APPENDIX D - COST EVALUATION DATA

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "APPENDIX D - COST EVALUATION DATA"

Transcription

1 APPENDX D - COST EVALUATON DATA 0.1 RANGE OF POSSBLTES A review of Cost Element 1 (nfrastructure Capital Costs - Civil/Structural) offers a prime example of the range of possibilities that exists for each option. A dedicated AHS facility with continuous barriers has been assigned a score of based on the maximum level of complexity. However, this aspect of the system can be instituted several different ways, as dramatized in Figures D.l- through D.l-4. Figure D.- details a typical freeway and has been included to provide a point of reference when examining the AHS alternatives for a standard freeway configuration. Figure D.- identifies a possible method of incorporating a single dedicated AHS lane while maintaining the existing paved area. The separation wall could be as simple as a jersey barrier, and the paved surface would require very few modifications. Right-ofway acquisition becomes an issue in this configuration only when constructing the AHS points of entry and exit. The scenario is simplified in this layout, but it is apparent from the sketch that the ramp work becomes extensive when applied to an interstate highway interchange. Figures D.-3 and D.-4 display the two more-extensive efforts that produce a dedicated AHS facility. Most of the costs associated with the elevated highway option would be due to construction materials and labor. Right-of-way purchases would again be necessary only to supply access ramps. This option could become necessary in an urban environment, where widening the existing highway is not possible. Right-of-way acquisition becomes the major cost attribute when considering the wide, single-elevation version of the AHS facility. The direct construction costs for the roadway in this scenario will be much lower when compared with those for the elevated highway, but available space may become a concern when applied to an urban environment. The values applied in the scoring tables reflect potential cost and, as noted, should be reevaluated as the Concepts become more clearly defined. The preceding example is intended to identify alternatives for one specific dimensional option, as well as acknowledge the range of alternatives that exist for other dimensional options. 0. COST ELEMENT 1 Cost element 1 addresses the costs associated with building or modifying the physical portion of the highway. Two Dimensions were considered to envelop the costs associated with this element, as identified in Table D.-. The Dimension entitled "AHS and Non-AHS Mixing" identifies the requirements for interconnecting an AHS freeway with a non-ahs freeway. This Dimension was regarded as the major civil/structural cost element due to direct association with the physical infrastructure, and is weighted accordingly. The Dimension entitled "Class Mixing" outlines the necessity for class-specific lanes on the AHS freeway. This Dimension was considered to affect selective portions of the infrastructure only and, as a result, was weighted much lower. Table D.- defines the relative scores assigned to each of the dimensional options, as well as the relative weights applied to each Dimension when calculating the cost element rating. Table D.- summarizes the scoring for Cost Element and calculates the relative ratings. Figure D.-l displays the results of this rating in bar graph format. National Automated Highway System Consortium 0-1

2 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report Entry/Exit Ramp 8' Shoulder 1'Lanes nr-j , :: [ [ :1 :, Median 1' Lanes o 8' Shoulder.----' ,1 n :1: 1}0:1} :1: [ Non-AHS Vehicles Figure D.-. Typical Freeway 0- National Automated Highway System Consortium

3 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data 1' NonL:n 'HS 8' Shoulder n ' L...---' r-, m 8 '" o '" "if '" AHS Point of Exit Non-AHS Entry/Exit Ramp,,$)) AHS A Communicator Figure D.1-. Maintain Paved Area of Existing Highway and Reduce Number of Non-AHS Lanes AHS Point of Entry National Automated Highway System Consortium 0-3

4 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report nh11-'- Non-AHS Entry/Exit Ramp -",,, AHS Vehicles.....'.....e. -'-.t!.i. 1.1,:1.; TTT :1 1 mmmi '\tr :'! 4\ :\L 1 \"'-1 A", 11..._1 '"! "'. ".. ' t:t:t \ /1 \.fs" \1' "\d/ AHS Elevated Ramp Point of Entry/Exit )}) AAHS Communicator Figure D.1-3. AHS Lanes Elevated (Within Existing Width) D-4 National Automated Highway System Consortium

5 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data 1' Non-AHSn 1' AHS Lanes\!,.rLane 8' Shoulder ;:L.. "'-1_ ,,..----L---, : : :. : :... -!.- _ AHS Point '" of Exit Non-AHS Entry/Exit Ramp ) AHS A Communicator 1 \' 1 :{}:{}r.:t 1 \1 -s.s..: 1 :1 :1 Figure D.1-4. Use More Highway Width (Right-of-Way Acquisition) AHS Point of Entry National Automated Highway System Consortium D-5

6 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report _ Table D.-. Cost Element -nfrastructure Civil/Structural Applicable Dimensions and Relative Scores Relative Weight Dimension Score Assumptions and Rationale 80% AHS and non-ahs Mixing : Dedicated with Continuous Requires dedicated entry/exit interchanges Barriers Roadway is separated and segregated New/improved connections to local roadway network Addition of new lanes, possibility elevated Dedicated with Gaps in 5 Allows use of existing interchanges for entry/exit Barriers Requires constructing physical barriers Likely utilization of existing/expanded right-of-way Dedicated with Visual 4 Similar to above without need for physical barriers Barriers Full Mixing 1 Potential requirement to upgrade pavement % Class Mixing Mixed 0 No impact Not Mixed Additional lanes must be built to accommodate each class of AHS vehicles in a "non-mixed" environment Count require highly complex interchanges for entry/exit to independent "non-mixed" lane Table D.-. Automated Highway System-Cost Evaluation Matrix Cost Element -nfrastructure and Support Capital Cost, Civil/Structural. Distribution of ntelligence. Separation Policy. AHS and non-ahs Mixing V. Class Mixing V. Obstacle Detection Weight =0 Weight = 0 Weight =8 Weight = Weight = 0 "0., a. iol '" : c: c: i!!.. g;:g Ol :: 0.!l! c: Ul ::;; c..> Ol.=:::.=i!! :!!.. B Ol., :=CD. i g ci., :: ;n, :: ::..,>- c: Z 0.: c: 0> U U., jg "0" "0::: 0> "0! -Q.g :9 a: Q. E 1!! ::.5.,.0.,...5., _ 0., 0., Jf c: -.0.!!.!! CiE.. 0 c c: iii u; u; 0 c:.;. ai E "0.. > E E.. E >., (J a.., ::.. c: 1!1 1!1 1!1 S : i"e., "00. "0::1 SE 0" E 0...!! 0' &i -"0 0.,...,'" '3 :: :: c:.!!! c..> <C c..> :E :E :E LL i: Ul c8 Co> C "S; LL ::;; Z ::;;.. <Co <C.. w 1a b a sa b a b National Automated Highway System Consortium

7 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data 19 c:::: b 1a 11 9 Concept No. 8b 8a a o Element Rating Figure D.-. Cost Element Rating 1b 1a National Automated Highway System Consortium 0-7

8 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report 0.3 COST ELEMENT Cost Element addresses the cost of instituting the systems and instrumentatio network necessary to control the AHS enlronment. Three Dimensions were consdered to envelop this cost element, as identified in Table D.3-1. The Dimension entitled "Distribution of ntelligence" identifies the level of participation the infrastructure has in controlling the operation. of the AH.S facility. This Dimension outlnes the basc system functions ofthe infrastructure and, as a result was weighted heavily. The Dimensins entitled "Obstacle Detection" and "Separation Policy" were considered to define specific parameters that enhance the system. These Dimensions were weighted lower, since the impact on the syste cost depends entirely on the role of the mfrastructure. The complexity required to adequately detect roadwy obtac.les warranted a slightly heaver weghtmg between these two Dimensions. Table D.3- defines the relative scores assigned to each of the dimensional options, as well as the relative weights applied to each Dimenion when calculating the cost element ratmg. Table summarizes the scoring for Cost Element and calculates the relative ratings. Figure displays the results of this rating in bar graph format. 0.4 COST ELEMENT 3 Cost element 3 addresses the cost of adding AHS-related sensors and intelligence to a vehicle. Two Dimensions were considered to envelop this cost element, as identified in Table The Dimension entitled "Obstacle Detection" specifies the most sophisticated sensor requirments on.an AHS vehicle. This was weghted heavly due to the wide field of view required onboard the vehicle to adequately detect obstacles, plus the extensive coordinaton required to support automated evasve action. The Dimension entitled "Distribution of ntelligence" defines a mucq broader range of sensor requi!eents, but none. as complicated as avodmg and detectmg obstacles; thus, the lower weighting. Table D.4-1 defines the relative scores assigned to each dimensional option, as well as the relative weights applied to each Dimenion when calculating the cost element ratmg. Table D.4-11 summarizes the scoring for Cost Element 3 and calculates the relative ratings. Figure displays the results of this rating in bar graph format. 0.5 COST ELEMENT 4 Cost element 4 addresses the relative costs attributed to infrastructure and vehicle O&M. By definition, these costs depend on the first three cost elements; therefore, three Dimensions were considered to envelop this cost element, as identified in Table The most dominant Dimension from each of Cost Elements 1,, and 3 was assumed to represent the O&M for that cost eleme.nt. The dimensional scoring mirrors that appled to the Dimension in the previous ratings, for each respective cost element. The.O&M for the infrastructure system was weghted he heaviest to reflect the relatively short servce life of an electronic-based system and the extensive network of personnel required to prevent extended down times. The.O&M for the physical infrastructure was wghted marginal to reflect the resources requlred for snow removal and other maintenance tasks along the extensive highway system. The O&M of the vehicle was weighted low, since the AHS-specific maintenance required for the vehicle will be minimal. Table D.5- defines the relative scores assigned to each of the dimensional options, as well as the relative weights applied to each Dimension when calculating the cost element rating. Table D.5- summarizes the scoring for Cost Element 4 and calulates the relative ratings. Figure D.5-1 dsplays the results of this rating in bar graph format. 0-8 National Automated Highway System Consortium

9 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data Table D.3-. Cost Element -nfrastructure Systems and nstrumentation Applicable Dimensions and Relative Scores Relative Weight Dimension Score Assumptions and Rationale 70% Distribution of ntelligence Autonomous 1 Requires lateral sensing reference Cooperative 1 dentical to Autonomous nfrastructure Supported 4 Adds roadside capability to monitor traffic flow and broadcast traffic information to all AHS vehicles nfrastructure Managed 7 Adds roadside responsibility for vehicle information and communicating traffic flow information to vehicles nfrastructure Controlled Requires infrastructure to control individual vehicles % Separation Policy Free Agent 0 No impact Platoon 0 ncrease in roadside processing to coordinate maneuvering when maintained by infrastructure Slot Update slot offsets and maintain vehicle position database % Obstacle Detection Manual Sense Manual Avoid 0 No impact Auto Sense/Manual Avoid 0 No impact Auto Sense/Auto Avoid 0 nfra-supported: sensing as an TS feature - no impact 5 nfra-managed: support emergency maneuver requests nfra-controlled: sense objects and coordinate maneuvers Table D.3-. Automated Highway System-Cost Evaluation Matrix Cost Element -nfrastructure and Support Capital Cost, Systems and nstrumentation Concept Scoring Matrix. Distribution of ntelligence. Separation Policy. AHS and non-ahs Mixing V. Class Mixing V. Obstacle Detection Weight = 7 Weight = 1 Weight=O Weight=O Weight= 'tl 0. Ol 'tl 0 Ol '" 0 01 "iii 0. Cl e 0. e: C e? 01 Cl 0 Ol : e:.;:: " Cl ::. u 01 J:e?. i B 01.. l!! l!! l!!. '" 1 ffi g.5,q 0 Ol m ;;; " " " " c U> e: Cl "'... Z :5 1:5 1:5 "CCl "C 01 : g.9 'T;:J a: Ol E e: Ol.Q Ol e: i5. e 0 'c: : aig ii'o 0 C CD 'iii e: 'iii Cle: e: ;; "iii "iii " e:.g';; <> E ECl E > Ol <> Ol 0 " Cl o Cl e: B E E '5 -g BE 0 0 l!! 'iii "Co. -"C Ol Ol '5 u «u.5 "- 0: Cl <> "- ::'Cl o a ijj " :s :s 0 CDCl 1a b a a b a b National Automated Highway System Consortium 0-9

10 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report c::::; c:::: -l b 1a 11 9 Concept No. 8b Element Rating - c= c= -l- - -e=: c= o 8a a 1b 1a Figure D.3-1. Cost Element Rating D- National Automated Highway System Consortium

11 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data _ Table D.4-. Cost Element 3-Vehicle-Based nstrumentation Applicable Dimensions and Relative Scores Relative Weight Dimension Score Assumptions and Rationale 30% Distribution of ntelligence Autonomous All intelligence and sensing is required from the vehicle when coupled with automatic obstacle sensing 3 Reduced functionality and significantly lower cost when associated with manual obstacle sensing Cooperative 6 Maneuver coordination can be shared between vehicles nfrastructure Supported 3 Vehicle intelligence and sensing aided by infrastructure nfrastructure Managed 3 dentical to nfrastructure Supported nfrastructure Controlled 1 High bandwidth communication required, but majority of functions are relegated to the infrastructure 70% Obstacle Detection Manual Sense/Manual Avoid 0 No impact Auto Sense/Manual Avoid 6 Forward obstacle detection sensors required Auto Sense/Auto Avoid 5 Majority of sensory functions relegated to infrastructure when intelligence is infrastructure controlled Otherwise, sophisticated communication and intelligence, plus a wide field of view, is required for obstacle sensors Table D.4-. Automated Highway System-Cost Evaluation Matrix Cost Element 3-Vehicle-Based Capital Cost Concept Scoring Matrix. Distribution of ntelligence. Separation Policy. AHS and non-ahs Mixing V. Class Mixing V. Obstacle Detection Weight =3 Weight =0 Weight = 0 Weight=O Weight=7 '0 '0 0. Ol t: Ol 0 Cl e c: E g):q Cl ::> Cl ::;: Q.c:l!! Cl g'ol.,..'!:: tl j e e e '0 g.6 ::> ::> ::> ::>." E Cl Cl c:...,'" 0 Ol.= m;j Z 0 u u u -g,8 '0 :E g,9 "C cc E '.6 c: a ::> ::> Cl " c:.!! 'x..; aig ii '0 0 E Ol ;;;..:.... c: " 'E E> Ol (J c: 0..1/ '0 ::>.. E.. Ol 8 : -go. -g \'1 c:'o BE 0" -'0 E ::> c: Ol Q..: Q :5 :5 :5 0.. Cl c c u. i :s..:.. Uj tl: "5 '" 1a lb a a b a b National Automated Highway System Consortium D-11

12 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report b 1a 11 f- f- 9 Concept No. 8b 8a a Element Rating - o 1b 1a Figure D.4-1. Cost Element 3 Rating 0-1 National Automated Highway System Consortium

13 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data Table D.S-t. Cost Element 4-0peration and Maintenance Applicable Dimensions and Relative Scores Relative Weight Dimension Score Assumptions and Rationale 60% Distribution of ntelligence Assumed to be a proxy for maintenance costs of the nfrastructure Systems and nstrumentation. Autonomous 1 Relative scoring mirrors that of Cost Element No.. Cooperative 1 nfrastructure Supported 4 nfrastructure Managed 7 Weighting reflects high relative 0 & M costs of electronic- nfrastructure Controlled based infrastructure system compared to 0 & M costs of physical infrastructure and AHS-equipped vehicles. 30% AHS and non-ahs Mixing Assumed to be a proxy for maintenance costs of the nfrastructure CiviVStructural. Relative scoring mirrors that Dedicated with Cont. Barriers of Cost Element NO.1. Dedicated with Gaps in 5 Barriers Dedicated with Virtual 4 Weighting reflects mid-range impact of 0 & M costs of the Barriers physical infrastructure. Full Mixing 1 % Obstacle Detection Assumed to be a proxy for maintenance costs of the AHSequipped vehicle. Relative scoring mirrors that of Cost Manual Sense/Manual Avoid 0 Element No.3. Auto Sense/Manual Avoid 6 Weighting reflects low relative 0 &M costs of vehicles Auto Sense/Auto Avoid 5 compared to the net 0 &M costs of a freeway system. Table D.S-. Automated Highway System-Cost Evaluation Matrix Cost Element 4-Operation and Maintenance Costs Concept Scoring Matrix. Distribution of ntelligence. Separation Policy. AHS and non-ahs Mixing V, Class Mixing V, Obstacle Detection Weight=6 Weight =0 Weight = 3 Weight = 0 Weight = 1 '0 1: '" 0 '" 0> e a. a. c E.. 0 :. rn '" :::; () '<:: '" 0>.c 0>.c. ;<.:::Q). g c 0!!!!!! '" j! 'E,!!! a z '" '" '" E 0> '0::: 0> c.. "'>- 0 c:; c:; c:; '" '0", '0" '0 :g:g.g. '0 a: a E c ",.0 l!! '".. ",,5 0 ' -.0 )( '" x a; 'g.; -mg "c E c '" '" 0 <.>. ta 'E '0 E E.. E.. c.5! g. l!! l!! l!!.5! "' '".. B :g '00. '0'" c'o.5!e.5!." '" '" E 0 0!! '" "'1: "3 x (5 :E :E :E 08 "'.. "c () -0: () u. 0.. rn 00> c s; U. z :::;.. -io -0: '".. c &J '0 a. 1a b a a b a 7 8 1b National Automated Highway System Consortium D-13

14 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report b 1a l Concept No. l- l- l- 8b 8a a 1b Element Rating o 1a Figure D.S-. Cost Element 4 Rating 0-14 National Automated Highway System Consortium

15 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data 0.6 SENSTVTY ANALYSES The sensitivity analyses were considered essential in determining the consistency of the evaluation results. The weights applied when rating each of the cost elements, as well as when performing the composite ranking, were the focus of these analyses. Various composite percentages were applied to recalculate the rankings and these results were compared with the original data. A similar comparison was made with each of the four cost elements. The goal of these analyses was to identify common results that would support a reasonable conclusion. The ranking of individual Concepts from high to low with respect to cost was not intended to identify the single most-expensive Concept. t is impossible to accurately perform this task given the current high level of the Concepts. nstead, grouping the Concepts into high-, medium-, and low-cost groups would be possible if the results were consistent throughout these sensitivity analyses. This grouping could then be used to identify the AHS characteristics with the highest potential cost and possibly to support a costbenefit analysis. The first step in determining sensitivity involved modifying the percentages that were applied in the composite ranking. This process could be used to determine if one cost element is able to control the results. Table D.6- identifies the seven alternate ratios used to recalculate the composite rankings and summarizes the results of this effort. The original composite distribution and the associated ranking are also included in this table for comparison purposes. t is clear that Concept positions fluctuate for each composite ranking, but not excessively. n fact, the basis for cost-related groupings can begin with this comparison. t is apparent, after reviewing this table, that specific Concepts remain on the higher end of the cost ranking regardless of the composite percentages; the same also holds true at the lower end. This consistency indicated that cost groupings exist, but it was necessary to determine the divisions between each of the groupings. More data was necessary to make this determination, and this data could be generated by exploring the internal cost element weightings. ndependently modifying the applied weights from each cost element formed the basis of the next step of the analysis. Adjusting the composite percentages did not significantly affect the results; therefore, the original percentages were considered to be acceptable or,as a minimum, representative. Changing the internal weights of a cost element without modifying any other parameters isolated the direct impact of this change and more clearly defined the significance of each cost element in the composite ranking. This also generated more data to support the creation of cost-groups and help define their alignments. Four alternative weighting schemes were generated for each cost element, and their direct impact on the composite rankings was evaluated. Tables D.6- through D.6-V summarize this exercise for cost elements through 4, respectively. The original weightings and the associated composite rankings from Table D.6- are included in each table for ease of comparison. Reviewing each of these tables indicates that the original composite ranking does not fluctuate excessively and that the Concepts at the high and low end of the spectrum remain fairly uniform. National Automated Highway System Consortium D-15

16 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report Table D.6-. Sensitivity Comparison-Composites* Alternate Composite Percentages?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft.?ft LOLOLOLO et)et)c\lc\l.;1".;1"....;"et)c\l....;"et)... C\l et).;"c\l... et).;"... C\l et)et)et)... C\lC\lC\lC\l C/) Q)... C\let).;"... C\let).;"... C\let).;"... C\let).;"... C\let).;"... C\let).;"... C\let).;"... C\let).;" c: o o o o o c: zzzz zzzz zzzz zzzz zzzz zzzz zzzz zzzz co a: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: c: Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) - E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E iii Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) 0 c. jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj jjjjjjjjjjjj E (;)(j)'uici) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) C/) 0 o o o o o () ()()()() ()()()() ()()()() ()()()() ()()()() ()()()() ()()()() ()()()() 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a H b 1b 1b 1b 13 1b 1b G 1b 1b 1a H 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a E b b 8b R 8b 8b 19 8b 8b 8b 9 19 H a 11 8a 8a 8a 8a 8a a 8a ,r L a W E b 1b 1b 1b 1b 1b 1b 1b R 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a *Note: The combination at far left repeats the ranking from Table and serves as a baseline for comparison purposes D-16 National Automated Highway System Consortium

17 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data Table D.6-. Sensitivity Comparison-Cost Element 1* Alternate Weighting Schemes : E : : Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl e e e e e :g- :8_ :8- :8_ :8-1l!. Cl CJ)e CJ) e CJ)e CJ) e CJ) e e :::c.q :::c.q :::c.q :::c.q :::c.q :E e «- «-, c.> «-, c.> «-, c.> «- Ctl C e e Q) e Q) C a:: oqi o Q) oqi oqi oqi ZQ ZQ ZQ ZQ ZQ 'iii 'OQ) 'OQ) '0 Q) 'OQ) '0 Q) o e- e- e- e- c- a. al al al al al E (f)t) (f)t) CJ)t) CJ)t) (f)t) 0 :::c.e :::c.e :::c.e :::c.e :::c.e 0 «0 «0 «0 «0 <0 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a H b 1b 1b 1b 1b G 1a 1a 1a 1a 8b H b 8b 1a E 8b 8b R 11 8a 11 11! 8a a 8a 8a L W E R 1b 1b 1b 1b 1b 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a *Note: The combination at far left repeats the ranking from Table and serves as a baseline for comparison purposes National Automated Highway System Consortium D-17

18 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report Table D.6-ll. Sensitivity Comparison-Cost Element * , ,m Alternate Weighting Schemes , , r , t o do 1\3 Ṟ C) c cca C: i> CXl cd.! 00 o a. E o () H G H E R l> L o W E R 3a 13 1b 1a 19 8b a b 1a 3a 13 1b 1a 19 8b a b 1a 3a 13 1b 1a 19 8b a b 1a 3a 13 1b 1a 8b a b 1a *Note: The combination at far left repeats the ranking from Table and serves as a baseline for comparison purposes 3a 13 1b 1a 19 8b a b 1a D-18 National Automated Highway System Consortium

19 Appendix D - Cost Evaluation Data Table D.6-V. Sensitivity Comparison-Cost Element 3* Alternate Weighting Schemes, g : Q) Q) Q) Q) Q) t) t) t) t) t) c:_ c: c:_ c: c: Q)r--. Q)- Q)o> Q)- Q)- 00 en_ en en_ en en!:!?. en == c: ==c: ==c: == c: ==c: c: Q) 0 Q) 0 Q) 0 Q) 0.Q c:- c:- c:- c:- :i: c+= -.- c: -t) -t) -t) -t) - t) ctl - Q) -Q) -Q) -Q) -Q) : Q) Q) Q) Q) 0Q) o o o o o 'm :;: Q) :;:Q) :;:Q) :;:Q) :;:Q) :J- :J- :J- :J- :J- 0..a t)..at)..at)..a t)..at) a.._ ctl._ ctl._ ctl._ ctl._ ctl E i a...c...c...a._..c (,) a 3a 3a 3a 3a H 1b 1b 1b 1b 1b G 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a H b 8b 19 E 8b 8b b R H. 8a 8a 8a 11 8a 8a ,r L W E b 1b 1b 1b 1b R 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a *Note: The combination at far left repeats the ranking from Table and serves as a baseline for comparison purposes m o'" o '" '"o N co National Automated Highway System Consortium D-19

20 Main Volume of NAHSC Concept Generation Final Report Table D.6-V. Sensitivity Comparison-Cost Element 4* Alternate Weighting Schemes M N N ::s '" t::.!. Cl en Cl en Clen Cl en Cl en t.>. t.>. t.>. t.>. t.>.. c x c x. c x Q)'- - Q).- - Q)'- - en en :::.. en :::.. en :::.. en en en c =Cf.)C =Cf.)c =Cf.)c =Cf.)C =Cf.)C :i: ::. ::. ::. ::. ::. c.e1=t5 C<l::- E<l::C3 E<l::C3 ::tg 4=0 Cll -cq) -COl -co> c:: OQ> OQ> OQ> OQ> 05 czo czo zo czo czo 'iii,g"'cq).g "'C Q) "'CQ),g"'CQ),g"'CQ) 0 :::sc- :::sc- :::sc- :::sc- :::sca. :9Cll.ottlt.>._.ottlt.>._.0 ttl t.> :9ttl E.=:cnUi.:::cnCii zcn(j) :SCJ) ';(J)(;j 0. :::.0. ::.0. ::.0. ::.0. ::.0 () 0«0 0<l::0 0«0 0«0 0«0 3a 3a 3a 3a 3a H b 1b 1b 1b 1b G 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a H b 8b E 8b 8b 8b R! sa 8a sa sa 8a L W E R 1b 1b 1b 1b 1b 1a 1a 1a 1a 1a *Note: The combination at far left repeats the ranking from Table and serves as a baseline for comparison purposes D- National Automated Highway System Consortium

4 COSTS AND OPERATIONS

4 COSTS AND OPERATIONS 4 COSTS AND OPERATIONS 4.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter summarizes the estimated capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs for the Modal and High-Speed Train (HST) Alternatives evaluated in this

More information

What do autonomous vehicles mean to traffic congestion and crash? Network traffic flow modeling and simulation for autonomous vehicles

What do autonomous vehicles mean to traffic congestion and crash? Network traffic flow modeling and simulation for autonomous vehicles What do autonomous vehicles mean to traffic congestion and crash? Network traffic flow modeling and simulation for autonomous vehicles FINAL RESEARCH REPORT Sean Qian (PI), Shuguan Yang (RA) Contract No.

More information

Sight Distance. A fundamental principle of good design is that

Sight Distance. A fundamental principle of good design is that Session 9 Jack Broz, PE, HR Green May 5-7, 2010 Sight Distance A fundamental principle of good design is that the alignment and cross section should provide adequate sight lines for drivers operating their

More information

IMPACT OF AUTOMATED HIGHWAY SYSTEMS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH.

IMPACT OF AUTOMATED HIGHWAY SYSTEMS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH. IMPACT OF AUTOMATED HIGHWAY SYSTEMS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH. Submitted by NIKHIL MENON (B060496CE) Guide Dr.K.Krishnamurthy (CED) CONTENTS TIMELINE of AHS Chronological Developments.

More information

Autonomous Vehicles. Conceição Magalhães 3 rd AUTOCITS workshop, October 10 th, Infrastructure Overview

Autonomous Vehicles. Conceição Magalhães 3 rd AUTOCITS workshop, October 10 th, Infrastructure Overview Autonomous Vehicles Conceição Magalhães 3 rd AUTOCITS workshop, October 10 th, 2017 Infrastructure Overview Planning for today 1 Current situation 2 AVs interaction approaches 3 Ongoing projects 4 Conclusions

More information

Executive Summary. Solid Waste Management Program Analysis and Recommendations for Silver City, New Mexico

Executive Summary. Solid Waste Management Program Analysis and Recommendations for Silver City, New Mexico : Solid Waste Management Program Analysis and Recommendations for Silver City, New Mexico The (ES) presents the main observations, conclusions, and recommendations resulting from the evaluation of the

More information

AUTOCITS. Regulation Study for Interoperability in the Adoption the Autonomous Driving in European Urban Nodes. LISBON Pilot

AUTOCITS. Regulation Study for Interoperability in the Adoption the Autonomous Driving in European Urban Nodes. LISBON Pilot Regulation Study for Interoperability in the Adoption the Autonomous Driving in European Urban Nodes AUTOCITS LISBON Pilot Pedro Serra IPN Cristiano Premebida - UC Lisbon, October 10th LISBON PILOT 1.

More information

Net Metering Policy Framework. July 2015

Net Metering Policy Framework. July 2015 Net Metering Policy Framework July 2015 Table of Contents 1.0 BACKGROUND... 2 2.0 POLICY OBJECTIVE... 2 3.1 Eligibility... 3 3.1.1 Renewable Generation... 3 3.1.2 Customer Class... 3 3.1.3 Size of Generation...

More information

3/16/2016. How Our Cities Can Plan for Driverless Cars April 2016

3/16/2016. How Our Cities Can Plan for Driverless Cars April 2016 How Our Cities Can Plan for Driverless Cars April 2016 1 They re coming The state of autonomous vehicle technology seems likely to advance with or without legislative and agency actions at the federal

More information

Available online at ScienceDirect. Procedia Engineering 137 (2016 ) GITSS2015

Available online at  ScienceDirect. Procedia Engineering 137 (2016 ) GITSS2015 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com ScienceDirect Procedia Engineering 137 (2016 ) 244 251 GITSS2015 Simulation Analysis of Double Road Train Adaptability of Highway in China Hao Zhang a,b,*, Hong-wei

More information

Passing Sight Distance Criteria

Passing Sight Distance Criteria 15-26 Copy No. Passing Sight Distance Criteria Interim Report NCHRP Project 15-26 MRI Project 110348 Prepared for National Cooperative Highway Research Program Transportation Research Board National Research

More information

FE151 Aluminum Association Inc. Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on a Class 8 Truck for Fuel Economy Benefits

FE151 Aluminum Association Inc. Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on a Class 8 Truck for Fuel Economy Benefits FE151 Aluminum Association Inc. Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on a Class 8 Truck for Fuel Economy Benefits 08 February, 2010 www.ricardo.com Agenda Scope and Approach Vehicle Modeling in MSC.EASY5

More information

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES: PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE. CEM U. SARAYDAR Director, Electrical and Controls Systems Research Lab GM Global Research & Development

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES: PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE. CEM U. SARAYDAR Director, Electrical and Controls Systems Research Lab GM Global Research & Development AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES: PAST, PRESENT, FUTURE CEM U. SARAYDAR Director, Electrical and Controls Systems Research Lab GM Global Research & Development GENERAL MOTORS FUTURAMA 1939 Highways & Horizons showed

More information

CTA Blue Line Study Area

CTA Blue Line Study Area CTA Blue Line Study Area HISTORY OF THE CTA BLUE LINE / I-290 SYSTEM Blue Line / I-290 infrastructure is 55 years old First integrated transit / highway facility in the U.S. PROJECT STUDY AREA EXISTING

More information

Chapter III Geometric design of Highways. Tewodros N.

Chapter III Geometric design of Highways. Tewodros N. Chapter III Geometric design of Highways Tewodros N. www.tnigatu.wordpress.com tedynihe@gmail.com Introduction Appropriate Geometric Standards Design Controls and Criteria Design Class Sight Distance Design

More information

Act 229 Evaluation Report

Act 229 Evaluation Report R22-1 W21-19 W21-20 Act 229 Evaluation Report Prepared for Prepared by Table of Contents 1. Documentation Page 3 2. Executive Summary 4 2.1. Purpose 4 2.2. Evaluation Results 4 3. Background 4 4. Approach

More information

Streetcar Level Boarding Background Memo

Streetcar Level Boarding Background Memo Level Boarding Background Memo Introduction This memo has been prepared by the and the Community Coalition to facilitate industry discussion on the application of level boarding concepts to US modern streetcar

More information

Collision Types of Motorcycle Accident and Countermeasures

Collision Types of Motorcycle Accident and Countermeasures Proceedings of the 2 nd World Congress on Civil, Structural, and Environmental Engineering (CSEE 17) Barcelona, Spain April 2 4, 2017 Paper No. ICTE 115 ISSN: 2371-5294 DOI: 10.11159/icte17.115 Collision

More information

Measuring Autonomous Vehicle Impacts on Congested Networks Using Simulation

Measuring Autonomous Vehicle Impacts on Congested Networks Using Simulation 0 Measuring Autonomous Vehicle Impacts on Congested Networks Using Simulation Corresponding Author: David Stanek, PE Fehr & Peers 0 K Street, rd Floor, Sacramento, CA Tel: () -; Fax: () -0; Email: D.Stanek@fehrandpeers.com

More information

Designation of a Community Safety Zone in Honey Harbour in the Township of Georgian Bay

Designation of a Community Safety Zone in Honey Harbour in the Township of Georgian Bay TO: FROM: Chair and Members Engineering and Public Works Committee Mark Misko, C.E.T. Manager, Roads Maintenance and Construction DATE: March 23, 2016 SUBJECT: REPORT NO: Designation of a Community Safety

More information

AASHTO Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets

AASHTO Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets AASHTO Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets 2001 Highlights and Major Changes Since the 1994 Edition Jim Mills, P.E. Roadway Design Office 605 Suwannee Street MS-32 Tallahassee, FL 32399-0450

More information

The Impact of IMT System on ATSC System

The Impact of IMT System on ATSC System The Impact of IMT System on ATSC System Heon-Jin Hong *,**, Dong-Chul Park ** * Spectrum Engineering Team, ETRI, Korea ** Radio Science and Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejon, Korea hjhong@etri.re.kr

More information

Evaluating The Relevancy Of Current Crash Test Guidelines For Roadside Safety Barriers On High Speed Roads

Evaluating The Relevancy Of Current Crash Test Guidelines For Roadside Safety Barriers On High Speed Roads Evaluating The Relevancy Of Current Crash Test Guidelines For Roadside Safety Barriers On High Speed Roads Connie Xavier Dominique Lord Chiara Dobrovolny Roger Bligh TRB 1 st International Roadside Safety

More information

Looking Towards the Future: Advantages of 765-kV Transmission Technology

Looking Towards the Future: Advantages of 765-kV Transmission Technology Looking Towards the Future: Advantages of 765-kV Transmission Technology In the electric transmission business, design plays a key role in the efficiency and productivity of the nation s energy delivery

More information

Generator Efficiency Optimization at Remote Sites

Generator Efficiency Optimization at Remote Sites Generator Efficiency Optimization at Remote Sites Alex Creviston Chief Engineer, April 10, 2015 Generator Efficiency Optimization at Remote Sites Summary Remote generation is used extensively to power

More information

INTERCHANGE OPERTIONS STUDY Interstate 77 / Wallings Road Interchange

INTERCHANGE OPERTIONS STUDY Interstate 77 / Wallings Road Interchange INTERCHANGE OPERTIONS STUDY Interstate 77 / Wallings Road Interchange City of Broadview Heights, Cuyahoga County, Ohio Prepared For: City of Broadview Heights Department of Engineering 9543 Broadview Road

More information

Traffic Regulations Guidelines

Traffic Regulations Guidelines Traffic Regulations Guidelines PREPARED BY TRAFFIC AND SAFETY June, 2012 Providing the highest quality transportation services for economic benefit and improved quality of life. MDOT Traffic and Safety

More information

Onboard DC Grid. Jan Fredrik DP Conference 2011; Houston. for enhanced DP operation in ships

Onboard DC Grid. Jan Fredrik DP Conference 2011; Houston. for enhanced DP operation in ships Onboard Grid Jan Fredrik Hansen @ DP Conference 2011; Houston for enhanced DP operation in ships Traditional System Onboard Grid Up to 20% fuel saving potential Quicker and more dynamic system performance

More information

CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION... 2 II. SPEED HUMP INSTALLATION POLICY... 3 III. SPEED HUMP INSTALLATION PROCEDURE... 7 APPENDIX A... 9 APPENDIX B...

CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION... 2 II. SPEED HUMP INSTALLATION POLICY... 3 III. SPEED HUMP INSTALLATION PROCEDURE... 7 APPENDIX A... 9 APPENDIX B... Speed Hump Program CONTENTS I. INTRODUCTION... 2 II. SPEED HUMP INSTALLATION POLICY... 3 1. GENERAL... 3 2. ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS... 3 A. PETITION... 3 B. OPERATIONAL AND GEOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF

More information

Section 5. Traffic Monitoring Guide May 1, Truck Weight Monitoring

Section 5. Traffic Monitoring Guide May 1, Truck Weight Monitoring Section 5 Traffic Monitoring Guide May 1, 2001 Section 5 Truck Weight Monitoring Section 5 Traffic Monitoring Guide May 1, 2001 SECTION 5 CONTENTS Section Page CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO TRUCK WEIGHT DATA

More information

Introduction and Background Study Purpose

Introduction and Background Study Purpose Introduction and Background The Brent Spence Bridge on I-71/75 across the Ohio River is arguably the single most important piece of transportation infrastructure the Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana (OKI) region.

More information

Application of Autonomous Vehicle Technology to Public Transit

Application of Autonomous Vehicle Technology to Public Transit Application of Autonomous Vehicle Technology to Public Transit University Transportation Research Center 2014 Ground Transportation Technology Symposium November 19, 2014 Jerome M. Lutin, Ph.D., P.E. Senior

More information

BROWARD BOULEVARD CORRIDOR TRANSIT STUDY

BROWARD BOULEVARD CORRIDOR TRANSIT STUDY BROWARD BOULEVARD CORRIDOR TRANSIT STUDY FM # 42802411201 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY July 2012 GOBROWARD Broward Boulevard Corridor Transit Study FM # 42802411201 Executive Summary Prepared For: Ms. Khalilah Ffrench,

More information

Demonstration with optical fibres by Smart Fibres Ltd. Task 15

Demonstration with optical fibres by Smart Fibres Ltd. Task 15 Demonstration with optical fibres by Smart Fibres Ltd. Task 15 Dutch Offshore Wind Energy Converter project DOWEC 10021 rev1 Name: Signature: Date: Written by: J.F. Kooij (LMGH) 30-09-03 version Date No

More information

International Aluminium Institute

International Aluminium Institute THE INTERNATIONAL ALUMINIUM INSTITUTE S REPORT ON THE ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY S GLOBAL PERFLUOROCARBON GAS EMISSIONS REDUCTION PROGRAMME RESULTS OF THE 2003 ANODE EFFECT SURVEY 28 January 2005 Published by:

More information

Support for the revision of the CO 2 Regulation for light duty vehicles

Support for the revision of the CO 2 Regulation for light duty vehicles Support for the revision of the CO 2 Regulation for light duty vehicles and #3 for - No, Maarten Verbeek, Jordy Spreen ICCT-workshop, Brussels, April 27, 2012 Objectives of projects Assist European Commission

More information

North America s leader in Track, Transit and Systems construction & maintenance services

North America s leader in Track, Transit and Systems construction & maintenance services Your Track Investment Maintaining Your Track. It s a Smart Investment. You wouldn t think of operating your vehicle without oil. Why risk a safety hazard, costly repair bill or compromising the value of

More information

Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions Implications for Transport Planning

Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions Implications for Transport Planning Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions Implications for Transport Planning Todd Litman Victoria Transport Policy Institute Workshop 188 Activity-Travel Behavioral Impacts and Travel Demand Modeling

More information

ADTSEA 3.0 Driver Education Curriculum Outline

ADTSEA 3.0 Driver Education Curriculum Outline ADTSEA 3.0 Driver Education Curriculum Outline Unit 1 3 Hours 12 Slides, 1 Video Introduction to Novice Driver Responsibilities and the Licensing System I. Introduction to Course A. Introduction 1. School

More information

Geneva, 67th SC.2 Session October 2013 High Speed Trains Master Plan

Geneva, 67th SC.2 Session October 2013 High Speed Trains Master Plan Geneva, 67th SC.2 Session 23 25 October 2013 High Speed Trains Master Plan Work Package I Work Package II Work Package III Project Management Review of related Work Socio economic framework of the ECE

More information

Intelligent Vehicle Systems

Intelligent Vehicle Systems Intelligent Vehicle Systems Southwest Research Institute Public Agency Roles for a Successful Autonomous Vehicle Deployment Amit Misra Manager R&D Transportation Management Systems 1 Motivation for This

More information

BMW GROUP TECHNOLOGY WORKSHOPS AUTOMATED DRIVING-DIGITALIZATION MOBILITY SERVICES. December 2016

BMW GROUP TECHNOLOGY WORKSHOPS AUTOMATED DRIVING-DIGITALIZATION MOBILITY SERVICES. December 2016 BMW GROUP TECHNOLOGY WORKSHOPS AUTOMATED DRIVING-DIGITALIZATION MOBILITY SERVICES December 2016 DISCLAIMER. This document contains forward-looking statements that reflect BMW Group s current views about

More information

Capacity and Level of Service for Highway Segments (I)

Capacity and Level of Service for Highway Segments (I) Capacity and Level of Service for Highway Segments (I) 1 Learn how to use the HCM procedures to determine the level of service (LOS) Become familiar with highway design capacity terminology Apply the equations

More information

Cordova Psychrophiles Bio-Digester. Benefit-Cost and Sensitivity Analysis

Cordova Psychrophiles Bio-Digester. Benefit-Cost and Sensitivity Analysis Cordova Psychrophiles Bio-Digester Benefit-Cost and Sensitivity Analysis December 2012 Prepared by: Sohrab Pathan, Alejandra Villalobos Meléndez and Ginny Fay Institute of Social and Economic Research

More information

DG system integration in distribution networks. The transition from passive to active grids

DG system integration in distribution networks. The transition from passive to active grids DG system integration in distribution networks The transition from passive to active grids Agenda IEA ENARD Annex II Trends and drivers Targets for future electricity networks The current status of distribution

More information

Analyzing the Impacts of Vehicle Assist and Automation Systems on BRT

Analyzing the Impacts of Vehicle Assist and Automation Systems on BRT Analyzing the Impacts Analyzing the Impacts of Vehicle Assist and Automation Systems on BRT Matthew Hardy, Susannah Proper Mitretek Systems Abstract This paper summarizes research that was conducted to

More information

H2020 (ART ) CARTRE SCOUT

H2020 (ART ) CARTRE SCOUT H2020 (ART-06-2016) CARTRE SCOUT Objective Advance deployment of connected and automated driving across Europe October 2016 September 2018 Coordination & Support Action 2 EU-funded Projects 36 consortium

More information

1 Faculty advisor: Roland Geyer

1 Faculty advisor: Roland Geyer Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: An Environmental and Economic Analysis By: Kristina Estudillo, Jonathan Koehn, Catherine Levy, Tim Olsen, and Christopher Taylor 1 Introduction

More information

Gasoline/Convenience. Powerful Site Assessment Options for the Gas and Convenience Industry

Gasoline/Convenience. Powerful Site Assessment Options for the Gas and Convenience Industry Type of Report Street Location Gasoline/Convenience North Las Vegas Blvd and Cheyenne Ave Las Vegas, NV October 27 City Location Date TABLE OF CONTENTS Description Table of Contents Page Number Executive

More information

DYNA4 Open Simulation Framework with Flexible Support for Your Work Processes and Modular Simulation Model Library

DYNA4 Open Simulation Framework with Flexible Support for Your Work Processes and Modular Simulation Model Library Open Simulation Framework with Flexible Support for Your Work Processes and Modular Simulation Model Library DYNA4 Concept DYNA4 is an open and modular simulation framework for efficient working with simulation

More information

Sample Geographic Information System (GIS) Staffing and Response Time Report Virtual County Fire Department GIS Analysis

Sample Geographic Information System (GIS) Staffing and Response Time Report Virtual County Fire Department GIS Analysis Sample Geographic Information System (GIS) Staffing and Response Time Report Fire Department GIS Analysis Executive Summary This study examines predicted response times and geographic coverage areas for

More information

Improvements to ramp metering system in England: VISSIM modelling of improvements

Improvements to ramp metering system in England: VISSIM modelling of improvements Improvements to ramp metering system in Jill Hayden Managing Consultant Intelligent Transport Systems Roger Higginson Senior Systems Engineer Intelligent Transport Systems Abstract The Highways Agency

More information

Improving Roadside Safety by Computer Simulation

Improving Roadside Safety by Computer Simulation A2A04:Committee on Roadside Safety Features Chairman: John F. Carney, III, Worcester Polytechnic Institute Improving Roadside Safety by Computer Simulation DEAN L. SICKING, University of Nebraska, Lincoln

More information

FE Review-Transportation-II. D e p a r t m e n t o f C i v i l E n g i n e e r i n g U n i v e r s i t y O f M e m p h i s

FE Review-Transportation-II. D e p a r t m e n t o f C i v i l E n g i n e e r i n g U n i v e r s i t y O f M e m p h i s FE Review-Transportation-II D e p a r t m e n t o f C i v i l E n g i n e e r i n g U n i v e r s i t y O f M e m p h i s Learning Objectives Design, compute, and solve FE problems on Freeway level of

More information

TOWARDS ACCIDENT FREE DRIVING

TOWARDS ACCIDENT FREE DRIVING ETSI SUMMIT: 5G FROM MYTH TO REALITY TOWARDS ACCIDENT FREE DRIVING Niels Peter Skov Andersen, General Manager Car 2 Car Communication Consortium All rights reserved How do we stop the cars colliding First

More information

Aria Etemad Volkswagen Group Research. Key Results. Aachen 28 June 2017

Aria Etemad Volkswagen Group Research. Key Results. Aachen 28 June 2017 Aria Etemad Volkswagen Group Research Key Results Aachen 28 June 2017 28 partners 2 // 28 June 2017 AdaptIVe Final Event, Aachen Motivation for automated driving functions Zero emission Reduction of fuel

More information

Automation control system for different solutions of modern Roughing mill

Automation control system for different solutions of modern Roughing mill Automation control system for different solutions of modern Roughing mill Introduction The increasing need of several steel producers to combine flexibility, rolling speed performances and high quality

More information

AusRAP assessment of Peak Downs Highway 2013

AusRAP assessment of Peak Downs Highway 2013 AusRAP assessment of Peak Downs Highway 2013 SUMMARY The Royal Automobile Club of Queensland (RACQ) commissioned an AusRAP assessment of Peak Downs Highway based on the irap protocol. The purpose is to

More information

Fire Apparatus Operator: Mobile Water Supply. 9 Skills Total. NFPA 1002, Standard for Driver Operator Professional Qualifications, 2014 Edition

Fire Apparatus Operator: Mobile Water Supply. 9 Skills Total. NFPA 1002, Standard for Driver Operator Professional Qualifications, 2014 Edition Fire Apparatus Operator: Mobile Water Supply 9 Skills NFPA 1002, Standard for Driver Operator Professional Qualifications, 2014 Edition Mobile Water Supply Skill Sheets NFPA 1002 Task: JPR Mobile Water

More information

Driving simulation and Scenario Factory for Automated Vehicle validation

Driving simulation and Scenario Factory for Automated Vehicle validation Driving simulation and Scenario Factory for Automated Vehicle validation Pr. Andras Kemeny Scientific Director, A. V. Simulation Expert Leader, Renault INDEX 1. Introduction of autonomous driving 2. Validation

More information

NOTE All entries must be checked in upon arrival at MESA Day.

NOTE All entries must be checked in upon arrival at MESA Day. Hovercraft Challenge Level: Middle School Type of Contest: Team Composition of Team: 2 4 students per team Number of Teams: One entry per school Next Generation Science Standards: MS-ETS1-1., MS-ETS1-2.,

More information

Emergency Vehicle Driver

Emergency Vehicle Driver Emergency Vehicle Driver 6 Skills NFPA 1002, Standard for Driver Operator Professional Qualifications, 2014 Edition Emergency Vehicle Driver Skill Sheets NFPA 1002 Task: Mobile Water Supply 1 Preventive

More information

Optimal Policy for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Adoption IAEE 2014

Optimal Policy for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Adoption IAEE 2014 Optimal Policy for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Adoption IAEE 2014 June 17, 2014 OUTLINE Problem Statement Methodology Results Conclusion & Future Work Motivation Consumers adoption of energy-efficient

More information

CRITICAL FLARE RATES FOR W-BEAM GUARDRAIL DETERMINING MAXIMUM CAPACITY USING COMPUTER SIMULATION NCHRP 17-20(3)

CRITICAL FLARE RATES FOR W-BEAM GUARDRAIL DETERMINING MAXIMUM CAPACITY USING COMPUTER SIMULATION NCHRP 17-20(3) CRITICAL FLARE RATES FOR W-BEAM GUARDRAIL DETERMINING MAXIMUM CAPACITY USING COMPUTER SIMULATION NCHRP 17-2(3) Submitted by Beau D. Kuipers, B.S.M.E., E.I.T. Graduate Research Assistant Ronald K. Faller,

More information

Collect similar information about disengagements and crashes.

Collect similar information about disengagements and crashes. Brian G. Soublet Chief Counsel California Department of Motor Vehicles 2415 1st Ave Sacramento, CA 95818-2606 Dear Mr. Soublet: The California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) has requested comments

More information

ATLAS PUBLIC POLICY WASHINGTON, DC USA PUBLISHED MAY 2017 VERSION 2.0

ATLAS PUBLIC POLICY WASHINGTON, DC USA PUBLISHED MAY 2017 VERSION 2.0 EV CHARGING FINANCIAL ANALYSIS TOOL USER GUIDE A FREE TOOL DESIGNED TO EVALUATE THE FINANCIAL VIABILITY OF EV CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INVOLVING MULTIPLE PRIVATE PUBLISHED MAY 2017 VERSION 2.0

More information

Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers & Office of Energy Resources. Power Sector Transformation

Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers & Office of Energy Resources. Power Sector Transformation 1 Rhode Island Division of Public Utilities and Carriers & Office of Energy Resources Power Sector Transformation Notice of Inquiry into the Electric Utility Business Model and Request for Stakeholder

More information

Alcohol-Impaired Driving Facts

Alcohol-Impaired Driving Facts BREATH TEST REFUSAL RATES IN THE UNITED STATES 2011 UPDATE Nathan Warren-Kigenyi, MPH Work Performed During Public Health Fellowship with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration s Office of

More information

TxDOT Guidelines for Acknowledgment Signing

TxDOT Guidelines for Acknowledgment Signing TxDOT Guidelines for Acknowledgment Signing Section 1. General Description Acknowledgment signs are a way of recognizing an individual, company, business, volunteer group or other jurisdictions that provide

More information

Braking Performance Improvement Method for V2V Communication-Based Autonomous Emergency Braking at Intersections

Braking Performance Improvement Method for V2V Communication-Based Autonomous Emergency Braking at Intersections , pp.20-25 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2015.86.05 Braking Performance Improvement Method for V2V Communication-Based Autonomous Emergency Braking at Intersections Sangduck Jeon 1, Gyoungeun Kim 1,

More information

CONNECTED AUTOMATION HOW ABOUT SAFETY?

CONNECTED AUTOMATION HOW ABOUT SAFETY? CONNECTED AUTOMATION HOW ABOUT SAFETY? Bastiaan Krosse EVU Symposium, Putten, 9 th of September 2016 TNO IN FIGURES Founded in 1932 Centre for Applied Scientific Research Focused on innovation for 5 societal

More information

Charging Electric Vehicles in the Hanover Region: Toolbased Scenario Analyses. Bachelorarbeit

Charging Electric Vehicles in the Hanover Region: Toolbased Scenario Analyses. Bachelorarbeit Charging Electric Vehicles in the Hanover Region: Toolbased Scenario Analyses Bachelorarbeit zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.) im Studiengang Wirtschaftsingenieur der Fakultät

More information

Robots on Our Roads: The Coming Revolution in Mobility. Ohio Planning Conference July 27, 2016 Richard Bishop

Robots on Our Roads: The Coming Revolution in Mobility. Ohio Planning Conference July 27, 2016 Richard Bishop Robots on Our Roads: The Coming Revolution in Mobility Ohio Planning Conference July 27, 2016 Richard Bishop Myths! The roads need to be changed to make automated driving possible. WRONG! All vehicles

More information

Connecting Europe Facility. Regulation Study for Interoperability in the Adoption of Autonomous Driving in European Urban Nodes

Connecting Europe Facility. Regulation Study for Interoperability in the Adoption of Autonomous Driving in European Urban Nodes Connecting Europe Facility AUTOCITS Regulation Study for Interoperability in the Adoption of Autonomous Driving in European Urban Nodes AUTOCITS PROJECT AUTOCITS is an European Project coordinated by INDRA,

More information

The Status of Transportation Funding, Road Charge and Vehicle Miles Traveled in California

The Status of Transportation Funding, Road Charge and Vehicle Miles Traveled in California The Status of Transportation Funding, Road Charge and Vehicle Miles Traveled in California Long-Term Policy Options for Sustainable Transportation Options NCSL State Transportation Leaders Symposium October

More information

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Training System

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Training System 8010-80 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Training System LabVolt Series Datasheet Festo Didactic en 03/2018 Table of Contents General Description 2 Exercises 3 Features & Benefits 3 List of Equipment 4 List of Manuals

More information

Microgrid solutions Delivering resilient power anywhere at any time

Microgrid solutions Delivering resilient power anywhere at any time Microgrid solutions Delivering resilient power anywhere at any time 2 3 Innovative and flexible solutions for today s energy challenges The global energy and grid transformation is creating multiple challenges

More information

GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Statewide Truck Lanes Needs Identification Study SR 21 CORRIDOR NEEDS ANALYSIS PREPARED FOR Georgia Department of Transportation Office of Planning #2 Capitol Square

More information

CONTROLLING CAR MOVEMENTS WITH FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM USING AID OF VARIOUSELECTRONIC SENSORS

CONTROLLING CAR MOVEMENTS WITH FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM USING AID OF VARIOUSELECTRONIC SENSORS MATERIALS SCIENCE and TECHNOLOr;y Edited by Evvy Kartini et. al. CONTROLLING CAR MOVEMENTS WITH FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM USING AID OF VARIOUSELECTRONIC SENSORS Rizqi Baihaqi A. t,agus Buono', Irzaman", Hasan

More information

NCSL. Surface Transportation Reauthorization Working Group Miller Nash Conference Room 34 th Floor U.S. Bancorp Building Friday, June 13, 2008

NCSL. Surface Transportation Reauthorization Working Group Miller Nash Conference Room 34 th Floor U.S. Bancorp Building Friday, June 13, 2008 NCSL Surface Transportation Reauthorization Working Group Miller Nash Conference Room 34 th Floor U.S. Bancorp Building Friday, June 13, 2008 Oregon Green Light CVO Project OREGON DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

More information

PVP Field Calibration and Accuracy of Torque Wrenches. Proceedings of ASME PVP ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference PVP2011-

PVP Field Calibration and Accuracy of Torque Wrenches. Proceedings of ASME PVP ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference PVP2011- Proceedings of ASME PVP2011 2011 ASME Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Pressure Vessels July 17-21, & Piping 2011, Division Baltimore, Conference Maryland PVP2011 July

More information

Targeted Group Business and Veteran- Owned Small Business Programs

Targeted Group Business and Veteran- Owned Small Business Programs This document is made available electronically by the Minnesota Legislative Reference Library as part of an ongoing digital archiving project. http://www.leg.state.mn.us/lrl/lrl.asp Targeted Group Business

More information

[Insert name] newsletter CALCULATING SAFETY OUTCOMES FOR ROAD PROJECTS. User Manual MONTH YEAR

[Insert name] newsletter CALCULATING SAFETY OUTCOMES FOR ROAD PROJECTS. User Manual MONTH YEAR [Insert name] newsletter MONTH YEAR CALCULATING SAFETY OUTCOMES FOR ROAD PROJECTS User Manual MAY 2012 Page 2 of 20 Contents 1 Introduction... 4 1.1 Background... 4 1.2 Overview... 4 1.3 When is the Worksheet

More information

Speed Zoning. District Traffic Engineer ISHC, Seymour, Indiana

Speed Zoning. District Traffic Engineer ISHC, Seymour, Indiana Speed Zoning D e l m a r L. K lo eker District Traffic Engineer ISHC, Seymour, Indiana IN T R O D U C T IO N One of the concerns of the Indiana State Highway Commission and citizens throughout the state

More information

FHWA/IN/JTRP-2000/23. Final Report. Sedat Gulen John Nagle John Weaver Victor Gallivan

FHWA/IN/JTRP-2000/23. Final Report. Sedat Gulen John Nagle John Weaver Victor Gallivan FHWA/IN/JTRP-2000/23 Final Report DETERMINATION OF PRACTICAL ESALS PER TRUCK VALUES ON INDIANA ROADS Sedat Gulen John Nagle John Weaver Victor Gallivan December 2000 Final Report FHWA/IN/JTRP-2000/23 DETERMINATION

More information

Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission

Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission ASSISTANT CONSERVATOR OF FORESTS DOE :02.12.2014 TO 09.12.2014 _ Subjcct:AGRICULTURE ~ Codc:ACFAG ~........ B X 41 AX 81 DX 121 o A 161 c l< 2 cy 42 CY' 82 Dy 122 13 x 162 B ~ J ox 4J c \ 83 D..( 123 c

More information

The Implications of Automated Vehicles for the Public Transit Industry

The Implications of Automated Vehicles for the Public Transit Industry The Implications of Automated Vehicles for the Public Transit Industry June 22, 2016 Presentation to I-95 Corridor Coalition Jerome M. Lutin, Ph.D., P.E. Senior Director of Statewide & Regional Planning

More information

LATSON INTERCHANGE DEVELOPMENT TRAFFIC STUDIES. Genoa Township, Livingston County, MI

LATSON INTERCHANGE DEVELOPMENT TRAFFIC STUDIES. Genoa Township, Livingston County, MI LATSON INTERCHANGE DEVELOPMENT TRAFFIC STUDIES Genoa Township, Livingston County, MI DRAFT TRAFFIC STUDY FOR I-96 AT LATSON RD INTERCHANGE Livingston County CS 47065 JN 101622C Submitted to: Michigan Department

More information

Simulating Trucks in CORSIM

Simulating Trucks in CORSIM Simulating Trucks in CORSIM Minnesota Department of Transportation September 13, 2004 Simulating Trucks in CORSIM. Table of Contents 1.0 Overview... 3 2.0 Acquiring Truck Count Information... 5 3.0 Data

More information

TxDOT TRAFFIC INCIDENT MANAGEMENT UPDATE. ITS Texas 2016

TxDOT TRAFFIC INCIDENT MANAGEMENT UPDATE. ITS Texas 2016 TxDOT TRAFFIC INCIDENT MANAGEMENT UPDATE ITS Texas 2016 November 10, 2016 TxDOT- Traffic Operations Division November 10, 2016 Performance Measures (Lonestar ATMS) Lonestar ATMS Upgraded to Support Incident

More information

CHANGE IN DRIVERS PARKING PREFERENCE AFTER THE INTRODUCTION OF STRENGTHENED PARKING REGULATIONS

CHANGE IN DRIVERS PARKING PREFERENCE AFTER THE INTRODUCTION OF STRENGTHENED PARKING REGULATIONS CHANGE IN DRIVERS PARKING PREFERENCE AFTER THE INTRODUCTION OF STRENGTHENED PARKING REGULATIONS Kazuyuki TAKADA, Tokyo Denki University, takada@g.dendai.ac.jp Norio TAJIMA, Tokyo Denki University, 09rmk19@dendai.ac.jp

More information

Design and Evaluation of Serial-Hybrid Vehicle Energy Gauges

Design and Evaluation of Serial-Hybrid Vehicle Energy Gauges University of Iowa Iowa Research Online Driving Assessment Conference 2009 Driving Assessment Conference Jun 25th, 12:00 AM Design and Evaluation of Serial-Hybrid Vehicle Energy Gauges Janet Creaser University

More information

Five Reasons for VFDs in HVAC Applications

Five Reasons for VFDs in HVAC Applications Five Reasons for VFDs in HVAC Applications Save Money and Improve Performance with HVAC-Specific Drives by Larry Gardner, Yaskawa America, Inc., HVAC Drives Product Marketing Manager yaskawa.com Introduction

More information

Green emotion Development of a European framework for electromobility

Green emotion Development of a European framework for electromobility Green emotion Development of a European framework for electromobility Green emotion joint forces for joint progress Green emotion overall goals Demonstrating an integrated European approach to deploy electromobility

More information

THE INFLUENCE OF VISIBILITY CONDITIONS IN HORIZONTAL ROAD CURVES ON THE EFFICIENCY OF NOISE PROTECTION BARRIERS

THE INFLUENCE OF VISIBILITY CONDITIONS IN HORIZONTAL ROAD CURVES ON THE EFFICIENCY OF NOISE PROTECTION BARRIERS DOI: 10.1515/rjti-2015-0016 ROMANIAN JOURNAL THE INFLUENCE OF VISIBILITY CONDITIONS IN HORIZONTAL ROAD CURVES ON THE EFFICIENCY OF NOISE PROTECTION BARRIERS Tamara Džambas, Assistant, MCE, University of

More information

Right-of-Way Obstruction Permit Fee Structure Minneapolis Department of Public Works May 10, 2001

Right-of-Way Obstruction Permit Fee Structure Minneapolis Department of Public Works May 10, 2001 Right-of-Way Obstruction Permit Fee Structure Minneapolis Department of Public Works May 10, 2001 Revised April 5, 2005 Revised January 27, 2006 Prepared by: Steve Collin, Engineer 2.5 Revised by Douglas

More information

CSA What You Need to Know

CSA What You Need to Know CSA 2010 What You Need to Know With Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010 (CSA 2010) the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), together with state partners and industry will work to further

More information

Follow this and additional works at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/mathsci_stures

Follow this and additional works at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/mathsci_stures Utah State University DigitalCommons@USU Mathematics and Statistics Student Research and Class Projects Mathematics and Statistics Student Works 2016 Car Crash Conundrum Mohammad Sadra Sharifi Utah State

More information

Programs and Behaviors that. Can Improve Motorcyclists Conspicuity. Raymond L Ochs. Vice President, Training Systems Motorcycle Safety Foundation

Programs and Behaviors that. Can Improve Motorcyclists Conspicuity. Raymond L Ochs. Vice President, Training Systems Motorcycle Safety Foundation Programs and Behaviors that Can Improve Motorcyclists Conspicuity Raymond L Ochs Vice President, Training Systems Motorcycle Safety Foundation A Presentation to Lifesavers Conference Denver, CO April 2013

More information

Legal Considerations Related to Distributed Energy Resources

Legal Considerations Related to Distributed Energy Resources Legal Considerations Related to Distributed Energy Resources Steve Pincus Associate General Counsel Steve Shparber Counsel Markets & Reliability Committee April 18, 2016 Overview of FERC Jurisdiction FERC

More information