PCMO3. Fuel Economy & Engine Durability Predictor Test. Alternatives to ASTM D7589 & ILSAC SEQ 6E

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1 PCMO3 Fuel Economy & Engine Durability Predictor Test Alternatives to ASTM D7589 & ILSAC SEQ 6E DRAFT to be Presented to ASTM Committee D02.B0.1.1 Passenger Car Engine Oil Classification Panel January 15, 2015 by Mark Alan Adams Tribology Testing Labs Saginaw, MI USA

2 ISO Accredited Laboratory Chemical & Mechanical Testing of Lubricants and Materials

3 PCMO3 Fuel Efficiency & Engine Durability Predictor Test PRECISION For determining friction and wear characteristics: Gasoline & Diesel Motor Oils Relevant to All Engine Manufacturers and Models New Additives, Engine Materials, Coatings & Surface Finishes Idling, City & Highway Driving Sequences From Idling to 3000 RPM s Sorts by Viscosity Grade & Friction Modifier % Best Precision, Repeatability & Reliability in the Business

4 ASTM / TMC Standard Reference Oils PCMO3 Test Ratings BL3 20W W W-20 ASTM TMC Oil Sample # COF Ave FEI Wear Index & Viscosity Grade #VIDBL3 20W #541 10W #542 0W

5 REPEATABILITY

6 SAE 30 SN Motor Oil Test #1 Test #2 Test #3 4

7 Oil Sample # COF Ave FEI# Wear Index SAE 30 SN SAE 30 SN # SAE 30 SN # Grouping Coefficient Of Friction (Average) Fuel Economy Index Wear Index STATISTICAL DATA Statistical Data Test # Test # Test # Test # Test # Test # Test #1 7.0 Test #2 7.7 Test #3 7.1 Data Points Mean (μ) Standard Deviation (σ) ± ±32 ±0.4

8 ASTM TMC Oil #541 10W-30 Test #1 Test #2 Test #3

9 STATISTICAL DATA Oil Sample # COF ave FEI Wear Index ASTM TMC 541 # ASTM TMC 541 # ASTM TMC 541 # Grouping Statistical Data Data Points Mean (μ) Standard Deviation (σ) Coefficient Of Friction (Average) Fuel Economy Index Wear Index Test # Test # Test # Test # Test # Test # Test #1 7.4 Test #2 7.4 Test # ± ± ±0.12

10 SORTING BY FRICTION MODIFIER %

11 Mobil 1 5W-30 SN Oil with % s of Friction Modifiers Mobil 1 5W-30 SN % FM +0.5% FM +0.75% FM +1.5% FM

12 FEI # Fuel Economy Index vs % Friction Modifiers Baseline FM 0.25% FM 0.5% FM 0.75% FM 1.5% Friction Modifier Percentages Oil Sample # COF Ave Fuel Economy Index Wear Index Baseline FM % FM % FM % FM %

13 SORTING BY VISCOSITY

14 PCMO3-Sorting ASTM TMC Oils by Viscosity 10W-30 5W-20 0W-20

15 RATING OILS BY API CATEGORY

16 Backward Compatibility Validating Over 27 Years of Energy Conserving Motor Oil Labels & API Licensing Claims Based on ILSAC Seq 6_ and ASTM D7589 Tests API SF (1988 and older) vs API SN (current 2015)

17 Valvoline SAE 10W-30 API Service Classification SF vs. SN COF Ave API SF 1988 & Prior COF Ave API SN 2015

18 Valvoline 10W-30 API SF (1988) vs. API SN (2015) Oil Sample # COF ave FEI Wear Index Valvoline SF 10W Valvoline SN 10W

19 General Motors Corp Aftermarket Oils SAE 5W-30 Motor Oils API Service Categories SJ, SL, SN, & SN Dexos

20 Friction Comparisons of GM Aftermarket SAE 5W-30 Motor Oils SJ (1996), SL (2001), SN and Dexos (2015) SJ SL SN Current SN Dexos Current

21 GM Motor Oils, SAE 5W-30, API SJ, SL, SN, vs. Dexos Grouping API Service Category PCMO3 Values Coefficient Of Friction (Average). Fuel Economy Index Wear Index SJ (1996) SL (2001) SN (2015) SN Dexos SJ 3434 SL 3989 SN 3047 SN Dexos 3393 SJ 8.8 SL 7.9 SN 7.0 SN Dexos 8.9

22 FEI # General Motors Fuel Economy Index (FEI) Distribution by API Service Category SJ SL SN SN D GM Oil Samples from Categories Oil Sample # Year COF Ave. FEI Wear Index GM 5W-30 SJ 2001+Older GM 5W-30 SL GM 5W-30 SN 2010-Current GM 5W-30 SN D 2010-Current

23 Quaker State SAE 10W-30 Motor Oils API SJ (1996) vs. API SN (2015)

24 Quaker State SAE 10W-30 Motor Oils API SJ (1996) vs. API SN (2015) COF Ave SJ Oil 1996 COF Ave SN Oil 2015

25 Quaker State SAE 10W-30 Motor Oils API SJ (1996) vs. API SN (2015) PCMO3 Values API Service PCMO3 Results Coefficient Of Friction (Average) Fuel Economy Index Wear Index SJ SN SJ 3973 SN 3939 SJ 8.8 SN 7.2

26 Mobil SAE 5W-30 Motor Oils API SL (2004) vs SM (2010) vs SN (2015)

27 Mobil SAE 5W-30 Mineral Oil PCMO API SL (2004), SM (2010), & SN (2015) COF Ave SL Oil 2001 COF Ave SM Oil 2004 COF Ave SN Oil 2015

28 Mobil SAE 5W-30 Mineral Oils API SL (2004), SM (2010), and SN (2015) PCMO3 Values Coefficient Of Friction (Average) Fuel Economy Index Wear Index API Service Category SL SM SN SL 3092 SM 3185 SN 3805 SL 7.4 SM 7.5 SN 7.1 PCMO3 Results

29 AGED ENGINE OILS

30 5W-30 SN Dexos Motor Oil Aged 7500 mi Chevrolet Avalanche New 5W- 30 SN Motor Oil Aged 5W- 30 SN Motor Oil

31 5W-30 SN Dexos Motor Oil Aged 7500 mi Chevrolet Avalanche Oil Sample COF ave Fuel Economy Index Wear Index New Oil Aged 7500 mi

32 5W-20 SN Motor Oil at 9539 miles Ford Fiesta New 5W- 20 SN Aged 5W- 20 SN 9539 miles

33 SAE 5W-20 SN Motor Oil at 9539 miles Ford Fiesta Oil Sample COF ave Fuel Economy Index Wear Index New Oil Oil Aged 9539 mi

34 WHERE COULD WE BE WITH FUEL ECONOMY?

35 Where COULD motor oil fuel economy be in 2015 IF our ASTM Fuel Economy Test Standards hadn t been hijacked 27 years by ILSAC, ASTM API, & Automakers? Valvoline 10W30 SF 1988 Valvoline 10W30 SN 2015 TODAYS Next Gen Low Friction Oils 2015

36 Thanks! Mary Walker Andy Schomaker Justin Thompson lab: mobile: East Rd. Saginaw, MI USA

# B: Global Information for GM dexos 1 and dexos 2 Engine Oil Specifications, Licensed Brands, and Service Fill - (May 21, 2013)

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