Particulate Emissions from Mopeds: Effect of Lubricant and Fuel

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Particulate Emissions from Mopeds: Effect of Lubricant and Fuel"

Transcription

1 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds: Effect of Lubricant and Fuel G. Martini, P. Bonnel, A. Krasenbrink, G. De Santi Institute of Environment and Sustainability European Commission Joint Research Centre ISPRA (Italy) Vehicle Emissions Laboratory (VELA) - Institute for Environment and Sustainability 1

2 Main objectives: The main objective was to contribute to the discussion on the possibility of introducing new limits for particulate emissions from mopeds The experimental programme was designed in order to have an understanding of: physical properties of particulates emitted by mopeds the effect of engine technology on particulate emissions from mopeds the effect of the lubricating oil quality on particulates emissions the effect on pollutant emissions of a conversion kit to LPG for mopeds 2

3 Experimental programme details: Emission tests: Carried out at the JRC emission test facility Roller bench 48 suitable for testing small two wheelers Conventional CVS system + dilution tunnel Driving Cycle: ECE 47 Emissions were measured during both the cold part and the hot part of the cycle 3

4 ECE 47 Cycle No Sampling Sampling Speed (km/h) Time (s) 4

5 Particulate Emissions Characterisation: Measurement of particulate total mass The legislative procedure prescribed for Diesel was used to measure particulate total mass In addition, a cyclone was used to avoid contaminating the sampling system and the analysers with very large droplets of lubricant Particulate physical properties: Number/size distribution (TSI SMPS) Mass/size distribution (LPI) 5

6 6

7 Particulate physical properties: Number/size distribution (TSI SMPS) Constant speed (40 km/h) Mass/size distribution (Low Pressure Impactor) 11+1 stages Volume flow rate: 25 l/min Measuring range: mm-16 mm Constant speed (40 km/h) and ECE 47 cycle 7

8 Effect of Lubricant on Particulate Emissions Test lubricants Low quality lubricant (mineral, low content of additives) API TC specifications High quality lubricant (full synthetic, high content of additives) API TC, JASO FC and ISO-L-EGD specifications 8

9 Test Fleet MT001-M-50 Pre-Euro 1 moped Conventional two stroke engine; no after-treatment device MT002-M-50 Euro 1 moped Direct injection engine; no after-treatment device MT003-M-50 Euro 1 moped Conventional two stroke engine; oxidation catalyst MT004-M-50 Euro 1 moped equipped with a LPG conversion kit Conventional two stroke engine; oxidation catalyst 9

10 Effect of Lubricant on PM Emissions Total Mass 10

11 0.250 Effect of Lubricating Oil Quality on Moped Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulates Emissions ECE 47 Cold Part ( ) ECE 47 Hot Part ( ) Pre Euro 1 Moped Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant Factory Lubricant Total Mass (g/km) Euro 1 Direct Inj. Euro 1 Oxycat MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 11

12 Effect of Lubricating Oil Quality on Moped Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Whole Cycle) - Particulates Emissions Pre-Euro 1 Moped Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant % Total Mass, (g/km) Euro 1 Direct Inj. +17% Euro 1 Oxycat -38% MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 12

13 Effect of Lubricant Oil Quality on Moped Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Hot Part) - Percentage Variations Change from Low Quality Oil to High Quality Oil HC CO 30% CO2 NOx 20% 19% PM Pre-Euro 1 Moped 12% 10% 0% -10% -2% -2% -1% -3% -4% -5% -6% -6% -9% 1% -20% -18% Euro 1 Direct Inj. -30% -27% Euro 1 Oxycat -40% -50% -52% -60% 13 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50

14 Effect of Lubricant on PM Emissions Mass/Size Distribution 14

15 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds ECE 47 Cycle - Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 1.20E E E-02 Pre-Euro 1 Moped MT001-M-50 (Min) MT002-M-50 (Min) MT003-M-50 (Min) Diesel passenger car dm/dlogd (g/km) 6.00E E-02 Euro 1 - Oxycat 2.00E-02 Euro 1 - Direct Inj. 0.00E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 15

16 Effect of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 1.20E E-01 Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant dm/dlogd (g/km) 8.00E E E-02 MT001-M-50 (Pre - Euro 1) 2.00E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 16

17 Effect of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 6.00E E-03 Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant dm/dlogd (g/km) 4.00E E E-03 MT002-M-50 (Euro 1 - Direct Inj.) 1.00E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 17

18 Effect of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 2.00E E E E-02 Low Quality Lubricant High Quality Lubricant dm/dlogd (g/km) 1.20E E E-03 MT003-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxycat) 6.00E E E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 18

19 0.250 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds Total Mass - Filter vs LPI 91% Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil % Total Mass, (g/km) Filter LPI % 88% 95% 97% MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 19

20 Effect of Lubricant and Fuel on PM Emissions Number/Size Distribution 20

21 1.2E+14 Particulate Emissions from Mopeds Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h Low Quality Oil 1E+14 8E+13 MT001-M-50 MT002-M-50 MT003-M-50 Pre-Euro 1 Moped [dn/dlog Dp]/km 6E+13 4E+13 Euro 1 Direct Inj. 2E+13 0 Euro 1 Oxycat Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 21

22 Effect Of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 1.2E+14 1E+14 8E+13 Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil [dn/dlog Dp]/km 6E+13 MT001-M-50 (Pre - Euro 1) 4E+13 2E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 22

23 Effect Of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 3E+13 3E+13 [dn/dlog Dp]/km 2E+13 2E+13 1E+13 Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil MT002-M-50 (Euro 1 - Direct Inj.) 5E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 23

24 Effect Of Lubricating Oil on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 3.5E+13 3E E+13 Low Quality Oil High Quality Oil [dn/dlog Dp]/km 2E E+13 MT003-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxycat) 1E+13 5E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 24

25 Effect of Conversion to LPG on Emissions of Moped 25

26 350% 300% MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) Effect of LPG on Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Hot Part) - Percentage Variations 318% 250% 200% 150% 100% HC CO PM 50% 0% -50% -100% -43% -90% NOx From to g/km -49% -150% 26

27 Effect of LPG on Emissions ECE 47 Cycle - Particulate Emissions Gasoline LPG Total Mass (g/km) MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) Cold Part ( ) Hot Part ( ) 27

28 5.00E-02 Effect of LPG on Particulate Emissions ECE 47 Cycle (Whole Cycle) - Mass/Size Distribution (LPI 11 stages) 4.50E E E-02 Gasoline LPG dm/dlogd (g/km) 3.00E E E E-02 MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) 1.00E E E Aerodynamic Diameter (nm) 28

29 Effect Of LPG on Particulate Emissions Number/Size Distribution - Constant Speed: 40 km/h 4E+13 4E+13 3E+13 Gasoline LPG [dn/dlog Dp]/km 3E+13 2E+13 2E+13 MT004-M-50 (Euro 1 - Oxicat - LPG) 1E+13 5E Electrical Mobility Diameter (nm) 29

30 Conclusions: The engine technology has a huge effect on particulate emissions from mopeds The Euro 1 mopeds tested at the JRC showed particulate emission values (g/km) close to those of Euro 3 diesel vehicles The lubricant quality has a significant impact on particulate mass, particle number and size The effect of lubricant quality depends on the engine technology The moped equipped with the direct injection engine exhibited a different behaviour compared to conventional two stroke engines The LPG conversion kit tested proved to be an effective way to reduce particulate emissions from mopeds 30

Physical Characteristics of PM from 2- Stroke and 4-Stroke Motorcycle Engines

Physical Characteristics of PM from 2- Stroke and 4-Stroke Motorcycle Engines Physical Characteristics of PM from 2- Stroke and 4-Stroke Motorcycle Engines G. Martini, P. Bonnel, C. Astorga-LLorens, A. Krasenbrink Institute of Environment and Sustainability European Commission Joint

More information

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report

Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system. Technical Report Testing of particulate emissions from positive ignition vehicles with direct fuel injection system -09-26 by Felix Köhler Institut für Fahrzeugtechnik und Mobilität Antrieb/Emissionen PKW/Kraftrad On behalf

More information

THE DRIVING EMISSIONS TEST

THE DRIVING EMISSIONS TEST THE DRIVING EMISSIONS TEST 2017 FUEL ECONOMY AND EMISSIONS REPORT REALWORLD.ORG.AU 2017 ABMARC Disclaimer By accepting this report from ABMARC you acknowledge and agree to the terms as set out below. This

More information

REAL WORLD DRIVING. Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Testing. Prepared for the Australian Automobile Association

REAL WORLD DRIVING. Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Testing. Prepared for the Australian Automobile Association REAL WORLD DRIVING Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Testing Prepared for the Australian Automobile Association - 2016 2016 ABMARC Disclaimer By accepting this report from ABMARC you acknowledge and agree to

More information

Particle Emission Reduction in a SI-DI Vehicle by an Open Channel Filter

Particle Emission Reduction in a SI-DI Vehicle by an Open Channel Filter Particle Emission Reduction in a SI-DI Vehicle by an Open Channel Filter Panu Karjalainen 1, Juha Heikkilä 1, 1, Matti Happonen 1, Sampo Saari 1, Aleksi Malinen 2, Tero Lähde 2, Liisa Pirjola 2, Pekka

More information

Investigation of the Feasibility of Achieving Euro VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions Limits by Advanced Emissions Controls

Investigation of the Feasibility of Achieving Euro VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions Limits by Advanced Emissions Controls Investigation of the Feasibility of Achieving Euro VI Heavy-Duty Diesel Emissions Limits by Advanced Emissions Controls D Bosteels, J May AECC Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst, Belgium A J

More information

2 / 3 Wheeler Catalyst Technologies

2 / 3 Wheeler Catalyst Technologies 2 / 3 Wheeler Catalyst Technologies AVECC Conference 24 China World Hotel Beijing G Chandler Asian Market overview and Motorcycle catalyst Manufacturers in China tend to tune rich tune for enhanced power,

More information

diesel fuel emissions performance with oxidation catalyst equipped diesel passenger vehicles - part I

diesel fuel emissions performance with oxidation catalyst equipped diesel passenger vehicles - part I report no. 94/55 diesel fuel emissions performance with oxidation catalyst equipped diesel passenger vehicles - part I Prepared for the CONCAWE Automotive Emissions Management Group and based on work carried

More information

Euro VI Programme and Emissions Results on European Cycles

Euro VI Programme and Emissions Results on European Cycles Overview of the AECC Heavy-duty Euro VI Programme and Emissions Results on European Cycles Dr. R. J. Brisley AECC Technical Steering Committee AECC Technical Seminar on Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Brussels,

More information

Black Carbon Emissions From Diesel Engines - Technical And Policy Options For Reduction. Dr Richard O Sullivan 22 March 2012

Black Carbon Emissions From Diesel Engines - Technical And Policy Options For Reduction. Dr Richard O Sullivan 22 March 2012 Black Carbon Emissions From Diesel Engines - Technical And Policy Options For Reduction Dr Richard O Sullivan 22 March 2012 OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION The significance of Diesel engine derived black carbon

More information

India 1999 Emission Standards based on Euro 1 MVEG-A test cycle w/40 sec. idle before sampling

India 1999 Emission Standards based on Euro 1 MVEG-A test cycle w/40 sec. idle before sampling India 1999 Emission Standards based on Euro 1 MVEG-A test cycle w/40 sec. idle before sampling In the 1999-2000 timeframe, India required new light-duty vehicles to comply with Euro 1 emission standards.

More information

COPERT 4 v7.1. Dimitrios Gkatzoflias Chariton Kouridis Giorgos Mellios Leon Ntziachristos

COPERT 4 v7.1. Dimitrios Gkatzoflias Chariton Kouridis Giorgos Mellios Leon Ntziachristos LABORATORY OF APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY THESSALONIKI P.O. BOX 458 GR 541 24 THESSALONIKI GREECE COPERT 4 v7.1 Dimitrios Gkatzoflias Chariton Kouridis

More information

fuel effects on emissions from advanced diesel engines and vehicles

fuel effects on emissions from advanced diesel engines and vehicles fuel effects on emissions from advanced diesel engines and vehicles Prepared for the CONCAWE Fuels quality and Emissions Management Group by its Special Task Force FE/STF-18: R. De Craecker (Chairman)

More information

An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer Testing

An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer Testing 2014-01-1581 Published 04/01/2014 Copyright 2014 SAE International doi:10.4271/2014-01-1581 saeeng.saejournals.org An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer

More information

Fuel Properties Effects on Current Diesel Vehicle Technology Emission

Fuel Properties Effects on Current Diesel Vehicle Technology Emission Fuel Properties Effects on Current Diesel Vehicle Technology Emission L. Ntziachristos, Z. Samaras Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics Aristotle University, Thessaloniki GREECE INTRODUCTION Great attention

More information

I. Ježek et al. Correspondence to: I. Ježek and G. Močnik

I. Ježek et al. Correspondence to: I. Ježek and G. Močnik Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 1, 1 1, 01 http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/1/1/01/ doi:.1/acpd-1-1-01-supplement Author(s) 01. CC Attribution.0 License. Supplement of Black carbon, particle

More information

Real-Driving Emissions test programme results from a Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Real-Driving Emissions test programme results from a Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Real-Driving Emissions test programme results from a Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) 13 th Integer Emissions Summit Europe Dresden 27-29 June 2017 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC)

More information

French - IFSTTAR activities

French - IFSTTAR activities French - IFSTTAR activities ERMES Brussels, 26-27 September 2013 Yao LIU, Michel ANDRÉ Laboratoire Transports et Environnement 1 French activities (Ifsttar Lab. Transport & Environment) Emission factors

More information

Potential of the Mild HCCI Combustion for Worldwide Applications

Potential of the Mild HCCI Combustion for Worldwide Applications Potential of the Mild HCCI Combustion for Worldwide Applications Future Fuels for IC Engines ERC Research Symposium Madison June 6-7, 2007 P.Gastaldi M.Besson JP.Hardy Renault Powertrain Division Overview

More information

COPERT - SIBYL workshop October 2015 Brussels, Belgium Diesel NOx emissions

COPERT - SIBYL workshop October 2015 Brussels, Belgium Diesel NOx emissions COPERT - SIBYL workshop 21-22 October 2015 Brussels, Belgium Diesel NOx emissions and COPERT emission factors in light of the dieselgate Contents Recent developments and associated questions Some explanations

More information

Capabilities of Emission Control Technologies and their Impact on Air Quality. Expert Meeting of the EU Refining Forum Brussels 1 December 2017

Capabilities of Emission Control Technologies and their Impact on Air Quality. Expert Meeting of the EU Refining Forum Brussels 1 December 2017 Capabilities of Emission Control Technologies and their Impact on Air Quality Expert Meeting of the EU Refining Forum Brussels 1 December 2017 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC AISBL)

More information

Effect of oxygenates in gasoline on fuel consumption and emissions in three Euro 4 passenger cars

Effect of oxygenates in gasoline on fuel consumption and emissions in three Euro 4 passenger cars Effect of oxygenates in gasoline on fuel consumption and emissions in three Euro 4 passenger cars Final Report Authors G. Martini, U. Manfredi, A. Krasenbrink Joint Research Centre- Institute for Energy

More information

Lubrication Needs for Next Generation Gasoline Passenger Car Engine Technology

Lubrication Needs for Next Generation Gasoline Passenger Car Engine Technology Lubrication Needs for Next Generation Gasoline Passenger Car Engine Technology V Simpósio de Lubrificantes, Aditivos e Fluidos São Paulo, Brasil, October 24, 2012 Ravi Tallamraju Passenger Car Motor Oil

More information

The Impact of Oil Consumption Mechanisms on Diesel Exhaust Particle Size Distributions and Detailed Exhaust Chemical Composition

The Impact of Oil Consumption Mechanisms on Diesel Exhaust Particle Size Distributions and Detailed Exhaust Chemical Composition The Impact of Oil Consumption Mechanisms on Diesel Exhaust Particle Size Distributions and Detailed Exhaust Chemical Composition John Stetter, Nate Forster Jaal Ghandhi, David Foster University of Wisconsin-Madison

More information

ME 74 AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL Automobile Engineering-vii sem Question Bank( )

ME 74 AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL Automobile Engineering-vii sem Question Bank( ) ME 74 AUTOMOTIVE POLLUTION AND CONTROL Automobile Engineering-vii sem Question Bank(2013-2014) UNIT I INTRODUCTION 1. How the transient operation of S.I engine will cause CO formation? (may /June 2007)

More information

Emission factor modeling in Istituto Motori - KEM. Maria Vittoria Prati, Livia Della Ragione, Giovanni Meccariello, Maria Antonietta Costagliola

Emission factor modeling in Istituto Motori - KEM. Maria Vittoria Prati, Livia Della Ragione, Giovanni Meccariello, Maria Antonietta Costagliola Emission factor modeling in Istituto Motori - KEM Maria Vittoria Prati, Livia Della Ragione, Giovanni Meccariello, Maria Antonietta Costagliola This presentation is dedicated to the memory of Mario Rapone

More information

Development of vehicle emission factors using PEMS

Development of vehicle emission factors using PEMS Development of vehicle emission factors using PEMS Dr. Carol Wong Senior Environmental Protection Officer Environmental Protection Department Hong Kong September, 2013 Outline Background, Objective & Current

More information

COMING CLEAN. HOW THE BMW GROUP IS REDUCING EMISSIONS. Plant Steyr

COMING CLEAN. HOW THE BMW GROUP IS REDUCING EMISSIONS. Plant Steyr COMING CLEAN. HOW THE BMW GROUP IS REDUCING EMISSIONS. Plant Steyr CLEAN AIR. IMPORTANCE OF DIESEL TO THE AUSTRIAN ECONOMY AND THE ENVIRONMENT. UPPER AUSTRIA IS DIESEL COUNTRY The diesel engine holds a

More information

Study of Fuel Economy Standard and Testing Procedure for Motor Vehicles in Thailand

Study of Fuel Economy Standard and Testing Procedure for Motor Vehicles in Thailand Study of Fuel Economy Standard and Testing Procedure for Motor Vehicles in Thailand MR.WORAWUTH KOVONGPANICH TESTING MANAGER THAILAND AUTOMOTIVE INSTITUTE June 20 th, 2014 Overview Background Terminology

More information

Roadworthiness Test Investigations of Diesel Particulate Filters

Roadworthiness Test Investigations of Diesel Particulate Filters TNO report TNO 2013 R10160 v3 Roadworthiness Test Investigations of Diesel Particulate Filters Mobility Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6 2628 XE Delft P.O. Box 49 2600 AA Delft The Netherlands www.tno.nl T +31

More information

Test Engine. torque [Nm] power [kw] speed [rpm] Liebherr Dieselmotor 934 S A6 4 Cylinders Turbodiesel, intercooler, unit pump, EDC

Test Engine. torque [Nm] power [kw] speed [rpm] Liebherr Dieselmotor 934 S A6 4 Cylinders Turbodiesel, intercooler, unit pump, EDC power [kw] torque [Nm] BFH Bern University of Applied Sciences Test Engine Liebherr Dieselmotor 934 S A6 4 Cylinders Turbodiesel, intercooler, unit pump, EDC Power : 105 kw at 2000 rpm Displacement: 6,36

More information

International Harmonization of Exhaust Emissions Test Procedures for Passenger Vehicle (M1) and Light Trucks (N1)

International Harmonization of Exhaust Emissions Test Procedures for Passenger Vehicle (M1) and Light Trucks (N1) Submitted by the expert from Japan the secretariat Informal document GRPE-71-15 71 st GRPE, 8 12 June 2015 Agenda items 3(b) and 16 Overview of the "Future Policy for Motor Vehicle Emission Reduction"

More information

Dependence of particle size distribution on injection pressure

Dependence of particle size distribution on injection pressure FV/SLE Khatchikian 711/ 811-24923 711/ 811-1686 11.11.2 Blatt 1 von 5 Dependence of particle size distribution on injection pressure Summary The influence of the injection pressure on the particle size

More information

Investigating Emission Values of a Passenger Vehicle in the Idle Mode and Comparison with Regulated Values

Investigating Emission Values of a Passenger Vehicle in the Idle Mode and Comparison with Regulated Values American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) e-issn: 2320-0847 p-issn : 2320-0936 Volume-02, Issue-03, pp-13-19 www.ajer.us Research Paper Open Access Investigating Emission Values of a Passenger Vehicle

More information

CHAMPION OEM SPECIFIC 0W30 MS-BHDI

CHAMPION OEM SPECIFIC 0W30 MS-BHDI NEW PRODUCTS PASSENGER CAR NEW 0W30 MS-BHDI KEY BENEFITS Meeting PSA specification B71 2312. Euro VI Blue HDI DW 10F. Fuel economy benefit of 4,2% over a 5W40 oil. Backward compatible with all euro IV

More information

Additional written questions to Ms Elżbieta BIEŃKOWSKA

Additional written questions to Ms Elżbieta BIEŃKOWSKA A 6..6 Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector Additional written questions to Ms Elżbieta BIEŃKOWSKA Follow-up to the EMIS hearing of September 6 No Question During the

More information

EGR Transient Simulation of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine using GT-Power

EGR Transient Simulation of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine using GT-Power GT-SUITE USERS CONFERENCE FRANKFURT, OCTOBER 4 TH 2004 EGR Transient Simulation of a Turbocharged Diesel Engine using GT-Power TEAM OF WORK: G. GIAFFREDA, C. VENEZIA RESEARCH CENTRE ENGINE ENGINEERING

More information

EMISSION FACTORS OF SEVERAL PARTICLE PROPERTIES FROM CURRENT DIESEL PASSENGER CARS

EMISSION FACTORS OF SEVERAL PARTICLE PROPERTIES FROM CURRENT DIESEL PASSENGER CARS PM Emission Inventories Oral Presentation EMISSION FACTORS OF SEVERAL PARTICLE PROPERTIES FROM CURRENT DIESEL PASSENGER CARS C. Pastorello 1, L. Ntziachristos, Z. Samaras Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics

More information

Jon Andersson, Ricardo UK Ltd. Edinburgh, January 24 th Ricardo plc 2015

Jon Andersson, Ricardo UK Ltd. Edinburgh, January 24 th Ricardo plc 2015 Ricardo plc 2015 Real World Emissions and Control: Use of PEMS on Heavy Duty Vehicles to Assess the Impact of Technology and Driving Conditions on Air Quality in Urban Areas Jon Andersson, Ricardo UK Ltd

More information

Vehicle Performance. Pierre Duysinx. Research Center in Sustainable Automotive Technologies of University of Liege Academic Year

Vehicle Performance. Pierre Duysinx. Research Center in Sustainable Automotive Technologies of University of Liege Academic Year Vehicle Performance Pierre Duysinx Research Center in Sustainable Automotive Technologies of University of Liege Academic Year 2015-2016 1 Lesson 4: Fuel consumption and emissions 2 Outline FUEL CONSUMPTION

More information

Fuel Economy, ACEA 2016 and other challenges for European Passenger Car Oils Richard van den Bulk

Fuel Economy, ACEA 2016 and other challenges for European Passenger Car Oils Richard van den Bulk Fuel Economy, ACEA 2016 and other challenges for European Passenger Car Oils Richard van den Bulk Presented at UNITI, Stuttgart, April 5 th, 2017 2017Chevron Oronite. Agenda Key drivers for European Specs

More information

Retrofit Program of a EURO 1 & EURO 2 Urban Bus Fleet in La Rochelle: Status after One Year Experience

Retrofit Program of a EURO 1 & EURO 2 Urban Bus Fleet in La Rochelle: Status after One Year Experience Retrofit Program of a EURO 1 & EURO 2 Urban Bus Fleet in La Rochelle: Status after One Year Experience Daniel Biancotto, Turkay Erol, Henri Georges AIRMEEX Jacques Lavy, Brigitte Martin IFP Gilbert Blanchard,

More information

Potential of a Production DI Two-Stroke Engine Adapted for Range Extender and Motorcycle Applications JSAE /SAE

Potential of a Production DI Two-Stroke Engine Adapted for Range Extender and Motorcycle Applications JSAE /SAE Potential of a Production DI Two-Stroke Engine Adapted for Range Extender and Motorcycle Applications JSAE 20179082 /SAE 2017-32-0082 Pierre DURET, IFP School, France Stéphane VENTURI & Antonio SCIARRETTA,

More information

Motor Vehicle Emissions and the Government Response

Motor Vehicle Emissions and the Government Response Motor Vehicle Emissions and the Government Response Bruce Bertelsen Michael P. Walsh May 26, 2000 "Meeting Meeting Mexico's Air Quality Challenges" 06/19/00 1 Introduction Motor Vehicles Contribute to

More information

NGP2010 Diesel Engine Briefing Sept. 18, 2007

NGP2010 Diesel Engine Briefing Sept. 18, 2007 NGP2010 Diesel Engine Briefing Sept. 18, 2007 Yo Usuba Senior Vice President Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Agenda 1. Environmental Technology Activities 2. Potential of Diesel Engines 3. Clean Diesels 4. Future

More information

Fuel Borne Catalysts

Fuel Borne Catalysts Fuel Borne Catalysts 2 Fuel Borne Catalysts Fuel Borne Catalysts 3 Pushing the boundaries of clean technology Innospec has unparalleled experience in the development and supply of fuel borne catalysts

More information

Vehicle Emissions Standards, Fuel Quality, Air Pollution and Health

Vehicle Emissions Standards, Fuel Quality, Air Pollution and Health Vehicle Emissions Standards, Fuel Quality, Air Pollution and Health Bert Fabian Programme Officer UNEP Energy, Climate, and Technology Branch Division of Technology, Industry and Economics Conclusion Cost

More information

Objectives. WP7: On-engine aftertreatment systems. WP Leader: Jukka Leinonen. Partners:

Objectives. WP7: On-engine aftertreatment systems. WP Leader: Jukka Leinonen. Partners: Objectives WP Leader: Jukka Leinonen Integration of SCR (Selective Catalytic Reduction) with the 4-stroke diesel engine and combining it with particulate emission (PM) abatement technology would enable

More information

Vehicle Emission Standards. U.S. California

Vehicle Emission Standards. U.S. California Vehicle Emission Standards U.S. California 1 Regulatory Impact on U.S. Passenger Car Exhaust Emissions Emissions, grams/mile 1.00 Tier 1, Fed. TLEV, CA 0.80 LDT same stds. as PC Tier 2, Fed. 0.60 0.40

More information

Purity in DEF Delivery

Purity in DEF Delivery Purity in DEF Delivery Diesel Exhaust Fluid Why BlueDEF Is Different Phone 1-800-323-5440 E-mail Contact@peakhd.com With the introduction of the latest Environmental Protection Agency emissions levels

More information

Assessment of RSD measurement performance against reference vehicles and PEMS emissions

Assessment of RSD measurement performance against reference vehicles and PEMS emissions Assessment of RSD measurement performance against reference vehicles and PEMS emissions Potential for Euro 6 in-service vehicle emissions screening Based on EC JRC 2017 Testing Program Brussels, 28 th

More information

Emission Factor of Carbon Dioxide from In-Use Vehicles in Thailand

Emission Factor of Carbon Dioxide from In-Use Vehicles in Thailand Modern Applied Science; Vol. 6, No. 8; 2012 ISSN 1913-1844 E-ISSN 1913-1852 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education Emission Factor of Carbon Dioxide from In-Use Vehicles in Thailand Sutthicha

More information

Comparing the EPA Non-road Transient Cycle (NRTC) with CanmetMINING LHD test cycles.

Comparing the EPA Non-road Transient Cycle (NRTC) with CanmetMINING LHD test cycles. 1 Comparing the EPA Non-road Transient Cycle (NRTC) with CanmetMINING LHD test cycles. David Young, Brent Rubeli and Mahe Gangal - CanmetMINING, Lars Bark - Volvo Penta Denis Ward - SwRI 2 Background Volvo-Penta

More information

Toyota s LPG Injected Hiace

Toyota s LPG Injected Hiace Toyota s LPG Injected Hiace Background Summary Developed in response to Toyota s Product Planning Division and achieved Board approval Aug 03 Technical development was provided by cooperation between Apollo

More information

The Modell PHEM. Structure and Applicatons. Stefan Hausberger. (Passenger car & Heavy duty emission Model) JRC,

The Modell PHEM. Structure and Applicatons. Stefan Hausberger. (Passenger car & Heavy duty emission Model) JRC, 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1..8.6.4.2. -.2 P e/p ra _ /h (g[ _ rate nstitute for nternal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics, University of Technology Graz The Modell PHEM (Passenger car & Heavy duty emission Model)

More information

SOLUÇÕES DE PÓS TRATAMENTO PARA REDUÇÃO DAS EMISSÕES EM APLICAÇÕES ESTACIONÁRIAS E FORA DE ESTRADA. SIMEA 2009

SOLUÇÕES DE PÓS TRATAMENTO PARA REDUÇÃO DAS EMISSÕES EM APLICAÇÕES ESTACIONÁRIAS E FORA DE ESTRADA. SIMEA 2009 SOLUÇÕES DE PÓS TRATAMENTO PARA REDUÇÃO DAS EMISSÕES EM APLICAÇÕES ESTACIONÁRIAS E FORA DE ESTRADA. SIMEA 2009 AFTERTREATMENT SOLUTIONS FOR LOW EMISSION NON ROAD APPLICATIONS *Cláudio Furlan / Alan Arnhem

More information

14 th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles Zurich, Switzerland August 1 st -4 th 2010

14 th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles Zurich, Switzerland August 1 st -4 th 2010 14 th ETH-Conference on Combustion Generated Nanoparticles Zurich, Switzerland August 1 st -4 th 21 IN-LINE, REAL-TIME EXHAUST PM EMISSIONS SENSOR FOR USE IN EMISSION CONTROL AND OBD APPLICATION Marc C.

More information

Emission from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology. Results from the measurement program in EMIROAD 2015

Emission from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology. Results from the measurement program in EMIROAD 2015 Summary Emission from vehicles with Euro 6/VI technology. Results from the measurement program in EMIROAD 2015 TØI Report 1506/2016 Authors: Christian Weber and Astrid H. Amundsen Oslo 2016 54 pages Norwegian

More information

Harmonised and Non-road Cycles from

Harmonised and Non-road Cycles from Overview of Emissions on World- Harmonised and Non-road Cycles from the AECC Euro VI Programme Mr. G. Rickert AECC Technical Steering Committee AECC Technical Seminar on Heavy-duty Engine Emissions Brussels,

More information

MODERN DIESEL ENGINES NOX PARTICLES EMISSION

MODERN DIESEL ENGINES NOX PARTICLES EMISSION Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport, Vol. 20, No. 3 2013 MODERN DIESEL ENGINES NOX PARTICLES EMISSION Konrad Krakowian, Andrzej Ka mierczak Technical University of Wroc aw Department of Motor Vehicles

More information

WM 07 Conference, February 25 March 1, 2007, Tucson, AZ. Evaluation of Glass Fiber Hepa Filters as a Function of Media Velocity

WM 07 Conference, February 25 March 1, 2007, Tucson, AZ. Evaluation of Glass Fiber Hepa Filters as a Function of Media Velocity Evaluation of Glass Fiber Hepa Filters as a Function of Media Velocity S. L. Alderman, M.S. Parsons, K.U. Hogancamp, C.A. Waggoner Mississippi State University, Institute for Clean Energy Technology Starkville,

More information

EXHAUST GAS EMISSIONS OF SMALL CAPACITY TWO STROKE AND FOUR STROKE ENGINES

EXHAUST GAS EMISSIONS OF SMALL CAPACITY TWO STROKE AND FOUR STROKE ENGINES INSTITUTE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES AND THERMODYNAMICS GRAZ UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY EXHAUST GAS EMISSIONS OF SMALL CAPACITY TWO STROKE AND FOUR STROKE ENGINES Dr. Mario Hirz Dr. Roland Kirchberger

More information

Study on possible new measures concerning motorcycle emissions. Final Report Revised Version

Study on possible new measures concerning motorcycle emissions. Final Report Revised Version Study on possible new measures concerning motorcycle emissions Final Report Revised Version Report No: 08.RE.0019.V4 Thessaloniki September 2009 2 For more information contact: LABORATORY OF APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS

More information

Exhaust emissions from modes of transport under actual traffic conditions

Exhaust emissions from modes of transport under actual traffic conditions Exhaust emissions from modes of transport under actual traffic conditions J. Merkisz 1, M. Jacyna 2, A. Merkisz-Guranowska 1 & J. Pielecha 1 1 Poznan University of Technology, Poland 2 Warsaw University

More information

SupplierBusiness. Automotive Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Report 2012 Edition

SupplierBusiness. Automotive Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Report 2012 Edition SupplierBusiness Automotive Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Report 2012 Edition CONTENTS Introduction... 7 Key drivers... 10 Fuel economy and CO 2 emissions... 10 The United States... 10 The European

More information

Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies Worldwide Leadership, Global Expertise. Shanghai (Minbei) R&D center (China) / Press Kit, April 12, 2011

Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies Worldwide Leadership, Global Expertise. Shanghai (Minbei) R&D center (China) / Press Kit, April 12, 2011 Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies Worldwide Leadership, Global Expertise Shanghai (Minbei) R&D center (China) / Press Kit, April 12, 2011 Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies: an introduction

More information

BEYOND KYOTO FRANK VAN WEST. XVII ACI Technical Conference. Rome, 16 March 2006

BEYOND KYOTO FRANK VAN WEST. XVII ACI Technical Conference. Rome, 16 March 2006 BEYOND KYOTO FRANK VAN WEST XVII ACI Technical Conference Rome, 16 March 2006 www.fiafoundation.com Content Wat is the FIA Foundation? Objectives of the Foundation Kyoto Voluntary agreements car industry

More information

The Future of Transportation Significant Progress...And the challenges Looking Ahead

The Future of Transportation Significant Progress...And the challenges Looking Ahead The Future of Transportation Significant Progress...And the challenges Looking Ahead Dan Greenbaum, President Health Effects Institute HEI Annual Conference Alexandria, Virginia April 30, 2017 The Future

More information

MORPHOLOGY AND VOLATILITY OF PARTICULATE MATTER EMITTED FROM TWO DIRECT-INJECTION ENGINES

MORPHOLOGY AND VOLATILITY OF PARTICULATE MATTER EMITTED FROM TWO DIRECT-INJECTION ENGINES MORPHOLOGY AND VOLATILITY OF PARTICULATE MATTER EMITTED FROM TWO DIRECT-INJECTION ENGINES Brian Graves, Jason Olfert, Bob Koch, Bronson Patychuk, Ramin Dastanpour, Steven Rogak University of Alberta, Westport

More information

Questions to the PSA GROUP

Questions to the PSA GROUP A 012036 11.11.2016 Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector s to the PSA GROUP No 1 From a technical point of view, exemptions for the use of devices interfering with pollution

More information

Engine encapsulation. A synergic approach to exterior noise and CO 2 emissions reduction. Brussels, 18th December 2012 Maurizio Mantovani - Autoneum

Engine encapsulation. A synergic approach to exterior noise and CO 2 emissions reduction. Brussels, 18th December 2012 Maurizio Mantovani - Autoneum Engine encapsulation A synergic approach to exterior noise and CO 2 emissions reduction Brussels, 18th December 2012 Maurizio Mantovani - Autoneum Agenda 1. Who is Autoneum 2. Benefits of encapsulation

More information

Investigation of Thermal Management in a Diesel Exhaust System for Improved Emission Reduction Timothy Gardner Principal Engineer Tenneco, Inc.

Investigation of Thermal Management in a Diesel Exhaust System for Improved Emission Reduction Timothy Gardner Principal Engineer Tenneco, Inc. Investigation of Thermal Management in a Diesel Exhaust System for Improved Emission Reduction Timothy Gardner Principal Engineer Tenneco, Inc. 6 November 2017 Outline Background Objectives Model Description

More information

PEMS. The continuous rise of Real Driving Emissions. November 2017, Markus Böck (HORIBA GmbH) 2017 HORIBA, Ltd. All rights reserved

PEMS. The continuous rise of Real Driving Emissions. November 2017, Markus Böck (HORIBA GmbH) 2017 HORIBA, Ltd. All rights reserved PEMS The continuous rise of Real Driving Emissions November 2017, Markus Böck (HORIBA GmbH) 2017 HORIBA, Ltd. All rights reserved Agenda 1. 1. Einführung Introduction 2. 2. Messprinzip RDE for LDV in EU

More information

Description of new elements in COPERT 4 v10.0

Description of new elements in COPERT 4 v10.0 EMISIA SA ANTONI TRITSI 21 SERVICE POST 2 GR 57001 THESSALONIKI GREECE Date December 3rd, 2012 Authors Dr. Petros Katsis Dr. Leonidas Ntziachristos Dr. Giorgos Mellios Client European Environment Agency

More information

Clean Air Zone (CAZ) - CLEAN VEHICLE RETROFIT CERTIFICATION (CVRC) CHASSIS DYNAMOMETER TEST PROCEDURES FOR APPROVAL OF LOW EMISSION ADAPTATIONS

Clean Air Zone (CAZ) - CLEAN VEHICLE RETROFIT CERTIFICATION (CVRC) CHASSIS DYNAMOMETER TEST PROCEDURES FOR APPROVAL OF LOW EMISSION ADAPTATIONS Clean Air Zone (CAZ) - CLEAN VEHICLE RETROFIT CERTIFICATION (CVRC) CHASSIS DYNAMOMETER TEST PROCEDURES FOR APPROVAL OF LOW EMISSION ADAPTATIONS Test procedures for measuring pollutant and greenhouse gas

More information

Lixin Fu Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Tsinghua University

Lixin Fu Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Tsinghua University Lixin Fu Department of Environmental Science and Engineering Tsinghua University Contents Contents Vehicle Population Is Increasing Rapidly in Beijing By end of 2007, motor vehicle population reached over

More information

VEHICLE AND ENGINE TESTING SERVICES FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND CERTIFICATION

VEHICLE AND ENGINE TESTING SERVICES FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND CERTIFICATION VEHICLE AND ENGINE TESTING SERVICES FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND CERTIFICATION VEHICLE TESTING SGS Environmental Testing Corporation is equipped with a comprehensive array of laboratories serving the

More information

Development & Implementation of Particle Number Measurement for Vehicle Emissions Regulation

Development & Implementation of Particle Number Measurement for Vehicle Emissions Regulation Development & Implementation of Particle Number Measurement for Vehicle Emissions Regulation 8-9 June 2010 : Metrology of Airborne Nanoparticles, Standardisation and Applications (MANSA) Current Vehicle

More information

HYBRID-PROCEDURES AND CHALLENGES FOR EMISSION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

HYBRID-PROCEDURES AND CHALLENGES FOR EMISSION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS HYBRID-PROCEDURES AND CHALLENGES FOR EMISSION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS K. Engeljehringer AVL List GmbH, Graz, Austria Prof. Dr. C. Beidl Technische Universität Darmstadt Dr. B. Lenzen Technische Universität

More information

A SHORT HISTORY SINCE DIESELGATE. Richard Smokers

A SHORT HISTORY SINCE DIESELGATE. Richard Smokers A SHORT HISTORY SINCE DIESELGATE Richard Smokers Symposium Vehicle Emissions November 3, 2016 TEST PROGRAMMES AT TNO Since 1986 in a sequence of projects for the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the

More information

Direct Injection as a Retrofit Strategy for Reducing Emissions from 2-Stroke Cycle Engines in Asia

Direct Injection as a Retrofit Strategy for Reducing Emissions from 2-Stroke Cycle Engines in Asia Direct Injection as a Retrofit Strategy for Reducing Emissions from 2-Stroke Cycle Engines in Asia Dr. Bryan Willson Professor & Research Director, Engines & Energy Conversion Laboratory Department of

More information

The influence of thermal regime on gasoline direct injection engine performance and emissions

The influence of thermal regime on gasoline direct injection engine performance and emissions IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering PAPER OPEN ACCESS The influence of thermal regime on gasoline direct injection engine performance and emissions To cite this article: C I Leahu

More information

ETHANOL BLEND FUEL PERFORMANCE ON EVAPORATIVE EMISSION OF MOTORCYCLE IN THAILAND

ETHANOL BLEND FUEL PERFORMANCE ON EVAPORATIVE EMISSION OF MOTORCYCLE IN THAILAND ETHANOL BLEND FUEL PERFORMANCE ON EVAPORATIVE EMISSION OF MOTORCYCLE IN THAILAND Thummarat Thummadetsak Padol Sukajit Somchai Siangsanorh PTT Research & Technology Institute PTT Public Company Limited

More information

Vehicle Certification Agency. Light Duty Passenger Vehicles

Vehicle Certification Agency. Light Duty Passenger Vehicles Client Vehicle Certification Agency Vehicle Light Duty Passenger Vehicles Test In-Service Vehicle Testing Programme 2010-11 Millbrook Report No. MBK11/0162 Millbrook Project No. PT0060-006-01 A. Sale Author:

More information

Motor Oils.

Motor Oils. Motor Oils www.comline.uk.com CO 10W40 Universal synthetic based motor oil CO 5W30 D2 Fully synthetic long-life motor oil based on mid SAPS technology CO 10W40 is an engine oil recommended for petrol and

More information

FOR OUR PLANET FOR YOUR BUSINESS

FOR OUR PLANET FOR YOUR BUSINESS NEW NEW NP There is a turning point in any technology when it breaks the barrier of economic payback. There is also a turnaround product that marks that very point and in the case of natural gas, this

More information

A HYBRID VEHICLE POWERED BY AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN

A HYBRID VEHICLE POWERED BY AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN A HYBRID VEHICLE POWERED BY AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN Stefano Frigo Roberto Gentili DESTEC - Università di Pisa, Italy DESTEC - University of Pisa With the financial support of the Tuscany Region (ITALY), a

More information

CNG. a pragmatic visionary solution for a sustainable mobility. Bologna - Altfuels 2016

CNG. a pragmatic visionary solution for a sustainable mobility. Bologna - Altfuels 2016 CNG a pragmatic visionary solution for a sustainable mobility Bologna - Altfuels 2016 Virgilio Cerutti Head of Business Development Central Coordination The CNG Italian case, last 10yrs, Cars X 3, Stations

More information

Vehicular modal emission and fuel consumption factors in Hong Kong

Vehicular modal emission and fuel consumption factors in Hong Kong Vehicular modal emission and fuel consumption factors in Hong Kong H.Y. Tong

More information

Traffic Emission modelling

Traffic Emission modelling Institut for Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics Section Traffic and Environment http://vkm-thd.tugraz.at/ Traffic Emission modelling Ulrich Uhrner, Martin Rexeis, Stefan Hausberger Outline

More information

IN-SERVICE-MONITORING FOR NRMM USING SEMS, PARAMETER AND REPORTING OPTIONS

IN-SERVICE-MONITORING FOR NRMM USING SEMS, PARAMETER AND REPORTING OPTIONS IN-SERVICE-MONITORING FOR NRMM USING SEMS, PARAMETER AND REPORTING OPTIONS Ruud Verbeek, Norbert Ligterink 2 nd annual Emission Control Forum for Non-Road Mobile Machinery, Frankfurt, 7 & 8 September 2017

More information

Learning Legacy Document

Learning Legacy Document SUSTAINABILITY & CONSENTS Guidance on Diesel Engine Emissions from Non-Road Mobile Machinery (NRMM) and retrofitting with Diesel Particulate Filters (DPF) Document History: Document Number: CR-XRL-T1-GUI-CR001-50005

More information

Local and European Scopes to Reduce Emissions from Traffic

Local and European Scopes to Reduce Emissions from Traffic nstitute for nternal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics Local and European Scopes to Reduce Emissions from Traffic The challenge of Air Quality: a regional perspective Conference, 10 November 2011 Univ.-Prof.

More information

DOC design & sizing using GT-SUITE European GT Conference Gauthier QUENEY 09/10/2017

DOC design & sizing using GT-SUITE European GT Conference Gauthier QUENEY 09/10/2017 DOC design & sizing using GT-SUITE European GT Conference 2017 Gauthier QUENEY 09/10/2017 Background Simulation tool target Predict exhaust outlet emissions Thermal modeling Chemical modeling This presentation

More information

WP8: Engine Integrated SCR and combined DPF and SCR

WP8: Engine Integrated SCR and combined DPF and SCR Partners LUH: Leibniz University Hannover (Hannover) DTU: Technical University of Denmark (Copenhagen) MDT-CPH: MAN Diesel & Turbo, Marine Two-Stroke (Copenhagen) MDT-AUG: MAN Diesel & Turbo, Marine Four-Stroke

More information

Inline four cylinder turbo diesel, transverse Displacement cm Bore mm Stroke mm Compression ratio

Inline four cylinder turbo diesel, transverse Displacement cm Bore mm Stroke mm Compression ratio TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS www.youtube.com/fordofeurope www.twitter.com/fordeu NEW FORD TRANSIT WITH FORD ECOBLUE ENGINE TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Ford EcoBlue Diesel 2.0-litre EcoBlue TDCi (FWD) Type Inline

More information

Real Driving Emissions from a Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Joachim Demuynck IQPC RDE Berlin October 2017

Real Driving Emissions from a Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Joachim Demuynck IQPC RDE Berlin October 2017 Real Driving Emissions from a Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Joachim Demuynck IQPC RDE Berlin 17 18 October 2017 Association for Emissions Control by Catalyst (AECC AISBL) AECC members : European

More information

Hydrogen addition in a spark ignition engine

Hydrogen addition in a spark ignition engine Hydrogen addition in a spark ignition engine F. Halter, C. Mounaïm-Rousselle Laboratoire de Mécanique et d Energétique Orléans, FRANCE GDRE «Energetics and Safety of Hydrogen» 27/12/2007 Main advantages

More information

DETERMINATION OF A PRECONDITIONING PROTOCOL TO STABILIZE NOx AND PN EMISSIONS FOR EURO 6 ENGINE CERTIFICATION

DETERMINATION OF A PRECONDITIONING PROTOCOL TO STABILIZE NOx AND PN EMISSIONS FOR EURO 6 ENGINE CERTIFICATION DETERMINATION OF A PRECONDITIONING PROTOCOL TO STABILIZE NOx AND PN EMISSIONS FOR EURO 6 ENGINE CERTIFICATION Pragalath Thiruvengadam, Don Sanfilippo, Arvind Thiruvengadam, Daniel Carder West Virginia

More information

The Benefits of Low Sulphur Fuels in India

The Benefits of Low Sulphur Fuels in India Briefing The Benefits of Low Sulphur Fuels in India Authors: Gaurav Bansal, Anup Bandivadekar Date: May 2012 Keywords: low sulphur fuel, emissions, health, India, Background Reducing the sulphur content

More information