Arizona Tank Closure, Assessment and Response

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1 Arizona Tank Closure, Assessment and Response By: Phillip A. Schneider, P.E. August 1, 2013

2 Agenda > Closure > Assessment > Response

3 Exceptions to the UST State and Federal Regulations > USTs storing heating oil used on the premises where it is stored; > USTs of 1,100 gallons or less capacity holding motor fuel used for noncommercial purposes on farms; > USTs on or above the floor of underground areas, such as basements or tunnels; and > USTs of 110 gallons or smaller.

4 Types of Closures

5 > Temporary Closure > Permanent Closure UST Closure 1. Removal of UST system from ground. 2. Closing in the ground by filling with an inert solid material, such as sand. 3. Change-in-Service from storage of a regulated to a non-regulated substance.

6 Notification for Underground Storage Tanks Form > Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.), Title 49, Chapter 6, Section requires owners of underground storage tanks (USTs) to notify the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) of their USTs on forms prescribed by the Department. The Notification Form is designed to serve two purposes: 1) To register USTs located at a specific facility, and 2) To inform ADEQ of any changes (amendments) at an UST facility (e.g. installation, closure, method of release detection, change in ownership, etc.). > Owners and operators of USTs are required to notify ADEQ of all changes at a facility within thirty (30) days of that change. (

7 ADEQ Certified Tank Service Work

8 Temporary Closure A UST owner or operator may temporarily close their UST for up to 12 months by completing the following requirements. > Submit a notification form to ADEQ within 30 days of temporary closure > Maintain leak detection on UST systems containing product and continue to monitor and maintain any corrosion protection system > Maintain corrosion protection system > Leave vent lines open > Cap and secure all other lines, pumps, manways and ancillary equipment > Temporary closure for 12-month period

9 UST CLOSURE (A.R.S ) Owners and operators must notify ADEQ within 30 days of their intent to permanently or temporarily close the UST. Additionally, they must use a person certified by ADEQ to perform the tank closure. Permanent UST closure involves a process resulting in removing or closing a UST in place, as well as sampling of native materials (soil and/or water) to indicate if a release has occurred Assessment.

10 If Temporary Closure is Desired Beyond 12 Months > Option A - You may request an extension of Temporary Closure, for which the following procedures must be followed: 1. Perform a Site Assessment (if required) prior to the extension request. (Certain UST systems are exempt from performing a site assessment. Contact the UST section for further details). 2. Contact ADEQ at least 30 days prior to the end of the initial temporary closure date. 3. Submit a Notification Form requesting extension of temporary closure and include the site assessment results (if required). > Option B Permanently Close the UST System.

11 Permanent UST Closure 1. Notify ADEQ in writing of your intent to close the UST at least 30 days prior to the closure date. 2. ADEQ will assign a closure number. 3. Coordinate with the appropriate fire authority and ADEQ for the date and time of actual closure. 4. Use a tank service provider certified by ADEQ to decommission the UST. 5. Perform a site assessment.

12 Permanent UST Closure - Continued 6. Submit the Notification Form and the site assessment report within 30 days of the permanent closure date. For details, refer to the Permanent Closure Guidance Document at ADEQ s website or contact the UST call line at (800) or (602)

13 NOTE: Whenever possible, the intent-to-close letter should include the name and the ADHS license number of the laboratory that will be performing the analytical testing. Soil samples which are to be analyzed for the possible presence of volatile regulated substances may be subject to either: 1) Extraction within 72 hours of collection, unless site-specific pre-approval to extend the time to 120 hours has been granted by the Department; or 2) Extraction using methanol immersion; or 3) The use of purge-and-trap modified adapters. If an extension to the extraction holding time is necessary, the request should be made in the intent to close letter.

14 After receiving the intent to close letter, ADEQ will issue a closure number to the UST owner/operator and a copy to the consultant/contractor retained by the owner/operator. This number will be valid for six months only. If closure or CIS is not accomplished within the six month period, ADEQ requires another intent to close letter be submitted.

15 Pre-Closure Assessment - Continued Contact the Appropriate Fire Authority - After receipt of the ADEQ closure number, the UST owner/operator must coordinate the permanent tank closure activity with the appropriate fire authority that has jurisdiction for the area in which the UST is located.

16 Pre-Closure Assessment - Continued

17 UST System Removal (Tank Pull) > The petroleum product UST is pumped out or the tank. > The tank(s) are prepared for removal and made inert. > The concrete and overburden is removed from the tank(s) and product piping.

18 Assessment

19 When Should Soil Samples Be Collected? At the time of closure and/or before a CIS, soil samples must be taken at the locations in which contamination is observed or is most likely to occur. (ADEQ recommends that soil samples be collected as soon as practicable following the removal of any portion of the UST system, but no later than four hours after removal.)

20 Sampling Beneath the UST: 1. If water is not present in the excavation at the time an UST is removed, a minimum of two (2) distinct soil samples should be taken from native soils beneath each tank end that has a capacity to hold more than 550 gallons and a sample should be collected beneath the fill pipe if the fill pipe is in the center of the tank. (Most samples tend to be collected in native soil two or three feet below the base of the tank basin.)

21 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 2. If water is present above the floor of the excavation at the time an UST is removed, representative samples of native soils should be taken from the walls of the excavation at the soilwater interface at both ends of the tank along with a sample of the water present in the excavation. If there is a sheen or free product on the water, the sampling requirements of this paragraph do not have to be met, but further investigation must be accomplished in accordance with all applicable state, federal, county and local regulations.

22 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 3. If an UST is being closed in place by filling it with an inert solid material or if an UST is undergoing a CIS, a minimum of two (2) distinct soil samples must be taken from native soils as close as practicable to locations directly beneath each tank that has a capacity to hold more than 550 gallons. The samples must be taken from beneath each end of each tank. Samples are usually collected with a drill rig and a split-spoon sampler.

23 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 4. If native soil cannot be sampled due to cobbles, boulders or induration (granite, stiff clay, etc.) or, if the excavation zone is constructed in bedrock, samples must be taken of the excavation backfill material located beneath the UST in same manner as described in 1. If the backfill material cannot be sampled, contact ADEQ for further instruction.

24 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 5. Distinct soil samples must also be collected from native soils beneath: elbows, joints, fittings, dispensers, ancillary equipment and areas of corrosion. When closing piping (i.e., flushed, then capped and closed in place or removed from the ground), distinct soil samples must be collected every twenty (20) linear feet beneath the piping in native soils.

25 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 6. Additional Soil Sampling: In areas that appear to have had a release, it is highly recommended that the UST owners/operators consider collecting additional soil samples below the first set of samples. By doing this, it may be possible to fully characterize the release before leaving the facility.

26 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 7. Excavated, Stockpiled Soils: Native soils that are excavated should be stockpiled in a manner to prevent the migration of any contaminants into the air, soil or water. Discrete samples of excavated soils must be collected to determine if the soil is a special waste (A.R.S et seq.).

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29 Analysis and Test Method? (Table A - ADEQ Sampling Guideline)

30 Sampling Beneath the UST (Continued): 8. Within thirty (30) days after permanent closure or a CIS, the following documents must be submitted to ADEQ:

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41 Example Site Map w/o Key or Header

42 UST Release Notification Requirements UST owners and operators are required to notify ADEQ within 24 hours of a release or suspected release of an underground storage tank. Please call: (602) (800) Toll Free Once a release is confirmed, the owner or operator has the responsibility of investigating and, if necessary, cleaning up the contaminated soil and/or groundwater from the leaking UST (LUST) site. ADEQ calls these activities "corrective actions."

43 Confirmed Release Status Report An owner or operator shall submit a written report, on a department provided form, within 14 calendar days after the release confirmation date. The report shall include: > The nature of the release. > The regulated substance released. > The estimated quantity of the regulated substance released. > The estimated period of time over which the release occurred.

44 Confirmed Release Status Report - Continued > A copy of the results of any tightness test performed to confirm the release. > Laboratory analytical results of samples demonstrating the release confirmation. > The initial response and corrective action taken as of the date of the report. > Anticipated corrective actions to be taken within the first 90 days after the release confirmation date [excerpt from A.A.C. R (C)].

45 Initial Response An owner or operator shall initiate... initial response actions within 24 hours of release confirmation... to prevent further release and identify and mitigate fire, explosion, and vapor hazards [excerpt from A.A.C. R (A)].

46 References Hazardous and Solid Wastes Amendments of 1984, P.L , 98 Stat. 3224, November 8, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, DC. "Operation and maintenance of corrosion protection." Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks (UST). Code of Federal Regulations, 40 C.F.R EPA (2010). "FY 2009 Annual Report On The Underground Storage Tank Program." Document no. EPA-510-R EPA. "Definitions." Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks (UST). Code of Federal Regulations, 40 C.F.R EPA (1988). "Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks (UST)." Federal Register, 53 F.R , CFR Part

47 Questions?