Index. Austro-Daimler, 7, 282, 291 Automatic transmission, 187, Axle, live, 118, 135, 149, 151

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1 Index Acceleration, time, 0-60 mph, , 220 Ackermann centre, 127, 128 Aerodynamic drag, 178 lift, 180 stability, 179, Aerodynamics, Aerofoil, 181 Air cooled engines, dam, 182, 185 fuel ratio, 67 control, AiResearch turbocharger, 238, 239 Alcohol, 21, 26 Alfa Romeo, 8, Aligning torque, see Self-aligning torque Angle of yaw, see Yaw angle Anti-dive, 151, ,246 Anti-lock braking, Anti-roll bar, 133, 137 Anti-squat, 246 Apperson 'Jack Rabbit', 8 AP stabilised suspension, Aquaplaning, 124, 125 Aston Martin, 8 DB2/4,15 DBR1 engine, 57 DBS performance, 220, 221 suspension, 159, 160 Austro-Daimler, 7, 282, 291 Automatic transmission, 187, Axle, live, 118, 135, 149, 151 Balance pipe, induction, 38 Baulk ring synchromesh, 189 Beam axle, see Axle, live Bearingloads,86,87 metals, pressures, Bentley, 8, 12, 14,32-33,211 four-valve head, performance, 211 Benz, 3,7,279,280 Benzol,26 Blocker synchro, see Baulk ring Body, fibre glass, shape, Bosch anti-lock braking, fuel injection, Bounce frequency, 146, 147 resonance, 146 Brake cooling, 205,209 disc, drum, 203,204, 205 fade, ,209 forces, , 205 lining material, 204 pad material, 204, 210

2 Index 303 Braking, anti-lock, weight transfer, 201, 203 Bugatti, 7, 8,12-14,171 Bump, suspension, 137, 161, 163, 166, 167 Camber, 118, 133, 153 Camshaft drive, DOHC, 18, 19,56-57,58 SOHC, Carbon deposits, Carburettor metering, 67 SU,67-74 Carburettors, triple, twin, V-8,40-44 Castor angle, 152 Cavitation, 103 Centre of gravity, 138 of pressure, 180, 181, 183 Centrifugalforces, 128, 129 CFR engine, 26 Chapman, Colin, 12, 16,263,265 strut, 134, 135 Charles' Law, 23, 51 Chassis design, torsional stiffness, Chevrolet Corvette, 16,208 Chevrolet-Weslake four-valve head, Chrysler hemi-head, 30, 32 crankcase, 84 Citroen self-levelling suspension, 245 Clutch, 190, 191 Coil ignition, Cold air intake, Combustion chamber research, shape, 19,26-27 types, Compression ratio, limiting, 26 Connecting rod, 93, 294 Constant velocity universal joint, 195, 196, 197 Contact patch, see Tyre footprint Contamination, oil, 94, 95 Cooling, air, water, Cord angle, see Tyre, cord angle Cornering, see Tyre, cornering Cos worth-ford Formula 1 engine, 33 V-6 engine, Coventry-Climax cylinder head, Crankcase, Crankshaft, Cylinder dimensions and power, and torque, head design, 19,28-34 history, 18 Daimler, 3, 7, 279, 280, 281, 282 Daimler-Benz, 279, 280, 282, 283, 287, 289 Damper, suspension, characteristics, double-tube, Girling, 164, 165, 167 Koni,166 single-tube, Woodhead-~unroe, Datsun, 260Z body, 173, 174 front suspension, rear drive unit, 193 suspension, 158, Z performance, 220, 221 De Dion axle, see Suspension Desmodromic valve gear, Detonation, see Knock Diesel engine, Differential, limited slip, 197, 198 Disc brake, see Brake, disc Drag, coefficients, ,219,221,222 Drift, four wheel, Drive, front wheel, 131, 198,263,265 rear wheel, 128, Duckworth, Keith, 32, 61 Dyke's piston ring, Emission control, crankcase, 73 exhaust,67,74, ,226,229,231, 233,237, End-gas, 23, 26, 27 Ethylene glycol, 101 Exhaust pipe design, pressure waves, 54 residuals, 20 silencer, Fan, 101, 102 Ferrari, 6,15,33, GT4, 6 performance, 220, 221 Fibre-glass body, Final drive unit, 193, 194, 195, 198 Flame front, 23, 26

3 304 The Sports Car Flow, laminar, 179 streamline, 179 Ford GT40, 16 Mustang, V-8 racing engine, 213, 214 Ford-Cosworth engines, see Cosworth-Ford Forward ram intake, 50 Four-valve cylinder head, Four wheel drift, Frame, chassis, 169 tubular, 172 Front wheel drive, 131, 198,263,265 Fuel injection, Bosch K-jetronic Lucas, Future developments, brakes, engine, suspension, transmission, 246 tyres,244 Gas turbines, Gear ratios, 187, 188 Gearbox, Jaguar E Type, 190 Porsche, 194 Girling anti-lock brakes, 247 brakes, 206, 207 Glass-fiber, see Fibre-glass Gyration, radius of, 147 Gyroscopic effects, 133 Healey Silverstone, 15 Hemispherical combustion chamber, 19, Heron cylinder head, 29 Honda CVCC engine, 237 Horsepower comparisons, 213 definition, 212 true measurement, 212 versus cubic capacity, Hotspot, 21 Hydroplaning, 124, 125 Hypoid gears, 195 Ignition, conventional system, Lucas OPUS system, magneto, 104 transistorized, 106, Independent suspension, 133, 134, , Induction, ram manifold, ramming pipes, In-line engines, Intake, cold air, forward ram, 50 Iso-octane, Jacking action, 155, 156 Jaguar C Type brakes, 205 design study, E Type gearbox, 190 six-cylinder engine, 43 suspension, 151, 152 XJ-S cylinder head, description, engine, , 256, lubrication circuit, performance, 220, 221 specification, suspension, 151, 153 valve operation, XK120,15 Jounce, see Bump Kamm tail, 179, 182, 185 K-jetronic fuel injection, Knock, Lambda-Sonde, 243 Lamborghini Espada performance, 220, 221 Lancia Beta cylinder head, 30, 31 front wheel transmission, 197, 198 performance, 272 Latent heat of fuel, 21 Le Mans, 4,8-12 Lift at high speed, 180 Limited slip differential, Live axle, see Axle, live Long-life car, Lotus, 12, 16 design study, Eclat acceleration, 220 description, 272, 273, 276 Elan body-chassis, 173 Elite body-chassis, ,268, description, engine, specification, 271 suspension, 272 Esprit, description, 274, 275, maximum speed, 221 suspension, 278 Seven performance, 220, 221 Lubricants, 93-95

4 Index 305 Lubrication pressure, system, Lucas fuel injection, ignition system, MacPherson strut, see Suspension Magneto, 104 Manifold, exhaust, 52 induction, Maserati, 15 Bora performance, 220, 221 Maximum speed, Mazda-Wankel engine, 229 Mercedes, 7 Clll Prototype, design study, SL, 16,283, SLR, 16,65-66, SL engine, 44, 286, 287 specification, valve operation, 57 SSK, 16,281 Mercedes-Benz, 8, 14, 16 Mercer, 8 MO, 8, 10, 14, 16 MOB OT V -8 performance, 220, 221 Michelin X tyres, 121 Mid-engined sports car, 132 Morgan Plus Eight performance, 220, 221 suspension, 134 Motor sport, 1-2 No-roll suspension, NSU"Wankel engine, Octane rating, Offenhauser engine, 213, 214 Oil, Overdrive, Overhead valve engine, 18, 19,43,44, Oversteer, 126, 127, 128, 132, 139, 183 Panther Lima, 13 Pent roof cylinder head, 18,32-34 Performance of typical sports cars, 220, 221 standards, Pinking, see Knock Piston design, lubrication, rings, 95, 96, Pitching, 24, ,245,246 Pneumatic tyre history, 112 Porsche Carrera, design study, engine, suspension, 155, 156, transmission, 194, 296 Turbo, 181,241,242, Type 911, performance, 220,221 Type 917, 30, 31, 35, performance, 2ll, 212 Port design, Power, see Horsepower Pre-ignition, 26 Pump, oil, 86, water, 92, 103 Pushrod valve operation, Radiator, Radius of gyration, 147 Ramming pipe, exhaust, 54 inlet, Rear suspension, Aston Martin, 159, 160 Datsun, Jaguar, 152 Lotus, 272, 278 Mercedes, 136,282,286,287 Porsche, wheel drive, Rear-engined sports car, Rebound, suspension, 137, 161, 163, 164, 167 Reliant Scimitar performance, 220, 221 Resonance bouncing, 146 crankshaft vibration, 85 pitching, Ricardo, 18 cylinder head, 19,27 Road ripples, effect on suspension, , surfaces, 114-ll6 Roll, 133, 138, 153, 155,246 angle, 133, 136, 137 centre, 133, 134, 135, 136, 138, 153 couple, 133 resistance, 136 stabiliser, 137 Rollover bar, 175, 295 Rotating combustion engine, , 230 Rzeppa universal joint, 195, 196, 197 Saab Turbo, 241 Safety regulations, 176

5 306 The Sports Car Self-aligning torque, 116, 130 Semi-trailing link, 153, 155 Shelby Cobra, 17 Shimmy, 150 Shock absorber, see Damper Side valve cylinder head, 19 Silencer, exhaust, Slip angle, see Tyre, slip angle Sparking plug, Speed maximum, 209, , 301 Spoiler, 181 Sports car, definition, 2 _ history, 3-17 Spring acceleration, 141, 142, 145 coil, 153, 160 deflection, 142, 144 frequency, 141, 142, 143, 145, 146 semi-elliptic, 135, 142 torsion bar, 148, 149, 153 Sprung mass, 138, 141, 142, 143, 145, 146 Squish, 23, 28 Steam engine, Steering layout, Stirling engine, Stopping distances, 200 Stratified charge engine, Streamlining, Stroke-bore ratio, 22 Stutz, 8 SU carburetter, Supercharging, 281, 282, 283 Suspension, Chapman strut, 134, 135 Damper, see Damper De Dion, 118, 135, 136, 137, 149, 159, 160 live (beam) axle, 135, 148, 149, 150 MacPherson strut, 134, 135, 157, 160 semi-trailing link, 153, 155 swing-axle, 136, 153, 155 trailing link, 134, 153, 155 wishbone, 134, 137, 148, 149, 151 Swing-axle, see Suspension Synchromesh,189 Torque, 186, 187,212,213,214,215,216, 217,218,219 definition, 212 multiplication, versus cubic capacity Torsional stiffness, of chassis-body, ,173,175 vibrations, of crankshaft, 85 Traction, effect on cornering, Trailing link, see Suspension Tramp, 150 Transaxle, 194 Transistorized ignition, 106, Transmission, automatic, 187, final drive, 193, 194, 195, 198 manual, Triumph four-valve cylinder head, TR7 performance, 220, 221 Turbo-charging, Turbulence, 22, 23, 27, 28 TVR 300ML performance, 220, 221 Tyre construction, compounds, cornering force, 117, 119, 120, 128, 129,130,131 power, footprint, , 121 grip on the road, , load, 117, 120 pressure, profiles, 117, 118 slip angle, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 126, 127,128,129,130 tread pattern, 115, 116, 122, 124 Understeer, 126, 127, 128, 129, 183 factors leading to, Unitary body-chassis, , 174 Universal joints, Unsprung mass, 143, 144, 145, 146, 148, 149 Upper cylinder lubricants, 93 Valve operation, DORC, 56-57, 58 push-rod, SORC, Vauxhall,7 TT engine, 18 Venturi, 67, 71, 74 Viscosity, fuel, 72 Volumetric efficiency, Volvo's 'thinking engine', 243 VVankelengine, ,230 VVater cooling, VV edge cylinder head, 28 VVeight transfer under braking, VVeslake, VVheellifting, sizes, 145 VVishbone suspension, see Suspension Yaw angle, 129, 130, 131 ZF automatic transmission,