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1 V FIAMM stationary batteries J^^^^^^^IRP^ FIAMM

2 Progress runs fast, and its race is based on energy. Energy that is generated and used, not always at the same time. To supply it right when it is needed, it. must be stored as well. This has been FIAMM's job ever since: the production of stationary batteries that must assure a constant flow of energy to the vital centres of the world. Telecommunications, data processing, electric generation are only some applications where stationary batteries guarantee the necessary security in case of emergency, preserving vital installations during power failures, FIAMM offers more than fifty years of experience in energy storage. The experience.of an industrial group of international dimensions. The FIAMM group includes three divisions - Automotive Batteries, Industrial Batteries and Electrical Accessories - three Subsidiary companies in France, Germany and Brazil, two joint ventures, with American and Japanese companies. A research, production and marketing "ensemble" living ahead of.its time on the continuous "push" exerted by a constant technological improvement and its translation into a successful product. Like Monolite.the first valve regulated lead acid battery manufactured in Italy and one of the first in the world. With it the future of energy storage has already begun. FIAMM stationary batteries are produced by DAI, the Industrial Batteries Division. Their high technology contents and manufacturing standards have found important confirmation on the world markets. FtAMM is a regular supplier of many Telecommunications and Power Authorities, OEMs and users throughout the world/and is one of the few European. companies whose stationary batteries are. succesfully present on the North American market.

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4 Energy and safety, where and required Stationary batteries protect highly strategic sectors of today's world. What would happen in case of blackout in an emergency room, a telephone exchange, an offshore rig, or even a stadium? FIAMM lead acid stationary batteries are ready to deliver their energy where and when it is needed. A battery is an investment, and the choice of the most suitable battery for each system is the result of the correct evaluation of the technical and economical factors involved. FIAMM can propose to the market not only a wide range of-products to cover the different needs, but also its experience and competence to direct the customer towards the best solution. The result, once more, of a long term commitment in this field. It is not always easy to select a stationary battery. FIAMM pre sale service consists of qualified advice to optimize the customer's investment. Only a careful evaluation of the problem (system design life, duty cycle, wi environmental conditions, safety regulations,...) can define the characteristics of the "right product in the right application". In a second stage, FIAMM after sale service - programmed maintenance and emergency service - are the best assurance for the proper battery operation.

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6 An established experience also means a complete offer to the customer. This is FIAMM's strong point: a range of stationary batteries so wide and complete in its electrical characteristics and technological content to find the right answer to the different applications. Furthermore, when the requirement is for a battery of "sped characteristics, FIAMMIcan design an prepare a custom mad product built around this specific need. pferies. Ah lecommunications SMG PMF SMF SMBF SMZA alve regulated n batteries, to 3000 Ah iions: Telecommunications, Tubular plate monoblocs with polypropylene containers. Capacity: 25 to 300 Ah Main applications: Photovoltaic Systems, Emergency Lighting, Signalling, UPS systems, Telecommunications. Tubular plate cells in clear plastic container. Capacity: 50 to 500 Ah (SMF) 600 to 2000 Ah (SMBF) 2250 to 4000 Ah (SMZA) Main applications: Telecommunications, Power Generation Systelns Backup.

7 Ah ю ' SMC Tubular plat? ;lls in hard rubber container. Capacity: 35^о80ТО Ah Main applications: Central Office, Telecommunication Backup. High performance cells in clear plastic containers. "Capacity: 80 to 440 Ah (SD) fjljkq to 2240 Ah (SDH) Main applications: Power Generation ystems Backup, Substation pwitchgear, UPS Systems. Plante positive plate cells in clear plastic container. Capacity: 75 to 450 Ah (SQL) 500 to 2600 Ah (SGH) Main applications: Power Generation Systems Backup.

8 FIAMM FIAMM S.p.A. Industrial Batteries ^ Viale Europa, MONTECCHIO MAGGIORE (Vicenza) Italy Tel. (+39)444/ Fax (+39) 444/ Tlx FIAMM I FIAMM Spa reserves the right to change or revise without notice any information or detail given in this publication.

9 MONOLITE Valve Regulated Lead-acid Batteries

10 MONOLITE - A unique combination of benefits for users. HIGH ENERGY DENSITY The compact MONOLITE construction allows a significant reduction in space and weight compared to traditional stationary cells. HIGH PERFORMANCE MONOLITE technology allows an excellent performance at high rates of discharge with considerable reduction of the capacity required to meet the duty cycle. LONG LIFE MONOLITE is designed to offer its excellent performance for 10 years under appropriate operating conditions. EASY INSTALLATION MONOLITE batteries are delivered filled and charged and can be installed on stands or into cabinets, with no requirement for separate battery rooms. All this can be summarized into gains in initial investment and reduced operating cost. RECOMBINATION THE KEY TO MONOLITE TECHNOLOGY THE PROBLEM When a conventional lead acid cell becomes fully charged, hydrogen and oxygen gases are produced by electrolysis and released into the atmosphere. This results in a loss of water in the cell which is in addition to normal evaporation. These are the reasons why traditional lead batteries need ventilation and topping up is an essential but costly maintenance requirement. THE SOLUTION MONOLITE, with its valve regulated "absorbed electrolyte" construction, provides the solution. In simple terms during the recharge the oxygen gas evolved from the positive plate within the cell migrates through the pores of the special separator, where the electrolyte in effectively retained, to the surface of the negative plate where it forms lead oxide. This, by reaction with the electrolyte, gives lead sulphate and water. The reaction is complete when the lead sulphate reacts with the hydrogen present at the negative plate, producing lead and sulphuric acid. In this way the quantity of electrolyte remains virtually constant during the life of the battery. As all these reactions take place in an isolated environment, with MONOLITE topping up is no longer necessary and the battery can be used in any normal environment when natural ventilation is available. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS The MONOLITE range of batteries have super high rate performance in addition to excellent normal and low rate discharge capability. The wide range of monoblocs offer flexibility in battery design. TEMPERATURE RANGE MONOLITE batteries may be operated over a temperature range of -10 С to +40 C. However, as with any secondary battery, performance and life are affected by temperature extremes. MONOLITE POWER is CLEAN POWER MONOLITE valve regulated lead acid batteries are the ideal energy source for stationary applications, in particular: Uninterruptible Power Systems Telecommunications Switchgear Emergency lighting Fire and Security Alarms Office Equipment MONOLITE batteries fully comply with: British Standard BS 6290 Part 4 I EC (draft) 896 Part 2 Eurobat Guide: Group I: 10 + year - high integrity Bellcore Technical Reference TR-NWT Australian Standard AS

11 OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS MONOLITE valve regulated lead acid batteries require constant voltage recharge. Recommended float voltage is 2.27 V per cell + 1%at25 C. In case of considerable temperature excursion, for extended periods of time, it is desirable to adjust this voltage with temperature (see graph). For recharge following to a battery discharge, the preferred recharge method would be ID (or modified constant potential), with maximum voltage of % V per cell and a maximum current of 0.25 C10 Amps (i.e. a maximum of 25 Amperes per 100 Ah capacity). For faster recharge it is also possible to use, with certain precautions, a higher recharge voltage of 2.4 V per cell, under the same maximum current conditions. Ш О о: ш о. 2,40 : 2,36-2,32 2,24.2,28-2, SELF DISCHARGE О 20 TEMPERATURE ( C) 40 MONOLITE shows a very low self discharge : less than 2 % per month at 25 C. For optimum storage it is recommended to recharge the batteries when the open circuit voltage reaches 2.10 V per cell and in any case at least every six months. SAFETY VALVES Each cell has a one way relief valve that opens at low pressure (30 kpa). Designed to prevent leakage over a wide temperature range throughout battery life. CONTAINER AND LID Battery containers and lids are made of thick-wall ABS plastic, flame retardent to UL 94 class V-O, BS 6334 Method FV and IEC 707, VO. They are designed for high mechanical resistance and to fully withstand the internal pressure variations during battery operation. Threaded pillars with brass insert to ensure high current conductivity. The electrolyte is a high purity diluted sulfuric acid with s.g. 1.3 at 25 C. Both positive and negative plates are of flat pasted type. The grids are made of high quality lead calcium tin alloy, sized to ensure a long and reliable battery life. SEPARATORS Microporous of fine glass fibers, to assure an extremely low resistance as well as optimum electrolyte asborption.

12 CONSTANT CURRENT DISCHARGE DATA AMPERES TO 1.65 VPC ( AT 25 C, 77 F) DISCHARGE TIME (MINUTES) I SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA , SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA ' AMPERES TO 1.80 VPC ( AT 25 C, 77 F) 1 5 [ DISCHARGE TIME (MINUTES) SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA

13 CELL DATA 12 SLA 25 МопоЫос Type Nominal Voltage(V) 12 10hrs 25 Capacity (Ah) 3hrs 20 1 hr 17.5 Length 214 Dimensions (mm) Width 123 Height 165 Weight (Kg) SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA SLA 400 (*) SLA 500 (*) SLA 580 (*) INSTALLATION (*) These types are fitted with 4 terminals. MONOLITE valve regulated recombination batteries can be fitted on stands or into cabinets. FIAMM offers a wide selection of stands, from one tier/one row to six tiers/three rows, to suit most applications. Cabinets are available with or without circuit breaker and its relevant compartment. Consult FIAMM or its representatives for details on the stands and cabinets program.

14 НАМИ FIAMM S.p.A. Industrial Batteries Viale Europa, MONTECCHIO MAGGIORE (Vicenza) Italy Tel. (+39) 444/ Fax (+39) 444/ Tlx FIAMM I FIAMM Spa reserves the right to change or revise without notice any information or detail given in this publication.

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