# Optimization of SFC Using Mathematical Model Based On RSM for SI Engine Fueled with Petrol-Ethanol Blend

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Optimization of SFC Using Mathematical Model Based On RSM for SI Engine Fueled with Petrol-Ethanol Blend"

Transcription

1 IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: ,p-ISSN: X, Volume 13, Issue 2 Ver. IV (Mar- Apr. 2016), PP Optimization of SFC Using Mathematical Model Based On RSM for SI Engine Fueled with Petrol-Ethanol Blend Nikunj B Prajapati 1, Prof. Pragna R Patel 2, Dr. Tushar M Patel 3, Prof. Gaurav P Rathod 4 1 (M.E. Scholar, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, KSV University, Gujarat, India) 2 (Associate Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, KSV University, Gujarat, India) 3 (Associate Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, KSV University, Gujarat, India) 4 (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, KSV University, Gujarat, India) Abstract : Due to the carbon residue and smoke opacity emission, automotive sector is one of the major contributors to air pollution and global warming. Today, the trend of decreasing sources of petroleum fuel it is require to innovate other resources such as alternative fuel which can be produced from biomass such as alcohol which is produced by fermentation of sugar, cane and corn. This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of Petrol-ethanol blend on gasoline engine performances. A four stroke, single cylinder Multi-fuel, research Engine is to be tested by different range of ethanol volume percentages i.e. 5% (E05), 10% (E10), 15% (E15) blended with fossil gasoline. The experiment is to be carried out at variations of engine Load and Compression Ratio. From the analysis of data, selected sets of parameters is to be achieved by Design of Experiments. The purpose of the experiment is to analyse the performance of a Single Cylinder four stroke, Petrol engine. Keywords: Petrol, Ethanol, Blended fuel, Engine performance, Parameters I. Introduction Depleting fossil fuel reserves and continuously increasing cost of the petroleum products is the big troubles of today s world. Researchers are continuously finding the best alternative solution, which gives maximum efficiency and fuel characteristics. The research is about gasoline and ethanol blend. Different methods and techniques are applied to reduce the emissions. One such method is blending ethanol in gasoline. Due to incomplete combustion of fuel and due to lack of oxygen in combustion most of the emissions are formed, gasoline has no oxygen content and Oxygen for combustion is derived from the intake air. Thus, secondary oxygen is supplied through ethanol blended in gasoline as ethanol. II. Literature Review K. Manikandan et al., studied the effect of Gasoline Ethanol Blends and Compression Ratio on SI Engine Performance and Exhaust Emissions. Results showed that Upto30% of ethanol blending with gasoline reduces the CO, CO2, HC and NOx emissions. Power output increases 4% and SFC increase about13% for E30 fuel at a compression ratio (6:1). C.Argakiotis et al., in this Paper Effect of using an Ethanol blended fuel on Emissions in an SI Engine is shown. The Authors concluded that the blend E30 slight increment in the engine s torque and power after mid-engine speeds together with fuel consumption. However, exhaust emissions at 25% open throttle sees a decrement of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrocarbons (HC) whilst nitrogen oxide (NOX) emissions increase at the lower speeds. A Y F Bokhary et al., gives an technical report on experimental Investigations on the Utilization of Ethanol-Unleaded Gasoline Blends on SI Engine Performance and Exhaust Gas Emission resulted in increase in Engine performance with using ethanol additive to gasoline, where the maximum increment in brake power, brake thermal efficiency, volumetric efficiency, brake torque and brake mean effective pressure were found to be higher than pure gasoline by about %, %, 1.54 %, % and % respectively. Lim Soo King et al., did research on Performance and Emission Analysis of Ethanol-Gasoline Blended Fuel.. Results indicated that Ethanol-gasoline blended fuel (E5, E10, E15, and E20) has reduced CO and UHC emission up to 72.1 % and 58.1% respectively as compared to gasoline (RON 95). S. Vanangamudi et al.,shows Gasoline Ethanol Blends on Performance and Emission in Gasoline Engine. Authors concluded that most of the emissions are formed due to incomplete combustion of fuel due to lack of oxygen in combustion, gasoline has no oxygen content, as Oxygen for combustion is derived from the intake air, excess oxygen is supplied through ethanol blended in gasoline as ethanol. DOI: / Page

2 III. Ethanol 3.1 Introduction Ethanol is also known as ethyl alcohol or C2H5OH.Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced alcohol fuel made from plant material like corn, sugar cane, or grasses. Using ethanol can reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions. Ethanol is produced from biomass. Mostly via a fermentation process using glucose derived from sugars, starch or cellulose (forest products) as raw materials. In this formation, it is renewable. Synthetic ethanol can also be produced from non-renewable sources like coal and gas.etahnol is extracted by using Dry or Wet Milling Methods. 3.2 Ethanol in India s Automobile Sector The Government of India s policy mandating 5 percent ethanol blending in petrol is currently being implemented in the country. A significant target of minimum 20 percent ethanol-blended petrol across the country has been set for the year The preparedness of the automobile industry is a major Part in the successful implementation of this policy, given the fact that petrol-run vehicles account for the majority of vehicles registered in India. IV. Material and Method 4.1 Response Surface Methodology Minitab software includes four types of designed experiments: (1) factorial, (2) response surface, (3) mixture, and (4) Taguchi. The procedure to get an experimental design with graphs is same for all types of design. Response surface methodology (RSM) is a collection of mathematical and statistical techniques for empirical model building. By using design of experiments, the objective is to optimize a response (output variable) which is influenced by several independent variables (input variables).the selected process variables were varied up to three levels and Box-Behnken design was adopted for developing the experiments. Response Surface Methodology was used to develop second order regression equation relating response characteristics and process variables Selection of the experimental design, and prediction and verification of model equation: - Experimental design is generated as per selection of experimental points, number of runs and blocks. Then the model equation is specified and coefficients of the model equation are predicted. The test data and the predicted data are compared with each other to understand the whether the model is making a good prediction. In order to compare these data the statical method of root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of multiple determination (R 2 ) values are used. These values are determined by following equation : n (1) RMSE = [1/n J =1 aj pj 2 ] 1/2 (2) R 2 n n = 1 - J =1 aj pj 2 ]/ J =1 pj 2 Where, aj = Experimental Specific consumption pj = Predicted Specific consumption 4.2 Ethanol-Petrol Properties Fuel Properties Gasoline Ethanol Density [kg/m 3 ] at 15⁰C Specific Gravity Gross Calorific Value [KJ/kg] at 15ºC Octane number (RON) Stoichiometric AFR [kg air/kg fuel] Viscosity [CP] Reid Vapour Pressure [psi] Table 4.1 Fuel Properties Comparison 4.3 Experimental Setup The setup consists of single cylinder, four stroke, Multi-fuel, research Engine connected to the Eddy Current dynamometer. The engine is to be tested by a different range of ethanol volume percentages. i.e. 05% (E05), 10% (E10) and 15% (E15) blended with fossil gasoline. The experiment is to be carried out at variations of load and Compression Ratio. The load of 1, 5, and 9 NM and Compression ratio 7, 8 and 9 were to be experimented. It contains selected control parameter for optimization of blend proportion from the analysis of data, selected sets of parameters are to be achieved by Box-Behnken. Conduct experiment for optimum set of parameters and compare experimental value and predicated value. DOI: / Page

3 Engine Model TV1 Make Kirlosker Oil Engines Type Four stroke, Water cooled, Diesel-Petrol No. of cylinder One Bore 87.5 mm Stroke 110 mm Compression ratio 12 to 18 Power rating 7.5 HP Injection timing 25 0 BTDC Table 4.2 Test Engine Specifications By using Minitab-17 software, insert the 3 factors with 3 Level in Response Surface Method of Box- Behnken got the following design of steps to perform experiment. Box-Behnken Design L15 (3*3) Factors: 3 Runs: 15 Factors Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Compression Ratio Blend Ratio Load Table 4.3 Experiment Set Table V. Results & Discussion The Engine was started with zero load condition and run for a few minutes to reach normal working condition. After reaching steady running condition, fuel supply source for engine changed from fuel tank to measuring burette by closing the knob availed in the setup. Data such as Specific fuel consumption, torque applied and exhaust temperature was recorded. The analysis experiments were performed, with the process parameter levels set as given in Table 4.3; Experimental results for Specific fuel consumption are given in Table 5.1.Mainly 15 experiments were conducted using response surface methodology. RUN Variable properties Compression Ratio Blend Ratio Load SFC Table 5.1: Experimental Layout of BBD and Its Observed Values of SFC. DOI: / Page

4 The second-order polynomial models used to express the SFC as a function of independent variables (Eq. 5.1) is shown below in terms of coded level: SFC= *A *B *C *A4*A *B4*B *C4*C *A4*B *A4*C *B4*C4 (5.1) Below table 5.2 shows the value of R 2 and RMSE from target and predicted value of SFC. Here error is show the difference between the target and predicted value of SFC. RUN SFC Predicted SFC Error R 2 RMSE Table 5.2: Target vs. Predicted SFC Here error is show the difference between the targeted and predicted value of SFC. The value of R 2 and RMSE are calculated by equation (1) and (2). The value of R 2 is which are close to the 1 and the value of RMSE is which is close to 0. So, the model is making a good prediction. 5.1 Comparison of Results SFC Predicted SFC Figure 5.1: Experimental & Predicted SFC The predicted value of Specific fuel consumption of model was compared with the actual target value of experiment which is shown in Fig.6.1 by different colours. It is clear from graph that predicted results are very close to actual target values. It also concludes that model has good prediction capability. DOI: / Page

5 Error Optimization of SFC Using Mathematical Model Based On RSM for SI Engine Fueled with Petrol No. of Exp vs Error No. of Exp Figure 5.2: Experiments vs. Error The errors of the experiments are shown in Fig. 5.2, which are above and below the 0 value. Which indicate the good prediction of SFC Model with respect to experimental data. Fig. 5.3 shows the experimental versus predicted Specific fuel consumption obtained from Eq. (5.1). A linear distribution in figure indicates well-fitting of model. The values predicted from Eq. (5.1) were close to the observed values of Specific fuel consumption Figure 5.3: Experimental vs. Predicted SFC The normal probability plot is also presented in Fig. 5.4.The plot indicates that the residuals (difference between actual and predicted values) follow a normal distribution and form an approximately straight line. Figure 5.4: Normal Probability of Residuals Surface and contour plots for Specific fuel consumption show the effect of different parameters on Specific Fuel Consumption (SFC). This Graph shows effect of two parameters while holding other one parameters at constant for one combination. The hold values are also shown in each figure. DOI: / Page

6 The effect of BR and Load on SFC is shown in Fig It shows that, when load is minimum When SFC is maximum But, When LOAD is Maximum, SFC is Minimum. The effect of Load and CR on SFC is shown in Fig It shows that, SFC is not mainly affected by CR.But at higher load SFC is higher. Below table 5.3 show the all possible combination of input variables (% of Ethanol, compression ratio, and load) and specific fuel consumption related to them. Sr No. CR BR LOAD PREDICTED SFC DOI: / Page

7 The optimum value set is shown by different color in table 5.3 and given below output of experiment. Optimum set of SFC for this experiment is kg/kwh when compression ratio, Blend Ratio and load are at 8, 10 and 9 kg. VI. Conclusion The present investigation aimed at Performance Effect of SFC for SI engine. This analysis is carried out by developing Experiment models based on L15 BBD array in Response surface optimization technique. A Model for Experiment prediction shows the following conclusions. It has been proved that predicted SFC values are closer to the experimental results. It has also been also conclude that the RSM may be used as a good alternative for the analysis of the effects of engine parameters on the SFC. Optimum set of SFC for this experiment is kg/kwh when compression ratio, Blend Ratio and load are at 8, 10 and 9 kg. VII. Scope of Work In our experimental work, it was optimized parameters for maximizing specific fuel consumption and also prove the possibility of ethanol as fuel in the blend for a petrol engine. The effect of emulsifier like octanol with the blend of ethanol and petrol, the performance and emission characteristics of petrol engine can be checked. Extensive studies on nozzle flow and atomization characteristics of blending of petrol and ethanol in the S.I engine. Extensive studies on EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) using a blend of petrol and ethanol. References [1] Modi, M. R., Patel, T. M., & Rathod, G. P. Mathematical Modeling of SFC Using RSM for CI Engine Fuled with Soybean Biodiesel and Diesel Blend. [2] Patel, M. H. M., & Patel, T. M. (2012, June). Performance analysis of single cylinder diesel engine fuelled with Pyrolysis oil-diesel and its blend with Ethanol. In International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (Vol. 1, No. 4 (June-2012)). ESRSA Publications. [3] Patel, T. M., Patel, K. B., & Patel, S. C. (2013). Artificial Neural Network Based Prediction of Performance Characteristic of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine for Pyrolysis Oil and Diesel Blend. International Journal of Computer Science & Applications (TIJCSA), 2(03). [4] Koç, M., Sekmen, Y., Topgül, T., & Yücesu, H. S. (2009). The effects of ethanol unleaded gasoline blends on engine performance and exhaust emissions in a spark-ignition engine. Renewable energy, 34(10), [5] Argakiotis, C., Mishra, R., Stubbs, C., & Weston, W. (2014). The Effect of using an Ethanol blended fuel on Emissions in an SI Engine. Renewable Energy and Power Quality Journal, (12). [6] Bokhary, A. Y. F., Alhazmy, M., Ahmad, N., & Albahkali, A. (2014). Investigations on the Utilization of Ethanol-Unleaded Gasoline Blends on SI Engine Performance and Exhaust Gas Emission. International Journal of Engineering & Technology IJET- IJENS, 14(02). [7] King, L. S., Yu, L. C., & Khin, C. J. (2014). PEFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF ETHANOL-GASOLINE BLENDED FUEL. International Journal of Engineering, 4(7), [8] Vanangamudi, S., Prabhakar, S., Thamotharan, C., & Anbazhagan, R. (2014). Gasoline Ethanol Blends on Performance and Emission in Gasoline Engine. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 20(4), [9] Hsieh, W. D., Chen, R. H., Wu, T. L., & Lin, T. H. (2002). Engine performance and pollutant emission of an SI engine using ethanol gasoline blended fuels. Atmospheric Environment, 36(3), [10] Pikūnas, A., Pukalskas, S., & Grabys, J. (2003). Influence Of Composition Of Gasoline Ethanol Blends On Parameters Of Internal Combustion Engines. Journal of KONES Internal Combustion Engines, 10, 3-4. DOI: / Page

### IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development Vol. 4, Issue 02, 2016 ISSN (online):

IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development Vol. 4, Issue 02, 2016 ISSN (online): 2321-0613 Mathematical Modeling of NOX for SI Engine Working with Petrol- Ethanol Blend Nikunj

### Effect of Varying Load on Performance and Emission of C.I. Engine Using WPO Diesel Blend

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 2 Ver. V (Mar - Apr. 2015), PP 37-44 www.iosrjournals.org Effect of Varying Load on Performance

### Performance and Emission Analysis of Diesel Engine using palm seed oil and diesel blend

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 11, Issue 2 Ver. VIII (Mar- Apr. 2014), PP 29-33 Performance and Emission Analysis of Diesel Engine

### Effects of Ethanol-Gasoline blends on Performance and Emissions of Gasoline Engines

Effects of Ethanol-Gasoline blends on Performance and Emissions of Gasoline Engines Er. Kapil Karadia 1, Er. Ashish Nayyar 2 1 Swami Keshvanand Institute of Technology, Management &Gramothan, Jaipur,Rajasthan

### Investigation of Engine Performance using Emulsified Diesel fuel

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 14, Issue 2 Ver. IV (Mar. - Apr. 2017), PP 79-87 www.iosrjournals.org Investigation of Engine Performance

### Performance Analysis of Four Stroke Single Cylinder CI Engine Using Karanja Biodiesel-Diesel Blends

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 13, Issue 3, Ver. I (May- Jun. 2016), PP 76-81 www.iosrjournals.org Performance Analysis of Four

### Vivek Pandey 1, V.K. Gupta 2 1,2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Technology, GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, India

Study of Ethanol Gasoline Blends for Powering Medium Duty Transportation SI Engine Vivek Pandey 1, V.K. Gupta 2 1,2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Technology, GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, India

### Parametric Optimization of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine for Specific Fuel Consumption Using Palm Seed Oil as a Blend

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 2 Ver. IV (Mar - Apr. 2015), PP 72-77 www.iosrjournals.org Parametric Optimization of

### PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF A VARIABLE COMPRESSION SI ENGINE USING ETHANOL- GASOLINE BLENDS AS FUEL

Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanical Engineering 2011 (ICME2011) 18-20 December 2011, Dhaka, Bangladesh ICME11-TH-001 PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF A VARIABLE COMPRESSION

### Study of the Effect of CR on the Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engine Using Butanol-diesel Blends

International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology E-ISSN 77 416, P-ISSN 47 5161 16 INPRESSCO, All Rights Reserved Available at http://inpressco.com/category/ijcet Research Article Study of the

### International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-issn: Volume: 04 Issue: 11 Nov p-issn:

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-issn: 2395-56 Performance and emission characteristics of a constant speed diesel engine fueled with Rubber seed oil and Jatropha

### Parametric Optimization of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine for Pyrolysis Oil and Diesel Blend for Specific Fuel Consumption Using Taguchi Method

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684 Volume 6, Issue 1 (Mar. - Apr. 2013), PP 83-88 Parametric Optimization of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine for Pyrolysis Oil

### Parametric optimization of single cylinder CI engine for specific fuel consumption using mahua oil blend

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 2 Ver. IV (Mar - Apr. 2015), PP 28-33 www.iosrjournals.org Parametric optimization of

### (Department of Automobile Engineering, Bharath Institute of Science and Technology, Bharath University Selaiyur, Chennai - 73, Tamil Nadu, India)

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 2 Ver. II (Mar - Apr. 2015), PP 10-15 www.iosrjournals.org Evaluation of Engine Performance,

### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF HYDROGEN BLENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS EMITTED FROM A FOUR STROKE DIESEL ENGINE

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF HYDROGEN BLENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS EMITTED FROM A FOUR STROKE DIESEL ENGINE Haroun A. K. Shahad hakshahad@yahoo.com Department of mechanical

### Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Corn oil blended with Diesel

Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Corn oil blended with Diesel U. Santhan Kumar 1, K. Ravi Kumar 2 1 M.Tech Student, Thermal engineering, V.R Siddhartha Engineering College, JNTU

### National Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering Science (NCAMES-2016)

Effect of Compression Ratio on the Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Direct Injection CI engine fuelled with Pongamia biodiesel blends Srinath Pai 1, Shrivathsa 2, Dr. Abdul Sharief 3, Dr.

### Performance Characteristics of Ethanol Derived From Food Waste As A Fuel in Diesel Engine

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering Volume 2 Issue 5 November 2015 ISSN (online): 2349-784X Performance Characteristics of Ethanol Derived From Food Waste As A Fuel in Diesel

### Combine Effect of Variable Compression Ratio and Diffuser at Exhaust Manifold for Single Cylinder CI Engine using Diesel and Palm Biodiesel

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 14, Issue 2 Ver. II (Mar. - Apr. 2017), PP 81-90 www.iosrjournals.org Combine Effect of Variable

### INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IJARET)

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IJARET) International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), ISSN ISSN 0976-6480 (Print) ISSN 0976-6499

### Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Jatropha Blend as a Biodiesel for Compression Ignition Engine with Variation of Compression Ratio

International Review of Applied Engineering Research. ISSN 2248-9967 Volume 4, Number 1 (2014), pp. 39-46 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/iraer.htm Combustion and Emission Characteristics

### Performance and Emission Analysis of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine under the influence of Magnetic Fuel Energizer

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 11, Issue 2 Ver. VIII (Mar- Apr. 2014), PP 34-39 Performance and Emission Analysis of Single Cylinder

### Material Science Research India Vol. 7(1), (2010)

Material Science Research India Vol. 7(1), 201-207 (2010) Influence of injection timing on the performance, emissions, combustion analysis and sound characteristics of Nerium biodiesel operated single

### PERFORMANCE OF DIRECT INJECTION C.I. ENGINE USING KARANJA OIL AT DIFFERENT INJECTION PRESSURES

IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eissn: 239-63 pissn: 232-738 PERFORMANCE OF DIRECT INJECTION C.I. ENGINE USING KARANJA OIL AT DIFFERENT INJECTION PRESSURES A.G. Matani,

### A.S.P. Sri Vignesh 1, Prof C. Thamotharan 2 1 (Department of Automobile Engineering, Bharath Institute of Science and Technology, Bharath University

International Journal of Engineering Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 6734, ISSN (Print): 2319 6726 Volume 4 Issue 3 March 2015 PP.01-06 Engine Performance and Emission Test of Waste Plastic Pyrolysis

### Parametric Optimization of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine for Jatropha Biodiesel and Diesel Blend for Mechanical Efficiency Using Taguchi Method

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 2 Ver. VI (Mar - Apr. 2015), PP 59-65 www.iosrjournals.org Parametric Optimization of

### EFFECT OF HYDRATED AND ANHYDROUS ETHANOL-GASOLINE BLENDS ON ENGINE PERFORMANCE

5 EFFECT OF HYDRATED AND ANHYDROUS ETHANOL-GASOLINE BLENDS ON ENGINE PERFORMANCE Mas Fawzi bin Mohd Ali, Mohd Harith bin Mazlan and Mohd Faizal bin Mohideen Batcha Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing

### POLLUTION CONTROL AND INCREASING EFFICIENCY OF DIESEL ENGINE USING BIODIESEL

POLLUTION CONTROL AND INCREASING EFFICIENCY OF DIESEL ENGINE USING BIODIESEL Deepu T 1, Pradeesh A.R. 2, Vishnu Viswanath K 3 1, 2, Asst. Professors, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Ammini College of

### Experimental Investigations on a Four Stoke Diesel Engine Operated by Jatropha Bio Diesel and its Blends with Diesel

International Journal of Manufacturing and Mechanical Engineering Volume 1, Number 1 (2015), pp. 25-31 International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Experimental Investigations on a

### Chandra Prasad B S, Sunil S and Suresha V Asst. Professor, Dept of Mechanical Engineering, SVCE, Bengaluru

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) Volume 9, Issue 7, July 2018, pp. 997 1004, Article ID: IJMET_09_07_106 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?jtype=ijmet&vtype=9&itype=7

### EXPERIMENTAL INVETIGATIONN ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DI- CI ENGINE FUELED WITH PREHEATED SHEA OLEIN BIODIESEL

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) Volume 9, Issue 11, November 2018, pp. 2006 2014, Article ID: IJMET_09_11 211 Available online at http://www.ia aeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?jtype=ijmet&vtype=

### International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology E-ISSN

International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology E-ISS 976-3945 Research Article EXPERIMETAL WORKSTUDY O THE EFFECT OF ETHAOL GASOLIE BLEDS O THE PERFORMACE OF TWO STROKE PETROL EGIE Prof. Viral

### Experimental determination of suitable ethanol gasoline blend for Spark ignition engine

Experimental determination of suitable ethanol gasoline blend for Spark ignition engine Farha Tabassum Ansari 1, Abhishek Prakash Verma 2 1,2 ME IV Sem Student, Jabalpur engineering college Jabalpur Dr.Alok

### Experimental Investigation of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine with Sesame Oil and Ethanol Blends at Various Compression Ratio.

Experimental Investigation of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine with Sesame Oil and Ethanol Blends at Various Compression Ratio. A. N. Sahastrabuddhe 1, M. R. Dahake 2 1 PG Student Mechanical Engineering Department,

### Analysis of Emission characteristics on Compression Ignition Engine using Dual Fuel Mode for Variable Speed

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development e-issn: 2278-067X, p-issn: 2278-800X, www.ijerd.com Volume 4, Issue 3 (October 2012), PP. 23-27 Analysis of Emission characteristics on Compression

### Impact of Cold and Hot Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Diesel Engine

RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS Impact of Cold and Hot Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Diesel Engine P. Saichaitanya 1, K. Simhadri 2, G.Vamsidurgamohan 3 1, 2, 3 G M R Institute of Engineering and Technology,

### Impact of Various Compression Ratio on the Compression Ignition Engine with Diesel and Mahua Biodiesel

International Journal of ChemTech Research CODEN (USA): IJCRGG, ISSN: 0974-4290, ISSN(Online):2455-9555 Vol.9, No.11 pp 63-70, 2016 Impact of Various Compression Ratio on the Compression Ignition Engine

### Prediction of Performance and Emission of Palm oil Biodiesel in Diesel Engine

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) ISSN: 2278-1684, PP: 16-20 www.iosrjournals.org Prediction of Performance and Emission of Palm oil Biodiesel in Diesel Engine Sumedh Ingle 1,Vilas

### International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology E-ISSN

Research Article EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON VARYING ENGINE TORQUE OF SI ENGINE WORKING UNDER GASOLINE BLENDED WITH OXYGENATED ORGANIC COMPOUNDS D.Balaji¹*, Dr.P.Govindarajan², J.Venkatesan³ Address

### Research Article. Effect of exhaust gas recirculation on NOx emission of a annona methyl ester operated diesel engine

Available online www.jocpr.com Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2015, 7(5):723-728 Research Article ISSN : 0975-7384 CODEN(USA) : JCPRC5 Effect of exhaust gas recirculation on NOx emission

### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS ON 4- STROKE SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE (C.I) WITH CHANGING GEOMETRY OF PISTON

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) Volume 9, Issue 13, December 218, pp. 693 7, Article ID: IJMET_9_13_72 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?jtype=ijmet&vtype=9&itype=13

### Power Performance and Exhaust Gas Analyses of Palm Oil and Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester as Fuel for Diesel Engine

ICCBT28 Power Performance and Exhaust Gas Analyses of Palm Oil and Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester as Fuel for Diesel Engine R. Adnan *, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, MALAYSIA I. M. Azree, Universiti Tenaga

### Saud Bin Juwair, Taib Iskandar Mohamad, Ahmed Almaleki, Abdullah Alkudsi, Ibrahim Alshunaifi

The effects of research octane number and fuel systems on the performance and emissions of a spark ignition engine: A study on Saudi Arabian RON91 and RON95 with port injection and direct injection systems

### Experimental Investigation of Ethanol-Methanol- Gasoline Blend on Multi cylinder SI Engine using Catalytic Converter

Experimental Investigation of Ethanol-Methanol- Gasoline Blend on Multi cylinder SI Engine using Catalytic Converter #1 A. R. Pattiwar, #2 V. N. Kapatkar, #3 S. A. Kulkarni #123 Mechanical Engineering

### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF PETROL ENGINE USING FUEL CATALYST

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF PETROL ENGINE USING FUEL CATALYST Sagar.A.Patil 1, Priyanka.V.Kadam 2, Mangesh.S.Yeolekar 3, Sandip.B.Sonawane 4 1 Student (Final Year), Department

### Case Study of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Engine Performance

IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) e-issn: 2278-0661,p-ISSN: 2278-8727 PP 13-17 www.iosrjournals.org Case Study of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Engine Performance Jagadish M. Sirase 1, Roshan

### Experimental investigations on the performance characteristic of diesel engine using n- butyl alcohols

Experimental investigations on the performance characteristic of diesel engine using n- butyl alcohols M. Karthe Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.KumarasamyCollege of Engineering,

### Performance Enhancement & Emission Reduction of Single Cylinder S.I. Engine using Tri Fuels -An Experimental Investigation

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering Volume 1 Issue 11 May 2015 ISSN (online): 2349-784X Performance Enhancement & Emission Reduction of Single Cylinder S.I. Engine using Tri

### Numerically Analysing the Effect of EGR on Emissions of DI Diesel Engine Having Toroidal Combustion Chamber Geometry

Numerically Analysing the Effect of EGR on Emissions of DI Diesel Engine Having Toroidal Combustion Chamber Geometry Jibin Alex 1, Biju Cherian Abraham 2 1 Student, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, M A

### PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF A DI DIESEL ENGINE WITH TURBOCHARGING USING BIOFUEL

ISSN: 3159-4 Vol. 2 Issue 1, January - 215 PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF A DI DIESEL ENGINE WITH CHARGING USING BIOFUEL Rasik S. Kuware, Ajay V. Kolhe Heat Power Engineering, Mechanical Department, Kavikulguru

### Optimization of Neem and Niger Oil Blends and IOP Used for Diesel Engine Using Taguchi Method

ISSN : 25-915 Vol-3, Issue-, July 217 Optimization of Neem and Niger Oil Blends and Used for Diesel Engine Using Taguchi Method 1 Mr. Kadam S. S., 2 Mr. Burkul R.M, 3 Mr. Andhale Y. S. 1 M.E. Heat Power,

### Effects of ethanol unleaded gasoline blends on cyclic variability and emissions in an SI engine

Applied Thermal Engineering 25 (2005) 917 925 www.elsevier.com/locate/apthermeng Effects of ethanol unleaded gasoline blends on cyclic variability and emissions in an SI engine M.A. Ceviz *,F.Yüksel Department

### Study of Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Two Stroke Si Engine Operated with Gasoline Manifold Injectionand Carburetion

Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 9(37), DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i37/101984, October 2016 ISSN (Print) : 0974-6846 ISSN (Online) : 0974-5645 Study of Performance and Emission Characteristics

### National Conference on Advances in Mechanical Engineering Science (NCAMES-2016)

Effect of Injection Timing on Performance and Emission of a Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled with Simarouba Biodiesel blend Srinath Pai 1, Akshath Shettigara 2, Dr. Abdul Sharief 3, Dr. Shiva kumar

### INVESTIGATIONS ON THE EFFECT OF MAHUA BIOFUEL BLENDS AND LOAD ON PERFORMANCE AND NOX EMISSIONS OF DIESEL ENGINE USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) Volume 8, Issue 8, August 2017, pp. 1417 1423, Article ID: IJMET_08_08_146 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?jtype=ijmet&vtype=8&itype=8

### EFFECT OF EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR) IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

EFFECT OF EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR) IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE 1 Ajinkya B. Amritkar, 2 Nilesh Badge 1ajinkyaamritkar333@gmail.com, 2 badgenilesh6@gmail.com 1,2B.E.Student, Department of Mechanical

### GRD Journals- Global Research and Development Journal for Engineering Volume 1 Issue 12 November 2016 ISSN:

GRD Journals- Global Research and Development Journal for Engineering Volume 1 Issue 12 November 2016 ISSN: 2455-5703 Effect of Brake Thermal Efficiency of a Variable Compression Ratio Diesel Engine Operating

### EFFECT OF H 2 + O 2 GAS MIXTURE ADDITION ON EMISSONS AND PERFORMANCE OF AN SI ENGINE

EFFECT OF H 2 + O 2 GAS MIXTURE ADDITION ON EMISSONS AND PERFORMANCE OF AN SI ENGINE M.Sc. Karagoz Y. 1, M.Sc. Orak E. 1, Assist. Prof. Dr. Sandalci T. 1, B.Sc. Uluturk M. 1 Department of Mechanical Engineering,

### Performance Analysis of Single Cylinder 4Stroke SI Engine Using Ethenol Blends With Gasoline

Performance Analysis of Single Cylinder 4Stroke SI Engine Using Ethenol Blends With Gasoline Anand Modi, C.S. Koli, Amit Agrawal Research Scholar, SRCEM, Banmore, Gwalior (M.P.), Assistant Professor, SRCEM,

### INTRODUCTION. International Engineering Journal For Research & Development. Page 36. E-ISSN No:

A Review Paper on Performace testing of 4-Stroke Single Cylinder Variable Compression S.I Engine With Blending Propanol with gasoline Atul N. Lade 1,Kumar Raizada 2, Chandrakant B. Kothare 3 1 Mtech student,

### Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology,Chennai ,Tamilnadu,India. JSPM s,college of Engineering,Hadapsar,Pune ,Maharashtra,India.

INVESTIGATION OF COTTONSEED OIL BIO WITH ETHANOL AS AN ADDITIVE ON FUEL PROPERTIES, ENGINE PERFORMANCE, COMBUSTION AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF A ENGINE Shrikant MADIWALE 1*, Karthikeyan ALAGU 2 and

### An Experimental Analysis of IC Engine by using Hydrogen Blend

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering Volume 2 Issue 11 May 2016 ISSN (online): 2349-784X An Experimental Analysis of IC Engine by using Hydrogen Blend Patel Chetan N. M.E Student

### Prediction on Increasing the Efficiency of Single Cylinder DI Diesel Engine Using EGR System

International OPEN ACCESS Journal Of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) Prediction on Increasing the Efficiency of Single Cylinder DI Diesel Engine Using EGR System P.Muni Raja Chandra 1, Ayaz Ahmed 2,

### International Journal of ChemTech Research CODEN (USA): IJCRGG ISSN: Vol.7, No.5, pp ,

International Journal of ChemTech Research CODEN (USA): IJCRGG ISSN: 0974-4290 Vol.7, No.5, pp 2355-2360, 2014-2015 Performance, Combustion and Emission Analysis on A Diesel Engine Fueled with Methyl Ester

### PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DIESEL ENGINE USING RICE BRAN OIL METHYL ESTER BLEND WITH ADITIVE DIETHYL ETHER (DEE)

International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), Volume 3, Issue 2, February 214 PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DIESEL ENGINE USING RICE BRAN OIL METHYL ESTER

### Experimental Investigation of Multi Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Rubber seed oil and Diesel

Experimental Investigation of Multi Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Rubber seed oil and Diesel Dr. Hiregoudar Yerrennagoudaru 1, Chandragowda M 2, Manjunatha K 3, Nagaraj Basavantappa Hugar 4 1 Professor

### Influence of Ethanol Blending On Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Four Stroke Spark Ignition Engine

Influence of Ethanol Blending On Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Four Stroke Spark Ignition Engine Madhav gour 1, Dr.Ajay singh 2 1 ME scholar of Mechanical Engineering Department, Radharaman Institute

### EFFECT OF STEAM INJECTION ON NO X EMISSIONS AND PERFORMANCE OF A SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE FUELLED WITH SOY METHYL ESTER

S473 EFFECT OF STEAM INJECTION ON NO X EMISSIONS AND PERFORMANCE OF A SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE FUELLED WITH SOY METHYL ESTER by Madhavan V. MANICKAM a*, Senthilkumar DURAISAMY a, Mahalingam SELVARAJ

### Performance and Emission Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine Fuelled with Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL)-Diesel Blends

Performance and Emission Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine Fuelled with Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL)-Diesel Blends Velmurugan. A, Loganathan. M Abstract The increased number of automobiles in recent

### Experimental Analysis of Utilization of Heat Using Methanol - Diesel Blended Fuel in Four Stroke Single Cylinder Water Cooled Diesel Engine

Experimental Analysis of Utilization of Heat Using Methanol - Diesel Blended Fuel in Four Stroke Single Cylinder Water Cooled Diesel Engine T. Singha 1, S. Sakhari 1, T. Sarkar 1, P. Das 1, A. Dutta 1,

### Effect of Alcohol-Gasoline Blends and Compression Ratio on Performance of SI (Spark Ignition) Engines: A Review Virendra Singh yadav 1 D.S.

IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development Vol. 3, Issue 04, 2015 ISSN (online): 2321-0613 Effect of Alcohol-Gasoline Blends and Compression Ratio on Performance of SI (Spark Ignition)

### 1, 2,3,4,5. HIT Nidasoshi 1, 2,3,4,5

www.ijecs.in International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science ISSN:2319-7242 Volume 4 Issue 6 June 215, Page No. 12492-12498 Study of Characteristics Performance of VCR Engine for Different Fuels

### ABSTRACT I. INTRODUCTION II. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE ENGINE III. MATERIAL & METHODS

2015 IJSRSET Volume 1 Issue 2 Print ISSN: 2395-1990 Online ISSN : 2394-4099 Themed Section : Engineering and Technology Experimental Investigations on a Four Stoke Die Engine Operated by Neem Bio Blended

### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF BTE AND NOX IN A DIRECT INJECTION VCR DIESEL ENGINE RUNNING WITH RICE BRAN METHYL ESTER

EXPERIMENTA INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF BTE AND NOX IN A DIRECT INJECTION VCR ENGINE RUNNING WITH RICE BRAN METHY ESTER Mr.V.Nageswara Reddy 1, Dr.G.Sreenivasa Rao 2. vnredd7@gmail.com 1, R.G.M. College

### Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Si Engine Working Under Gasoline Blended with Ethanol Oxygenated Organic Compounds

American Journal of Environmental Sciences 6 (6): 495-499, 2010 ISSN 1553-345X 2010 Science Publications Emission and Combustion Characteristics of Si Engine Working Under Gasoline Blended with Ethanol

### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON 4 STROKE SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE BLENDED WITH TYRE OIL

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON 4 STROKE SINGLE CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE BLENDED WITH TYRE OIL D.Sravani 1, R.Jyothu Naik 2, P. Srinivasa Rao 3 1 M.Tech Student, Mechanical Engineering, Narasaraopet Engineering

### EFFECT OF EMULSIFIER ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DIESEL ENGINE USING PALM BIODIESEL

International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development (IJMPERD) ISSN(P): 2249-6890; ISSN(E): 2249-8001 Vol. 8, Issue 2, Apr 2018, 1243-1248 TJPRC Pvt. Ltd. EFFECT OF EMULSIFIER

### EFFECT OF L-ASCORBIC ACID AS ADDITIVE FOR EXHAUST EMISSION REDUCTION IN A DIRECT INJECTION DIESEL ENGINE USING MANGO SEED METHYL ESTER

Ramalingam, S., et al.: Effect of L-Ascorbic Acid as Additive for Exhaust Emission Reduction... S999 EFFECT OF L-ASCORBIC ACID AS ADDITIVE FOR EXHAUST EMISSION REDUCTION IN A DIRECT INJECTION DIESEL ENGINE

### Comparative performance and emissions study of a lean mixed DTS-i spark ignition engine operated on single spark and dual spark

26 IJEDR Volume 4, Issue 2 ISSN: 232-9939 Comparative performance and emissions study of a lean mixed DTS-i spark ignition engine operated on single spark and dual spark Hardik Bambhania, 2 Vijay Pithiya,

### Effect of Supercharging & Injection Pressure on Engine Performance Characteristic of Jatropha Biodiesel Blend

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 14, Issue 2 Ver. V (Mar. - Apr. 2017), PP 21-32 www.iosrjournals.org Effect of Supercharging & Injection

### ANALYSIS OF EMISSIONS IN FOUR STROKE VCR DIESEL ENGINE

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-issn: 2395-56 Volume: 3 Issue: 6 June-216 www.irjet.net p-issn: 2395-72 ANALYSIS OF EMISSIONS IN FOUR STROKE VCR DIESEL ENGINE S.murali

### Available online Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 2018, 5(8): Research Article

Available online www.jsaer.com, 2018, 5(8):139-144 Research Article ISSN: 2394-2630 CODEN(USA): JSERBR A Study on the Reduction of Exhaust Gas by the Methanol Mixing Method of Compression Ignition Engine

### PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF DIESEL ENGINE BY INJECTING DIETHYL ETHER WITH AND WITHOUT EGR USING DPF

PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF DIESEL ENGINE BY INJECTING DIETHYL ETHER WITH AND WITHOUT EGR USING DPF PROJECT REFERENCE NO. : 37S1036 COLLEGE BRANCH GUIDES : KS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE

### AN INVESTIGATION INTO HOW DIFFERENT BLENDS OF BIO-DIESEL AT A RANGE OF TEMPERATURES AFFECT ENGINE HORSEPOWER, TORQUE AND EMISSIONS

Scientific Papers, USAMV Bucharest, Series A, Vol. LII, 2009, ISSN 1222-5359 AN INVESTIGATION INTO HOW DIFFERENT BLENDS OF BIO-DIESEL AT A RANGE OF TEMPERATURES AFFECT ENGINE HORSEPOWER, TORQUE AND EMISSIONS

### Exergy Analysis of Compression Ignition Engine Using Biodiesel Blend : Effect of Compression Ratio and Injection Pressure

IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN) ISSN (e): 2250-3021, ISSN (p): 2278-8719 Vol. 06, Issue 04 (April. 2016), V3 PP 13-19 www.iosrjen.org Exergy Analysis of Compression Ignition Engine Using Biodiesel

### Simultaneous reduction of NOx and smoke emission of CI engine fuelled with biodiesel

International Journal of Renewable Energy, Vol. 8, No. 2, July - December 2013 Simultaneous reduction of NOx and smoke emission of CI engine fuelled with biodiesel ABSTRACT S.Saravanan Professor, Department

### EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS ON VCR DI DIESEL ENGINE OPERATED ON MULTI BLEND BIODIESEL

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS ON VCR DI DIESEL ENGINE OPERATED ON MULTI BLEND BIODIESEL Jagadeesh A 1, Rakesh A. Patil 2, Pavankumar C. Bhovi 3 1, 2, 3 Mechanical Engineering, Hirasugar

### International Engineering Research Journal Performance and Emission Analysis of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Waste Turmeric oil.

International Engineering Research Journal Performance and Emission Analysis of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Waste Turmeric oil. Waghmode D. R., Gawande J. S. PG student (Heat Power)Department of Mechanical

### Experimental Investigation On Performance, Combustion Characteristics Of Diesel Engine By Using Cotton Seed Oil

Experimental Investigation On Performance, Combustion Characteristics Of Diesel Engine By Using Cotton Seed Oil S.KIRANKUMAR Lecturer, Department of Mechanical Engineering Blue hora university, Ethiopia

### Effect of hydrogen and oxygen addition as a lean mixture on emissions and performance characteristics of a two wheeler gasoline engine

216 IJEDR Volume 4, Issue 2 ISSN: 2321-9939 Effect of hydrogen and oxygen addition as a lean mixture on emissions and performance characteristics of a two wheeler gasoline engine 1 Hardik Bambhania, 2

### EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF 4 STROKE SPARK IGNITION ENGINE WITH INDIRECT INJECTION SYSTEM USING GASOLINE-ETHANOL FUEL

Vol. 04 No. 01, July 2017, Pages 44-49 EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF 4 STROKE SPARK IGNITION ENGINE WITH INDIRECT INJECTION SYSTEM USING GASOLINE-ETHANOL FUEL Mega Nur Sasongko 1, Widya Wijayanti 1, Fernando Nostra

### Generation of Air Swirl through Inlet Poppet Valve Modification and To Enhance Performance on Diesel Engine

IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE) e-issn: 2278-1684,p-ISSN: 2320-334X, Volume 12, Issue 6 Ver. VI (Nov. - Dec. 2015), PP 55-65 www.iosrjournals.org Generation of Air Swirl through

### Effect of Tangential Grooves on Piston Crown Of D.I. Diesel Engine with Retarded Injection Timing

International Journal of Engineering Research and Development e-issn: 2278-067X, p-issn : 2278-800X, www.ijerd.com Volume 5, Issue 10 (January 2013), PP. 01-06 Effect of Tangential Grooves on Piston Crown

### Experimental Investigation of Performance and Emissions of a Stratified Charge CNG Direct Injection Engine with Turbocharger

MATEC Web of Conferences 1, 7 (17 ) DOI:1.11/matecconf/1717 ICTTE 17 Experimental Investigation of Performance and Emissions of a Stratified Charge CNG Direct Injection Engine with charger Hilmi Amiruddin

### Effect of Jatropha Biodiesel Blend with Diesel Fuel on Performance of Four Stroke Single Cylinder Diesel Engine

Effect of Jatropha Biodiesel Blend with Diesel Fuel on Performance of Four Stroke Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Deep patel a, Amit shah b, Vijay Dhiman c a PG Student, Mechanical Engineering Department,

### Experimental investigation on constant-speed diesel engine fueled with. biofuel mixtures under the effect of fuel injection

Experimental investigation on constant-speed diesel engine fueled with biofuel mixtures under the effect of fuel injection 1 I. Vinoth kanna *, 2 K. Subramani, 3 A. Devaraj 1 2 3 Department of Mechanical

### A Parametric Study of Four Stroke Single Cylinder S.I Engine Converted from C.I Engine Fuelled With LPG for Enhancement of Performance

A Parametric Study of Four Stroke Single Cylinder S.I Engine Converted from C.I Engine Fuelled With LPG for Enhancement of Performance Ashish M. Ambaliya 1, Prof. M.A.Shaikh 2 1 P.G. Student, Mechanical

### PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF CI ENGINE FUELLED WITH THE BLENDS OF PALM OIL METHYL ESTERS AND DIESEL

ISSN: 2455-2631 July 217 IJSDR Volume 2, Issue 7 PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF CI ENGINE FUELLED WITH THE BLENDS OF PALM OIL METHYL ESTERS AND DIESEL 1 K.Sandeep Kumar, 2 Taj, 3 B. Prashanth Assistant