# REDUCING POWER FACTOR COST

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 F A C T S H E E T a Program of the U.S. Department of Energy REDUCING POWER FACTOR COST Low power factor is expensive and inefficient. Many utility companies charge you an additional fee if your power factor is less than Low power factor also reduces your electrical system s distribution capacity by increasing current flow and causing voltage drops. This fact sheet describes power factor and explains how you can improve your power factor to reduce electric bills and enhance your electrical system s capacity. What is Power Factor? Working (real) power Direction of travel Total (apparent) power Nonworking (reactive) power To understand power factor, visualize a horse pulling a railroad car down a railroad track. Because the railroad ties are uneven, the horse must pull the car from the side of the track. The horse is pulling the railroad car at an angle to the direction of the car s travel. The power required to move the car down the track is the working (real) power. The effort of the horse is the total (apparent) power. Because of the angle of the horse s pull, not all of the horse s effort is used to move the car down the track. The car will not move sideways; therefore, the sideways pull of the horse is wasted effort or nonworking (reactive) power. The angle of the horse s pull is related to power factor, which is defined as the ratio of real (working) power to apparent (total) power. If the horse is led closer to the center of the track, the angle of side pull decreases and the real power approaches the value of the apparent power. Therefore, the ratio of real power to apparent power (the power factor) approaches 1. As the power factor approaches 1, the reactive (nonworking) power approaches 0. The energy savings network Plug into it! Power Factor = Real Power Apparent Power U NITE D DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY STAT ES OF AMERICA

3 3 Correcting Your Power Factor Some strategies for correcting your power factor are: Minimize operation of idling or lightly loaded motors. Avoid operation of equipment above its rated voltage. Replace standard motors as they burn out with energy-efficient motors. Even with energy-efficient motors, however, the power factor is significantly affected by variations in load. A motor must be operated near its rated capacity to realize the benefits of a high power factor design. Capacitance Real power 180 Reactance Install capacitors in your AC circuit to decrease the magnitude of reactive power. As shown in the diagram at right, reactive power (measured in kvars) caused by inductance always acts at a 90 angle to real power. Capacitors store kvars and release energy opposing the reactive energy caused by the inductor. This implies that inductance and capacitance react 180 to each other. The presence of both in the same circuit results in the continuous alternating transfer of energy between the capacitor and the inductor, thereby reducing the current flow from the generator to the circuit. When the circuit is balanced, all the energy released by the inductor is absorbed by the capacitor. In the diagram below, the power triangle shows an initial 0.70 power factor for a 100-kW (real power) inductive load. The reactive power required by the load is 100 kw. By installing a 67-kW capacitor, the apparent power is reduced from 142 to 105 kva, resulting in a 26% reduction in current. Power factor is improved to In the horse and railcar analogy, this is equivalent to decreasing the angle the horse is pulling on the railcar by leading the horse closer to the center of the railroad track. Because the side pull is minimized, less total effort is required from the horse to do the same amount of work. Capacitor suppliers and engineering firms can provide the assistance you may need to determine the optimum power correction factor and to correctly locate and install capacitors in your electrical distribution system. Before PF = 100/142 = 0.70 or 70% After PF = 100/105 = 0.95 or 95%

### Is Uncorrected Power Factor Costing You Money?

Is Uncorrected Power Factor Costing You Money? Are You Being Overcharged by Your Energy Provider? Find Out! Everyone s trying to lower their energy bill these days. If you re a business owner, facilities

### The Realities of Consumer-Owned Wind Power For Rural Electric Co-operatives

The Realities of Consumer-Owned Wind Power For Rural Electric Co-operatives Steve Lindenberg U.S. Department of Energy Jim Green National Renewable Energy Laboratory WINDPOWER 2006 Pittsburgh, June 4-8,

### TANK RISER SUSPENSION SYSTEM CONCEPTUAL DESIGN (U)

Revision 0 TANK RISER SUSPENSION SYSTEM CONCEPTUAL DESIGN (U) R. F. Fogle September 15, 2002 Westinghouse Savannah River Company LLC Savannah River Site Aiken, South Carolina 29802 This document was prepared

### Sacramento Municipal Utility District s EV Innovators Pilot

Sacramento Municipal Utility District s EV Innovators Pilot Lupe Jimenez November 20, 2013 Powering forward. Together. Agenda SMUD Snapshot Pilot Plan v Background v At-a-Glance v Pilot Schedule Treatment

### Glendale Water & Power Smart Grid Project

Glendale Water & Power Smart Grid Project Key Dates in Project History Key Dates Project History On July 10, 2007, City Council directed GWP to develop a long term plan for smart meters On October 23,

### American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology

American Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology 017; (4): 10-131 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ajset doi: 10.11648/j.ajset.017004.14 Application of Distribution System Automatic Capacitor

### Model-Based Integrated High Penetration Renewables Planning and Control Analysis

Model-Based Integrated High Penetration Renewables Planning and Control Analysis October 22, 2015 Steve Steffel, PEPCO Amrita Acharya-Menon, PEPCO Jason Bank, EDD SUNRISE Department of Energy Grant Model-Based

### Building Blocks and Opportunities for Power Electronics Integration

Building Blocks and Opportunities for Power Electronics Integration Ralph S. Taylor APEC 2011 March 8, 2011 What's Driving Automotive Power Electronics? Across the globe, vehicle manufacturers are committing

### THE ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT

THE ALTERNATIVE FUEL PRICE REPORT Alternative Fuel Prices Across the Nation August 8, 2002 T his is the seventh issue of the Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, a quarterly newsletter keeping you

### Power Quality. Power Factor Wiring and Service. Background. Introduction. bchydro.com

Power Quality Power Factor Wiring and Service Scope Power factor is a major consideration in efficient building or system operation. It is the measure of how effectively your equipment is converting electric

### TECHNICAL TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

THIRD REVISED SHEET NO. 3.1 CANCELS SECOND REVISED SHEET NO. 3.1 TECHNICAL TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ALTERNATING CURRENT (A-C): AMPERE: BASE RATES: BRITISH THERMAL UNIT (BTU): CAPACITOR or CAPACITANCE: CAPACITY

### 4lliedSig nal. Development of a Digital Control Unit to Displace Diesel Fuel With Natural Gas. Federal Manufacturing & Tech nolog ies. A. D.

Development of a Digital Control Unit to Displace Diesel Fuel With Natural Gas Federal Manufacturing & Tech nolog ies A. D. Talbott KCP-613-5913 I Published March 1997 Final ReporVProject Accomplishments

### Power Factor Correction

AE9-1249 R10 August 2008 Power Factor Correction Index Page 1. Introduction... 1 2. Electrical Fundamentals... 1 3. Electrical Formulas... 2 4. Apparent Power and Actual Power... 2 5. Effects of Poor Power

### Utilization of Associated Gas to Power Drilling Rigs A Demonstration in the Bakken

Utilization of Associated Gas to Power Drilling Rigs A Demonstration in the Bakken Bakken Artificial Lift and Production Denver, Colorado September 24 25, 2013 Chad Wocken*, John Harju, Grant Dunham, and

### kvah Billing - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

kvah Billing - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 1. What is kvah billing? a. Electrical Energy has two components viz. Active Energy (kwh) and Reactive Energy (kvarh). Vector sum of these two components

### MODERN GRID S T R A T E G Y

Smart Grid Concepts U.S. Commercial Service Webinar Joe Miller Modern Grid Strategy Team Lead September 16, 2009 Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Conducted by the National Energy Technology Laboratory

### Pump ED 101. Power Factor (Part 2) - - Electricity Behaving Better

Pump ED 101 Power Factor (Part 2) - - Electricity Behaving Better Joe Evans, Ph.D http://www.pumped101.com Last month we took a close look at the flow of voltage and current in purely resistive and inductive

### Alternative Fuel Price Report

July 2016 Natural Gas Ethanol Propane Biodiesel CLEAN CITIES Alternative Fuel Price Report Welcome to the July 2016 issue! The Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report is a quarterly report designed

### Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics and Toyota Gen I Priuses

INL/EXT-06-01262 U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program Hybrid Electric Vehicle End-of-Life Testing On Honda Insights, Honda Gen I Civics and Toyota Gen I Priuses TECHNICAL

### A Study of Lead-Acid Battery Efficiency Near Top-of-Charge and the Impact on PV System Design

A Study of Lead-Acid Battery Efficiency Near Top-of-Charge and the Impact on PV System Design John W. Stevens and Garth P. Corey Sandia National Laboratories, Photovoltaic System Applications Department

### MASTER \ C. Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. INEL 96J014t we.l~%/0o/60 PREPRINT. MOTOR-OPERATOR GEARBOX EFFICIENCY 5 i u.

INEL 96J014t we.l~%/0o/60 PREPRINT \ C Idaho National Engineering Laboratory MOTOR-OPERATOR GEARBOX EFFICIENCY 5 i u.^ 1 Q Kevin G. DeWall, John C. Watkins, Donovan Bramwell The Fourth NRC/ASME Symposium

### REPORT ON TOYOTA/PRIUS MOTOR DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING ASSESSMENT

ORNL/TM-2004/137 REPORT ON TOYOTA/PRIUS MOTOR DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING ASSESSMENT J. S. Hsu C. W. Ayers C. L. Coomer Oak Ridge National Laboratory This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored

### Alternator as a voltage Generating source and its response to the leading power factor loads

Alternator as a voltage Generating source and its response to the leading power factor loads Presentation by: Jay Deshpande (Engineered Solutions- Mission Critical) Kohler Power Systems Washington, DC

### MAST R OS71 NOV DOE/METC/C-96/7207. Combustion Oscillation: Chem,;a Purge Time. Contrc Showing Mechanistic.ink to Recirculation Zone

DOE/METC/C-96/727 Combustion Oscillation: Chem,;a Purge Time Contrc Showing Mechanistic.ink to Recirculation Zone Authors: R.S. Gemmen GA, Richards M.J. Yip T.S. Norton Conference Title: Eastern States

### Electrical Power Electric power electrical electric power Electric power electric electric

Power Calculations Electrical Power Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit. The SI unit of power is the watt, one joule per second. Electric power is

### MYRON ZUCKER CALMANUAL POWER FACTOR CORRECTION APPLICATION GUIDE INC.

MYRON ZUCKER CALMANUAL POWER FACTOR CORRECTION APPLICATION GUIDE INC. CALMANUAL HOW TO APPLY CAPACITORS TO LOW VOLTAGE POWER SYSTEMS. SECTION INDEX SECTION I POWER FACTOR UNDERSTANDING POWER FACTOR...

### Power Quality Luis Vargas Research Engineer 9/18/2008

Page: 1 of 5 Luis Vargas Research Engineer 9/18/2008 Page: 2 of 5 As we make advances on green technology, we get a better understanding of the efficiencies and deficiencies on how we consume electricity.

### Kvar Energy Savings, Inc.

Kvar Energy Savings, Inc. presents KVAR Energy Controller (EC) It is a Desired & a Simple Solution for RISING ENERGY COSTS Everyone wants to lower their energy bills The U.S. Government is mandated to

### Waste Heat Recuperation for Passenger Vehicles

Waste Heat Recuperation for Passenger Vehicles Jim Salvador james.salvador@gm.com Outline Brief Introduction to Thermoelectric Technology. Thermoelectric Generator System Basics. Future Research and Development

### INSTALLATION OF CAPACITOR BANK IN 132/11 KV SUBSTATION FOR PARING DOWN OF LOAD CURRENT

INSTALLATION OF CAPACITOR BANK IN 132/11 KV SUBSTATION FOR PARING DOWN OF LOAD CURRENT Prof. Chandrashekhar Sakode 1, Vicky R. Khode 2, Harshal R. Malokar 3, Sanket S. Hate 4, Vinay H. Nasre 5, Ashish

### Hurricane Andrew Photovoltaic Traffic Control Relief Preliminary Report

Hurricane Andrew Photovoltaic Traffic Control Relief Preliminary Report Author William R. Young, Jr. Publication Number FSEC-CR-550-92 Copyright Copyright Florida Solar Energy Center/University of Central

### Multi-Stage Selective Catalytic Reduction of NO in Lean-Burn Engine Exhaust. B. M. Penetrante M. C. Hsiao B. T. Merritt G. E.

UCRL-JC-128071 PREPRINT Multi-Stage Selective Catalytic Reduction of in Lean-Burn Engine Exhaust x B. M. Penetrante M. C. Hsiao B. T. Merritt G. E. Vogtlin This paper was prepared for submittal to the

### Microcontroller Based Power Factor Correction Using SCR

Proceedings of International Conference on Innovation & Research in Technology for Sustainable Development (ICIRT 2012), 01-03 November 2012 124 Microcontroller Based Power Factor Correction Using SCR

### ENERGY MANAGEMENT 4/22/2014. What are your approximate yearly energy costs? (Electricity, natural gas, etc.)

MICHIGAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE ENERGY MANAGEMENT Webinar Electricity - Natural Gas April 23, 2014 10:00 A.M. - 11:00 A.M. EDT Presented by John M. Studebaker, Ph.D. www.studebakerenergy.net JStudebaker 4/23/14

### Power Quality and Energy Management

Power Quality and Energy Management 1 2 Contents Power Quality...2 Power Factor Correction...4 Voltage Optimisation...8 Harmonic Filters and Reactors...12 1 Captech is Power Investigation and identification

### DRAFT. Guidelines on Power quality & safety issues in usage of roof-top solar pv system CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY

DRAFT Guidelines on Power quality & safety issues in usage of roof-top solar pv system CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY 2018 1. INTRODUCTION Solar energy has become the most popular renewable energy source

### January 1, 2018 RATE SCHEDULE. 395 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ON N1G 4Y1. Billing: Admin: Fax:

January 1, 2018 RATE SCHEDULE 395 Southgate Drive, Guelph, ON N1G 4Y1 Billing: 519-822-3010 Admin: 519-822-3017 Fax: 519-822-0960 Time-of-Use rates for electricity came into effect for the majority of

### Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Overview

Borrego Springs Microgrid Demonstration Overview Society of American Military Engineers San Diego, CA March 11, 2015 Neal Bartek Distributed Energy Resources Manager 2012 San Diego Gas & Electric Company.

### Chapter 3.1: Electrical System

Part-I: Objective type Questions and Answers Chapter 3.1: Electrical System 1. The heat input required for generating one kilo watt-hour of electrical output is called as. a) Efficiency b) Heat Rate c)

### International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development. Automatic Power Factor Correction in EHV System

Scientific Journal of Impact Factor(SJIF): 3.134 e-issn(o): 2348-4470 p-issn(p): 2348-6406 International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development Volume 2,Issue 5, May -2015 Automatic Power

### Test Rig Design for Large Supercritical CO 2 Turbine Seals

Test Rig Design for Large Supercritical CO 2 Turbine Seals Presented by: Aaron Rimpel Southwest Research Institute San Antonio, TX The 6th International Supercritical CO 2 Power Cycles Symposium March

### Real Time Applications Using Linear State Estimation Technology (RTA/LSE)

DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Real Time Applications Using Linear State Estimation Technology (RTA/LSE) DOE Grant Award #DE-OE0000849 Ken Martin & Lin Zhang, Principal Investigators Electric

### TITLE PAGE ELECTRIC SERVICE NORTHERN STATES POWER COMPANY, A WISCONSIN CORPORATION, AND SUBSIDIARY OF XCEL ENERGY INC.

M. P. S. C. No. 2 Electric 1 st Revised. A-1.0 NORTHERN STATES POWER COMPANY, Cancels Original. A-1.0 (To revise Rule Links) TITLE PAGE ELECTRIC SERVICE NORTHERN STATES POWER COMPANY, A WISCONSIN CORPORATION,

### Working Principle of Power Saver as per Manufacture:

Analysis the Truth behind Household Power Savers Introduction: A House hold power saving devices has recently received a lot of attention from both consumers and manufacturers. It is generally used in

### Welcome. Power Survey International

Welcome Company profile Established in 1948 Exclusively manufacture capacitor banks and harmonic filters Manufacturer of low and medium voltage products: Power Factor correction system Harmonic Filter

### Jerry Shoemaker Manager, Smart Grid PMO February 20, 2014

PHI s Smart Grid Program Management Approach Lessons Learned Jerry Shoemaker Manager, Smart Grid PMO February 20, 2014 2 Acknowledgement "This material is based upon work supported by the Department of

### Electron Positron Proton Spectrometer for use at Laboratory for Laser Energetics

LLNL-TR-427769 Electron Positron Proton Spectrometer for use at Laboratory for Laser Energetics S. L. Ayers April 13, 2010 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency

### Determination of Spring Modulus for Several Types of Elastomeric Materials (O-rings) and Establishment of an Open Database For Seals*

Determination of Spring Modulus for Several Types of Elastomeric Materials (O-rings) and Establishment of an Open Database For Seals* W. M. McMurtry and G. F. Hohnstreiter Sandia National Laboratories,

### TED 5000 USER MANUAL

TED 5000 USER MANUAL The Energy Detective (TED) is an accurate electricity monitor that provides real-time feedback on electricity usage. TED will lower utility bills, reduce electric waste, and save the

### Targeted Application of STATCOM Technology in the Distribution Zone

Targeted Application of STATCOM Technology in the Distribution Zone Christopher J. Lee Senior Power Controls Design Engineer Electrical Distribution Division Mitsubishi Electric Power Products Electric

### BLOCKING DIODES AND FUSES IN LOW-VOLTAGE PV SYSTEMS

BLOCKING DIODES AND FUSES IN LOW-VOLTAGE PV SYSTEMS John C. Wiles, Southwest Technology Development Institute, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003 David L. King, Photovoltaic Systems R&D,

### TerraPower s Molten Chloride Fast Reactor Program. August 7, 2017 ANS Utility Conference

TerraPower s Molten Chloride Fast Reactor Program August 7, 2017 ANS Utility Conference Molten Salt Reactor Features & Options Key Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) Distinguishing Features Rather than using solid

### International Journal of Advance Research in Engineering, Science & Technology

Impact Factor (SJIF): 3.632 International Journal of Advance Research in Engineering, Science & Technology e-issn: 2393-9877, p-issn: 2394-2444 Volume 3, Issue 4, April-2016 AUTOMATIC POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

### Cable A fully insulated package made of more than one Conductor that can be installed in place of individual Wires.

Glossary of Terms A Alternate Current Also known as AC. A flow of electricity through a conductor that continuously reverses its direction of flow, in contrast to direct current (DC). Nearly all electricity

### The Status of Energy Storage Renewable Energy Depends on It. Pedro C. Elizondo Flex Energy Orlando, FL July 21, 2016

The Status of Energy Storage Renewable Energy Depends on It Pedro C. Elizondo Flex Energy Orlando, FL July 21, 2016 Energy Storage Systems Current operating mode of electrical networks Electricity must

### ABB n.v Power Quality in LV installations

ABB n.v. - 1 - Power Quality in LV installations PQ problems in LV installations 750 500 250 Volts 0-250 -500 Amps -750 3000 2000 1000 0-1000 -2000-3000 10:25:43.72 10:25:43.73 10:25:43.74 10:25:43.75

### LUNERA BALLASTLED TECHNOLOGY AND POWER FACTOR

LUNERA BALLASTLED TECHNOLOGY AND POWER FACTOR Replacing metal halide lamps in magnetic ballast-driven fi xtures with the Lunera MH HID LED Gen 2, a LED plug-and-play replacement, causes the ballast to

### DOUBLE ROW LOOP-COILCONFIGURATION FOR HIGH-SPEED ELECTRODYNAMIC MAGLEV SUSPENSION, GUIDANCE, PROPULSION AND GUIDEWAY DIRECTIONAL SWITCHING

DOUBLE ROW LOOP-COILCONFIGURATION FOR HIGH-SPEED ELECTRODYNAMIC MAGLEV SUSPENSION, GUIDANCE, PROPULSION AND GUIDEWAY DIRECTIONAL SWITCHING Jianliang He and Donald M Rote DISCLAIMER 0 OD cv This report

### Chapter 3.2: Electric Motors

Part I: Objective type questions and answers Chapter 3.2: Electric Motors 1. The synchronous speed of a motor with 6 poles and operating at 50 Hz frequency is. a) 1500 b) 1000 c) 3000 d) 750 2. The efficiency

### ABB POWER SYSTEMS CONSULTING

ABB POWER SYSTEMS CONSULTING DOMINION VIRGINIA POWER Offshore Wind Interconnection Study 2011-E7406-1 R1 Summary Report Prepared for: DOMINION VIRGINIA POWER Report No.: 2011-E7406-1 R1 Date: 29 February

### SPRINGFIELD UTILITY BOARD ELECTRIC RATE SCHEDULES

AVAILABLE RESIDENTIAL SCHEDULE R-1 Available to residential services in all territory served by the Springfield Utility Board (SUB) except where special rates are in effect. CHARACTER OF SERVICE 60 Hertz

### THE IMPACT OF BIODIESEL FUEL BLENDS ON AFTERTREATMENT DEVICE PERFORMANCE IN LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES

THE IMPACT OF BIODIESEL FUEL BLENDS ON AFTERTREATMENT DEVICE PERFORMANCE IN LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES Matthew Thornton NREL, Marek Tatur and Dean Tomazic FEV Engine Technology Inc. National Biodiesel Conference

### LUNERA BALLASTLED TM TECHNOLOGY AND POWER FACTOR

LUNERA BALLASTLED TM TECHNOLOGY AND POWER FACTOR Replacing metal halide lamps in magnetic ballast-driven fi xtures with the Lunera Susan Lamp, a LED plug-and-play replacement, causes the ballast to have

### FUNNEL CAKE FRYER Instruction Manual Models: 8078 / FC-4, 8082 / FC-6, and 8090 / FC-4

Part No. 89784 Revised: December 2005 FUNNEL CAKE FRYER Instruction Manual Models: 8078 / FC-4, 8082 / FC-6, and 8090 / FC-4 Cincinnati, OH 45241-4807 USA GAS SAFETY PRECAUTIONS INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

### ELG4125: Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS)

ELG4125: Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) The philosophy of FACTS is to use power electronics for controlling power flow in a transmission network, thus allowing the transmission line to be loaded

### GENERATOR INTERCONNECTION APPLICATION

GENERATOR INTERCONNECTION APPLICATION FOR ALL PROJECTS WITH AGGREGATE GENERATOR OUTPUT OF MORE THAN 150 KW BUT LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 550 KW Also Serves as Application for Category 3 Net Metering (Note:

### Experience with Small Turbomachinery in a 400 Watt Refrigerator

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory FERMILAB-Conf-96/290 Experience with Small Turbomachinery in a 400 Watt Refrigerator J.D. Fuerst Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory P.O. Box 500, Batavia, Illinois

### Net Metering in Illinois. Eric P. Schlaf Senior Economic Analyst Illinois Commerce Commission January 31, 2014

Net Metering in Illinois Eric P. Schlaf Senior Economic Analyst Illinois Commerce Commission January 31, 2014 Topics What is Net Metering Benefits of Net Metering Net Metering in US Net Metering in Illinois

### SILICONES GLOBAL SOLUTIONS

SILICONES GLOBAL SOLUTIONS 2016 PROPOSAL FOR INSTALLATION OF A 25% POWER SAVING DEVICE Silicones Global Solutions, Email:info@siliconesgbsolutions.com, Contact: 0302200950/0208163888 1/1/2016 Contents

### CUSTOMER / ACCOUNT INFORMATION Electric Utility Customer Information (As shown on utility bill)

GENERATOR INTERCONNECTION APPLICATION Category 2 (Combined) For All Projects with Aggregate Generator Output of More Than 20 kw but Less Than or Equal to 150 kw Also Serves as Application for Category

### COMPANY INTRO. PowerCore Engineering

PowerCore Engineering COMPANY INTRO PowerCore is a Power Distribution System Engineering Company and a turnkey Automated Systems Integrator based in London Ontario. We specialize in Power Systems Engineering

### Power Factor Correction

Power Factor Correction Power Factor Correction and Voltage Optimisation have been around since the turn of the 20 th century and although in many cases their individual benefits and attributes make them

### Installation Planning (or what I didn t learn at meter school)

NWEMS Harris nstitute of echnical raining nstallation Planning (or what didn t learn at meter school) Presented by Brad Harris nstallation #1 A three phase commercial customer has the following installation

### EFFECT OF ADDING DISTRIBUTED GENERATION TO DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS CASE STUDY 2:

EFFECT OF ADDING DISTRIBUTED GENERATION TO DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS CASE STUDY 2: Voltage regulation in 4.16kV, 1.5 MVA remote community system with diesel and wind generation Report 2009-116 (RP-TEC) 411-IMPACT

### Three-Phase Induction 208V Motor with MATLAB

EXPERIMENT Induction motor with Matlab Three-Phase Induction Motors 208V LL OBJECTIVE This experiment demonstrates the performance of squirrel-cage induction motors and the method for deriving electrical

### Note: This rule is effective on July 1, 2018, through June 30, 2019.

RULE 3020 PERMIT FEE SCHEDULES (Adopted May 21, 1992; Amended July 16, 1992; Amended December 17, 1992; Amended August 21, 1997; Amended March 17, 1999; Amended June 15, 2000; Amended January 17, 2008;

### CHOPTANK ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC. DENTON MARYLAND TERMS AND CONDITIONS

CHOPTANK ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC. DENTON MARYLAND TERMS AND CONDITIONS CHOPTANK ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, INC. TERMS AND CONDITIONS TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE NO. GENERAL 1 100 ELECTRIC SERVICE 101 Application

### Abstract. Background and Study Description

OG&E Smart Study TOGETHER: Technology-Enabled Dynamic Pricing Impact Evaluation Craig Williamson, Global Energy Partners, an EnerNOC Company, Denver, CO Katie Chiccarelli, OG&E, Oklahoma City, OK Abstract

### ELECTRIC POWER BOARD OF THE METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT OF NASHVILLE AND DAVIDSON COUNTY. Availability

ELECTRIC POWER BOARD OF THE METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT OF NASHVILLE AND DAVIDSON COUNTY GENERAL POWER RATE--SCHEDULE GSB Availability This rate shall apply to the firm electric power requirements where a

### Remote Heat Station 40kW; kHz User s Guide

Remote Heat Station 40kW; 35 400kHz User s Guide RHS-40 Rev. A 1/4/10 Table of Contents 1. SPECIFICATIONS AND FEATURES...3 2. GETTING STARTED...4 3. CONNECTIONS...5 4. LOAD STATION TUNING...6 2 1. Specifications

### TVA Distributor Retail Rates and Comprehensive Services Program Power Factor Case Studies. Gerald Johns, P.E. Power Utilization Engineer, TVA

TVA Distributor Retail Rates and Comprehensive Services Program Power Factor Case Studies Gerald Johns, P.E. Power Utilization Engineer, TVA 1 TVA Comprehensive Services Power Factor Studies/Recommendations

### Customer and Utility Energy Management Fundamentals 101

Customer and Utility Energy Management Fundamentals 101 Minneapolis October 24 th 2016 Today s Show Brought to you by: Danny Zagotta Barry Mosser Thank you very much, Janet Booker What s your Energy Management

### Session 8: Distributed Energy Resources Utility Concerns, Grid Impacts and Mitigation Strategies October 21, 2015 Santiago, Chile

Session 8: Distributed Energy Resources Utility Concerns, Grid Impacts and Mitigation Strategies October 21, 2015 Santiago, Chile Michael Coddington National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado,

### Eskisehir Light Train- Correcting Capacitive

Case Study-Estram Light Train Eskisehir Light Train- Correcting Capacitive Power Factor Eskisehir, a city in the Anatolia region of Turkey is located in an area inhabited since at least 3500 BCE- the copper

### Energy Efficiency and Cost minimisation in Water Supply Operations

Energy Efficiency and Cost minimisation in Water Supply Operations Presented by: Jason Ip Manager Operations Riverina Water County Council LGNSW Water Management Conference 2014 25-27 August 2014 Background

### Carbon Intensity Records under the Renewable and Low Carbon Fuel Requirements Regulation

under the 1 of 9 1. Background The Greenhouse Gas Reduction (Renewable and Low Carbon Fuel Requirements) Act (Act) sets low carbon fuel requirements for Part 3 fuel suppliers. A Part 3 fuel supplier is

### Using an SMC-50 Solid-State Smart Motor Controller for Pump Protection

Using an SMC-50 Solid-State Smart Motor Controller for Pump Protection William Bernhardt and Richard Anderson, Rockwell Automation Pump system protection comes in many methods, from preventing water hammer

### ls2288 ORDINANCE NO. _

ls2288 ORDINANCE NO. _ An ordinance approving the rates fixed by the Department of Water and Power of the City of Los Angeles and to be charged for electrical energy distributed and for service supplied

D I S C L A I M E R O F L I A B I L I T Y A N D W A R R A N T Y This publication describes the author s opinions regarding the subject matter herein. The author and publisher are not rendering advice or

### DC CIRCUITS ELECTROMAGNETISM

DC CIRCUITS 1. State and Explain Ohm s Law. Write in brief about the limitations of Ohm s Law. 2. State and explain Kirchhoff s laws. 3. Write in brief about disadvantages of series circuit and advantages

### NSTAR ELECTRIC COMPANY M.D.P.U. No. 28 EASTERN MASSACHUSETTS CAMBRIDGE SERVICE AREA GENERAL SERVICE

Page 1 of 7 AVAILABILITY Service under this rate shall apply to any Customer in the Cambridge service area who executes a Standby Service Agreement with the Company and who satisfies the following conditions:

### White Paper. Application of Resistive/Reactive Load Banks for kva Testing

White Paper Application of Resistive/Reactive Load Banks for kva Testing Application of Resistive/Reactive Load Banks for kva Testing Resistive load banks are the most commonly used load banks for the

### A GUIDEBOOK FOR Generator Owners

AMEREN ILLINOIS COMMUNITY SOLAR (AGGREGATED NET METERING) A GUIDEBOOK FOR Generator Owners REV 02/18 Community Solar (Aggregated Net Metering) C o m m u n i t y S o l a r ( A g g r e g a t e d N e t M

### Electricity Rates. For Residential Customers

Electricity Rates For Residential Customers Rates Effective November 1, 2010 If you would like information about our services, details about your rights and responsibilities, or a copy of our latest annual

### SUMMARY OF TOTAL CURRENT PRICES - ELECTRIC

Electric Summary Sheet No. S-1 HOW A CUSTOMER BILL IS CALCULATED 7 RESIDENTIAL SERVICE For a customer who used 1,000 kwh during one month (assuming 30 days of service). Schedule 7 is referred to on customer

### Volume 2 Charts, Formulas, and Other Useful Information

Volume 2 Charts, Formulas, and Other Useful Information Aluminum Conductor Conductor Terminations 61 Compact Aluminum (Conduit Fill Tables) 68-79 Ampacity Dwelling Services 48 1-phase Loads on a 3-phase

### Comparison of price incentive models for locally matched electricity networks. Appendix C: Private Wires - Legal Definitions

Comparison of price incentive models for locally matched electricity networks. Appendix C: Private Wires - Legal Definitions Report Title : Comparison of price incentive models for locally matched electricity