaluation of the European GreenLight Programme 2000-2008 Paolo Bertoldi, Rita Werle, Silvia Rezessy Structure Paris, 9 July 2010 2 Introduction to the GreenLight Programme Expansion

More information

Total credit to the non-financial sector (core debt), % of GDP Table F1.1

Total credit to the non-financial sector (core debt), % of GDP Table F1.1 Total credit to the non-financial sector (core debt), % of GDP Table F1.1 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Q2 16 Q3 16 Q4 16 Q1 17 Q2 17 Argentina 62.6 66.4 64.6 75.5 75.3 81.7 80.1 75.3 71.6 72.7 Australia 208.0

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS EESTI STANDARD EVS-EN 13802:2004 Railway applications - Suspension components - Hydraulic dampers Railway applications - Suspension components - Hydraulic dampers EESTI STANDARDIKESKUS EESTI STANDARDI

More information

PRESS RELEASE 8:00 GMT, 17 th December 2015 London, UK

PRESS RELEASE 8:00 GMT, 17 th December 2015 London, UK PRESS RELEASE 8:00 GMT, 17 th December 2015 London, UK EUROPEAN NEW-CAR REGISTRATIONS POSTED SECOND HIGHEST MONTHLY INCREASE THIS YEAR DURING NOVEMBER November new-car registrations were up by 13.5% to

More information

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures

Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures BRITISH STANDARD BS EN 1993-1-6:2007 Incorporating corrigendum April 2009 Eurocode 3 Design of steel structures Part 1-6: Strength and Stability of Shell Structures ICS 91.010.30; 91.080.10 National foreword

More information

LEXUS ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE

LEXUS ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE LEXUS ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE LEXUS ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE INCLUDES Roadside Assistance 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, anywhere in the UK (including cover whilst driving or being carried as a passenger in other

More information

THE POLISH VISION FOR ROAD SAFETY

THE POLISH VISION FOR ROAD SAFETY Road Safety PIN Talk TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE ROAD SAFETY PROGRESS Houses of Parliament, Bucharest, Romania 15 April 2013 THE POLISH VISION FOR ROAD SAFETY Ilona Buttler Motor Transport Institute Road Traffic

More information

Application of the European Union Emissions Trading Directive

Application of the European Union Emissions Trading Directive EEA Report No 4/217 Application of the European Union Emissions Trading Directive Analysis of national responses under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive in 216 ISSN 1977-8449 EEA report No 4/217 Application

More information

AlixPartners Automotive Electrification Index. Second Quarter 2017

AlixPartners Automotive Electrification Index. Second Quarter 2017 AlixPartners Automotive Electrification Index Second Quarter 217 AlixPartners Automotive Electrification Index e-range E-RANGE = Sum of electric range of all electric vehicles (EV) sold By automaker, segment,

More information

Next Release: 16 May Next Release: 16 May January

Next Release: 16 May Next Release: 16 May January 43101 Next Release: 16 May 2018 Next Release: 16 May 2018 January Date of publication: 13 April 2018 TABLE OF CONTENTS Charts 1 Gross consumption of natural gas by OECD region 3 2 Indigenous production

More information

Survey on passengers satisfaction with rail services. Analytical report. Flash Eurobarometer 326 The Gallup Organization

Survey on passengers satisfaction with rail services. Analytical report. Flash Eurobarometer 326 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer 326 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Survey on passengers satisfaction with rail services Analytical report Fieldwork: March 2011 Publication: June 2011

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS EESTI STANDARD EVS-EN 12592:2007 Bitumen and bituminous binders - Determination of solubility Bitumen and bituminous binders - Determination of solubility EESTI STANDARDIKESKUS EESTI STANDARDI EESSÕNA

More information

Figure 1: Development of the number of passenger cars, motorcycles and buses/coaches per capita and trucks per unit of GDP in AC-13

Figure 1: Development of the number of passenger cars, motorcycles and buses/coaches per capita and trucks per unit of GDP in AC-13 Indicator fact sheet TERM 2002 32 AC Size of the vehicle fleet Car ownership has grown rapidly in the ACs. The number of cars per capita grew from 146 to 223 cars per 1 000 inhabitants between 1990 and

More information

MARPOL Annex VI prevention of air pollution from ships

MARPOL Annex VI prevention of air pollution from ships MARPOL Annex VI prevention of air pollution from ships Edmund Hughes Air Pollution and Climate Change Marine Environment Division Clean air at sea promoting solutions for sustainable and competitive shipping

More information

This document is a preview generated by EVS

This document is a preview generated by EVS EESTI STANDARD EVS-EN 14432:2006 Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods - Tank equipment for the transport of liquid chemicals - Product discharge and air inlet valves Tanks for the transport of dangerous

More information

Analyses. May HolidayEuro Summer Purchasing Power of the Euro Abroad. Bank Austria Economics & Market Analysis Austria

Analyses. May HolidayEuro Summer Purchasing Power of the Euro Abroad. Bank Austria Economics & Market Analysis Austria Bank Austria Economics & Market Analysis Austria Analyses HolidayEuro Summer 2011 Purchasing Power of the Euro Abroad May 2011 http://economicresearch.bankaustria.at Overview Holiday uro in summer 2011

More information

Retailers Operational Profile 1. Main activities within retailing Food Goods Home & Personal Care Goods Own-brand - Others: Operations and Certificati

Retailers Operational Profile 1. Main activities within retailing Food Goods Home & Personal Care Goods Own-brand - Others: Operations and Certificati METRO Group Particulars Organisation Name Corporate Website Address Primary Activity or Product METRO Group http://www.metro-group.com Wholesaler and/or Retailer Related Company(ies) Company Primary Activity

More information

Krakow, 16 September Laurence A. Bannerman President EPA

Krakow, 16 September Laurence A. Bannerman President EPA Krakow, 16 September 2016 Laurence A. Bannerman President EPA THE URBAN MOBILITY SYSTEMS - EU - TODAY PUBLIC MOBILITY INFRASTRUCTURES : PUBLIC TRANSPORT: Rail regional, suburban, metro, light rail, train

More information

in focus Statistics Crime and Criminal Justice Contents POPULATION AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS 19/2008 Authors Cynthia TAVARES Geoffrey THOMAS

in focus Statistics Crime and Criminal Justice Contents POPULATION AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS 19/2008 Authors Cynthia TAVARES Geoffrey THOMAS Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics in focus POPULATION AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS 19/2008 Authors Cynthia TAVARES Geoffrey THOMAS Contents Crimes recorded by the police 2 Prison population... 9 Police officers...

More information

VALENTIN TRAITEUR. Particulars. RSPO Annual Communications of Progress Particulars Form. About Your Organisation. 1.1 Name of your organization

VALENTIN TRAITEUR. Particulars. RSPO Annual Communications of Progress Particulars Form. About Your Organisation. 1.1 Name of your organization Particulars About Your Organisation 1.1 Name of your organization VALENTIN TRAITEUR 1.2 What is/are the primary activity(ies) or product(s) of your organization? Oil Palm Growers Palm Oil Processors and/or

More information

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) /... of

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) /... of EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 19.12.2016 C(2016) 8383 final COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) /... of 19.12.2016 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1628 of the European Parliament and of the Council

More information

PRESS RELEASE 11:00 GMT, 29 th November 2017 London, UK

PRESS RELEASE 11:00 GMT, 29 th November 2017 London, UK PRESS RELEASE 11:00 GMT, 29 th November 2017 London, UK TESLA MOST POPULAR GLOBAL ELECTRIC VEHICLE BRAND BETWEEN JANUARY AND SEPTEMBER 2017 Electric vehicle (EV) car sales accelerated during the first

More information

VOLVO ON CALL. differ from the equipment in your vehicle. We reserve the right to make changes without prior notice.

VOLVO ON CALL. differ from the equipment in your vehicle. We reserve the right to make changes without prior notice. VOLVO ON CALL VOLVO ON CALL This document describes the functionality of the Volvo On Call system. An active subscription is required for the system to function. Volvo works continuously to improve our

More information