Particulate Emissions from Mopeds: Effect of Lubricant and Fuel

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Particulate Emissions from Mopeds: Effect of Lubricant and Fuel"

Transcription

1 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds: Effect of Lubricant and Fuel G. Martini, P. Bonnel, A. Krasenbrink, G. De Santi Institute of Environment and Sustainability European Commission Joint Research Centre ISPRA (Italy) Vehicle Emissions Laboratory (VELA) - Institute for Environment and Sustainability 1

2 Main objectives: The main objective was to contribute to the discussion on the possibility of introducing new limits for particulate emissions from mopeds The experimental programme was designed in order to have an understanding of: physical properties of particulates emitted by mopeds the effect of engine technology on particulate emissions from mopeds the effect of the lubricating oil quality on particulates emissions the effect on pollutant emissions of a conversion kit to LPG for mopeds 2

3 Experimental programme details: Emission tests: Carried out at the JRC emission test facility Roller bench 48 suitable for testing small two wheelers Conventional CVS system + dilution tunnel Driving Cycle: ECE 47 Emissions were measured during both the cold part and the hot part of the cycle 3

4 ECE 47 Cycle No Sampling Sampling Speed (km/h) Time (s) 4

5 Particulate Emissions Characterisation: Measurement of particulate total mass The legislative procedure prescribed for Diesel was used to measure particulate total mass In addition, a cyclone was used to avoid contaminating the sampling system and the analysers with very large droplets of lubricant Particulate physical properties: Number/size distribution (TSI SMPS) Mass/size distribution (LPI) 5

6 6

7 Particulate physical properties: Number/size distribution (TSI SMPS) Constant speed (40 km/h) Mass/size distribution (Low Pressure Impactor) 11+1 stages Volume flow rate: 25 l/min Measuring range: mm-16 mm Constant speed (40 km/h) and ECE 47 cycle 7

8 Effect of Lubricant on Particulate Emissions Test lubricants Low quality lubricant (mineral, low content of additives) API TC specifications High quality lubricant (full synthetic, high content of additives) API TC, JASO FC and ISO-L-EGD specifications 8

9 Test Fleet MT001-M-50 Pre-Euro 1 moped Conventional two stroke engine; no after-treatment device MT002-M-50 Euro 1 moped Direct injection engine; no after-treatment device MT003-M-50 Euro 1 moped Conventional two stroke engine; oxidation catalyst MT004-M-50 Euro 1 moped equipped with a LPG conversion kit Conventional two stroke engine; oxidation catalyst 9

10 Effect of Lubricant on PM Emissions Total Mass 10

11 0.250 Effect of Lubricating Oil Quality on Moped Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulates Emissions ECE 47 Cold Part ( ) ECE 47 Hot Part ( ) Pre Euro 1 Moped Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant Factory Lubricant Total Mass (g/km) Euro 1 Direct Inj. Euro 1 Oxycat MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 11

12 Effect of Lubricating Oil Quality on Moped Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Whole Cycle) - Particulates Emissions Pre-Euro 1 Moped Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant % Total Mass, (g/km) Euro 1 Direct Inj. +17% Euro 1 Oxycat -38% MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 12

13 Effect of Lubricant Oil Quality on Moped Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Hot Part) - Percentage Variations Change from Low Quality Oil to High Quality Oil HC CO 30% CO2 NOx 20% 19% PM Pre-Euro 1 Moped 12% 10% 0% -10% -2% -2% -1% -3% -4% -5% -6% -6% -9% 1% -20% -18% Euro 1 Direct Inj. -30% -27% Euro 1 Oxycat -40% -50% -52% -60% 13 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50

14 Effect of Lubricant on PM Emissions Mass/Size Distribution 14

15 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds ECE 47 Cycle - Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 1.20E E E-02 Pre-Euro 1 Moped MT001-M-50 (Min) MT002-M-50 (Min) MT003-M-50 (Min) Diesel passenger car dm/dlogd (g/km) 6.00E E-02 Euro 1 - Oxycat 2.00E-02 Euro 1 - Direct Inj. 0.00E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 15

16 Effect of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 1.20E E-01 Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant dm/dlogd (g/km) 8.00E E E-02 MT001-M-50 (Pre - Euro 1) 2.00E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 16

17 Effect of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 6.00E E-03 Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant dm/dlogd (g/km) 4.00E E E-03 MT002-M-50 (Euro 1 - Direct Inj.) 1.00E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 17

18 Effect of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 2.00E E E E-02 Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant dm/dlogd (g/km) 1.20E E E-03 MT003-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxycat) 6.00E E E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 18

19 0.250 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds Total Mass - Filter vs LPI 91% Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil % Total Mass, (g/km) Filter LPI % 88% 95% 97% MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 19

20 Effect of Lubricant and Fuel on PM Emissions Number/Size Distribution 20

21 1.2E+14 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h Low Quality Oil 1E+14 8E+13 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 Pre-Euro 1 Moped [dn/dlog Dp]/km 6E+13 4E+13 Euro 1 Direct Inj. 2E+13 0 Euro 1 Oxycat Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 21

22 Effect Of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 1.2E+14 1E+14 8E+13 Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil [dn/dlog Dp]/km 6E+13 MT001-M-50 (Pre - Euro 1) 4E+13 2E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 22

23 Effect Of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 3E+13 3E+13 [dn/dlog Dp]/km 2E+13 2E+13 1E+13 Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil MT002-M-50 (Euro 1 - Direct Inj.) 5E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 23

24 Effect Of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 3.5E+13 3E E+13 Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil [dn/dlog Dp]/km 2E E+13 MT003-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxycat) 1E+13 5E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 24

25 Effect of Conversion to LPG on Emissions of Moped 25

26 350% 300% MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) Effect of LPG on Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Hot Part) - Percentage Variations 318% 250% 200% 150% 100% HC CO PM 50% 0% -50% -100% -43% -90% NOx From to g/km -49% -150% 26

27 Effect of LPG on Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Emissions Gasoline LPG Total Mass (g/km) MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) Cold Part ( ) Hot Part ( ) 27

28 5.00E-02 Effect of LPG on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Whole Cycle) - Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 4.50E E E-02 Gasoline LPG dm/dlogd (g/km) 3.00E E E E-02 MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) 1.00E E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 28

29 Effect Of LPG on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 4E+13 4E+13 3E+13 Gasoline LPG [dn/dlog Dp]/km 3E+13 2E+13 2E+13 MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) 1E+13 5E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 29

30 Conclusions: The engine technology has a huge effect on particulate emissions from mopeds The Euro 1 mopeds tested at the JRC showed particulate emission values (g/km) close to those of Euro 3 diesel vehicles The lubricant quality has a significant impact on particulate mass, particle number and size The effect of lubricant quality depends on the engine technology The moped equipped with the direct injection engine exhibited a different behaviour compared to conventional two stroke engines The LPG conversion kit tested proved to be an effective way to reduce particulate emissions from mopeds 30

Physical Characteristics of PM from 2- Stroke and 4-Stroke Motorcycle Engines

Physical Characteristics of PM from 2- Stroke and 4-Stroke Motorcycle Engines Physical Characteristics of PM from 2- Stroke and 4-Stroke Motorcycle Engines G. Martini, P. Bonnel, C. Astorga-LLorens, A. Krasenbrink Institute of Environment and Sustainability European Commission Joint

More information

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system -09-26 by Felix Köhler Institut für Fahrzeugtechnik und Mobilität Antrieb/Emissionen PKW/Kraftrad On behalf

More information

Real Driving Emissions and Test Cycle Data from 4 Modern European Vehicles

Real Driving Emissions and Test Cycle Data from 4 Modern European Vehicles Real Driving Emissions and Test Cycle Data from 4 Modern European Vehicles Dirk Bosteels IQPC 2 nd International Conference Real Driving Emissions Düsseldorf, 18 September 2014 Association for Emissions

More information

European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. Public Hearing Real-Driving Emissions Test

European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. Public Hearing Real-Driving Emissions Test European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Public Hearing Real-Driving Emissions Test Alois Krasenbrink Joint Research Centre Institute for Energy and Transport Sustainable

More information

2-S Scooters International Projects Network: Particle emissions, toxicology & environmental impacts

2-S Scooters International Projects Network: Particle emissions, toxicology & environmental impacts A 2-S Scooters International Projects Network: Particle emissions, toxicology & environmental impacts November 24 A 2 University of Applied Sciences Biel-Bienne, Switzerland IC-Engines and Exhaust Gas

More information

UNECE WLTP Durability Task Force Status of experimental work at JRC

UNECE WLTP Durability Task Force Status of experimental work at JRC UNECE WLTP Durability Task Force Status of experimental work at JRC A. Zardini, B. Giechaskiel, G. Martini European Commission - Joint Research Centre Directorate for Energy, Transport and Climate Sustainable

More information

on Emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery

on Emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery AECC Technical Seminar on Emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery Mr Gerhard Rickert, BASF Catalyst t AECC NRMM & REC sub-group AECC Test Program Small Hand-held Equipment Results Brussels 7 November

More information

EURO3 Stage for motorcycles: Derivation of equivalent limits for the WMTC driving cycle. P. Bonnel, G. Martini, A. Krasenbrink

EURO3 Stage for motorcycles: Derivation of equivalent limits for the WMTC driving cycle. P. Bonnel, G. Martini, A. Krasenbrink EURO3 Stage for motorcycles: Derivation of equivalent limits for the WMTC driving cycle P. Bonnel, G. Martini, A. Krasenbrink July 25 EUR REPORT XXXX Acknowledgements On behalf on the Institute for Environment

More information

Particulate emissions from vehicles: contribution of research to EU policy development

Particulate emissions from vehicles: contribution of research to EU policy development JRC Zurich 13 August 2007 11 th ETH Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles 1 Particulate emissions from vehicles: contribution of research to EU policy development G. De Santi, G. Martini JRC

More information

Reducing diesel particle emissions by particle oxidation catalyst

Reducing diesel particle emissions by particle oxidation catalyst Reducing diesel particle emissions by particle oxidation catalyst Lehtoranta Kati, Matilainen Pekka, Åsenbrygg Juha-Matti, Lievonen Ari & Kinnunen Toni Ecocat Oy, Vihtavuori, Finland Contents Introduction

More information

Paper-Abstract Form. Title: Reduction of exhaust nanoparticles by retrofitted after-treatment systems in diesel passenger cars

Paper-Abstract Form. Title: Reduction of exhaust nanoparticles by retrofitted after-treatment systems in diesel passenger cars 12 th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles June 23 rd 25 th 2008 Paper-Abstract Form Name of Author: Liisa Pirjola 1,2 Co-Authors: Topi Rönkkö 3, Heikki Parviainen 1, Annele Virtanen 3,

More information

Technical Committee Motor Vehicles 15 September RDE 3 discussion

Technical Committee Motor Vehicles 15 September RDE 3 discussion Technical Committee Motor Vehicles 15 September 2016 RDE 3 discussion 1 RDE-LDV working group meetings on RDE-3 in 2016 23 January (launch) 20 April 17, 18 May 1 June (cold start web) 2 June (hybrid web)

More information

Application of the. to NRMM. Alois Krasenbrink European Commission

Application of the. to NRMM. Alois Krasenbrink European Commission Application of the PMP Protocol to NRMM Alois Krasenbrink European Commission Joint Research Centre PMP Background Health Concerns over Nano-Particles The Clean Air for Europe (CAFE) Programme has forecast

More information

Investigation on PM Emissions of a Light Duty Diesel Engine with 10% RME and GTL Blends

Investigation on PM Emissions of a Light Duty Diesel Engine with 10% RME and GTL Blends Investigation on PM Emissions of a Light Duty Diesel Engine with 10% RME and GTL Blends Hongming Xu Jun Zhang University of Birmingham Philipp Price Ford Motor Company International Particle Meeting, Cambridge

More information

Emissions Control Technologies for Mobile Pollution Sources

Emissions Control Technologies for Mobile Pollution Sources Emissions Control Technologies for Mobile Pollution Sources Dirk Bosteels, Executive Director, AECC Green Week 2013 - Session 1.4 Major Pollutant Sources and Source Identification Tuesday, 4 June 2013

More information

Real Driving Emissions

Real Driving Emissions Real Driving Emissions John May, AECC UnICEG meeting 8 April 2015 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC) AISBL AECC members: European Emissions Control companies Exhaust emissions control

More information

Sousuke Sasaki, Yoshio Tonegawa Japan Automobile Research Institute. 17th August th International ETH-Conference on JARI

Sousuke Sasaki, Yoshio Tonegawa Japan Automobile Research Institute. 17th August th International ETH-Conference on JARI Development of the partial flow diluter for the measurement of particle size distribution and the investigation of nuclei mode particle during the transient cycles Sousuke Sasaki, Yoshio Tonegawa Japan

More information

Characterisation of Exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Vehicles

Characterisation of Exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Vehicles PARTICULATES Characterisation of Exhaust Particulate Emissions from Road Vehicles Deliverable 12: Particulate and PM characterisation in non-legislative conditions (sub-zero ambient temperatures) Final

More information

Characteristics of PM Emissions of an Automotive Diesel Engine Under Cold Start and Transient Operating Conditions

Characteristics of PM Emissions of an Automotive Diesel Engine Under Cold Start and Transient Operating Conditions Characteristics of PM Emissions of an Automotive Diesel Engine Under Cold Start and Transient Operating Conditions Dai Liu, Jianyi Tian and Hongming Xu School of Mechanical Engineering 24 May 2014 Cambridge

More information

Future Powertrain Conference 24 th February C 2016 HORIBA Ltd. All rights reserved.

Future Powertrain Conference 24 th February C 2016 HORIBA Ltd. All rights reserved. Recent and Future Developments In The Legislation and Measurement of Particle Number for Type Approval, In Service Conformity and Real Driving Emissions Future Powertrain Conference 24 th February 2016

More information

NO 2 Emissions from Exhaust Aftertreatment Technology

NO 2 Emissions from Exhaust Aftertreatment Technology 2 Emissions from Exhaust Aftertreatment Technology by AECC (www.aecc.be) EU Level Workshop on 2 European Commission - DG Environment Brussels, 19 September 26 Outline of the Presentation Introduction.

More information

Particle Emission Reduction in a SI-DI Vehicle by an Open Channel Filter

Particle Emission Reduction in a SI-DI Vehicle by an Open Channel Filter Particle Emission Reduction in a SI-DI Vehicle by an Open Channel Filter Panu Karjalainen 1, Juha Heikkilä 1, 1, Matti Happonen 1, Sampo Saari 1, Aleksi Malinen 2, Tero Lähde 2, Liisa Pirjola 2, Pekka

More information

Investigation of the Feasibility of Achieving Euro VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions Limits by Advanced Emissions Controls

Investigation of the Feasibility of Achieving Euro VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions Limits by Advanced Emissions Controls Investigation of the Feasibility of Achieving Euro VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions Limits by Advanced Emissions Controls D Bosteels, J May AECC Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst, Belgium A J

More information

THE DRIVING EMISSIONS TEST

THE DRIVING EMISSIONS TEST THE DRIVING EMISSIONS TEST 2017 FUEL ECONOMY AND EMISSIONS REPORT REALWORLD.ORG.AU 2017 ABMARC Disclaimer By accepting this report from ABMARC you acknowledge and agree to the terms as set out below. This

More information

REAL WORLD DRIVING. Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Testing. Prepared for the Australian Automobile Association

REAL WORLD DRIVING. Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Testing. Prepared for the Australian Automobile Association REAL WORLD DRIVING Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Testing Prepared for the Australian Automobile Association - 2016 2016 ABMARC Disclaimer By accepting this report from ABMARC you acknowledge and agree to

More information

Transient high sensitive soot measurement. AVL Micro Soot Sensor. Manfred Linke

Transient high sensitive soot measurement. AVL Micro Soot Sensor. Manfred Linke Transient high sensitive soot measurement AVL Micro Soot Sensor Manfred Linke Customer needs and market requirements Speed (km/h) 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 ECE 15 EUDC 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Time

More information

measurement of the number and mass weighted size distributions of exhaust particles emitted from european heavy duty engines

measurement of the number and mass weighted size distributions of exhaust particles emitted from european heavy duty engines measurement of the number and mass weighted size distributions of exhaust particles emitted from european heavy duty engines Prepared by: D E Hall (Chairman) R J Stradling D J Rickeard G Martini A Morato-Meco

More information

PEMS-PM Pre-Pilot Program

PEMS-PM Pre-Pilot Program PEMS-PM Pre-Pilot Program A. Perujo, P. Bonnel, P. Mendoza, F. Riccobono, M. Carriero, U. Manfredi EC-DG, Inst. for Energy and Transport, Sustainable Transport Unit. EC PEMS Expert Group 3rd Meeting Brussels

More information

2 / 3 Wheeler Catalyst Technologies

2 / 3 Wheeler Catalyst Technologies 2 / 3 Wheeler Catalyst Technologies AVECC Conference 24 China World Hotel Beijing G Chandler Asian Market overview and Motorcycle catalyst Manufacturers in China tend to tune rich tune for enhanced power,

More information

Study of Fuel Oxygenate Effects on Particulates from Gasoline Direct Injection Cars

Study of Fuel Oxygenate Effects on Particulates from Gasoline Direct Injection Cars ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE FOR THE EUROPEAN REFINING INDUSTRY Study of Fuel Oxygenate Effects on Particulates from Rod Williams Corrado Fittavolini Cambridge Particle Meeting June 27, 2014 Background It is

More information

Experimental investigation of ethanol-gasoline dual-fuel on particle emissions at the exhaust of a small displacement engine

Experimental investigation of ethanol-gasoline dual-fuel on particle emissions at the exhaust of a small displacement engine Experimental investigation of ethanol-gasoline dual-fuel on particle emissions at the exhaust of a small displacement engine F. Catapano, S. Di Iorio, P. Sementa, B. M. Vaglieco Istituto Motori CNR, Naples

More information

RDE PN emissions from a GDI vehicle without and with a GPF

RDE PN emissions from a GDI vehicle without and with a GPF RDE PN emissions from a GDI vehicle without and with a GPF Dr. Joachim Demuynck IQPC 4 th international conference on RDE Berlin, 25-27 October 2016 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC)

More information

European Emissions Legislation Update

European Emissions Legislation Update European Emissions Legislation Update by AECC (www.aecc.be) MECA International Committee meeting 30 September 2005 1 Agenda - Passenger Cars & Light Duty vehicles - Heavy-duty Engines - Particulate Measurement

More information

WORKSHOP ON MODERNISATION OF DANUBE VESSELS FLEET

WORKSHOP ON MODERNISATION OF DANUBE VESSELS FLEET WORKSHOP ON MODERNISATION OF DANUBE VESSELS FLEET Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) Directive Introduction to the requirements for the IWT sector & greening strategies and alternative fuels in the Netherlands

More information

Update on the UN-ECE GRPE Particle Measurement Programme Spring 2009

Update on the UN-ECE GRPE Particle Measurement Programme Spring 2009 Update on the UN-ECE GRPE Particle Measurement Programme Spring 2009 Delivering Value Through Innovation & Technology Jon Andersson Manager, Aftertreatment and Chemical Analysis Department, Ricardo UK

More information

Emissions from Tractors and Non-Road Mobile Machinery Engines

Emissions from Tractors and Non-Road Mobile Machinery Engines Emissions from Tractors and Non-Road Mobile Machinery Engines Hearing on Agricultural and forestry vehicles: a new regulatory framework, European Parliament IMCO Committee Brussels, 12 April 2011 Cécile

More information

AECC Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) Test Programme: Particle Measurement and Characterisation

AECC Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) Test Programme: Particle Measurement and Characterisation AECC Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) Test Programme: Particle Measurement and Characterisation John May, Cécile Favre, Dirk Bosteels; AECC Jon Andersson, Chris Such, Simon Fagg; Ricardo 14 th ETH Conference

More information

Gasoline LDV. Toyota Corolla 1.8 (Euro III) Peugeot 106 (Euro I) Golf TDI 1.9 w/ cat (Euro II) With adapted test protocol for traps

Gasoline LDV. Toyota Corolla 1.8 (Euro III) Peugeot 106 (Euro I) Golf TDI 1.9 w/ cat (Euro II) With adapted test protocol for traps LAT Activities Gasoline LDV Toyota Corolla 1.8 (Euro III) Peugeot 106 (Euro I) Fuels G1, G3 G1, G3 Diesel LDV Cars under measurement at LAT Golf TDI 1.9 w/o cat (Euro I) Golf TDI 1.9 w/ cat (Euro II) Laguna

More information

Particulate Emissions from Typical Light-Duty Vehicles taken from the European Fleet, Equipped with a Variety of Emissions Control Technologies

Particulate Emissions from Typical Light-Duty Vehicles taken from the European Fleet, Equipped with a Variety of Emissions Control Technologies Particulate Emissions from Typical Light-Duty Vehicles taken from the European Fleet, Equipped with a Variety of Emissions Control Technologies John May, Dirk Bosteels and Cécile Favre, Association for

More information

TRANSIT BUS EMISSION STUDY COMPARISON OF EMISSIONS FROM DIESEL AND NATURAL GAS BUSES

TRANSIT BUS EMISSION STUDY COMPARISON OF EMISSIONS FROM DIESEL AND NATURAL GAS BUSES TRANSIT BUS EMISSION STUDY COMPARISON OF EMISSIONS FROM DIESEL AND NATURAL GAS BUSES Nils-Olof Nylund & Kimmo Erkkilä 1 THE FINNISH NATIONAL BUS PROJECT 2002-2004 VTT performed more than 200 emission measurements

More information

Diesel for the Future

Diesel for the Future Clean(Air) GTL Diesel for the Future Clean(Air) Fuels & Technologies Ltd Low emission drop in diesel replacement fuels What is Clean(Air) GTL? Gas to liquids (GTL) is a refinery process to convert natural

More information

Measurement of emissions at project start

Measurement of emissions at project start Measurement of emissions at project start Date: 12. May 2000 File number: 270 0 0088 Authors: Ken Friis Hansen Michael Grouleff Jensen Contribution from: Peter Wåhlin, DMU Background Energy division Engine

More information

The effect of road profile on passenger car emissions

The effect of road profile on passenger car emissions Transport and Air Pollution, 5 th Int. Sci. Symp., Avignon, France, June The effect of road profile on passenger car emissions Abstract Leonid TARTAKOVSKY*, Marcel GUTMAN*, Yuri ALEINIKOV*, Mark VEINBLAT*,

More information

Heavy-duty Engine Particulate Emissions: Application of PMP Methodology to measure Particle Number and Particulate Mass

Heavy-duty Engine Particulate Emissions: Application of PMP Methodology to measure Particle Number and Particulate Mass 2008-01-1176 Heavy-duty Engine Particulate Emissions: Application of PMP Methodology to measure Particle Number and Particulate Mass Copyright 2007 SAE International John May, Dirk Bosteels Association

More information

The Effect of Clean and Cold EGR on the Improvement of Low Temperature Combustion Performance in a Single Cylinder Research Diesel Engine

The Effect of Clean and Cold EGR on the Improvement of Low Temperature Combustion Performance in a Single Cylinder Research Diesel Engine The Effect of Clean and Cold EGR on the Improvement of Low Temperature Combustion Performance in a Single Cylinder Research Diesel Engine C. Beatrice, P. Capaldi, N. Del Giacomo, C. Guido and M. Lazzaro

More information

Real Driving Emissions of a GPF-equipped production car

Real Driving Emissions of a GPF-equipped production car Real Driving Emissions of a GPF-equipped production car Dirk Bosteels IQPC 3 rd International Conference Real Driving Emissions Berlin, 27-29 October 2015 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst

More information

Opportunities and Challenges to Clean-up Diesel Cars Dr. Axel Friedrich Umweltbundesamt (UBA) Germany

Opportunities and Challenges to Clean-up Diesel Cars Dr. Axel Friedrich Umweltbundesamt (UBA) Germany Opportunities and Challenges to Clean-up Diesel Cars Dr. Axel Friedrich Umweltbundesamt (UBA) Germany Clean Cars 2010 Brussels 2005 Diesel Share of PC- Market 1980-1999 % of diesel cars in total new registrations

More information

PEMS/RDE chronology. The European Commission s science and knowledge service. Joint Research Centre

PEMS/RDE chronology. The European Commission s science and knowledge service. Joint Research Centre The European Commission s science and knowledge service Joint Research Centre PEMS/RDE chronology Inside EU DGs, EP, MS Sustainable transport VELA Outside EU UN-ECE (GRPE) International Collaborations

More information

Euro VI Programme and Emissions Results on European Cycles

Euro VI Programme and Emissions Results on European Cycles Overview of the AECC Heavy-duty Euro VI Programme and Emissions Results on European Cycles Dr. R. J. Brisley AECC Technical Steering Committee AECC Technical Seminar on Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Brussels,

More information

Technologies for Heavy-duty Engines

Technologies for Heavy-duty Engines Overview of Emissions Treatment Technologies for Heavy-duty Engines Mr. R. Brück AECC Technical Steering Committee AECC Technical Seminar on Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Brussels, 25 October 2007 1 Introduction

More information

diesel fuel emissions performance with oxidation catalyst equipped diesel passenger vehicles - part I

diesel fuel emissions performance with oxidation catalyst equipped diesel passenger vehicles - part I report no. 94/55 diesel fuel emissions performance with oxidation catalyst equipped diesel passenger vehicles - part I Prepared for the CONCAWE Automotive Emissions Management Group and based on work carried

More information

Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines Emissions & Air Pollution Lecture 3 1 Outline In this lecture we will discuss emission control strategies: Fuel modifications Engine technology Exhaust gas aftertreatment We will become particularly familiar

More information

Solid Particle Emissions of HDV Euro 3 DPF Euro 4 PM-Kat Euro 5 SCR

Solid Particle Emissions of HDV Euro 3 DPF Euro 4 PM-Kat Euro 5 SCR 10.ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles 2006 Solid Particle Emissions of HDV Euro 3 DPF Euro 4 PM-Kat Euro 5 SCR M. Kasper / ME and A. Mayer / TTM T. Mosimann / ME, L. Emmenegger / EMPA,

More information

In-use testing in the European vehicle emissions legislation

In-use testing in the European vehicle emissions legislation In-use testing in the European vehicle emissions legislation PEMS 2014 International Conference & Workshop 3-4 April 2014 Center for Environmental Research & Technology UC Riverside, USA Martin Weiss,

More information

Real Driving Emissions from a Gasoline Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle with and without a Gasoline Particulate Filter

Real Driving Emissions from a Gasoline Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle with and without a Gasoline Particulate Filter 1 Real Driving Emissions from a Gasoline Plug-in Hybrid Vehicle with and without a Gasoline Particulate Filter Joachim Demuynck, Cécile Favre, Dirk Bosteels Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst

More information

Effects of Diesel Particle Filters on Performance of In-Use Buses

Effects of Diesel Particle Filters on Performance of In-Use Buses Effects of Diesel Particle Filters on Performance of In-Use Buses Leonid Tartakovsky, Rafael Fleischman, Ran Amiel Technion Israel Institute of Technology Jan Czerwinski Labs for IC-Engines & Exhaust Emission

More information

TEST REPORT. Swedish In-Service Testing Programme 2010 on Emissions From Heavy-Duty Vehicles

TEST REPORT. Swedish In-Service Testing Programme 2010 on Emissions From Heavy-Duty Vehicles TEST REPORT Swedish In-Service Testing Programme 21 on Emissions From Heavy-Duty Vehicles Jacob Almén AVL SWEDEN Certification & Regulation Compliance Swedish In-Service Testing Programme on Emissions

More information

L. Rubino 51 Imperial College London United Kingdom. Nanoparticle emissions from gasoline engine exhausts

L. Rubino 51 Imperial College London United Kingdom. Nanoparticle emissions from gasoline engine exhausts L. Rubino 51 Imperial College London United Kingdom Nanoparticle emissions from gasoline engine exhausts 5 th ETH Conference on NanoParticle Measurement, Zürich, August 6 th 8 th 2001 Introduction After-treatment

More information

The analysis of the PEMS measurements of the exhaust emissions from city buses using different research procedures

The analysis of the PEMS measurements of the exhaust emissions from city buses using different research procedures The analysis of the PEMS measurements of the exhaust emissions from city buses using different research procedures Jerzy Merkisz, Jacek Pielecha, Pawel Fuc, Piotr Lijewski Poznan University of Technology,

More information

India 1999 Emission Standards based on Euro 1 MVEG-A test cycle w/40 sec. idle before sampling

India 1999 Emission Standards based on Euro 1 MVEG-A test cycle w/40 sec. idle before sampling India 1999 Emission Standards based on Euro 1 MVEG-A test cycle w/40 sec. idle before sampling In the 1999-2000 timeframe, India required new light-duty vehicles to comply with Euro 1 emission standards.

More information

Determination for emission factors from small combustion installation

Determination for emission factors from small combustion installation Subgroup on small combustion installation under EGTEI Zurich 3rd February 21 Determination for emission factors from small combustion installation Francesca Hugony hugony@ssc.it SSC activity What is it?

More information

fuel effects on emissions from advanced diesel engines and vehicles

fuel effects on emissions from advanced diesel engines and vehicles fuel effects on emissions from advanced diesel engines and vehicles Prepared for the CONCAWE Fuels quality and Emissions Management Group by its Special Task Force FE/STF-18: R. De Craecker (Chairman)

More information

Providing clean DPF technology for Iran. Soot-free Teheran

Providing clean DPF technology for Iran. Soot-free Teheran Providing clean DPF technology for Iran 1 Soot-free Teheran Jorge Soria Galvarro, M.Sc Senior Technical Adviser Vehicle Regulations, R&D SCANIA since 1891 2 3 Premium products 4 Modular system The world

More information

COPERT 4 v7.1. Dimitrios Gkatzoflias Chariton Kouridis Giorgos Mellios Leon Ntziachristos

COPERT 4 v7.1. Dimitrios Gkatzoflias Chariton Kouridis Giorgos Mellios Leon Ntziachristos LABORATORY OF APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY THESSALONIKI P.O. BOX 458 GR 541 24 THESSALONIKI GREECE COPERT 4 v7.1 Dimitrios Gkatzoflias Chariton Kouridis

More information

Black Carbon Emissions From Diesel Engines - Technical And Policy Options For Reduction. Dr Richard O Sullivan 22 March 2012

Black Carbon Emissions From Diesel Engines - Technical And Policy Options For Reduction. Dr Richard O Sullivan 22 March 2012 Black Carbon Emissions From Diesel Engines - Technical And Policy Options For Reduction Dr Richard O Sullivan 22 March 2012 OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION The significance of Diesel engine derived black carbon

More information

EMISSION FACTORS FROM EMISSION MEASUREMENTS. VERSIT+ methodology Norbert Ligterink

EMISSION FACTORS FROM EMISSION MEASUREMENTS. VERSIT+ methodology Norbert Ligterink EMISSION FACTORS FROM EMISSION MEASUREMENTS VERSIT+ methodology Norbert Ligterink Symposium Vehicle Emissions November 3, 2016 GETTING THE COMPLETE PICTURE fuels SCR DPF hybrid technology downsizing dynamometer

More information

Subject: ACEA proposal for Euro 6 OBD and Euro 6 PN limit for gasoline direct injection engines.

Subject: ACEA proposal for Euro 6 OBD and Euro 6 PN limit for gasoline direct injection engines. Subject: for Euro 6 OBD and Euro 6 PN limit for gasoline direct injection engines. Amendments to Regulations 715/007 (1) Regulation 566/011 (3) and 69/008 (), as amended by Note: ACEA s initial comments

More information

Academia, Industry and Government: together for automotive engineering development

Academia, Industry and Government: together for automotive engineering development Academia, Industry and Government: together for automotive engineering development code: EAEC- 15 009B-FEP Paper title: CO2 EMISSION DETERMINATION IN ACCORD WITH EUROPEAN REGULATION FOR OLD AND TODAY CARS

More information

(105th GRSG, 8-11 October 2013 Agenda item 8) R67 01 Amendment

(105th GRSG, 8-11 October 2013 Agenda item 8) R67 01 Amendment Submitted by the expert from Italy Informal document GRSG-105-07 (105th GRSG, 8-11 October 2013 Agenda item 8) R67 01 Amendment Agenda Presentation of the LPG Direct Injection technology Why petrol in

More information

Challenges for Sustainable Mobility. Toyota Business Strategy Meeting 2007

Challenges for Sustainable Mobility. Toyota Business Strategy Meeting 2007 Challenges for Sustainable Mobility Toyota Business Strategy Meeting 2007 1 Challenges to Deliver Mobility for a Sustainable Society Development of appealing products CO2 reduction Effective utilization

More information

EXAMINATION OF THE AMMONIA DOSE INFLUENCE ON NITRIC OXIDES TRANSFORMATIONS INTO COMBINED OXIDE-PLATINUM SCR CATALYST

EXAMINATION OF THE AMMONIA DOSE INFLUENCE ON NITRIC OXIDES TRANSFORMATIONS INTO COMBINED OXIDE-PLATINUM SCR CATALYST Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 19, No. 4 2012 EXAMINATION OF THE AMMONIA DOSE INFLUENCE ON NITRIC OXIDES TRANSFORMATIONS INTO COMBINED OXIDE-PLATINUM SCR CATALYST Wojciech Kamela, Stanis

More information

Automotive Particle Emissions: an update of regulatory Euro 6/VI and UNECE developments

Automotive Particle Emissions: an update of regulatory Euro 6/VI and UNECE developments Automotive Particle Emissions: an update of regulatory Euro 6/VI and UNECE developments Steininger Nikolaus European Commission The presentation should provide an update on ongoing and imminent regulatory

More information

Criterias for August 2014 Procurement of small vehicles for municipal cleaning

Criterias for August 2014 Procurement of small vehicles for municipal cleaning Criterias for 05003 19. August 2014 Procurement of small vehicles for municipal cleaning Procurement of small vehicles for municipal cleaning (05003/19.08.2014) 1. Introduction Important objectives regarding

More information

Performance of HORIBA-SPCS in the PMP LDD ILCE

Performance of HORIBA-SPCS in the PMP LDD ILCE 1 Th ETH Conference Performance of HORIBA-SPCS in the PMP LDD ILCE Rahman Montajir, Asano Ichiro, Takeshi Kusaka, HORIBA Ltd, Japan Qiang Wei HORIBA Instrument Inc. USA Acknowledgement Dr. Y. Goto National

More information

AECC HEAVY DUTY NRMM TEST PROGRAMME: PARTICLE MEASUREMENT AND CHARACTERISATION

AECC HEAVY DUTY NRMM TEST PROGRAMME: PARTICLE MEASUREMENT AND CHARACTERISATION 14 th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles; 1-4 August 2010 AECC HEAVY DUTY NRMM TEST PROGRAMME: PARTICLE MEASUREMENT AND CHARACTERISATION John May 1, Cecile Favre 1, Dirk Bosteels 1, Jon

More information

ETH /19/02. Sampling methodology influences on modern Diesel particle number size distribution measurements

ETH /19/02. Sampling methodology influences on modern Diesel particle number size distribution measurements ETH 2002 1 09/19/02 Stefan Carli, Volkswagen AG, D-38436 Wolfsburg Ulrich Matter; Matter Engineering AG, CH-5610 Wohlen Sampling methodology influences on modern Diesel particle number size distribution

More information

Particle Size Distribution Measurements from Early to Late Injection Timing Low Temperature Combustion

Particle Size Distribution Measurements from Early to Late Injection Timing Low Temperature Combustion Particle Size Distribution Measurements from Early to Late Injection Timing Low Temperature Combustion Christopher Kolodziej, Jesús Benajes, Ricardo Novella, Simon Arthozoul CMT Motores Térmicos Universidad

More information

Fuel Properties Effects on Current Diesel Vehicle Technology Emission

Fuel Properties Effects on Current Diesel Vehicle Technology Emission Fuel Properties Effects on Current Diesel Vehicle Technology Emission L. Ntziachristos, Z. Samaras Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics Aristotle University, Thessaloniki GREECE INTRODUCTION Great attention

More information

Do opacimeters have a role in future diesel exhaust gas legislation? By Mike Jones, Senior Controls Engineer at Hartridge Test Products, UK

Do opacimeters have a role in future diesel exhaust gas legislation? By Mike Jones, Senior Controls Engineer at Hartridge Test Products, UK Do opacimeters have a role in future diesel exhaust gas legislation? By Mike Jones, Senior Controls Engineer at Hartridge Test Products, UK Conventional opacimeters are rugged, reliable, low cost instruments,

More information

New Catalytic Stripper System for the Measurement of Solid Particle Mass, Number, and Size Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines

New Catalytic Stripper System for the Measurement of Solid Particle Mass, Number, and Size Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines New Catalytic Stripper System for the Measurement of Solid Particle Mass, Number, and Size Emissions from Internal Combustion Engines Imad A. Khalek, Ph.D. Southwest Research Institute Department of Emissions

More information

Experience with emissions from a PHEV and RDE data evaluation methods

Experience with emissions from a PHEV and RDE data evaluation methods Experience with emissions from a PHEV and RDE data evaluation methods Joachim Demuynck AECC event on RDE package 4 Brussels 23 November 2017 Content PHEV programme Programme set-up Real-Driving Emissions

More information

AECC Clean Diesel Euro 6 Real Driving Emissions Project. AECC Technical Seminar on Real-Driving Emissions Brussels, 29 April 2015

AECC Clean Diesel Euro 6 Real Driving Emissions Project. AECC Technical Seminar on Real-Driving Emissions Brussels, 29 April 2015 AECC Clean Diesel Euro 6 Real Driving Emissions Project AECC Technical Seminar on Real-Driving Emissions Brussels, 29 April 2015 Contents Background Test Programme Vehicle description & test regime. Baseline

More information

TSI PTI-Prototype for PN- Periodic Technical Inspection

TSI PTI-Prototype for PN- Periodic Technical Inspection TSI PTI-Prototype for PN- Periodic Technical Inspection Jürgen Spielvogel Senior Global Product Manager Particle Instruments 22 nd ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles 18 21 June 2018 PN

More information

PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF DIESEL ENGINE BY INJECTING DIETHYL ETHER WITH AND WITHOUT EGR USING DPF

PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF DIESEL ENGINE BY INJECTING DIETHYL ETHER WITH AND WITHOUT EGR USING DPF PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION ANALYSIS OF DIESEL ENGINE BY INJECTING DIETHYL ETHER WITH AND WITHOUT EGR USING DPF PROJECT REFERENCE NO. : 37S1036 COLLEGE BRANCH GUIDES : KS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE

More information

An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer Testing

An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer Testing 2014-01-1581 Published 04/01/2014 Copyright 2014 SAE International doi:10.4271/2014-01-1581 saeeng.saejournals.org An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer

More information

DaimlerChrysler Alternative Particulate Measurement page 1/8

DaimlerChrysler Alternative Particulate Measurement page 1/8 DaimlerChrysler Alternative Particulate Measurement page 1/8 Investigation of Alternative Methods to Determine Particulate Mass Emissions Dr. Oliver Mörsch Petra Sorsche DaimlerChrysler AG Background and

More information

I. Ježek et al. Correspondence to: I. Ježek and G. Močnik

I. Ježek et al. Correspondence to: I. Ježek and G. Močnik Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 1, 1 1, 01 http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/1/1/01/ doi:.1/acpd-1-1-01-supplement Author(s) 01. CC Attribution.0 License. Supplement of Black carbon, particle

More information

DAYTIME AND NIGHTTIME AGING OF LOGWOOD COMBUSTION AEROSOLS

DAYTIME AND NIGHTTIME AGING OF LOGWOOD COMBUSTION AEROSOLS DAYTIME AND NIGHTTIME AGING OF LOGWOOD COMBUSTION AEROSOLS Ari Leskinen Finnish Meteorological Institute Atmospheric Research Centre of Eastern Finland 20th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles,

More information

In-service monitoring for small utility engines

In-service monitoring for small utility engines In-service monitoring for small utility engines Pilot programme for procedure development Zardini A., Forni F., Montigny F. Carriero M., Perujo A. 2018 EUR 29339 EN This publication is a Science for Policy

More information

Nanoparticle emissions from an off-road Diesel engine equipped with a catalyzed diesel particulate filter

Nanoparticle emissions from an off-road Diesel engine equipped with a catalyzed diesel particulate filter Nanoparticle emissions from an off-road Diesel engine equipped with a catalyzed diesel particulate filter S. Di Iorio, A. Magno, E. Mancaruso, B. M. Vaglieco Istituto Motori, Naples Italy Main concerns

More information

French - IFSTTAR activities

French - IFSTTAR activities French - IFSTTAR activities ERMES Brussels, 26-27 September 2013 Yao LIU, Michel ANDRÉ Laboratoire Transports et Environnement 1 French activities (Ifsttar Lab. Transport & Environment) Emission factors

More information

Progress at LAT. October 23, 2013 LABORATORY OF APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS

Progress at LAT. October 23, 2013 LABORATORY OF APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS LABORATORY OF APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS October 23, 2013 Progress at LAT ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY THESSALONIKI SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING DEPT. OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 1 Contents Vehicle selection Incl. vehicles

More information

New results from a 2015 PEMS testing campaign on a Diesel Euro 6b vehicle

New results from a 2015 PEMS testing campaign on a Diesel Euro 6b vehicle New results from a 215 PEMS testing campaign on a Diesel Euro 6b vehicle Cécile Favre, Dirk Bosteels, John May AECC Jon Andersson, Simon de Vries Ricardo 11 th Integer Emissions Summit & AdBlue Forum Europe

More information

Modelling LEZ and Demand Management measures in the City of York using Detailed Traffic-Emission Tools

Modelling LEZ and Demand Management measures in the City of York using Detailed Traffic-Emission Tools Institute for Transport Studies FACULTY OF ENVIRONMENT IAPSC Monday 11 th June 2012 Modelling LEZ and Demand Management measures in the City of York using Detailed Traffic-Emission Tools Dr James Tate

More information

The CONOX project: Pooling, sharing and analyzing European remote sensing data

The CONOX project: Pooling, sharing and analyzing European remote sensing data The project: Pooling, sharing and analyzing European remote sensing data Harald Jenk Swiss Federal Office for the Environment Air Pollution Control and Chemicals Division Harald.Jenk@bafu.admin.ch COmprehending

More information

Calibration. DOE & Statistical Modeling

Calibration. DOE & Statistical Modeling ETAS Webinar - ASCMO Calibration. DOE & Statistical Modeling Injection Consumption Ignition Torque AFR HC EGR P-rail NOx Inlet-cam Outlet-cam 1 1 Soot T-exhaust Roughness What is Design of Experiments?

More information

Real-Driving Emissions test programme results from a Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Real-Driving Emissions test programme results from a Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Real-Driving Emissions test programme results from a Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) 13 th Integer Emissions Summit Europe Dresden 27-29 June 2017 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC)

More information

AVL EMISSION TEST SYSTEMS International sight of future emission programs K. Engeljehringer AVL List GmbH, Graz, Austria

AVL EMISSION TEST SYSTEMS International sight of future emission programs K. Engeljehringer AVL List GmbH, Graz, Austria AVL EMISSION TEST SYSTEMS International sight of future emission programs K. Engeljehringer AVL List GmbH, Graz, Austria SEMINÁRIO DE EMISSÕES AEA, 25.04.2013 "Our air may be better - A critical approach

More information

NEW DIESEL EMISSIONS CONTROL STRATEGY for US TIER 2

NEW DIESEL EMISSIONS CONTROL STRATEGY for US TIER 2 NEW DIESEL EMISSIONS CONTROL STRATEGY for US TIER 2 Jeffrey A. Leet Shizuo Sasaki, PhD. Yiqun Huang, PhD. Gary Neely Department of Engine and Emissions Research Southwest Research Institute 24 Diesel Engine

More information