"The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings"

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download ""The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings""

Transcription

1 "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Bjørn Wallentin Global Sales Director Hull Performance Solutions Jotun AS, Norway Page 1 /

2 Abstract The general market trend is that a given vessels fuel consumption will gradually increase throughout the docking cycle even with the best antifoulings/frc s in the market. Knowing this, why do we even talk about fuel savings in the same sentences as paint products applied to the vessels hull? The answer to the above is as simple as it is complex fuel savings sends positive buying signals while reduced loss in performance will easily be perceived as negative. The above fuel saving focus in combination with the MEPC 62 decision on EEDI (Energy Efficiency Design Index) and upcoming mandatory measurements of the release of CO2 has released a number of marketing efforts creating an illusion of fuel savings related to the application of specific underwater hull coatings. Jotun has taken an active position to refocus on true hull performance through a transparent method that allows for hull performance assessment through onboard automatically logged data. Further, if indexes like the EEDI are the way forward, we should aim for those that reflect true performance not theoretically possible performance. This because the biggest potential in reducing fuel consumption and emissions lies within the existing fleet of vessels incentives to reduce their carbon foot print by using higher quality antifoulings, proven by a fully transparent hull performance monitoring method, would have immediate positive financial and environmental effects. Picture 1: The removal of a hull coating system by full blast (SA 2.5), courtesy Alexander Enstrøm, Jotun "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 2 / 10

3 The Illusion The environment and how all our actions influence the planet we inhabit are all around us every day. We meet it in newspapers, on television, on signboards and also from our children as they teach us how not to waste water while brushing our teeth. We are faced with lack of agreement/action from the UN Copenhagen summit in 2009 and Cancun in 2010 for global environmental improvements, while individual countries and local authorities take a much tougher approach to improve/reduce their environmental impact and carbon footprint. This is the situation and we cannot as individuals avoid being influenced by this massive amount of information and pressure. The global focus on the negative effects of increasing emission of Green House Gases (GHG) is one of the key issues on the agenda for the marine environment protection committee (MEPC) and other organizations within the marine industry. For the year 2007, shipping was estimated to have emitted 3.3% of global CO 2 emissions, to which international shipping contributed 2.7%, or 870 million tonnes 1. Vessel owners and operators do take responsibility and many have clear environmental policies well communicated throughout their organization. As a positive consequence of this focus, the whole marine value chain has been developing solutions that aim to reduce the emissions. This covers the whole range of products from new vessel designs and use of other types of fuels, through to more efficient coating systems for the underwater hull. There actually seems to be an unlimited number of fuel saving devices, that if they all worked as promised, would combined, allow the vessels to operate with no emissions what so ever. Something must obviously be wrong, some of these technologies cannot possibly perform as promised but how to select the ones that do? A vessels fuel consumption needed for propulsion is far from a static figure. Throughout a docking cycle the consumption will vary from day to day depending on vessel speed, weather, currents, fouling, fuel quality, engine etc. However, the general market trend is that a given vessels fuel consumption will gradually increase throughout the docking cycle even with the best hull performance solutions in the market. This negative performance development is strongly affected by the quality of the antifouling system selected and the extent of mechanical damage experienced. Reduced fuel consumption is the key to reduced emissions. However, in our quest to develop products, solutions and regulations to meet this requirement, the paint industry and partly also the legislative parties, have taken several wrong turns Bjørn Wallentin, Jotun Instead of developing a performance index that reflects the actual vessels performance, tools have been developed to compare how vessels could theoretically perform with the basis in vessel data from new build. An example of this is the Energy Efficiency Design Index 2 (EEDI) developed to put focus on improving the performance of new builds. We consider this to be a good example of a typical TIME ZERO perspective (initial/perfect condition and not representative to actual long term environmental performance). Operational improvements, were better antifoulings is one of the key factors, would offer considerable contributions to reducing the emissions from the current fleet of merchant vessels, but this is not reflected/covered by the implementation of the EEDI. "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 3 / 10

4 The marine coating industry has adapted to this TIME ZERO perspective by offering new biocide free hull coating that are initially very smooth, thus contributing to a higher initial vessel speed or lower use of power/fuel (v ref. see below equation). However, based on analysis of real life data we can identify an additional long term fuel penalty as a result of a more dense slime and animal fouling on these biocide free technologies compared to the high quality biocide containing products. Initiatives to improve the fuel/environmental performance of the new fleet of vessels are of course very positive, but the positive effect on the environment would be much higher if an index like the Energy Efficiency Operational Index (EEOI) was agreed upon (see figure 1). EEDI - New Fleet Time Zero (2012) 2020 Figure 1: The impact on the fuel consumption/environment from EEDI vs EEOI. The larger arrow indicating the potential environmental impact of the two initiatives. SFOC: Specific fuel oil consumption Installed power: main engine [kw] C Carbon: a conversion factor between type of fuel and CO 2 based on fuel carbon content Capacity: deadweight, gross tonnage, TEU etc Vref: vessel speed (knots) at sea trial Observing the above simplified formula for calculation of EEDI we can easily conclude that an increase in v ref will contribute to a lower, and improved, EEDI. In general the above equation promotes a smooth hull (v ref ), propelled by a small engine (installed power) running on LNG (C carbon ). This seems however sadly, to have little relevance with regards to the vessel performance and fuel consumption beyond the sea trials at the new-building stage. The most efficient way to reduce the emissions is to maintain a clean and smooth hull in service between the dockings. "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 4 / 10

5 Significant fuel savings, in the range of 5-10%, are promised by most marine paint makers, especially in relation to their biocide free hull coatings how is this possible? Jotun s conclusion is that the answer to why these 5-10% fuel savings statements are made lies within the reference used, or lack of such. By this we would like to draw the attention to the conditions under which most of the biocide free systems are sold and applied. Biocide free hull paint systems are normally perceived as quite expensive and to apply these on top of an aging primer system does not make sense with the long lifetime they are designed to last. For that reason most, if not all, hulls/sections are fully blasted down to steel prior to the application of the new coating system. The owner/operator will then normally select a vessel in their fleet in the correct age range being already scheduled for such surface preparation, regardless of paint system selected. This would normally be years from new-build with an underwater paint system that is quite rough from several dockings with spot blasting and repairs. So the full blast will bring the hull condition from the worst to the very best, from rough and possibly fouled to very smooth and clean. We know that the improvement in fuel consumption from this surface preparation can be in the range from 25-40%, depending on the condition prior to dry-docking. With this in mind and the fact that the above fuel saving for the biocide free hull systems are, in many cases, guaranteed for only one (1) year after docking, it is quite simple to understand how 5-10% fuel savings can be guaranteed. Even in our performance analysis linked to the positive effects on fuel consumption originating from a maintenance repair docking we see positive effects in the range of 20% improved fuel performance. The below figure 2 shows an example on how fuel savings often are proven by measurements of fuel oil consumption in a period just before (blue markers and line) and just after (red markers and line) a docking 3. Significant savings are achieved, but at this point it is easy to forget the fact that surface preparation by full blasting in dock has always contributed to significant reductions in fuel oil consumption. In the below example the savings from the surface preparation resulted in as much as a 22% fuel saving. However, the full positive effect of the docking was also lost within the first 2 years in service. This can be seen in the figure where the fuel consumption is back up to approx. 180 kg/nm in July 2010 the same level as just before docking summer "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 5 / 10

6 Figure 2: Prem Divya fuel oil consumption normalized to 14 knots (kg/nm) pre- and post-ffr application 2 Have we just created an illusion based on what we wanted the above theoretical example to prove, or is it based on solid facts? That is one of the vital questions that the reader should ask him or her-self. The irony is that customers, academics and also environmental bodies are lead to believe that the biocide free products have no negative effects on the environment. Paint makers have built this image by statement focusing on how much CO 2 could have been saved if all vessels used their technology. Jotun is of the firm belief that many customers now realize that this is far from founded on operational experience and that the individual vessels fuel consumption actually has a significant larger increase with the biocide free than with most quality biocide containing products. This increase in fuel consumption is mostly due to the light and dense slime forming on the surface without the vessel being able to remove it during its operation. When we observe that large container vessels are unable to benefit from today s versions of the biocide free technologies then it is hard to imagine what trade, speed and type of vessel that could have fuel saving benefits. "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 6 / 10

7 Improved methods to analyze hull performance There are a numerous methods available in the market for analyzing fuel performance, but few measure and analyze hull performance. To reduce fuel consumption and subsequent emissions, fuel performance is of course the prime focus, but the largest gain to this is achieved by improving the hull performance. There is an average 15% fuel improvement opportunity 4 in the improvement of hull performance by better antifoulings. This potential is available also to the existing fleet of vessels, offering the majority of the short term global fuel/emission savings possible. However, in order to quantify and avoid more adaptive marketing efforts, there is a need for a global standard in hull performance measurement. Such a standard must be available to all and easily understood for the parties involved. Such a standard should aim to be: - 100% transparent (all data available, no hidden or secret calculations) - must measure hull performance and not fuel performance - must be based on automatically logged data and not a selection of "good " data - must measure performance between dockings without assigning the positive effects of surface preparation to the new hull coating applied. Fuel performance/consumption is important when fuel cost and emissions are calculated, but not when we want to measure the effect of initiatives implemented to improve the hull performance. In the case of hull performance we recommend that an approach based on speed deviation or similar is used as show in figure 3 below. The key is to use the relationship between shaft power (using rpm x torque) and another relevant, easily available parameter to monitor ship resistance. In the below case figure 3 we have used speed through water (Doppler log) as this parameter. The below baseline/market average is based on the analysis of hull performance on 32 vessels with a total of 48 sailing/docking intervals. Figure 3: Comparison of performance over 60 month sailing interval market average vs. expected SeaQuantum X200 performance and guaranteed SeaQuantum X200 performance "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 7 / 10

8 Willingness to invest in better fuel/environmental performance "If you cannot measure it, you cannot improve it" Lord Kelvin ( ) In the case of hull performance the statement of Lord Kelvin is highly relevant. The perhaps biggest environmental contribution to reduce the GHG emissions from the merchant fleet would be to make automatic logging of vessel data mandatory. This because it opens up for data analysis and the consequential possibility of quantifying the isolated effects of an action made to improve performance. Without such data and the ability to quantify the associated savings, it is not likely that owners/operators/charterers will make significant investments. What is possible to achieve of emission reductions by applying better hull coatings? The below figure 4 shows the timeline related to reducing ships overall CO 2 emissions as set by IMO 5. As stated earlier in this document there is an average 15% potential improvement/reduction in fuel consumption/emissions by using better hull coatings. These numbers do however, rely on full compensation of speed loss by an increase in power (if available). In today s market were almost all vessels at times operate in a modus of slow steaming, the potential is less. The potential of hull coatings with a market estimate of partly compensating, partly not compensating for the speed loss, has been estimated by Clean Shipping Coalition (CSC) 6 to be in the range of 7-10% reduction from the world shipping fleet. In other words this could contribute to almost 50% of the 2020 IMO targets - from hull coatings alone, which are seldom even mentioned when improvements to vessels environmental footprint are discussed. Figure 4: The next steps in CO 2 reductions 5 "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 8 / 10

9 Summary An illusion of fuel savings achievable from some antifouling s, especially the biocide free solutions, has been created. Without the insights into how antifouling s and biocide free products perform it is difficult to assess what is correct or not in terms of fuel saving claims. We have tried to cover some of the basics in this article, but the question to ask when fuel saving promises are made would be fuel savings compared to what? As a supplier of underwater hull fouling protection systems we have an obligation to offer the customers our performance evaluation of the proposed solution(s) and offer similar advice when solutions are suggested by our customers. The customer s and the supplier s expectations should be aligned. Another key learning point would be that when fuel savings are promised and guaranteed, the analysis/proof should be based on operational data between the dockings and NOT including the benefits of surface pretreatment in the docking procedures. Further, if indexes are the way forward, we should aim for those that reflect true performance not only theoretically possible performance. This because the biggest potential in reducing fuel consumption and emissions lies within the existing fleet of vessels incentives to reduce their carbon foot print by using higher quality antifoulings, proven by a fully transparent hull performance method, would have immediate positive financial and environmental effects. Vessel sensor data can be used to support almost any conclusion/theory, but data availability does offer the opportunity to analyze the effects of changes/modifications done to the hull/coating system if the correct data is analyzed. Incentives should be made available for all vessels to log such data. There is clearly a need for a standard method for analyzing hull performance. Jotun has developed a proposal for such a method, and is open for constructive feedback and questions from all interested parties to help tuning the data collection and analysis methods. Please visit our HPS web site to learn more about it: Bjørn Wallentin Global Sales Director, Hull Performance Solutions, Jotun Coatings 1 ICS, Shipping, World Trade and the Reduction of CO2 Emissions. International Chamber of Shipping, London, UK. 2 IMO, Interim Guidelines on the Method of Calculation of the Energy Efficiency Design Index for New Ships. Circular MEPC.1/Circ.681. International Maritime Organization, London, UK "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 9 / 10

10 3 James J. Corbett et al, Energy and GHG Emissions Savings Analysis of Fluoropolymer Foul Release Hull Coating, Energy and Environmental Research Associates, LLC, 17 February IMO, MEPC59/INF.10, Prevention of air pollution from ships, page International chamber of shipping, COP17 Durban, Shipping world trade and the reductions in CO 2 emissions 6 IMO, MEPC 63/4/8, AIR POLLUTION AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY, A transparent and reliable hull and propeller performance standard, Submitted by Clean Shipping Coalition (CSC) "The illusion of fuel savings - an urgent need for improved transparency in marine hull coatings" Page 10 / 10

Perception is everything make sure that you can discover the illusion

Perception is everything make sure that you can discover the illusion Perception is everything make sure that you can discover the illusion Fuel savings Compared to what & how to measure? Almost all suppliers to the marine industry offers fuel / emission savings but can

More information

HYDREX WHITE PAPER N 12

HYDREX WHITE PAPER N 12 WHITE PAPER HYDREX WHITE PAPER N 12 Ship-hull Performance Optimization Tool (SPOT) (PILOT) How to get control of and optimize ship hull and propeller performance www.shiphullperformance.org Copyright 2013

More information

Propulsion of VLCC Introduction

Propulsion of VLCC Introduction Propulsion of VLCC Content Introduction...5 EEDI and Major Ship and Main Engine Parameters...6 Energy efficiency design index (EEDI)...6 Minimum propulsion power...6 Major propeller and engine parameters...7,

More information

Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge

Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge Multi-year Expert Meeting On Transport and Trade Facilitation: Maritime Transport and the Climate Change Challenge 16-18 February 2009 Latest GHG Considerations Within IMO Note by the International Maritime

More information

Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI)

Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) Thomas Kirk Director, Environmental Programs STAR Center, Dania Beach, FL 11 April 2012 SOCP Energy Sustainability Meeting Environmental Landscape for Shipping Energy

More information

Sustainable Development IMO s Contribution Beyond Rio+20

Sustainable Development IMO s Contribution Beyond Rio+20 2013/SOM1/SCE-COW/DIA/003 Sustainable Development IMO s Contribution Beyond Rio+20 Submitted by: IMO Dialogue on Mainstreaming Ocean-Related Issues in APEC Jakarta, Indonesia 4 February 2013 Eivind S.

More information

Propulsion of 2,200-2,800 teu. Container Vessel

Propulsion of 2,200-2,800 teu. Container Vessel Propulsion of 2,2-2,8 teu Container Vessel Content Introduction...5 EEDI and Major Ship and Main Engine Parameters...6 Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI)...6 Major propeller and engine parameters...7

More information

IMO. Submitted by the International Association of Drilling Contractors (IADC)

IMO. Submitted by the International Association of Drilling Contractors (IADC) INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION E IMO INTERSESSIONAL MEETING OF THE GREENHOUSE GAS WORKING GROUP 1st session Agenda item 2 GHG-WG 1/2 23 May 2008 ENGLISH ONLY DEVELOPMENT OF A DESIGN INDEX FOR NEW

More information

Technical Publication. Guidelines for the development of ship's Data Collection Plan (SEEMP Part II) /

Technical Publication. Guidelines for the development of ship's Data Collection Plan (SEEMP Part II) / Technical Publication Guidelines for the development of ship's Data Collection Plan (SEEMP Part II) / March 2018 Technical Publication content / Introduction Amendments to MARPOL Annex VI The timeline

More information

International Maritime Organisation: upcoming decisions ppoev Mr. Loukas Kontogiannis

International Maritime Organisation: upcoming decisions ppoev Mr. Loukas Kontogiannis Small Scale to large Market Strategies & Technologies towards the Mediterranean Area International Maritime Organisation: upcoming decisions ppoev Mr. Loukas Kontogiannis Technical Officer Sub-Division

More information

Challenges in the implementation of MRV regulation. Yiannis Kokarakis Bureau Veritas

Challenges in the implementation of MRV regulation. Yiannis Kokarakis Bureau Veritas Challenges in the implementation of MRV regulation Yiannis Kokarakis Bureau Veritas Target CO 2 Emission Reduction Energy EEDI indicators and EEOI SEEMP environmental management plan. IMO/MRV in SEEMP

More information

To improve operations, owners need to identify. EMMA Ship Energy Manager. Know, understand and change. Jukka Ignatius, Jan-Erik Räsänen,

To improve operations, owners need to identify. EMMA Ship Energy Manager. Know, understand and change. Jukka Ignatius, Jan-Erik Räsänen, EMMA Ship Energy Manager Know, understand and change Jukka Ignatius, Jan-Erik Räsänen, Kalevi Tervo, Olli Huttunen There is considerable potential for today s vessels to improve overall energy consumption.

More information

Preliminary Report of MEPC 71

Preliminary Report of MEPC 71 External Affairs Department Vol. 2017-03 (10 July 2017) Preliminary Report of MEPC 71 The 71th session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 71) was held at the headquarters of the IMO

More information

Potential of operational saving measures Orka 2015 Summit Jacob W. Clausen, Head of Advisory

Potential of operational saving measures Orka 2015 Summit Jacob W. Clausen, Head of Advisory LEADERS IN MARITIME ENERGY EFFICIENCY Potential of operational saving measures Orka 2015 Summit Jacob W. Clausen, Head of Advisory SUPERIOR DATA. ULTIMATE SAVINGS. MAXIMUM RETURNS. AGENDA 1 2 3 4 Introduction

More information

The oil fields in the NCS are located in the North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Barents Sea.

The oil fields in the NCS are located in the North Sea, Norwegian Sea, and Barents Sea. A.2 Norway Volumes of Associated Gas Flared on Norwegian Continental Shelf Norway is a major oil producer, and its oil fields are located offshore in the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS). 81 In 2002,

More information

Putting the Right Foot Forward: Strategies for Reducing Costs and Carbon Footprints

Putting the Right Foot Forward: Strategies for Reducing Costs and Carbon Footprints Putting the Right Foot Forward: Strategies for Reducing Costs and Carbon Footprints More than 140 years in business Business Segments: Maritime Classification, Maritime Solutions, Oil & Gas and Renewables

More information

Measures to reduce fuel consumption

Measures to reduce fuel consumption Bunker Summit 2009 Measures to reduce fuel consumption ( ideas (a holistic approach and specific by Ralf Plump, Head of Environmental Research Gibraltar, May 13-15,2009 Content Overview opportunities to

More information

A LIFETIME APPROACH TO ENGINE COSTS IN THE MARINE SECTOR

A LIFETIME APPROACH TO ENGINE COSTS IN THE MARINE SECTOR A LIFETIME APPROACH TO ENGINE COSTS IN THE MARINE SECTOR The impact of genuine parts, regular maintenance, fuel performance and new technology on whole life costs. A guide from Finning. A whole life approach

More information

Test Based Optimization and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Driving Behavior for Electric Vehicles

Test Based Optimization and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Driving Behavior for Electric Vehicles Test Based Optimization and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Driving Behavior for Electric Vehicles Bachelorarbeit Zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) im Studiengang Wirtschaftsingenieur

More information

SOx scrubbers Engine Makers view MDT points, markets and Tier III combinations. Greener Shipping Summit Jesper Arvidsson

SOx scrubbers Engine Makers view MDT points, markets and Tier III combinations. Greener Shipping Summit Jesper Arvidsson SOx scrubbers Engine Makers view MDT points, markets and Tier III combinations Greener Shipping Summit 2017 Athens, Greece 2017-11-14 Jesper Arvidsson Engineering/Operation/ Emission Reduction Technology

More information

Weight Allowance Reduction for Quad-Axle Trailers. CVSE Director Decision

Weight Allowance Reduction for Quad-Axle Trailers. CVSE Director Decision Weight Allowance Reduction for Quad-Axle Trailers CVSE Director Decision Brian Murray February 2014 Contents SYNOPSIS...2 INTRODUCTION...2 HISTORY...3 DISCUSSION...3 SAFETY...4 VEHICLE DYNAMICS...4 LEGISLATION...5

More information

A Mobility for Growth European Innovation project call Towards the energy-efficient and very low emission vessel

A Mobility for Growth European Innovation project call Towards the energy-efficient and very low emission vessel LeanShips A Mobility for Growth European Innovation project call Towards the energy-efficient and very low emission vessel Prof. Sebastian Verhelst, Ghent University, WP05 leader 2015 European Methanol

More information

Environmental Ship Index (ESI)

Environmental Ship Index (ESI) Environmental Ship Index (ESI) AN INSTRUMENT TO MEASURE A SHIPS AIR EMISSION PERFORMANCE With regard to air emissions some ships have a better environmental performance than others. Ports want to be able

More information

Renewable Diesel Test

Renewable Diesel Test FLEET SERVICES Renewable Diesel Test Testing an Alternative Fuel in the City of Knoxville Fleet FY 2017 City of Knoxville Fleet Services Table of Contents Introduction 1 Scope and Reason for Test 2 Parameters

More information

ROYAL INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS REPORT OF MEPC 71. Members of the Institution s IMO Committee attended MEPC 71

ROYAL INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS REPORT OF MEPC 71. Members of the Institution s IMO Committee attended MEPC 71 ROYAL INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS REPORT OF MEPC 71 SUMMARY Members of the Institution s IMO Committee attended MEPC 71 Two items dominated the discussions; reducing GHG emissions from ships and the

More information

Improving the Voyage Energy Efficiency by Using EEOI

Improving the Voyage Energy Efficiency by Using EEOI Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 138 ( 2014 ) 531 536 The 9 th International Conference on Traffic & Transportation Studies (ICTTS 2014)

More information

1. Thank you for the opportunity to comment on the Low Emissions Economy Issues Paper ( Issues Paper ).

1. Thank you for the opportunity to comment on the Low Emissions Economy Issues Paper ( Issues Paper ). 20 September 2017 Low-emissions economy inquiry New Zealand Productivity Commission PO Box 8036 The Terrace Wellington 6143 info@productivity.govt.nz Dear Commission members, Re: Orion submission on Low

More information

WLTP. The Impact on Tax and Car Design

WLTP. The Impact on Tax and Car Design WLTP The Impact on Tax and Car Design Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Testing Procedure (WLTP) The impact on tax and car design The Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Testing Procedure (WLTP) is set

More information

MARTOB Application of low sulphur marine fuels New challenges for the Marine Industry. Kjell Olav Skjølsvik MARINTEK

MARTOB Application of low sulphur marine fuels New challenges for the Marine Industry. Kjell Olav Skjølsvik MARINTEK MARTOB Application of low sulphur marine fuels New challenges for the Marine Industry Kjell Olav Skjølsvik MARINTEK Content The MARTOB project Proposed legislation as basis for the work Project findings

More information

Latest Issues Affecting Shipping

Latest Issues Affecting Shipping North American Panel October 18, 2016 Latest Issues Affecting Shipping JOSEPH ANGELO DEPUTY MANAGING DIRECTOR GREENHOUSE GAS FUEL OIL QUALITY FUEL OIL AVAILABILITY CYBER RISK MANAGEMENT E-NAVIGATION IMO

More information

REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS. Reducing global ship emissions using a speed-related GHG or compensation fund

REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS. Reducing global ship emissions using a speed-related GHG or compensation fund E MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION COMMITTEE 64th session Agenda item 5 MEPC 64/5/8 27 July 2012 Original: ENGLISH REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS Reducing global ship emissions using a speed-related

More information

Cars and vans CO2 regulations: even ambitious EU standards deliver less than half transport emission reductions needed to meet 2030 climate targets

Cars and vans CO2 regulations: even ambitious EU standards deliver less than half transport emission reductions needed to meet 2030 climate targets Cars and vans CO2 regulations: even ambitious EU standards deliver less than half transport emission reductions needed to meet 2030 climate targets October 2017 Summary Road transport is one of the few

More information

POLLUTION PREVENTION AND RESPONSE. Application of more than one engine operational profile ("multi-map") under the NOx Technical Code 2008

POLLUTION PREVENTION AND RESPONSE. Application of more than one engine operational profile (multi-map) under the NOx Technical Code 2008 E MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION COMMITTEE 71st session Agenda item 9 MEPC 71/INF.21 27 April 2017 ENGLISH ONLY POLLUTION PREVENTION AND RESPONSE Application of more than one engine operational profile

More information

July 16, 2014 Page 2 of 9 Model Year Jeep Liberty (KJ) , , , , , ,997 Model Year Jeep Gr

July 16, 2014 Page 2 of 9 Model Year Jeep Liberty (KJ) , , , , , ,997 Model Year Jeep Gr July 16, 2014 Page 1 of 9 Preliminary Statement On April 30, 2009 Chrysler LLC, the entity that manufactured and sold the vehicles that are the subject of this Information Request, filed a voluntary petition

More information

Biodiesel Ramping Up The Market To 2010 Dennis Rogoza Director, BC Biofleet Program. Calgary, Alberta July 17, 2006

Biodiesel Ramping Up The Market To 2010 Dennis Rogoza Director, BC Biofleet Program. Calgary, Alberta July 17, 2006 Biodiesel Ramping Up The Market To 2010 Dennis Rogoza Director, BC Biofleet Program Calgary, Alberta July 17, 2006 Issue: Market Ramp-Up To 2010 2010 Renewable Fuels Mandate Details not yet clear on biodiesel

More information

Wave Power Generating Ships

Wave Power Generating Ships International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, Volume 2, Issue4, April 2013 388 Wave Power Generating Ships Environmental Hazards by ship on port Ships stay on power generated internally

More information

MAT4BAT summer school Battery industry prospective in Europe and new technologies. C. Chanson

MAT4BAT summer school Battery industry prospective in Europe and new technologies. C. Chanson MAT4BAT summer school Battery industry prospective in Europe and new technologies C. Chanson June 4, 2015 1 RECHARGE Membership throughout the Value Chain 2 RECHARGE Mission RECHARGE s mission is to promote

More information

Technical Information

Technical Information Subject Introduction to the Outcomes of MEPC65 To whom it may concern Technical Information No. TEC-0958 Date 18 July 2013 A summary of the decisions taken at the sixty-fifth session of the Marine Environment

More information

Tekomar CYLUBE for Hansa Shipping

Tekomar CYLUBE for Hansa Shipping Tekomar CYLUBE for Hansa Shipping SAILING AHEAD Hansa Shipping implements Tekomar technology In today s shipping markets, it is increasingly difficult to improve the bottom line. The best option: significantly

More information

Environmental Ship Index (ESI) Fundamentals 2017

Environmental Ship Index (ESI) Fundamentals 2017 Environmental Ship Index (ESI) Fundamentals 2017 1. Port s Clean Air and Ship s emissions Ports are the indispensable key hubs in the global supply chain that enable the uninterrupted flow of world trade

More information

A new approach on the upgrade of energetic system based on green energy. A complex comparative analysis of the EEDI and EEOI

A new approach on the upgrade of energetic system based on green energy. A complex comparative analysis of the EEDI and EEOI IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering PAPER OPEN ACCESS A new approach on the upgrade of energetic system based on green energy. A complex comparative analysis of the EEDI and EEOI To

More information

Net Metering Policy Framework. July 2015

Net Metering Policy Framework. July 2015 Net Metering Policy Framework July 2015 Table of Contents 1.0 BACKGROUND... 2 2.0 POLICY OBJECTIVE... 2 3.1 Eligibility... 3 3.1.1 Renewable Generation... 3 3.1.2 Customer Class... 3 3.1.3 Size of Generation...

More information

Preliminary Report of MEPC 70

Preliminary Report of MEPC 70 External Affairs Department Vol. 2016-06 (31 October 2016) Preliminary Report of MEPC 70 The 70th session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 70) was held at the headquarters of the

More information

Outlook for Marine Bunkers and Fuel Oil to A key to understanding the future of marine bunkers and fuel oil markets

Outlook for Marine Bunkers and Fuel Oil to A key to understanding the future of marine bunkers and fuel oil markets Outlook for Marine Bunkers and Fuel Oil to 2035 A key to understanding the future of marine bunkers and fuel oil markets 01 FGE & MECL 2014 Study completed by FGE and MECL FGE London FGE House 133 Aldersgate

More information

Reducing CO 2 emissions from vehicles by encouraging lower carbon car choices and fuel efficient driving techniques (eco-driving)

Reducing CO 2 emissions from vehicles by encouraging lower carbon car choices and fuel efficient driving techniques (eco-driving) Reducing CO 2 emissions from vehicles by encouraging lower carbon car choices and fuel efficient driving techniques (eco-driving) David Pryke, Head of Efficient Driving, Department for Transport, London

More information

Biofuel issues in the new legislation on the promotion of renewable energy. Energy and Transport Directorate-General, European Commission

Biofuel issues in the new legislation on the promotion of renewable energy. Energy and Transport Directorate-General, European Commission Biofuel issues in the new legislation on the promotion of renewable energy Public consultation exercise, April May 2007 Energy and Transport Directorate-General, European Commission April 2007 This document

More information

Information Packet Kissimmee Utility Authority Customer-Owned Renewable Generation Interconnection And Net Metering Program

Information Packet Kissimmee Utility Authority Customer-Owned Renewable Generation Interconnection And Net Metering Program Information Packet Kissimmee Utility Authority Customer-Owned Renewable Generation Interconnection And Net Metering Program As part of our commitment to support renewable energy, Kissimmee Utility Authority

More information

Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers & Office of Energy Resources. Power Sector Transformation

Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers & Office of Energy Resources. Power Sector Transformation 1 Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers & Office of Energy Resources Power Sector Transformation Notice of Inquiry into the Electric Utility Business Model and Request for Stakeholder

More information

Conventional Fuel Management Strategies That Work

Conventional Fuel Management Strategies That Work Conventional Fuel Management Strategies That Work THROUGH RESEARCH, REPLACEMENTS, AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE, FLEET MANAGERS CAN GET THE BIGGEST BANG OUT OF THEIR FLEET DOLLARS. November 2013, By Brad

More information

A CO2-fund for the transport industry: The case of Norway

A CO2-fund for the transport industry: The case of Norway Summary: A CO2-fund for the transport industry: The case of Norway TØI Report 1479/2016 Author(s): Inger Beate Hovi and Daniel Ruben Pinchasik Oslo 2016, 37 pages Norwegian language Heavy transport makes

More information

Hydraulic & Lubrication Filters

Hydraulic & Lubrication Filters Hydraulic & Lubrication Filters Part II: Proper Filter Sizing Every filter has a minimum of two components. They are the filter housing and filter element. Most filters include an integral bypass valve.

More information

Revision of Directive 2000/59/EC on port reception facilities for ship generated waste and cargo residues

Revision of Directive 2000/59/EC on port reception facilities for ship generated waste and cargo residues Revision of Directive 2000/59/EC on port reception facilities for ship generated waste and cargo residues Making the EU legal framework fit for purpose Seventh HELCOM Cooperation Platform on PRF in the

More information

Power and Energy (GDS Publishing Ltd.) (244).

Power and Energy (GDS Publishing Ltd.) (244). Smart Grid Summary and recommendations by the Energy Forum at the Samuel Neaman Institute, the Technion, 4.1.2010 Edited by Prof. Gershon Grossman and Tal Goldrath Abstract The development and implementation

More information

Evaluation of the interlock programme for DUI offenders in Finland

Evaluation of the interlock programme for DUI offenders in Finland Special Adviser, Marita Löytty, Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) Abstract Background Finland started a trial with alcohol interlocks for DUI offenders in 2005. The positive experiences of the three-year

More information

Operational eco-efficiency in Refineries

Operational eco-efficiency in Refineries Operational eco-efficiency in Refineries CONTENTS BACKGROUND 3 STRATEGIC APPROACH 3 RELEVANCE TO STAKEHOLDERS 4 ACTIONS AND MEASURES 5 RESULTS ACHIEVED 5 RESULTS ACHIEVED 5 ECONOMIC IMPACTS 7 SOCIAL IMPACTS

More information

ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES MARITIME ADMINISTRATION CIRCULAR N POL 012 AMENDMENTS OF THE SUPPLEMENT (FORM A AND B) OF THE IOPP CERTIFICATE TO: SHIPOWNERS, SHIPS OPERATORS AND MANAGERS, MASTERS, RECOGNIZED

More information

Alcohol interlocks in Finland. 22 April 2015, Lisbon

Alcohol interlocks in Finland. 22 April 2015, Lisbon ETSC Safe & Sober Alcohol interlocks and the fight against drink-driving Alcohol interlocks in Finland 22 April 2015, Lisbon Marita Löytty, Special Adviser Responsible traffic. A joint effort. Content

More information

TCO 2. Ole Graa Jakobsen. Senior Director Head of Ship Engineering Maersk Maritime Technology. CIMAC CIRCLE 2010 SMM Hamburg

TCO 2. Ole Graa Jakobsen. Senior Director Head of Ship Engineering Maersk Maritime Technology. CIMAC CIRCLE 2010 SMM Hamburg TCO 2 Ole Graa Jakobsen Senior Director Head of Ship Engineering Maersk Maritime Technology CIMAC CIRCLE 2010 SMM Hamburg Ship Maersk Engineering Maritime Technology Maersk Maritime Technology Regulatory

More information

Support for the revision of the CO 2 Regulation for light duty vehicles

Support for the revision of the CO 2 Regulation for light duty vehicles Support for the revision of the CO 2 Regulation for light duty vehicles and #3 for - No, Maarten Verbeek, Jordy Spreen ICCT-workshop, Brussels, April 27, 2012 Objectives of projects Assist European Commission

More information

Ballast Water Convention

Ballast Water Convention Ballast Water Convention January 2017 L-C&R / SCD Foreword - Invasive aquatic species / Ballast Water Invasive aquatic species are one of the greatest threats to the world s oceans, and can cause extremely

More information

ELECTRIC CURRENT. Name(s)

ELECTRIC CURRENT. Name(s) Name(s) ELECTRIC CURRT The primary purpose of this activity is to decide upon a model for electric current. As is the case for all scientific models, your electricity model should be able to explain observed

More information

How much oil are electric vehicles displacing?

How much oil are electric vehicles displacing? How much oil are electric vehicles displacing? Aleksandra Rybczynska March 07, 2017 Executive summary EV s influence on global gasoline and diesel consumption is small but increasing quickly. This short

More information

Agenda preview External version for clients

Agenda preview External version for clients IMO MEPC 63 Agenda preview External version for clients Introduction The 63 rd session of the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 63)) will be held from 27 February to 2 March 2012, at the

More information

Bus The Case for the Bus

Bus The Case for the Bus Bus 2020 The Case for the Bus Bus 2020 The Case for the Bus Introduction by Claire Haigh I am sure we are all pleased that the economy is on the mend. The challenge now is to make sure people, young and

More information

Strategic Plans for Sustainable Ports: The Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy Experience. Amy Fowler, Puget Sound Clean Air Agency

Strategic Plans for Sustainable Ports: The Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy Experience. Amy Fowler, Puget Sound Clean Air Agency Strategic Plans for Sustainable Ports: The Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy Experience Amy Fowler, Puget Sound Clean Air Agency What s Ahead Why build a strategy focused on port-related emissions? The

More information

RON ROBERTS SUPERVISOR, FOURTH DISTRICT SAN DIEGO COUNTY BOARD OF SUPERVISORS

RON ROBERTS SUPERVISOR, FOURTH DISTRICT SAN DIEGO COUNTY BOARD OF SUPERVISORS DATE: June 14, 2005 RON ROBERTS SUPERVISOR, FOURTH DISTRICT SAN DIEGO COUNTY BOARD OF SUPERVISORS AGENDA ITEM TO: SUBJECT: Board of Supervisors SUMMARY: Overview Today s action will direct a letter of

More information

Using ABAQUS in tire development process

Using ABAQUS in tire development process Using ABAQUS in tire development process Jani K. Ojala Nokian Tyres plc., R&D/Tire Construction Abstract: Development of a new product is relatively challenging task, especially in tire business area.

More information

Docket No EI Date: May 22, 2014

Docket No EI Date: May 22, 2014 Docket No. 140032-EI Big Bend Units 1 through 4 are pulverized coal steam units that currently use distillate oil 2 for start-ups and for flame stabilization. The Company seeks to use natural gas in place

More information

19 May 2015, Luxembourg

19 May 2015, Luxembourg Implementation and evaluation of the alcohol interlock programme in Finland 19 May 2015, Luxembourg Marita Löytty, Special Adviser Responsible traffic. A joint effort. Content 1. Finland: facts and number

More information

REDUCE YOUR OIL CHANGE COSTS BY UP TO 50%

REDUCE YOUR OIL CHANGE COSTS BY UP TO 50% REDUCE YOUR OIL CHANGE COSTS BY UP TO 50% Without Putting Your Fleet at Risk While historical recommendations call for oil changes es every 3,000 miles or three months, advancements in oil and oil filter

More information

Targeted Group Business and Veteran- Owned Small Business Programs

Targeted Group Business and Veteran- Owned Small Business Programs This document is made available electronically by the Minnesota Legislative Reference Library as part of an ongoing digital archiving project. http://www.leg.state.mn.us/lrl/lrl.asp Targeted Group Business

More information

IMPROVING FUEL EFFICIENCY IN THE UK FISHING FLEET

IMPROVING FUEL EFFICIENCY IN THE UK FISHING FLEET IMPROVING FUEL EFFICIENCY IN THE UK FISHING FLEET Kate Graham, Sea Fish Industry Authority (UK), k_graham@seafish.co.uk ABSTRACT The financial performance of the UK fishing fleet has been directly affected

More information

ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES

ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES SWT-2017-5 MARCH 2017 ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES IN THE UNITED STATES: 1923-2015 MICHAEL SIVAK BRANDON SCHOETTLE SUSTAINABLE WORLDWIDE TRANSPORTATION ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES IN THE UNITED

More information

FEASIBILITY STYDY OF CHAIN DRIVE IN WATER HYDRAULIC ROTARY JOINT

FEASIBILITY STYDY OF CHAIN DRIVE IN WATER HYDRAULIC ROTARY JOINT FEASIBILITY STYDY OF CHAIN DRIVE IN WATER HYDRAULIC ROTARY JOINT Antti MAKELA, Jouni MATTILA, Mikko SIUKO, Matti VILENIUS Institute of Hydraulics and Automation, Tampere University of Technology P.O.Box

More information

Cost Model for Assessing the Transition to Lead-Free Electronics

Cost Model for Assessing the Transition to Lead-Free Electronics ost Model for Assessing the Transition to Lead-Free Electronics Peter Sandborn and Rifat Jafreen ALE Electronic Products and System enter Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Maryland Abstract

More information

The right utility parameter mass or footprint (or both)?

The right utility parameter mass or footprint (or both)? January 2013 Briefing The right utility parameter mass or footprint (or both)? Context In 2009, the EU set legally-binding targets for new cars to emit 130 grams of CO 2 per kilometer (g/km) by 2015 and

More information

BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT CONVENTION. Your guide to compliance. Move Forward with Confidence

BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT CONVENTION. Your guide to compliance. Move Forward with Confidence BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT CONVENTION Your guide to compliance Move Forward with Confidence BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT CONVENTION: WHAT DOES IT MEAN FOR YOU? WHAT IS THE BWM CONVENTION AND WHAT DOES IT AIM

More information

MARINTEK The Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute

MARINTEK The Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute MARINTEK The Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute Ocean laboratory to test out offshore construction and vessel concepts 50 x 80 meter Towing tank 260 meter Engine laboratory Raiser laboratory

More information

REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS

REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS MARITIME ADMINISTRATOR 11495 COMMERCE PARK DRIVE RESTON, VIRGINIA 20191-1506 TEL: +1-703-620-4880 FAX: +1-703-476-8522 Email: technical@register-iri.com TECHNICAL CIRCULAR

More information

1.2. Classification Society

1.2. Classification Society 1.2. Classification Society 1.2.1 NK Technical Rules The following is a summary of the main amendments made to the NK Technical Rules, relating to machinery and electronics, from 1 January to 31 December

More information

2015 Faculty Survey of Assessment Culture

2015 Faculty Survey of Assessment Culture 2015 Faculty Survey of Assessment Culture Nationwide Report 852 Respondents out of 3,292 invited participated = 25.9% response rate from 39 institutions Scale: Strongly =6; =5; =4; =3; =2; =1. Empty response

More information

Hours of Service (HOS)

Hours of Service (HOS) Hours of Service (HOS) Dr. Mary C. Holcomb Associate Professor of Supply Chain Management Department of Marketing and Supply Chain Management College of Business Administration University of Tennessee

More information

ABB Innovation & Technology Day

ABB Innovation & Technology Day AUBURN HILLS, SEPTEMBER 6, 2017 From automated to autonomous ABB Innovation & Technology Day Bazmi Husain, CTO Important Notices Presentations given during the ABB Innovation & Technology Day 2017 includes

More information

KBA Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt

KBA Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt (Federal Motor Transport Authority) Your central provider of services and information concerning vehicles and their users Vehicle Technology - Information Sheet on Approvals for New

More information

BIODIESEL END-USER SURVEY: IMPLICATIONS FOR INDUSTRY GROWTH FINAL REPORT OUT

BIODIESEL END-USER SURVEY: IMPLICATIONS FOR INDUSTRY GROWTH FINAL REPORT OUT BIODIESEL END-USER SURVEY: IMPLICATIONS FOR INDUSTRY GROWTH FINAL REPORT OUT ASG Renaissance Dearborn, MI February 2, 2004 BACKGROUND In the spring of 2003, the National Biodiesel Board (NBB) commissioned

More information

Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Exhaust emissions and user barriers for a Plug-in Toyota Prius

Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Exhaust emissions and user barriers for a Plug-in Toyota Prius Summary: Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Exhaust emissions and user barriers for a Plug-in Toyota Prius TØI Report 1226/2012 Author(s): Rolf Hagman, Terje Assum Oslo 2012, 40 pages English language Plug-in Hybrid

More information

MARITIME REPORTER. Banking on Gas. A Maritime Hub Grows. The Promise & The Challenge of Maritime s. Hybrid Drives are Here AND ENGINEERING NEWS

MARITIME REPORTER. Banking on Gas. A Maritime Hub Grows. The Promise & The Challenge of Maritime s. Hybrid Drives are Here AND ENGINEERING NEWS The World s Largest Circulation Marine Industry Publication The Information Authority for the Global Marine Industry since 1939 Number 5 Volume 79 MARITIME REPORTER AND ENGINEERING NEWS M A R I N E L I

More information

TRAFFIC-CALMING SOLUTIONS A SURVEY OF SAFETY PROFESSIONALS

TRAFFIC-CALMING SOLUTIONS A SURVEY OF SAFETY PROFESSIONALS TRAFFIC-CALMING SOLUTIONS A SURVEY OF SAFETY PROFESSIONALS SURVEY TRAFFIC CALMING OPTIONS In January 27, over 1 traffic engineers, police officers and safety professionals from around the United States

More information

Vehicle Types and Weight Bands: Proposals for Consultation

Vehicle Types and Weight Bands: Proposals for Consultation Road User Charges Bill 2010: Regulations Vehicle Types and Weight Bands: Proposals for Consultation Purpose of this document 1. This document outlines a proposed approach to definition of vehicle types

More information

ABB Spain optimize their invoice handling with Pagero

ABB Spain optimize their invoice handling with Pagero Customer case: Customer case optimize their invoice handling with Pagero ABB is a global leader in power and automation technologies, and one of the largest conglomerates in the world. have been using

More information

Response to. Ministry of Justice Consultation Paper. Driving Offences and Penalties Relating to Causing Death or Serious Injury

Response to. Ministry of Justice Consultation Paper. Driving Offences and Penalties Relating to Causing Death or Serious Injury Response to Ministry of Justice Consultation Paper Driving Offences and Penalties Relating to Causing Death or Serious Injury January 2017 Introduction This is RoSPA s response to the Ministry of Justice

More information

CONSIDERATION OF HOW TO PROGRESS THE MATTER OF REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS

CONSIDERATION OF HOW TO PROGRESS THE MATTER OF REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS E INTERSESSIONAL MEETING OF THE WORKING GROUP ON REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS 1st session Agenda item 2 ISWG-GHG 1/2 21 February 2017 ENGLISH ONLY CONSIDERATION OF HOW TO PROGRESS THE MATTER OF

More information

Investigation into the Department for Transport s decision to cancel three rail electrification projects. Report. Department for Transport

Investigation into the Department for Transport s decision to cancel three rail electrification projects. Report. Department for Transport A picture of the National Audit Office logo Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General Department for Transport Investigation into the Department for Transport s decision to cancel three rail electrification

More information

RECOGNIZING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITIES

RECOGNIZING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITIES RECOGNIZING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITIES Chapter 2 Paulink C. Barba BSBA Marketing Management KEY POINTS: I. The advantages of franchising for both franchisor and franchisee II. The potential disadvantages

More information

ASI-CG 3 Annual Client Conference

ASI-CG 3 Annual Client Conference ASI-CG Client Conference Proceedings rd ASI-CG 3 Annual Client Conference Celebrating 27+ Years of Clients' Successes DETROIT Michigan NOV. 4, 2010 ASI Consulting Group, LLC 30200 Telegraph Road, Ste.

More information

China Changjiang National Shipping (Group) Corporation Delegation

China Changjiang National Shipping (Group) Corporation Delegation WELCOME China Changjiang National Shipping (Group) Corporation Delegation Minerva Alfonso UK Regional Manager London, 29 November 2006 International Association of Independent Tanker Owners Membership:

More information

Module 5 Propulsion and Power Generation of LNG driven Vessels (23 th November to 27 th November University of Piraeus, Greece)

Module 5 Propulsion and Power Generation of LNG driven Vessels (23 th November to 27 th November University of Piraeus, Greece) Module 5 Propulsion and Power Generation of LNG driven Vessels (23 th November to 27 th November 2015- University of Piraeus, Greece) Presentation Principles of Marine Main Engines running on LNG 23 th

More information

Feasibility of Electric Propulsion for Semi-submersible Heavy Lift Vessels

Feasibility of Electric Propulsion for Semi-submersible Heavy Lift Vessels Feasibility of Electric Propulsion for Semi-submersible Heavy Lift Vessels K Kokkila, ABB Marine & Cranes, Finland SUMMARY Some of the semi-submersible heavy lift vessels have special requirements that

More information

Examining the cost burden imposed on European refining by EU legislation

Examining the cost burden imposed on European refining by EU legislation ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FOR THE EUROPEAN REFINING INDUSTRY Examining the cost burden imposed on European refining by EU legislation Platts European Middle Distillates Conference Antwerp, Belgium Alan Reid

More information

Emission reduction in port with Cold Ironing: Italy national case study

Emission reduction in port with Cold Ironing: Italy national case study TAP2012 19th International Transport and Air Pollution Conference Thessaloniki (Greece), 26-27 November 2012 Emission reduction in port with Cold Ironing: Italy national case study C.Trozzi 1 *, E.Bianchi

More information