1 May, 1958 H. F. GEORGE LATCHING MECHANISM 3. Sheets-Sheet 2 2 NII-376 2N bel2 (3 Sl Ig gy:jip 72UL ali?i 2 2%. s: 2. t NU 2z, Z z? Azózzee/
3 May, 1958 H. F. GEORGE LATCHING MECHANISM Filed July 30, Sheets-Sheet 3 74 NS exts PAffa S al, if I N 3A U2U 2 s NA22 W-22, EAIA3
4 United States Patent Office Patented May, 1958 LATCHING MECHANISM Harry F. George, Chicago, Ill. Application July 30, 1954, Serial No. 446,718 6 Claims. (CI ) This invention relates to improved latching mechanism adapted for use in both metal and wood doors, and while particularly adapted for use with metal screen doors, wish it understood that it may be used in such other con nections to which it may be adapted. The present invention is an improvement over that disclosed in my copending application Serial No. 350,681, filed April 23, 1953, now Patent No. 2,764,014, issued September 25, One of the important features of the present invention is the impossibility of the operator locking himself or herself out accidentally, as for example when accidentally setting the mechanism to lock, and then going out and slamming the door shut. However, the mechanism is so made that it can be locked from the inside against any one opening the door from the outside. The latching mechanism can be locked by setting the mechanism in locked position from the inside and the operator either staying inside or going out some other door, and, when a key operated lock is provided, the door can be locked and unlocked by a key from the outside. A further im portant feature is a novel compact arrangement of the parts such that the latching mechanism can be factory assembled, can be quickly and easily installed in opera tive position to the door, is reliable in operation, eco nomical to manufacture, and of pleasing appearance. Among the objects of the present invention are; to provide a new and improved latching mechanism; to pro vide latching mechanism in which it is impossible to lock oneself out accidentally; to provide latching mechanism having locking means that can be set in locked position when the door is ajar and which will be moved to unlocked position when the door is slaimed shut; to provide latch ing mechanism in which the door may be locked shut from the inside and which may be unlocked only from the inside or by a key from the outside; to provide latching mechanism especially adapted for the reception of key operated means accessible from the outside, or such key operated means may be omitted if desired; to provide latching mechanism having unique interlocking features : ibetween the bolt and the striker plate; to provide latch ing mechanism having a novel construction and arrange ment of latch bolt and associated parts; to provide latch ing mechanism having novel means for securing the knob to a square shaft; to provide latching mechanism that may be factory assembled, has automatic latching, turns left or right, may be applied to left and right hand doors of either metal or wood, and that has surface mounting with no mortising required; and such further objects, ad vantages and capabilities, inherently possessed by my in vention, as will later more fully appear. My invention further resides in the combination, con struction and arrangement of parts illustrated in the ac companying drawings, and while I have shown therein preferred embodiments I wish it understood that the same 'are susceptible of modification and change without de parting from the spirit of my invention In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a fragmentary horizontal transverse section through a metal screen door and an adjacent portion of a door frame, and showing applied to the door a latching mechanism embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of my latching mechanism, looking toward the inside turning handle, and showing the inner configuration of the latch bolt in dotted lines. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of my latching mechanism, looking toward the outside knob having a key-operated lock cylinder secured therein. Fig. 4 is a vertical section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a vertical median section through the outside knob and adjacent portions of the door, showing the lock cylinder as having been removed from the knob, and a cover plate fixed in position in the lock cylinder hole. Fig. 6 is a vertical median section through the latching mechanism of Figs. 1-3, showing the lock cylinder se cured in the outside knob and extending inwardly, for operation of the locking mechanism by a key. Fig. 7 is a vertical transverse section on the line 7-7 of Fig. 6. Fig. 8 is a horizontal section, partly in elevation, taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. 6. Fig. 9 is a side elevation of the latching mechanism housing plate, showing its interior end construction in dotted lines. Fig. 10 is an edge view looking toward the right hand edge of Fig. 9. Fig. 11 is a detail side elevation of the latch bolt. Fig. 12 is an edge view looking toward the right hand edge of Fig. 11. Fig. 13 is a view similar to Fig. 6, but omitting the lock cylinder, and showing the outside knob secured to a Square shaft which in turn is fixed to rotate with the in side handle. Fig. 14 is a horizontal section, partly in elevation, taken on the line of Fig. 13. Fig. 15 is a transverse section on the line of Fig. 13. Fig. 16 is a transverse section on the line of Fig. 13. Fig. 17 is a side elevation of the shiftable actuator bar of Fig. 13. Fig. 18 is an edge view looking toward the right hand edge of Fig. 17. Fig. 19 is a side elevation of a washer for positioning between the actuator bar and the hub of the inside turn. ing handle and having detent means for cooperating with complemental detent means in the actuator bar. Fig. is an edge view looking toward the right hand edge of Fig. 19. Fig. 21 is a side elevation of a slip washer for straddling a groove in the square shaft and bearing against the side of the actuator bar opposite from the side contacted -by the washer of Fig. 19. Fig. 22 is an edge view looking toward the right hand edge of Fig. 21. in the present invention I have provided a latching mechanism that can be equipped with a key-operated lock cylinder as in Figs. 1-3 and 6-8, or in which the lock cylinder can be omitted as in Figs. 5 and How. ever, in both forms, with and without the lock cylinder, the latch housing, the latch bolt, and the inside operating mechanism, are of the same construction. The general construction includes an inside turning handle 5, an outside knob 6, and latching mechanism, with either a tubular shaft or a square shaft extending through from the outside knob to and through the latching mecha nism, depending on whether, or not, a lock cylinder is to be incorporated in the assembly. The main control por tions of the latching mechanism are housed in a latch hous
5 o V ing 1, being operatively held therein by a cover plate 2 formed at each of its two ends with an integral ear 3, which ears are seated in end notches 4 in the latch housing and fastened therein by springing or bending after the con trol parts have been properly assembled in the housing. The latch housing 1 has at each end an offset portion 7, the amount of such offset from the main portion of the housing being such as to provide for the reception of the moving parts and permit of their movement within the space 8 formed within the outer wall of the housing be tween said outer wall and the cover plate 2. The latch housing plate 1 has a central circular hole A to rotatably receive the tubular shaft. At each of the four corners of the housing space 8, the housing wall is formed with an inwardly extending short flange 9 for purposes later more fully explained. The offset end portions 7 of the housing are each formed with a central hole 10, and the cover plate 2 at each end is formed with a hole 11 respectively in registry with holes 10, to receive screws 12, or other suitable means, for se curing the housing to the inner face of the door 3. Slid ably mounted in the space 8 within housing is a flat latch bolt member 14 formed centrally at one edge with an up standing ear 15 formed with a latch lip 16 inclined at an angle toward the plane of the door. As seen in Fig. 12 the ear 15 for a short distance from where it joins the flat body of the latch bolt is narrower than its outer end and lip 16. This narrower neck portion is slidably mounted in the recess 17 formed in the adjacent edge of the housing 1, so as to slidably mount the latch lip 6 outside of the housing and the flat body portion of the latch bolt 14 in side of the housing. The flat latch bolt member 14 is of a length to snugly but slidably move laterally in the housing in a direction to ward the right (latching direction) as viewed in Fig. 7, by the compression springs 18 seated between the adjacent corner flanges 9, and the shoulders 19 formed by cutting out portions of the latch bolt flat body to receive the springs 18. Movement of the latch bolt member 4 in a di rection toward the left (unlatching direction) as viewed in Fig. 7, is effected by rotation of either the inside handle 5 or the outside knob 6, which, in the form shown in Figs. 1-8, are connected together by the tubular shaft which at one end is either integral with or fixed to the hub of the in side handle 5, and to the other end of which tubular shaft the outside knob is secured both by the threads 2 and the set screw 22. As seen in Fig. 7, the flat latch bolt member 14 is formed in its portion inside of the housing with an irregularly shaped opening 23 through which the tubular shaft extends. As seen in Figs. 6-8, the shaft is formed in its op posite walls with rectangular openings in that portion of the shaft within the interior of the latch housing, through which opposite openings is slidably mounted an actuator bar 24. Fixed in each of the opposite end portions of : bar 24 is a laterally extending pin 25, which pins extend respectively through arcuate slots 26 formed in the outer housing wall, for sliding movement therein, to permit limited rotation of shaft 29 in either direction. Pins 25, after passing through slots 26, also pass through register ing openings in the lock plate 27 which is provided with a central opening 28 through which shaft passes, open ing 28 being of a substantially larger diameter than the shaft in the direction of the actuator bar 24, so that when the pins 25 are in the center longitudinally of the arcuate slots 26, they may be moved downwardly, as viewed in Fig. 9, into the notches 29 formed in slots 26 to lock the shaft against rotation with relation to the housing, as later more fully explained. As will be understood in Fig. 6, pins 25, on the outer face of lock plate 27 are rounded to form a head 30, whereby the lock plate 27 on the 'outside of the housing, and the actuator bar 24 on the inside of the housing, will move together as a unit for both rotational and radial movement as the pins move appropri ately in the arcuate slots and the notches 29. At the op 5 4 posite ends of the lock plate 27 are formed outstanding flanges 31 to serve as finger rests so that the lock plate can be pushed downwardly or upwardly for locking and un locking purposes respectively, as desired. As viewed in Fig. 7, the mid-portion of the left hand edge of the actuator bar 24 is formed with a pair of spaced apart notches 32 and 33 to serve as detents to yieldably receive the small projection 34 on the spring member 35 which is held by bent ends between the adjacent edge of the actuator bar and the ends of the openings in the shaft. This permits the actuator bar 24 to be pushed radially through the shaft in one direction or the other by a push in the appropriate direction on the outside lock plate 27 and be held in such position by the spring detent until a force is exerted against the lock plate to move the actuator bar in the opposite direction. When the actuator bar 24 up in the position shown in Fig. 7, the pins 25 will ride in the arcuate slots 26, and enable the bar 24 to be rocked with the tubular shaft 29, and move the latch bolt 14 to re tracted position when the shaft is rotated in either direc tion. For illustration, when the shaft is rotated in a clockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 7, the lower end of the actuator bar 24 will push against the adjacent edge portion of the opening 23 in the latch bolt 14 and re tract the latch bolt to the left against the compression of springs 18. When the turning force on shaft is re leased, springs 18 will return the latch bolt to the right to projected position. When the shaft is rotated in a counterclockwise direction as viewed in Fig. 7, the upper end of the actuator bar 24 will push against the adjacent edge portion of the opening 23 in the latch bolt and re tract the latch bolt to the left against the connpression of springs 13, which will return the latch bolt to projected position when the turning force on the shaft is released. It is thus seen that the latch bolt may be retracted by turning the inside handic or outside knob in either direc tion. The configuration of opening 23 in the latch bolt plate 14 is such as to give the necessary play to the top and bottona portions of the actuator bar 24 while the latch boit is being retracted as described above, and also to form a cam por tion 36 so positioned that when the actuator bar 24 is in its downward position with detent projection 34 engaged in detent notch 33, the bottom end of bar 24 will be op posite said cam portion 36 and approximately in contact O therewith. At the same time pins 25 will have been drawn downwardly into notches 29 which is locking position and will lock actuator bar 24 against turning or rocking with relation to stationary housing 4, and also prevent shaft from rotating, which in turn will prevent the latch bolt 4 from being retracted from the outside of the door. How ever, should the door be slightly ajar, and the lock plate 27 be accidentally moved downwardly into locking position, it would be impossible for the operator to lock himself out by slamming or otherwise forcing the door shut, be cause the latch-lip 16 would be cammed inwardly by the inclined stationary lip 37 of the striker plate 38 which is fixed to the door frame 39. This would force the latch bolt inwardly and cause the cam portion 36 on the latch bolt to push against the curved bottom end of the actuator bar 24 and force the latter upwardly to move the pins 25 out of the locking notches 29, thus unlocking the shaft and permitting normal operation of the latch bolt by ro tation of the shaft. This action will be understood by re ferring to Figs. 7 and 8. As seen in Figs. 7 and 16, when the latch bolt is in fully projected position under the action of the compression springs 18, the rear side edges of the actuator bar 24 will be in contact with the rear vertical edges of the latch bolt opening 23 to act as a stop for the latch bolt to limit the amount of its projec tion. Referring to Figs. 3 and 6-8, the present latching mechanism may have a lock cylinder 40 secured in place in the tubular shaft, so that the door may be locked from the inside by the lock plate 27 against being opened
6 5 from the outside, and unlocked from the outside only by a key. It may of course be unlocked from the inside by manual operation of said.loc. plate:27. As the lock cyl inder 40 is of conventional type it need not be described in detail except to point out that it is provided with an ex tension 41 rotatably mounted in the interior of tubular shaft, which extension at its inner end is formed with a cylindrical head 42 provided in its inner end face with an axially extending eccentrically located pin 43 located in an enlarged recess. 44 formed centrally in the edge of the actuator bar toward the latch lip. 16. Recess 44 is enough larger than the diameter of pin 43 to provide for the necessary movement of the pin in moving the actuator bar into and out of locking position during rotation of the lock cylinder from the outside of the door by a key, and to permit the key to be returned to its central removal po sition, as will be understood in Fig. 7, in which the actua tor bar is shown in unlocked position, and the pin 43 in. position ready to move the actuator bar into locked posi tion upon rotation of the key in the lock cylinder in the appropriate direction. Also as will be understood in Fig. 7, the length of the recess 44 is sufficient to permit of movement of the actuator bar into either locked or un locked position by manual operation of the lock plate 27 from the inside, independently of the lock cylinder and key, and yet permit such movement of the actuator bar by the key and lock cylinder from the outside when desired. If desired, in the form of Figs. 1-4 and 6-8, the lock cylinder 40 may be omitted, and the hole in the outer end of the tubular shaft, in the center of the outer knob 6, may be covered up by the closure cap 45 having resilient fingers 46 that will hold the cap in place when driven into said hole, as shown in Fig. 5. Cap 45 may be removed if it is desired at a later date to install a lock cylinder 40 in the tubular shaft. This gives the user the selection of using or omitting the lock cylinder as desired. In the form shown in Figs , there is no tubular shaft or lock cylinder, but instead, a square shaft 47 is rigidly fixed to the hub of the inside handle to extend through the latching mechanism, through a hole in the door, and part way into a square hole in the outside knob 6'. In this form the actuator bar 24 is of slightly differ ent form in that the square shaft 47 passes through an elongated rectangular opening 48 in the actuator bar, see Figs. 6 and 17, and the detent means for releasably hold ing the actuator bar 24' in locked and unlocked positions are arranged somewhat differently. Otherwise the latching mechanism is the same as in the previously described form shown in Figs In the form of Figs , a washer 49, of copper, brass, or other suitable material, and formed with a cen trally located square hole 50 of a size to snugly fit over square shaft 47, is slid along the square shaft into con tact with the inner face of the hub of the inside handle 5 to bear thereagainst, and on its opposite face to bear against the adjacent face of the actuator bar 24, this being made possible by the inner end of the hub of the inside handle 5 passing through the central hole A in the housing plate 1. On opposite sides of hole 50 the washer is formed below its horizontal center line, as viewed in Fig. 19, with two indentations 51 which are punched therein so as to emerge from the side next to the actuator bar 24 as a pair of spaced detent projections 52, see Fig,. The actuator bar 24 on its face next to washer 49, is formed with two vertically spaced pairs of small recesses 53 and 54, so that when this bar is pushed upwardly by the lock plate 27 the pair of projections 52 on the washer 49 will enter the pair of detent recesses 53 in the actuator bar and hold the pins 25 in line with the arcuate slots 26 to permit normal latching operations. When the actuator bar is pushed downwardly by the lock plate 27 the pair of projec tions 52 on the washer 49 will enter the pair of detent recesses 54 in the actuator bar and hold the pins 25 in the notches 29 to lock the latch bolt against movement in the housing until the actuator bar is again moved 2,885, upwardly either by the lock plate 27 being manually. pushed upwardly, or by the cam shoulder 36 as explained above. It should be noted that when the latch bolt 14 is in its maximum projected position, the actuator bar 24 (or 24) is in vertical position as viewed in Figs. 7 and 16, which positions the pins 25 directly over notches 29 to be pushed thereinto by a downward push on lock plate 27, in both forms, or by turning the key in the form of Figs. 1-8, in the lock cylinder in the appropriate direction, when it is desired to lock the shaft against rotation. As will be understood in Figs. 16 and 17, the elongated rec tangular opening 48 in the actuator bar 24 is of a width to be slidable radially over the square shaft 47, and of a length to permit the actuator bar to be movable down wardly, as viewed in Fig. 16, into locked position, and upwardly into unlocked position. The actuator bar is shown in Fig. 16 as being in the unlocked position. in the form of Figs , as well as in the form of Figs. 1-8, the control parts of the latching mechanism, are housed in the housing, and held in operative posi tion therein by the cover plate 2 which is fastened to the housing by the ears 3 as previously explained. As will be understood the latching mechanism parts will be properly assembled in the housing, after which the cover plate will be fastened in place. This enables the parts to be assembled at the factory, and sold in assembled units ready to be applied to the inside face of the door. A suit able hole will be provided in the door for the reception of the shaft. It is also pointed out that as soon as the washer 49 and the actuator bar 24, in the form of Figs , are properly assembled in the housing, they will be held in such proper assembly by insertion of a slip washer 55, see Fig. 21, into a circumferential groove 36 formed in the sides of the square shaft. 47 in such position to hold the hub of the inside handle, the washer 49, and the actu ator bar 24, snugly together for rotation as a unit, and also permit sliding cf the actuator bar into and out of locking position, see Figs. 13 and 14. The slip washer 55 will befrictionally held in the circumferential groove 56, and will be applied to the shaft before the cover plate. 2 is secured to the housing. In the form of Figs , see Figs. 13 and 14, the outside knob 6' is formed with a central axially extending hole 57, square in cross section, to snugly receive the projecting end of the square shaft 47. Connecting the inner end of hole 57 with the outer face of knob 6' is a hole. 58, round in cross section, and beveled at its outer end to receive the beveled neck of the slotted head 59 of the: threaded screw stem 60 which is threadably screwed into the threaded axial hole 61 extending a distance into the square shaft. Mounted against the outer end of the square shaft. 47 is a spring washer 62 sufficiently thin to permit the threaded stem 60 to be threaded therethrough. Washer 62 on one side of the central hole therein is radi ally split from the hole to the adjacent outer edge, with the two portions of the washer on opposite sides of the split being slightly offset axially with relation to the screw stem 60, whereby when the screw stem is screwed into the square shaft to properly position the knob, with relation to the adjacent door surface, the screw stem will be under tension so as to prevent its loosening up. The latching mechanism of the present invention may be applied to any of many types of doors, and while, for illustrative purposes only, it has been shown herein as applied to a screen door having tubular metal marginal portions, to which it is well adapted, I wish it understood that it may be applied to wooden doors, and any other type of door to which it may be adapted. As pointed out earlier herein, it may be provided with or without a lock cylinder, as desired. Also the present latching mechanism is so constructed as to make it impossible to accidentally lock the door from the inner side, go out, slam the door shut, and find oncself locked out. Also as pointed out
7 7 above, the control parts of the latching mechanism are mounted as a unit in the housing over which is secured a cover plate, so that the device may be factory assem bled, and be quickly and easily applied to either left or high hand doors, for turning of the handle or knob in either a left or right hand direction, and for use in both metal and wood doors. In the present invention no mortising is required to be Jmade in the door for applying the latching mechanism thereto. Also the latch bolt and striker plate are formed with angular lips that will be in interlocking position with relation to each other when the door is closed and the latch bolt projected, because of the latch bolt lip 16 extending at an angle toward the plane of the latch bolt and laterally outwardly of the housing, and the striker plate lip extending at an angle away from the plane of the latch bolt and laterally toward the housing, as seen in Figs. 1, 8 and 14. Having described my invention, I claim: 1. Latching mechanism, comprising, a housing having a front plate, a back cover plate and an inner cavity, a latch bolt laterally slidable in said cavity and having an enlarged opening, spring means for normally urging the latch bolt to projected position, a shaft rotatably extending through said front plate, back cover plate and latch bolt opening, an actuator bar in said latch bolt enlarged open ing and connected to said shaft for rotation therewith and radially slidable with relation thereto, means for selectively moving the actuator bar in one direction radi ally of the shaft for holding the shaft against rotation and for moving the actuator bar in the opposite direction radially of the shaft for releasing the shaft for rotation for moving the latch bolt to retracted position, and means for securing the back cover plate to the front plate. 2. Latching mechanism, comprising, a housing adapt ed to be secured against a side surface of a door, a flat latch bolt laterally slidable in said housing and having an enlarged opening therein, a rotatable shaft extending at right angles through the housing and latch bolt open ing, an actuator bar in said housing connected with said shaft for rotation therewith and radial sliding move ment with relation thereto, said actuator bar extending radially from both sides of the shaft, said latch bolt having a recess in line with the actuator bar and opening into said enlarged opening, said housing having an outer wall formed with a laterally extending slot and a notch extending at right angles to the laterally extending slot and intercommunicating therewith, a lock member on the outer face of the housing outer wall, a pin connecting the lock member and the actuator bar through said slot and notch, whereby movement of the pin into said slot will permit rotation of the shaft for retracting the latch bolt, and movement of the pin into said notch will lock the shaft against rotation at which time the end of the actuator bar will be in said recess in the latch bolt. 3. Latching mechanism as claimed in claim 2, in which the forward edge of said recess in the latch bolt is cam shaped, whereby a strong inward force on the projected end of the latch bolt will cause the cam-shaped edge of the recess to move the actuator bar to move the pin to unlocked position so that the shaft may be rotated. 4. Latching mechanism, comprising, a shaft having turning means on each end thereof, a housing through which the shaft rotatably extends, a flatlatch bolt laterally (3) 65 8 slidable in said housing and having an enlarged opening through which the shaft extends, an actuator bar in the enlarged opening of the latch bolt and connected to said shaft for rotation therewith, said actuator bar being radially slidable with relation to the shaft, a lock plate on the outside wall of the housing, said outside wall hav ing a laterally extending arcuate slot having in its mid position an intercommunicating notch extending in a direction radially of the shaft, and a pin connecting the cck plate and the actuator bar and movable in said a cuate slot and notch, whereby when the pin is in the arcuate slot rotation of the shaft will retract the latch bolt, and when the lock plate is moved to carry the pin into said radially extending notch the shaft will be locked against rotation so that the latch bolt cannot be retracted by the shaft. 5. Latching mechanism as claimed in claim 4, includ ing a second arcuate slot and notch in said outer wall, and a second pin connecting the lock plate and actuator bar and movable in the second slot and notch, said arcuate slots being on opposite sides of the shaft, and said notches being so located that a straight line passing through the centers thereof will pass through the center of the shaft. 6. Latching mechanism, comprising, a thin flat hous ing open at its front and rear side edges and adapted to be secured to the inside flat fact of a door, a latch bolt laterally slidable in said housing and having an enlarged opening therein, a tubular shaft extending through said enlarged opening in the latch bolt and having a turning member Secured to its inner end and a turning member secured to its outer end, an actuator bar radially slidable through said shaft and rotatable therewith, said actuator bar being positioned in the enlarged opening in the latch bolt, said housing having an outer wall formed with a laterally extending slot and an intercommunicating notch extending in a direction radially of the shaft, a lock mem ber on the outer face of the housing outer wall, a pin connecting the lock member and the actuator bar and movable in said slot and notch for sliding the actuator bar radially in the shaft in one direction for normal Jatching operation when the pin is in the laterally extend ing slot, and in the opposite direction for locking the shaft against rotation with relation to the housing when the pin is in said notch, and a lock cylinder mounted in said outer turning member and having an extension extend ing in the tubular shaft to the actuator bar and having connection therewith for sliding the actuator bar radially in the shaft for locking and unlocking the shaft against and for rotation by a key from the outside. 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US 2003O190837A1 (19) United States (12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2003/0190837 A1 W (43) Pub. Date: Oct. 9, 2003 (54) BATTERY HOLDER HAVING MEANS FOR (52) U.S. Cl.... 439/500 SECURELY
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US 20070257638A1 (19) United States (12) Patent Application Publication (10) Pub. No.: US 2007/0257638A1 Amend et al. (43) Pub. Date: Nov. 8, 2007 (54) TWIST LOCK BATTERY INTERFACE FOR (52) U.S. Cl....
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