ROTARY VERSUS RECIPROCATING ENGINES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ROTARY VERSUS RECIPROCATING ENGINES"

Transcription

1 ROTARY VERSUS RECIPROCATING ENGINES

2 Rotary versus Reciprocating Engines Ships, Planes and Cars Yes, I know it should be Trains boats and planes but hear me out. In 1906, the British battleship Dreadnought was launched. Apart from being the first of a class of all big gun battleships, she also used New Parsons steam turbines. That is, the engines did not feature the usual piston and connecting rod to crankshaft reciprocating engines of all previous steam powered ships, she used rotary steam turbine engines. Since that time, most of the World s shipping has been powered by steam turbines. Page 1

3 Incidentally, as an aside, from the early days of aircraft up to 1918/19, most aircraft were powered by what was referred to as a Rotary engine, that is, one with it s cylinders arranged in a star wheel type layout, but whilst the crankshaft was bolted to the front bulkhead of the aircraft it powered, the cylinders spun around the crankshaft and the airscrew was bolted to the crankcase. Whilst this aided cooling the air cooled engine, once power had crept up to the 200 HP mark, the gyroscopic forces upon the aircraft became too great with a willingness of the aircraft to turn very well one way but not so well the other! In fact, Sopwith Camel pilots of 1917/18 were reputed to not bother to try and turn the wrong way but just to turn right as far and fast as they could! Page 2

4 In 1944, the twin engined German fighter-bomber, the Messerschmitt 262 went into service. She too featured turbines, although these were gas powered, instead of the steam type used in Dreadnought. Since 1944, most aircraft have been developed using the gas turbine as a power unit. So on that basis, surely the cars that we drive today should be turbine powered? Or at least be of Rotary construction (as in the Wankel engine, which has no pistons, conrods nor valves)? Er.no. We are still running around in cars with engines that have pistons and connecting rods connected to crankshafts, not to mention a valve train as well. The pistons go up and down and sometimes, in some special racing engines, the crankshaft can be made to revolve at up to 22,000 rpm. Compare that to a gas turbine, which revolves at some 60,000 rpm at cruising speed. Page 3

5 So why don t car engine manufacturers design and use rotary engines? That s a good question. In 1967, NSU brought out their rotary Wankel engines and fitted them to their new NSU RO 80 and it was, in the beginning, a sales success. But then came disturbing news; the tip seals on the rotor itself were wearing out within 30,000 miles. NSU ceased production of their revolutionary Wankel engine and that was the end of that. Surely some bright engineer(s) could have developed some better seals? Well, they did and the problem was cured but by then the damage was done and a reputation for unreliability, combined with high fuel consumption and difficulties with emissions saw the car cease production ten years later. A case of more development being needed, perhaps? Page 4

6 Mazda of Japan has for years used the Wankel rotary engine but they have gradually let it go, their last RX-8 being built in In passing, it should be pointed out that a four-rotor version powered a Group C car that actually won the Le Mans 24 Hour race in The three drivers of that car said afterwards that they had driven it flat out the entire 24 hours as they thought it wouldn t finish anyway and they wanted an early night! I can only believe that the problem is entrenched bureaucracy amongst the people charged with designing engines for cars and a complete resistance to change on a wide front. I posit that today s engineers (and most that have gone before too!) have become so used to using the reciprocating engine, and so much development money has been poured into it s use, that engine designers no longer even consider changing this well over one hundred year old design. Page 5

7 Today, we are living in a time when hybrid power plants are being developed but they are still using, as their base, reciprocating engines. What s happened to the ideas of innovation and experimentation in the engineering World? Site Contents John Starkey 2016 Page 6

Henry Ford: A Giant of a Man

Henry Ford: A Giant of a Man Unit 3 Assessment Henry Ford: A Giant of a Man When people hear the name Henry Ford, they often think of cars. Henry Ford was a giant in the world of automobiles. Ford built many different cars. However,

More information

What are the Different Types of Antifreeze and Can I Mix Them? Tech Article by Jim Karls

What are the Different Types of Antifreeze and Can I Mix Them? Tech Article by Jim Karls What are the Different Types of Antifreeze and Can I Mix Them? Tech Article by Jim Karls Recently we discussed the benefits of antifreeze at a Cal-Rods meeting. We explained that antifreeze not only lowers

More information

Japanese Super cars. In alphabetical order these cars are:

Japanese Super cars. In alphabetical order these cars are: Japanese Super cars If you want a seriously fast and exclusive car for not much money, this section is for you! Some of the cars listed below can be bought for as little as 3000 / R40 000 in the UK None

More information

WEAPONS WORLD WAR II: WAR ON LAND. 1. ARMORED WARFARE or BLITZKRIEG A. TANKS: Faster and more powerful they were organized into armored divisions.

WEAPONS WORLD WAR II: WAR ON LAND. 1. ARMORED WARFARE or BLITZKRIEG A. TANKS: Faster and more powerful they were organized into armored divisions. WEAPONS WORLD WAR II: WAR ON LAND World War II unleashed some of the most destructive weapons ever seen. Science and technology made tremendous breakthroughs. World War II exceeded the Great War in brutality.

More information

THE NEW WEAPONS OF WORLD WAR I ON LAND

THE NEW WEAPONS OF WORLD WAR I ON LAND THE NEW WEAPONS OF WORLD WAR I ON LAND The Great War saw the use of many new weapons. Some were available at the beginning of the war while others were invented during the war. The Great War was unlike

More information

Zeppelin The German Airship For use in Axis & Allies 1914 Board Game Historical Board Gaming v1.0

Zeppelin The German Airship For use in Axis & Allies 1914 Board Game Historical Board Gaming v1.0 1 2 Zeppelin The German Airship For use in Axis & Allies 1914 Board Game Historical Board Gaming v1.0 Overview The German airships were operated by the Army and Navy as two entirely separate organizations.

More information

Single or Twin Motors?

Single or Twin Motors? Single or Twin otors? Are two really better than one? With all the variety you see in boats, both in size and application, it's not surprising that the question of how many motors are best is a common

More information

E-technics.2k Electric work and power page 1 out of 5. A storiette out of every day life

E-technics.2k Electric work and power page 1 out of 5. A storiette out of every day life A storiette out of every day life Early in the morning, you turn on the fan heater, so the new day starts cuddly warm in the bathroom, the cold building lot is yet far away Absorbed in thought you move

More information

Test of. Bell UH-1Y Venom. Produced by Area-51 Simulations

Test of. Bell UH-1Y Venom. Produced by Area-51 Simulations Test of Bell UH-1Y Venom Produced by Area-51 Simulations The Bell UH-1Y Venom is a twin-engine, medium size utility helicopter featuring a four bladed rotor, upgraded avionic and a glass cockpit from its

More information

Take a fresh look at solar things you should consider when purchasing a solar system

Take a fresh look at solar things you should consider when purchasing a solar system Take a fresh look at solar things you should consider when purchasing a solar system you re not JusT buying hardware 1 2 3 Get a system designed to suit your electricity usage Get long-term support Think

More information

The Merit 1:48 scale Late War 80 ft. Elco PT Boat -By- T. Garth Connelly

The Merit 1:48 scale Late War 80 ft. Elco PT Boat -By- T. Garth Connelly The Merit 1:48 scale Late War 80 ft. Elco PT Boat -By- T. Garth Connelly Earlier this year, I heard that a company, Merit International, was going to be releasing two 1:48 scale kits of the eighty-foot

More information

Electrical Safety Part II

Electrical Safety Part II Electrical Safety Part II Check the condition of any equipment and use insulated leads Before you connect any equipment to the mains voltage always check that the equipment is not visibly damaged and that

More information

Horsepower and Steam

Horsepower and Steam Horsepower and Steam Ian Jacobs: Physics Advisor, KVIS, Rayong, Thailand For thousands of years buffalos and horses ploughed fields and lifted water while camels and donkeys and mules trudged on trade

More information

I cannot believe it has been so long since my last update. A lot has happened and I will try to bring everyone up to speed. First of all, I had my

I cannot believe it has been so long since my last update. A lot has happened and I will try to bring everyone up to speed. First of all, I had my I cannot believe it has been so long since my last update. A lot has happened and I will try to bring everyone up to speed. First of all, I had my left knee replaced about 5 weeks ago. Needless to say

More information

Coal-Mining. By: Lakyn Wallace

Coal-Mining. By: Lakyn Wallace Coal-Mining By: Lakyn Wallace In Eastern Kentucky there have been many traditions passed down from generation to generation. A family tradition within my family that has been passed down many generations

More information

Brake master cylinder replacement

Brake master cylinder replacement Brake master cylinder replacement 8-25-2010 I had replaced the front brake master cylinder a few years ago when it developed a bad leak, at that time, I ordered a new master cylinder from Spartan, very

More information

ATC/CCF First Class Cadets. First Class Cadet Activity

ATC/CCF First Class Cadets. First Class Cadet Activity First Class Cadet Activity 1 Milestones of Flight ENTRANCE AND FIRST FLOOR RAF History Which two flying forces joined to form the Royal Air Force in 1918? Why was the Union Jack not used as an identification

More information

American Bomber Aircraft Development In World War 2 By William Norton READ ONLINE

American Bomber Aircraft Development In World War 2 By William Norton READ ONLINE American Bomber Aircraft Development In World War 2 By William Norton READ ONLINE The aircraft of World War II were of critical importance in the evolution of Union all developed jet aircraft in the hopes

More information

AL LACKI'S ENGINE CART ASSEMBLY NOTES

AL LACKI'S ENGINE CART ASSEMBLY NOTES AL LACKI'S ENGINE CART ASSEMBLY NOTES BEFORE STARTING. Please refer to the drawings and photos at the end of this document. FOR MORE PHOTOS, LOG ON TO FACEBOOK USING THIS ADDRESS. https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=oa.10152545415424017&type=1

More information

Driver Driven. InputSpeed. Gears

Driver Driven. InputSpeed. Gears Gears Gears are toothed wheels designed to transmit rotary motion and power from one part of a mechanism to another. They are fitted to shafts with special devices called keys (or splines) that ensure

More information

Rated MPG for Confusion: Using Gas Mileage to Learn Graphing and Data Analysis

Rated MPG for Confusion: Using Gas Mileage to Learn Graphing and Data Analysis Rated MPG for Confusion: Using Gas Mileage to Learn Graphing and Data Analysis by Claudia Bode, Center for Environmentally Beneficial Catalysis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS Alan Gleue, Science Department,

More information

Bantam Tuning article written by Alan Hibbs in the 1970 s. Text in blue: my additions when retyping it. (A. Moulden)

Bantam Tuning article written by Alan Hibbs in the 1970 s. Text in blue: my additions when retyping it. (A. Moulden) SHY_TOT_ENGINE_PREP - 1 - Bantam Tuning article written by Alan Hibbs in the 1970 s. Text in blue: my additions when retyping it. (A. Moulden) One of the first things that will become apparent when building

More information

Converting an Old 84 VW Rabbit GTI into an Electric Car

Converting an Old 84 VW Rabbit GTI into an Electric Car Introduction: Converting an Old 84 VW Rabbit GTI into an Electric Car By James Keele May 26, 2012 Over a time period of about four years, I actually converted two gas powered cars to electrical powered

More information

Electronic Ignition for HONDA CB Fours

Electronic Ignition for HONDA CB Fours Electronic Ignition for HONDA CB350-400-500-550-750 Fours THE Accent SYSTEM The use of electronic ignition systems on motorcycles has shown a good performance over the last decades. Unfortunately, older

More information

An Actual Driving Lesson. Learning to drive a manual car

An Actual Driving Lesson. Learning to drive a manual car An Actual Driving Lesson Learning to drive a manual car Where are the controls that I might have to use in my driving: Knowing where the controls are, and being able to locate and use them without looking

More information

The 4 Stroke Diesel Cycle

The 4 Stroke Diesel Cycle The 4 Stroke Diesel Cycle Nickolaus Otto invented the 4 stroke cycle in 1862. More details of how the four stroke spark ignition cycle works, together with pictures of Otto's first engines can be found

More information

BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEMS

BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEMS BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEMS BATTERIES ARE CHARGED BY APPLYING A HIGH ENOUGH VOLTAGE TO THEM. BUT THE RATE OF CHARGE IS NOT CONSTANT. IN THE FIRST SPLIT SECOND, THE VERY LIGHT ELECTRONS FROM THE CHARGING SOURCE

More information

For a while now I have been

For a while now I have been TECHNICAL TRAINING Shift Pointers Author: Subject: Erratic 2-3 shift, code P0780 Unit: BAYA 5-speed automatic Vehicle Applications: 2003 Honda LX Essential Reading: Rebuilder Shop Owner Center Manager

More information

VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM FOR SI ENGINE VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM FOR CI ENGINE

VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM FOR SI ENGINE VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM FOR CI ENGINE VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM FOR SI ENGINE VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM FOR CI ENGINE Page 1 of 13 EFFECT OF VALVE TIMING DIAGRAM ON VOLUMETRIC EFFICIENCY: Qu. 1:Why Inlet valve is closed after the Bottom Dead Centre

More information

Photo Essay Collection

Photo Essay Collection Photo Essay Collection Camouflage To Hide in Plain Sight By Rénald Fortier Curator, Aviation History, National Aviation Museum National Aviation Museum 1999 National Aviation Museum Musée national de l

More information

INDIA S MOST ENERGY EFFICIENT FAN

INDIA S MOST ENERGY EFFICIENT FAN INDIA S MOST ENERGY EFFICIENT FAN contact@atomberg.com 022-65352777 ATOMBERG TECHNOLOGIES Today s household appliance scenario faces a massive gap. On one hand, there are appliances which have standard

More information

ACTIVITY 1: Electric Circuit Interactions

ACTIVITY 1: Electric Circuit Interactions CYCLE 5 Developing Ideas ACTIVITY 1: Electric Circuit Interactions Purpose Many practical devices work because of electricity. In this first activity of the Cycle you will first focus your attention on

More information

Gary: I bought it from a guy by the name of Don Roberts. And he was about 28 years old.

Gary: I bought it from a guy by the name of Don Roberts. And he was about 28 years old. Episode 9, 32 Ford Roadster, California Tukufu Zuberi: Our next story goes flat out to uncover the true identity of this Ford Roadster. It's 1932, and America is in the depths of the Great Depression.

More information

Everything Leading Up to Nuclear Cars. next 150 years is to have a car that runs on the splitting of atoms. This will be a clean and

Everything Leading Up to Nuclear Cars. next 150 years is to have a car that runs on the splitting of atoms. This will be a clean and Ethan Brunet-Bailey Everything Leading Up to Nuclear Cars Engineering is why we have cars, electronics, and everything around us. The car that we have in 2016-2017 runs off of fossil fuels and some are

More information

Welcome to As It Is, a daily show from VOA Learning English. I m Christopher Cruise.

Welcome to As It Is, a daily show from VOA Learning English. I m Christopher Cruise. Welcome to As It Is, a daily show from VOA Learning English. I m Christopher Cruise. Today, we report on how India has become an important market for developers of solar energy. Hundreds of millions of

More information

Design Considerations: Windscreen Placement and Cockpit Cut-Out Configuration

Design Considerations: Windscreen Placement and Cockpit Cut-Out Configuration Design Considerations: Windscreen Placement and Cockpit Cut-Out Configuration The arrangement of the windscreen and cockpit cut-out on completed Skyotes can generally be divided into three Types: Type

More information

Official name: Peugeot S.A. Owned by: PSA Peugeot Citroën.

Official name: Peugeot S.A. Owned by: PSA Peugeot Citroën. Official name: Peugeot S.A. Owned by: PSA Peugeot Citroën. Current situation: Peugeot is still a major European car manufacturer, but is plagued by poor quality and out-of-control costs. Although Peugeot

More information

KEY WEAPONS OF WWI. Gas Tanks Machine Guns Rifles and bayonets Grenades Artillery Submarines Flame Throwers Airplanes and zeppelins

KEY WEAPONS OF WWI. Gas Tanks Machine Guns Rifles and bayonets Grenades Artillery Submarines Flame Throwers Airplanes and zeppelins World War I Weapons KEY WEAPONS OF WWI Gas Tanks Machine Guns Rifles and bayonets Grenades Artillery Submarines Flame Throwers Airplanes and zeppelins GAS As World War I went on, poison gas was used more

More information

illustrations by Scott Pearson

illustrations by Scott Pearson by Tricia Glensor Jake s mum s car was quite old. It s more than twice as old as I am, said Jake. It s an oldie but a goodie, said Mum. Just like me. Mum used her car to go to work, and on wet days, she

More information

CHAPTER 1 MECHANICAL ARRANGEMENT

CHAPTER 1 MECHANICAL ARRANGEMENT CHAPTER 1 CHAPTER 1 MECHANICAL ARRANGEMENT CONTENTS PAGE Basic Principals 02 The Crankshaft 06 Piston Attachment 08 Major Assemblies 10 Valve Gear 12 Cam Drive 18 Mechanical Arrangement - Basic Principals

More information

Rolling drums while California dreams

Rolling drums while California dreams 6 Rolling drums while California dreams Chevron s El Segundo refinery forms the beating heart of Southern California s petrol production. It provides 20% of the region s motor vehicle fuel and over 40%

More information

Fly Rocket Fly: Design Lab Report. The J Crispy and The Airbus A

Fly Rocket Fly: Design Lab Report. The J Crispy and The Airbus A Fly Rocket Fly: Design Lab Report The J Crispy and The Airbus A380 800 Rockets: Test 1 Overall Question: How can you design a water, bottle rocket to make it fly a maximum distance. It needs to be made

More information

In Motion. A company presentation from I MO A B. A company presentation from IMO ab 1 A Colfax Business Unit

In Motion. A company presentation from I MO A B. A company presentation from IMO ab 1 A Colfax Business Unit In Motion A company presentation from I MO A B A company presentation from IMO ab 1 A Colfax Business Unit 2 A company presentation from IMO ab Movement IMO AB, a Colfax Business Unit, is the leading manufacturer

More information

Warning! This may be completely wrong, but I doubt that it is

Warning! This may be completely wrong, but I doubt that it is The infamous Dragon 800 lean surge, lean stumble, midrange seizures, midrange detonation one plausible cause. I have an idea that may be at least a partial cure that could be EPA friendly. More surmising

More information

Engine Design Classifications

Engine Design Classifications Chapter 12 Engine Design Classifications Name: Date: Instructor: Score: Textbook pages 158-175 Objective: After studying this chapter, you will be able to describe and explain basic automotive engine designs

More information

Part IV. Part V (Deo volente, ready about November 2007) dealing with:

Part IV. Part V (Deo volente, ready about November 2007) dealing with: Part IV 32 Schematic diagram of the power supply Power supply pictures Urfa 610 [(= 6 volt at 10 ma), when broken, what often is the case; or eventually to save the Urfa from being blown-up, by means of

More information

Macchina, Car, Auto, WHY ISO RIVOLTA? PROJECT PRESENTATION

Macchina, Car, Auto, WHY ISO RIVOLTA? PROJECT PRESENTATION PROJECT PRESENTATION WHY ISO RIVOLTA? Macchina, Car, Auto, Carro, машина, Voiture... I know that word better then every other word. Early in my childhood my passion for cars began to live. Cars were exiting

More information

Smart meter Instructions

Smart meter Instructions Smart meter Instructions What is a Smart meter? Smart meters are energy meters for the 21st century. They can help you keep better track of the energy you use and give you all the information you need

More information

Building German Tank Companies for Your Battles

Building German Tank Companies for Your Battles Building German Tank Companies for Your Battles Welcome to the third Ostfront Commander s Bulletin, Colonel. We re going to tackle the German armed forces this time. You re still going to need the Wehrmacht

More information

Mexican Beetle 1600i. Fuel Injection System. Ignition Timing

Mexican Beetle 1600i. Fuel Injection System. Ignition Timing Mexican Beetle 1600i Fuel Injection System Ignition Timing Version 1.00 Phil Ade 2005 1 Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 3 1.1 Tools Required 3 1.2 Prerequisites 3 2.0 Setting the Timing on a 1600i Engine

More information

"Mirrlees" diesel engines are famous worldwide, but what is their history and inter-relationships with other engine manufacturers?

Mirrlees diesel engines are famous worldwide, but what is their history and inter-relationships with other engine manufacturers? "Diesel and Gas Engine Manufacturers." Roy Gault. "Mirrlees" diesel engines are famous worldwide, but what is their history and inter-relationships with other engine manufacturers? The roots of the company

More information

Name: Class Period: Date:

Name: Class Period: Date: Name: Class Period: Date: Coal Mining By Sharon Fabian Young coal miners, drivers, and mules; taken in 1908 They spent six days per week in dark, dangerous underground tunnels. When seen in the light of

More information

TONY S TECH REPORT. Basic Training

TONY S TECH REPORT. Basic Training TONY S TECH REPORT (Great Articles! Collect Them All! Trade them with your friends!) Basic Training OK YOU MAGGOTS!! Line up, shut up, and listen good. I don t want any of you gettin killed because you

More information

Step 1: Preparing the rear end of the car for the trailing arm replacement.

Step 1: Preparing the rear end of the car for the trailing arm replacement. Introduction to the Trailing Arm Replacement Procedure I had been noticing some strange behaviour in my 1979 Corvette for at least a year or so. It is difficult to describe but the rear end felt loose,

More information

POWER and ELECTRIC CIRCUITS

POWER and ELECTRIC CIRCUITS POWER and ELECTRIC CIRCUITS Name For many of us, our most familiar experience with the word POWER (units of measure: WATTS) is when we think about electricity. Most of us know that when we change a light

More information

Carolyn + Jamie Fritz. feature. moranbah discount tyres, owners

Carolyn + Jamie Fritz. feature. moranbah discount tyres, owners Carolyn + Jamie Fritz moranbah discount tyres, owners Imagine cruising to an island where only wallabies and shorebirds live, where there s no mobile reception and the sandy beach will have only your foot

More information

CLEVOR ENGINE BUILDS

CLEVOR ENGINE BUILDS CLEVOR ENGINE BUILDS The most popular, low-buck heads for making power from a small-block Ford are the 351W versions with a nice port job, which makes for a snappy 289/302 without selling the farm. But

More information

Optimizing Plane Performance by Finding the Right Prop 10/15/09

Optimizing Plane Performance by Finding the Right Prop 10/15/09 Optimizing Plane Performance by Finding the Right Prop 10/15/09 This is not an article for the meek or timid. Finding the right prop for your engine and airframe the engine is mounted on can be a daunting

More information

Mounting a Garmin to an R1150R Motorcycle

Mounting a Garmin to an R1150R Motorcycle Mountain a Garmin GPS on your BMW Motorcycle Introduction The following document will describe how I mounted my Garmin 1490T GPS unit to my motorcycle. Garmin makes a specific GPS unit (the Zumo) for motorcycles

More information

Environmental Assessment of Cessna 208 Caravan Amphibian Aircraft

Environmental Assessment of Cessna 208 Caravan Amphibian Aircraft Environmental Assessment of Cessna 208 Caravan Amphibian Aircraft The Caravan is the most modern commercially operated floatplane in the world today. It was originally designed and built in the 1980 s

More information

Designing and Building a Motorcycle Header

Designing and Building a Motorcycle Header Designing and Building a Motorcycle Header Why build it yourself? There are many reasons for choosing to design and build your own motorcycle exhaust system: No Original Equipment (OE) or Aftermarket options

More information

Fuel Terminology & Definitions

Fuel Terminology & Definitions Fuel Terminology & Definitions The key to understanding racing fuels is to have a good understanding of the principles of combustion and fuels. Let s look at some of these principles.. OCTANE Octane: A

More information

Moments. It doesn t fall because of the presence of a counter balance weight on the right-hand side. The boom is therefore balanced.

Moments. It doesn t fall because of the presence of a counter balance weight on the right-hand side. The boom is therefore balanced. Moments The crane in the image below looks unstable, as though it should topple over. There appears to be too much of the boom on the left-hand side of the tower. It doesn t fall because of the presence

More information

Electronic Paint- Thickness Gauges What They Are, and Why You Need Them

Electronic Paint- Thickness Gauges What They Are, and Why You Need Them By Kevin Farrell Electronic Paint- Thickness Gauges What They Are, and Why You Need Them Measuring the paint in microns. The reading of 125 microns is a fairly normal factory reading. This shows that the

More information

1972 Datsun Pickup. Electric Conversion

1972 Datsun Pickup. Electric Conversion 1972 Datsun Pickup Electric Conversion This is the revised version of the original Design Document, revised over 40 years after the converted vehicle was put on the road on November 1st 1979. This document

More information

Level 5-8 Little Lord Fauntleroy

Level 5-8 Little Lord Fauntleroy Level 5-8 Little Lord Fauntleroy Workbook Teacher s Guide and Answer Key A. Summary 1. Book Summary Teacher s Guide Cedric was a kind seven-year-old boy. He was born in America, but his father was from

More information

Muscle Cars. Ben Adams

Muscle Cars. Ben Adams Muscle Cars Ben Adams Characteristics of a Muscle car American made Mid-sized car with a powerful engine (at least V-8) lightweight body Usually 2 doors Performance oriented Pony Cars Pony cars are like

More information

Bi-Propellant Rocket Motor

Bi-Propellant Rocket Motor 1 Aviate, Navigate, Communicate Bi-Propellant Rocket Motor Prepared by Zechy and Justin 1 2 Bi-Propellant Rocket Motor Our goal is to build a bi-propellant rocket motor that is scalable and cheap to make.

More information

THE NEW MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR ENGINE: WHY THE EXPERTS

THE NEW MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR ENGINE: WHY THE EXPERTS THE NEW MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR ENGINE: WHY THE EXPERTS ARE SO EXCITED! The Counterpoise Bi-Radial Engine Will Cause A Revolution In Engine Building. An explanation from the Chief Science Officer. ebook The

More information

Bronze Level Training. Parts Look-Up

Bronze Level Training. Parts Look-Up Bronze Level Training Parts Look-Up 1 Series Number Series Numbers All STIHL Products are assigned a 4 digit series number Some Chain Saws: 1121 024, 026, MS 260 1122 064, 066, MS 650, MS 660 1123 021,

More information

The World s Largest Non-Powered Ground Support Equipment Manufacturer

The World s Largest Non-Powered Ground Support Equipment Manufacturer The World s Largest Non-Powered Ground Support Equipment Manufacturer Keep Moving Movement is money in your business. There simply is no time to slow down, let alone break down. Reliable ground support

More information

Introduction to RC Scale Model Boating

Introduction to RC Scale Model Boating Introduction to RC Scale Model Boating Radio Control Scale Model Boat Club www.tcrcboaters.org TCRCBoaters@Comcast.net Model Shipbuilding - RC Overview While RC airplanes and cars tend to get the majority

More information

PULSE JET WITH CYCLONIC VALVE PROOF-OF-CONCEPT MODEL by John Tindall

PULSE JET WITH CYCLONIC VALVE PROOF-OF-CONCEPT MODEL by John Tindall PULSE JET WITH CYCLONIC VALVE PROOF-OF-CONCEPT MODEL by John Tindall During research on a recent project I began to tinker with pulse jet engines. This type of jet engine uses valves that open and close

More information

33T Braking system - toe brakes

33T Braking system - toe brakes 33T Braking system - toe brakes Overview Two separate brake systems are to be installed, one for each wheel brake. The two master cylinders provided require their operating lever to be substituted by a

More information

THE MORGAN 3 WHEELER.

THE MORGAN 3 WHEELER. THE MORGAN 3 WHEELER www.morgan3wheeler.co.uk INtro When did you last regard a journey by motor car as an adventure? The Morgan 3 Wheeler is designed to bring the fun and passion back to personal transport.

More information

The Body Slinger

The Body Slinger http://www.scaryguys.com/slinger.htm The Body Slinger The body slinger is a nifty animation that looks like a benign corpse in a coffin until its triggered, then leaps almost straight up over your head!

More information

Audi A8 Transmission Service By Barry Lenoble and Paul Waterloo

Audi A8 Transmission Service By Barry Lenoble and Paul Waterloo Page 1 of 18 Technical & Maintenance Upgrades & Style Used A8 Buyer's Checklist Marketplace On Track Gallery Links Contact Home Audi A8 Transmission Service By Barry Lenoble and Paul Waterloo Background

More information

Artillery Factors in the Dunnigan System

Artillery Factors in the Dunnigan System Artillery Factors in the Dunnigan System By Alan R. Arvold Way back when Panzer- Blitz was first being developed, Dunnigan and crew created a rather complex system of determining the counter values for

More information

HOW TO USE A MULTIMETER, PART 1: INTRODUCTION

HOW TO USE A MULTIMETER, PART 1: INTRODUCTION HOW TO USE A MULTIMETER, PART 1: INTRODUCTION By: Rob Siegel First, thanks for all the comments, both here and on my Facebook page, about the piece on Electrical Safety two weeks ago. I felt that, if I

More information

Manual Shift Transmission Fluid Change How Often Honda Civic

Manual Shift Transmission Fluid Change How Often Honda Civic Manual Shift Transmission Fluid Change How Often Honda Civic 1997 Honda Civic Manual transmission drain and refill. Tools: 3/8 How To Change Honda. If your engine will rev up, but the car won't shift into

More information

By Konstantine Zakzanis

By Konstantine Zakzanis 10 By Konstantine Zakzanis IN THE BEGINNING THERE WAS KREATER So here I am in black and white print ready to share with you, the reader, hell raising motorcycle stories from the Great White North. Yes

More information

Missing Mini. There are two situations we dislike extremely. The. Quick Test

Missing Mini. There are two situations we dislike extremely. The. Quick Test The Missing Mini No, this is not a mystery about a Mini that has gone missing. This car had been off the road for a year s storage in a body shop. When it came time to return the vehicle to the customer,

More information

Hasse Mods for the Ampeg J20 Guitar Amp

Hasse Mods for the Ampeg J20 Guitar Amp Hasse Mods for the Ampeg J20 Guitar Amp The following is adapted from a post I put up on The Gear Page, in the Amp Techincal forum. It shows the mods I did to my Ampeg J20. Okay, here s my mods for this

More information

Magnetism and Electricity

Magnetism and Electricity Magnetism and Electricity Way back in the first lesson of this magnetism block, we talked about the fact that magnetic fields are caused by electrons moving in the same direction. Up to this point, we

More information

Instructional Video Productions and Sales

Instructional Video Productions and Sales Instructional Video Productions and Sales Home DVD Info Pictorials Sales Images Updates to DVDs Contact Information Tire Change Pictorial on an R1200GS (similar on most bikes.) Caution: This pictorial

More information

REAL POSSIBILITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF CI WANKEL ENGINE

REAL POSSIBILITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF CI WANKEL ENGINE REAL POSSIBILITIES OF CONSTRUCTION OF CI WANKEL ENGINE Antoni Iskra Poznan University of Technology ul Piotrowo 3, 60-965 Poznań, Poland tel.:+48 61 6652511, fax: +48 61 6652514 e-mail:antoni.iskra@put.poznan.pl

More information

Modular Engine 1, 2008 revision August 3, 2008

Modular Engine 1, 2008 revision August 3, 2008 Modular Engine 1, 2008 revision August 3, 2008 David Kerzel 2008 Back in 2002 I wanted to build a bunch of different engines without a lot of detail to learn how to build an engine, what works and what

More information

Mechanics and Mechanisms. What is do you think about when you hear the word mechanics? Mechanics. Is this a mechanism? 2/17/2011

Mechanics and Mechanisms. What is do you think about when you hear the word mechanics? Mechanics. Is this a mechanism? 2/17/2011 Mechanics and Mechanisms What is do you think about when you hear the word mechanics? Mechanics Mechanics is the study of how things move Is this a mechanism? Concerned with creating useful movement through

More information

In order to discuss powerplants in any depth, it is essential to understand the concepts of POWER and TORQUE.

In order to discuss powerplants in any depth, it is essential to understand the concepts of POWER and TORQUE. -Power and Torque - ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS: Torque is measured; Power is calculated In order to discuss powerplants in any depth, it is essential to understand the concepts of POWER and TORQUE. HOWEVER, in

More information

Electricity. Teacher/Parent Notes.

Electricity. Teacher/Parent Notes. Electricity. Teacher/Parent Notes. Caution. The yellow fan. If this is used with 6 Volts, the fan will fly into the air with some force so it is advisable to keep faces well away from it! Batteries. Please

More information

Mercedes. Chain. Timing. German Time. Mercedes V8 engines originally. engine. These engines were. possibly quieter than a double

Mercedes. Chain. Timing. German Time. Mercedes V8 engines originally. engine. These engines were. possibly quieter than a double German Time Mercedes Timing In December's article describing thread repair procedures on Mercedes aluminum block V8 engines, we promised you a follow up article on timing chain upgrades for Mercedes V8

More information

Test of. Lockheed U-2S Dragon Lady. Produced by Area-51 Simulations

Test of. Lockheed U-2S Dragon Lady. Produced by Area-51 Simulations Test of Lockheed U-2S Dragon Lady Produced by Area-51 Simulations The U-2 spy plane is a single engine, very high altitude reconnaissance aircraft developed by Lockheed and operated by the United States

More information

Bronze Level Training

Bronze Level Training Bronze Level Training Engine Principles of Operation While not everyone at the dealership needs to be a top rated service technician, it is good for all the employees to have a basic understanding of engine

More information

PART PROGRESSION LIST AND PART PRICE LIST S As of October 12, 2006

PART PROGRESSION LIST AND PART PRICE LIST S As of October 12, 2006 PART PROGRESSION LIST AND PART PRICE LIST S As of October 2, 2006 The following part progression list was taken from the various Ford Part Price List s which were available. One can follow Fords change

More information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR C. H. IGNITIONS

INSTRUCTIONS FOR C. H. IGNITIONS INSTRUCTIONS FOR C. H. IGNITIONS Your C. H. Capacitive Discharge Ignition system can be installed on most single or twin cylinder, two or four stroke engine. THESE INSTRUCTIONS ARE IN THREE PARTS - The

More information

Intelligent Balancing Solutions

Intelligent Balancing Solutions Intelligent Balancing Solutions Smooth running brought to the point. Measuring and Balancing Technologies from Hofmann In every vehicle on the road, on rails, in the air, and on water a large number of

More information

Installation and Maintenance Instructions. World Leader in Modular Torque Limiters. PTM-4 Load Monitor

Installation and Maintenance Instructions. World Leader in Modular Torque Limiters. PTM-4 Load Monitor World Leader in Modular Torque Limiters Installation and Maintenance Instructions PTM-4 Load Monitor 1304 Twin Oaks Street Wichita Falls, Texas 76302 (940) 723-7800 Fax: (940) 723-7888 E-mail: sales@brunelcorp.com

More information

Imagine not being able to use anything that plugs into an electrical socket.

Imagine not being able to use anything that plugs into an electrical socket. Physics 1003 Electromagnetism (Read objectives on screen.) (boy thinking on screen) Imagine your everyday life without talking on the telephone or watching TV. or listening to a radio or playing a CD.

More information

REDUCE YOUR OIL CHANGE COSTS BY UP TO 50%

REDUCE YOUR OIL CHANGE COSTS BY UP TO 50% REDUCE YOUR OIL CHANGE COSTS BY UP TO 50% Without Putting Your Fleet at Risk While historical recommendations call for oil changes es every 3,000 miles or three months, advancements in oil and oil filter

More information

12 Electricity and Circuits

12 Electricity and Circuits 12 Electricity and Circuits We use electricity for many purposes to make our tasks easier. For example, we use electricity to operate pumps that lift water from wells or from ground level to the roof top

More information