English Report. The stop & Start System. By RIGOUR Sophie. & NOCQUET Cécile

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "English Report. The stop & Start System. By RIGOUR Sophie. & NOCQUET Cécile"

Transcription

1 English Report The stop & Start System By & NOCQUET Cécile The STOP&START System 1/14

2 SUMMARY SUMMARY 2 INTRODUCTION 3 I. DEFINITION OF THE SYSTEM 4 I.1. A CAR WITHOUT THE STOP AND START S SYSTEM 4 I.2. A CAR WITH THE STOP & START S SYSTEM 6 II. STOP & START S ADVANTAGES 9 II.1. POLLUTION 9 II.2. CONSUMPTION 10 II.3. COMFORT 10 II.4. EASY INTEGRATING 11 III. CARMAKERS AND MODELS 12 CONCLUSION 13 REFERENCES 14 The STOP&START System 2/14

3 Introduction Since the last century, the car's evolution provides some problems because of the pollution. New cars need more and more options and functions, so they become bigger and they pollute more than old cars. Nowadays, it's very important to reduce this consumption. This is why some engineers' teams of different car's manufacturers designed an electronic system which is called STOP & START. This system allows us to stop the engine during short stops of the car, for example, in the traffic jam or at a red light. Thus, during common stops of an urban car, the engine is stopped and doesn't pollute. The first part of this report will introduce this system. Then, we will explain the reasons why this invention has been developed. In the third part we will see how the STOP & START works from a technical point of view. The STOP&START System 3/14

4 I. Definition of the system I.1. A Car without the STOP and START s System Under the bonnet s car, there are many elements. Among these elements we can cite: The engine The starter The alternator The calculator In a classic car, when the user switches on the ignition, the battery provides an electrical power to the starter which will crank up the engine. In fact the starter has to convert the electrical power from the battery in mechanical power for the engine. Once the engine cranked up, the alternator recharges the battery. Contrary to the starter, the alternator has to convert mechanical power from the engine in electrical power for recharge the battery. The calculator is the electronic part. This element supervises the engine, the starter and the alternator. It calculates when the engine must start up and when it must stop the vehicle. So, we can differentiate 3 phases: 1. The driver starts up the engine: the calculator gives an order to start up the engine. The battery provides an electrical energy and the starter helps the engine to crank up. During this first step, the alternator doesn t run. 2. The car runs normally: the battery receives an electrical energy from the alternator. The calculator surveys the engine. As the engine doesn t need the starter, this one doesn t work. 3. The driver stops his car: the calculator gives an order to stop the engine. The STOP&START System 4/14

5 This picture illustrates the first phase: The second phase is illustrated as follow: In a classic car, it is the user who controls the state of the engine by starting up or switching off it. We will see in the second part that, with the STOP&START system, a car can know by itself when start up or switch off the engine. The STOP&START System 5/14

6 I.2. A car with the STOP & START s System The first difference between a classic car and a car which is equipped with the STOP & START system is that there is only a reversible alternator instead of both alternator and starter. Thus, the reversible alternator provides the function of alternator and starter. This new element is able to convert an electrical energy into a mechanical energy and to convert a mechanical energy into an electrical energy. The advantages of this new configuration are: The engine is cranked up more rapidly The engine s consumption at the starting up is reduced The second important difference is that there is a calculator specific of the STOP & START option. This new calculator supervises the reversible alternator and the engine: when the user slows down, the calculator surveys the speed of the car and if this speed falls under 6 km/h the calculator switches off the engine. As soon as the user stops to push on brake pedal, the calculator gives an order to start again the engine. There are five phases: 1. The driver starts up his car, the vehicle s calculator will start up the engine. So the battery provides electrical energy and the reversible alternator plays the part of the starter and helps the engine to crank up. Here is how this first phase can be illustrated: The STOP&START System 6/14

7 2. The driver drives normally and doesn t slow down: the engine is cranked up and the reversible alternator plays the part of the alternator. It converts a mechanical energy from the engine into an electrical energy for the battery. This picture illustrates this step: 3. The driver slows down and the speed of the car reaches 6 km/h: The STOP and START s calculator gives an order to stop the engine. This third phase is illustrated as follow: The STOP&START System 7/14

8 4. The driver stops to push on the brake pedal: the STOP & START s calculator gives an order to start again the engine, so the battery provides electrical energy and the reversible alternator plays the part of the starter and helps the engine to crank up. This picture illustrates this step: 5. The driver stops his car: the vehicle s calculator will stop the engine. This picture illustrates this step: To sum up this part, the STOP & START system allows us to use a car engine in a different way using two new elements: the reversible alternator and the STOP & START s calculator. Now we are going to see the advantages of this system. The STOP&START System 8/14

9 II. STOP & START s advantages II.1. Pollution Nowadays the pollution is a real obstacle for the development of the car. In fact, the customers want to have more comfort, more options and innovations in their car. However, the integration of these new inventions loads down the car. Consequently, the emission of CO2 increases because of the weight of the vehicle. With the new option STOP&START, the emission of CO2 is reduced. For, instance in the traffic jam, a car without this option will consume constantly. This picture illustrates this phenomenon: We can see that the pollution in this case is really important. Whereas, with the option STOP&START, a car in the traffic jam won't pollute because its engine will be stopped. The picture below shows us this event: To sum up this part, the option START&STOP, is favourable for the environment. The STOP&START System 9/14

10 II.2. Consumption In this economic context, the consumption of a vehicle becomes really important when a customer wants to buy a car. In fact, the fuel is more and more expensive and the average consumption of cars has increased in the last few years. For instance, the average consumption of Peugeot 306, which was built in 1993, is about 6,2L/100km whereas the consumption of Peugeot 307, which was built in 2008, is about 6,4L/100km. Furthermore, according to the traffic jam density, the fuel used during stop phases can reach 15% of the global consumption of the vehicle. It is the reason why the STOP&START system allows us to save money. Indeed, to stop the engine during stop phases of the vehicle allows us to reduce it consumption. II.3. Comfort When a classic car is stopped and the engine is in idle state, the driver feels vibrations of the engine. These vibrations are exhausting and annoying for the driver. Another inconvenient is the noise. In fact, the driver can hear more than 50 db when a classic car is stopped. This picture illustrates these drawbacks: The STOP&START System 10/14

11 With a car which is equipped with the STOP & START s system, the engine doesn t run during short stops. So, the driver doesn t feel any vibrations and hears only 10 db. This picture illustrates these advantages: II.4. Integration with the vehicle We saw advantages for the customer but this system has also advantages for carmakers. In fact, this system allows to reduce consumption and emission of CO2 for an investment negligible. The power at the start up is high (2.5 kw for 14 Volts) and the performance of this system is better than a normal alternator. Furthermore, the installation of the reversible alternator and the electric integration are easy. Thus, carmakers can manufacture STOP & START vehicles which don t cost so many more than an usual car. And, with all advantages that this system gives, they can gain more customers because as we said previously, ecology, consumption and comfort are today really important. The STOP&START System 11/14

12 III. Carmakers and models Contrary to what one might think, the STOP & START has not been developed by Citroen with its partnership VALEO, but by Fiat on its Ritmo ES (Energy Saving) models of the 1980s. However, the carmaker and the French equipment manufacturer developed this technology since The first car which enjoyed great success was the Citroën C3 1.4i 16V equipped with the STOP & START system of VALEO in The ingenuity of this project allowed to VALEO to win the PACE Award 2006, the Grand Prix du Jury EPCOS/SIA and the Engineer of the year award In March 2008, the French group PSA Peugeot Citroën announced that this system will equip all its vehicles as soon as possible. It plans to sell 1 million of vehicles equipped with the system in 2011 and more than 1,6 million in In the same way, the French carmaker Renault promises to popularize this system for all its models until But its choice of equipment manufacturer is not yet known. We present in this report the STOP & START system developed by Citroen and VALEO because we both work in one of these companies. But, in fact, there are others equipment manufacturers which developed the same kind of system. The principle is a little bit different but the aim is still the same. In Europe, for example, Daimler and PSA Peugeot Citroën use the STOP & START system of VALEO for the Smart Fortwo Micro Hybrid Drive (MHD) and the Citroën C2 and C3. BMW group employs the Start-Stop system developed by Bosch for the BMW series 1, series 3 and for the Mini. At last, Fiat pitches on the start-stop system of the Italian equipment manufacturer Magneti Marelli for its Panda and Punto models. All these car models are equipped with manually gearbox. A Start-Stop system is difficult to install on vehicles with automatically gearbox. Equipment manufacturers which propose this technology are rare. Though it allows to reduce considerably the consumption of automatically transmission models. The first car with automatically gearbox which has been equipped with a STOP & START system is the Porsche Panamera. So Bosch and VALEO try now to adapt their system on automatically gearboxes. Then, Audi propose its A3 1.4 TFSI 125 and 1.6 TDI 105 which integer this system since November The STOP&START System 12/14

13 Conclusion To conclude, it has to be said that the STOP & START system is a great innovation. Since Citroën developed it STOP & START system, we see appeared many system like this. The entire equipment manufacturers developed now their own system. Completely transparent for the driver, these systems allow us to have cars better for the environment, more comfortable and noiseless in the traffic jam. Furthermore, the STOP & START system tends to equip others kind of vehicles. For example, in Paris, the RATP is testing a Microbus Gruau which is equipped with a VALEO STOP&START system. The RATP, VALEO and the constructor Gruau contributed to this research project which has been validated in 2006 by the ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche) and the PREDIT (Programme de Recherche et d'innovation dans les Transports) with the financial backing of the ADEME for the national program "clean and thrifty vehicles". Thus this system has good future prospects and we can be sure that in few years it will flood the whole world! The STOP&START System 13/14

14 References The major part of our information comes from an intern website of PSA Peugeot Citroën company, which is confidential and only available with a login. But we used also these different websites: (for the vocabulary) htm The STOP&START System 14/14

Alternative Fuels for Cars. Ian D. Miller Theodore Roosevelt Elem.

Alternative Fuels for Cars. Ian D. Miller Theodore Roosevelt Elem. Alternative Fuels for Cars Ian D. Miller Theodore Roosevelt Elem. The Problem Everyone is running out of petroleum. We get lots of things from it: gasoline, plastic, diesel, and any number of other things.

More information

Focus on French policy for low-carbon vehicle promotion and development

Focus on French policy for low-carbon vehicle promotion and development Focus on French policy for low-carbon vehicle promotion and development Pierre Mourlevat Ministre Conseiller Pauline pour GIROT les Affaires DE LANGLADE, Economiques, Counselorchef for Industry service

More information

Keep your engine younger for longer

Keep your engine younger for longer Keep your engine younger for longer WRC 93 victories in 176 entries since 1999 17 World Championship titles since 2003 8 World Rally Championship Manufacturers titles 9 World Rally Championship Drivers

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 17 November 2015 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * Passenger car registrations: +8.2% over ten months; +2.9% in In 2015, the EU passenger car market

More information

PERFORMANCE UPGRADE? I CHOOSE RACECHIP!

PERFORMANCE UPGRADE? I CHOOSE RACECHIP! SIMPLY FASTER. PERFORMANCE UPGRADE? I CHOOSE RACECHIP! Nick Heidfeld has been brand ambassador for RaceChip Chiptuning since April 2017. He currently races in Formula E and was one of the most successful

More information

Electrification from the beginning

Electrification from the beginning Electrification from the beginning Source: BMW presentation by Ottmar Sirch The new voltage level: 48 volt in vehicles Presented at the 6th annual conference Steering Systems 2012, 14.11.2012 2 48 Volt

More information

RECOGNIZING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITIES

RECOGNIZING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITIES RECOGNIZING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITIES Chapter 2 Paulink C. Barba BSBA Marketing Management KEY POINTS: I. The advantages of franchising for both franchisor and franchisee II. The potential disadvantages

More information

An Actual Driving Lesson Learning to drive an automatic car

An Actual Driving Lesson Learning to drive an automatic car An Actual Driving Lesson Learning to drive an automatic car Where are the controls that I might have to use in my driving: Knowing where the controls are, and being able to locate and use them without

More information

Into the Future with E-Mobility

Into the Future with E-Mobility Into the Future with E-Mobility ZF products for hybrid and electric vehicles 2 Content 3 01 Electric Mobility 04 Electric Mobility A Megatrend with Potential 02 03 Drive Systems Products 09 10 11 12 13

More information

Section 4 WHAT MAKES CHARGE MOVE IN A CIRCUIT?

Section 4 WHAT MAKES CHARGE MOVE IN A CIRCUIT? Section 4 WHAT MAKES CHARGE MOVE IN A CIRCUIT? INTRODUCTION Why does capacitor charging stop even though a battery is still trying to make charge move? What makes charge move during capacitor discharging

More information

The Motorcycle Industry in Europe. Powered Two-Wheelers the SMART Choice for Urban Mobility

The Motorcycle Industry in Europe. Powered Two-Wheelers the SMART Choice for Urban Mobility The Motorcycle Industry in Europe Powered Two-Wheelers the SMART Choice for Urban Mobility PTWs: the SMART Choice For Urban Mobility Europe s cities are main engines of economic growth, but today s urbanisation

More information

COVER STORY F1 Traveler Magazine 2013

COVER STORY F1 Traveler Magazine 2013 COVER STORY F1 Traveler Magazine 2013 ALEXANDER ROSSi This man might very well be the future of F1 in America. by Joey Franco Calm, composed, and charming- these are the three c s that can sum up 22-year-old

More information

Marketable solutions for climate-friendly electric mobility

Marketable solutions for climate-friendly electric mobility Marketable solutions for climate-friendly electric mobility Renewably mobile CLEAN Electric vehicles and solar or wind power are ideal partners mobile and emission-free. With vehicular traffic on the increase

More information

The AutomotiveINNOVATIONS Award 2013: Volkswagen continues to be the most innovative OEM Mercedes-Benz wins in the brand ranking

The AutomotiveINNOVATIONS Award 2013: Volkswagen continues to be the most innovative OEM Mercedes-Benz wins in the brand ranking Press release The AutomotiveINNOVATIONS Award 2013: Volkswagen continues to be the most innovative OEM Mercedes-Benz wins in the brand ranking AutomotiveINNOVATIONS Award 2013 from CAM and PwC: Volkswagen

More information

HOW BATTERY STORAGE CAN HELP CHARGE THE ELECTRIC- VEHICLE MARKET

HOW BATTERY STORAGE CAN HELP CHARGE THE ELECTRIC- VEHICLE MARKET HOW BATTERY STORAGE CAN HELP CHARGE THE ELECTRIC- VEHICLE MARKET February 2018 Stefan Knupfer Jesse Noffsinger Shivika Sahdev HOW BATTERY STORAGE CAN HELP CHARGE THE ELECTRIC-VEHICLE MARKET People are

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 17 October 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +3.7% over nine months; 2.0% in In 2017, passenger car registrations

More information

Henry Ford: A Giant of a Man

Henry Ford: A Giant of a Man Unit 3 Assessment Henry Ford: A Giant of a Man When people hear the name Henry Ford, they often think of cars. Henry Ford was a giant in the world of automobiles. Ford built many different cars. However,

More information

Chapter 4. Design and Analysis of Feeder-Line Bus. October 2016

Chapter 4. Design and Analysis of Feeder-Line Bus. October 2016 Chapter 4 Design and Analysis of Feeder-Line Bus October 2016 This chapter should be cited as ERIA (2016), Design and Analysis of Feeder-Line Bus, in Kutani, I. and Y. Sado (eds.), Addressing Energy Efficiency

More information

Electric minibuses. Three new minibuses for Brive, France. Supply contract for 3 electric minibuses. Awarded: February 2016

Electric minibuses. Three new minibuses for Brive, France. Supply contract for 3 electric minibuses. Awarded: February 2016 SPP TENDER MODEL Electric minibuses Three new minibuses for Brive, France Purchasing body: Contract: Communauté d agglomération du Bassin de Brive (CABB) Supply contract for 3 electric minibuses Awarded:

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 14 December 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +4.1% over 11 months; +5.9% in In 2017, registrations of new passenger

More information

Electronic Paint- Thickness Gauges What They Are, and Why You Need Them

Electronic Paint- Thickness Gauges What They Are, and Why You Need Them By Kevin Farrell Electronic Paint- Thickness Gauges What They Are, and Why You Need Them Measuring the paint in microns. The reading of 125 microns is a fairly normal factory reading. This shows that the

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (7.00 AM GMT), 15 February 2018 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +7.1% in 2018 In 2018, demand for passenger cars in the European Union

More information

Make flying taxi an everyday thing

Make flying taxi an everyday thing Make flying taxi an everyday thing Blockchain Technology Consortium develops a system centered on McFly token to reward individual owners of vehicles, chargers and landing pads for granting temporary right

More information

The ERANET+ «Electromobility» - project

The ERANET+ «Electromobility» - project The ERANET+ «Electromobility» - project Ralf Engel Scientific Adviser Europe & partnerships Predit, France 1 The Ultra Low Carbon vehicle in France The «Plan véhicule décarboné» in France Ultra Low Carbon

More information

BEYOND KYOTO FRANK VAN WEST. XVII ACI Technical Conference. Rome, 16 March 2006

BEYOND KYOTO FRANK VAN WEST. XVII ACI Technical Conference. Rome, 16 March 2006 BEYOND KYOTO FRANK VAN WEST XVII ACI Technical Conference Rome, 16 March 2006 www.fiafoundation.com Content Wat is the FIA Foundation? Objectives of the Foundation Kyoto Voluntary agreements car industry

More information

A new battery generation for the next car generation

A new battery generation for the next car generation A new battery generation for the next car generation THE POWER TO INNOVATE SUPPORTING RESEARCH TO CREATE THE MOST INNOVATIVE PRODUCT TECHNOLOGIES A recognized leader in the production and recycling of

More information

Isolating Decoupler Pulley Technical Presentation. Copyright 2007 Litens Automotive Group

Isolating Decoupler Pulley Technical Presentation. Copyright 2007 Litens Automotive Group Isolating Decoupler Pulley Technical Presentation Overview Alternator Pulley Evolution It s what s inside that counts Features of the Litens OAD Is an Litens OAD really needed? Seeing is believing! Commonly

More information

The potential for local energy storage in distribution network Summary Report

The potential for local energy storage in distribution network Summary Report Study conducted in partnership with Power Circle, MälarEnergi, Kraftringen and InnoEnergy The potential for local energy storage in distribution network Summary Report 1 Major potential for local energy

More information

special Issue No. 1, Car of the Year

special Issue No. 1, Car of the Year special Issue No. 1,275 2.95 SEAT wins New car Awards...any model capable of putting the combined might of BMW s 1 Series, Skoda s Octavia and VW s Golf in the shade was always going to be in with a good

More information

PRESS RELEASE 9:30 GMT, 26 th February 2018 London, UK

PRESS RELEASE 9:30 GMT, 26 th February 2018 London, UK PRESS RELEASE 9:30 GMT, 26 th February 2018 London, UK EUROPEAN CAR REGISTRATIONS INCREASED BY 7.1% IN JANUARY 2018, BUT CONSUMERS CONTINUED TO SHUN DIESEL VEHICLES European car registrations increased

More information

Evaluation of a Gearbox s High-Temperature Trip

Evaluation of a Gearbox s High-Temperature Trip 42-46 tlt case study 2-04 1/13/04 4:09 PM Page 42 Case Study Evaluation of a Gearbox s High-Temperature Trip By Vinod Munshi, John Bietola, Ken Lavigne, Malcolm Towrie and George Staniewski (Member, STLE)

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 19 April 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +8.4% first three months of 2017; +11.2% in In 2017, EU passenger car registrations

More information

KREISEL ELECTRIC YETI 4x4. The electric power pack. From 0 to 60 kph in 2.6 seconds.

KREISEL ELECTRIC YETI 4x4. The electric power pack. From 0 to 60 kph in 2.6 seconds. YETI 4x4 The electric power pack. From 0 to 60 kph in 2.6 seconds. PROTOTYPE KREISEL ELECTRIC YETI 4x4 The electric power pack. 4WD WITH A TOTAL OF 170 KW ENGINE POWER Front and rear axles are driven by

More information

The Oxygen Sensor Evolution

The Oxygen Sensor Evolution The Oxygen Sensor Evolution Exhaust emissions standards are becoming stricter and stricter. It is therefore increasingly important to monitor the exhaust emissions closely and to adjust the engine control

More information

PRESS RELEASE 13:00 GMT, 19 th December 2017 London, UK

PRESS RELEASE 13:00 GMT, 19 th December 2017 London, UK PRESS RELEASE 13:00 GMT, 19 th December 2017 London, UK EUROPEAN CAR REGISTRATIONS INCREASED BY 5.2% IN NOVEMBER, AS SUVs POSTED RECORD MARKET SHARE European car registrations increased by 5.2%, with a

More information

ELECTRIC BICYCLE A Green Alternative to Urban Commuting

ELECTRIC BICYCLE A Green Alternative to Urban Commuting ELECTRIC BICYCLE A Green Alternative to Urban Commuting An electric bicycle, also known as an e-bike or booster bike, is a bicycle with an integrated electric motor which can be used for propulsion. E-bikes

More information

1. Attractive incentives, high depreciation rate and lease options. Incentives by the Government

1. Attractive incentives, high depreciation rate and lease options. Incentives by the Government With the potential to save homes and businesses huge sums of money annually, commercial solar power has grown in popularity, with more homes and businesses switching to solar power. However, so many business

More information

10 questions and answers about electric cars

10 questions and answers about electric cars This site uses cookies from Google to deliver its services, to personalize ads and to analyze traffic. Information about your use of this site is shared with Google. By using this site, you agree to its

More information

CGI EMO DRIVING TOWARDS A GREENER FUTURE

CGI EMO DRIVING TOWARDS A GREENER FUTURE CGI EMO DRIVING TOWARDS A GREENER FUTURE cgi.com 1 Cutting costs through better fleet monitoring Worldwide, gas prices are at an all time high. In Europe, fuel prices have increased by 20% in just the

More information

RENAULT 2016 DRIVE THE CHANGE

RENAULT 2016 DRIVE THE CHANGE PRESS RELEASE February 10, 2011 RENAULT 2016 DRIVE THE CHANGE Renault 2016 Drive the Change is founded on Renault s ambition to make sustainable mobility accessible to all, expressed in the brand tagline,

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 14 September 2017 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION 1 Passenger car registrations: +4.5% over eight months; +5.6% in August In August 2017, passenger

More information

How to favor higher car occupancy

How to favor higher car occupancy How to favor higher car occupancy August 2005 Original in Italian 1 How to favor higher car occupancy Introduction A gypsy car service is largely used in Moscow and other Russian towns by both local residents

More information

Continental Mobility Study Klaus Sommer Hanover, December 15, 2011

Continental Mobility Study Klaus Sommer Hanover, December 15, 2011 Klaus Sommer Hanover, December 15, 2011 Content International requirements and expectations for E-Mobility Urbanization What are the challenges of individual mobility for international megacities? What

More information

Modernising the Great Western railway

Modernising the Great Western railway Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General Department for Transport and Network Rail Modernising the Great Western railway HC 781 SESSION 2016-17 9 NOVEMBER 2016 4 Key facts Modernising the Great Western

More information

INTRODUCTION. I.1 - Historical review.

INTRODUCTION. I.1 - Historical review. INTRODUCTION. I.1 - Historical review. The history of electrical motors goes back as far as 1820, when Hans Christian Oersted discovered the magnetic effect of an electric current. One year later, Michael

More information

The global market for. October SAMPLE

The global market for. October SAMPLE The global market for vehicle wiper systems: forecasts to 2006 October 2002 - SAMPLE The global market for vehicle wiper systems: forecasts to 2006 - SAMPLE Author: Matthew Beecham Published October 2002

More information

Official name: Peugeot S.A. Owned by: PSA Peugeot Citroën.

Official name: Peugeot S.A. Owned by: PSA Peugeot Citroën. Official name: Peugeot S.A. Owned by: PSA Peugeot Citroën. Current situation: Peugeot is still a major European car manufacturer, but is plagued by poor quality and out-of-control costs. Although Peugeot

More information

DRIVING WITH FEWER EMISSIONS: how can carmakers meet the 2021 targets for CO 2. emissions?

DRIVING WITH FEWER EMISSIONS: how can carmakers meet the 2021 targets for CO 2. emissions? DRIVING WITH FEWER EMISSIONS: how can carmakers meet the 2021 targets for CO 2 emissions? DRIVING CHANGE: HOW CAN CARMAKERS MEET THE 2021 TARGETS FOR CO 2 2 Our new forecast shows many carmakers are struggling

More information

Cristiano Carlutti Vice President EMEA. Electric cars and sustainable Future Automotive News Europe Congress Bilbao, Spain 23 rd June 2010

Cristiano Carlutti Vice President EMEA. Electric cars and sustainable Future Automotive News Europe Congress Bilbao, Spain 23 rd June 2010 Cristiano Carlutti Vice President EMEA Electric cars and sustainable Future Automotive News Europe Congress Bilbao, Spain 23 rd June 2010 Tesla Corporate Overview Uncompromised all-ev Highly disruptive

More information

Bronze Level Training

Bronze Level Training Bronze Level Training Engine Principles of Operation While not everyone at the dealership needs to be a top rated service technician, it is good for all the employees to have a basic understanding of engine

More information

Enabling a better automotive world

Enabling a better automotive world Press kit PARIS 2006 VALEO TECHNOLOGIES Enabling a better automotive world Enabling a better automotive world Paris, France, November 22, 2006 - The new technologies presented today by Valeo confirm the

More information

JOY REACHES FOR THE STARS

JOY REACHES FOR THE STARS INSIDETRACK December 2010 JOY REACHES FOR THE STARS WITH BMW APPROVED TIRES Inside Track December 2010 The Ultimate Driving Machine HOW TO ENJOY GRIPPING PERFORMANCE ALL YEAR ROUND Look at the palm of

More information

Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies Worldwide Leadership, Global Expertise. Shanghai (Minbei) R&D center (China) / Press Kit, April 12, 2011

Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies Worldwide Leadership, Global Expertise. Shanghai (Minbei) R&D center (China) / Press Kit, April 12, 2011 Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies Worldwide Leadership, Global Expertise Shanghai (Minbei) R&D center (China) / Press Kit, April 12, 2011 Faurecia Emissions Control Technologies: an introduction

More information

An Actual Driving Lesson. Learning to drive a manual car

An Actual Driving Lesson. Learning to drive a manual car An Actual Driving Lesson Learning to drive a manual car Where are the controls that I might have to use in my driving: Knowing where the controls are, and being able to locate and use them without looking

More information

French - IFSTTAR activities

French - IFSTTAR activities French - IFSTTAR activities ERMES Brussels, 26-27 September 2013 Yao LIU, Michel ANDRÉ Laboratoire Transports et Environnement 1 French activities (Ifsttar Lab. Transport & Environment) Emission factors

More information

Fiji Bus Industry: improving through greening

Fiji Bus Industry: improving through greening Fiji Bus Industry: improving through greening Paul Starkey and Dr Sion Haworth ADB Transport consultants Presentation outline Bus industry in Fiji: a few highlights Context of COP 23 and Fiji Presidency

More information

Zero Emissions Mobility. The Time is NOW. EuroBat Forum 2012 Andrzej Chmura Nissan Technical Centre Europe - Brussels Prague, 1 June 2012

Zero Emissions Mobility. The Time is NOW. EuroBat Forum 2012 Andrzej Chmura Nissan Technical Centre Europe - Brussels Prague, 1 June 2012 Zero Emissions Mobility The Time is NOW EuroBat Forum 2012 Andrzej Chmura Nissan Technical Centre Europe - Brussels Prague, 1 June 2012 Towards a Sustainable Future From 600 million vehicles worldwide

More information

ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRIMER TP: 15081

ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRIMER TP: 15081 ELECTRIC VEHICLE PRIMER TP: 15081 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Transport, 2010. Transport Canada grants permission to copy and/or reproduce the contents of this

More information

The xev Industry Insider Report

The xev Industry Insider Report The xev Industry Insider Report December 2016 REPORT OUTLINE I. xev Market Trends 1. Overview Current xev Market Conditions xev Market Direction: High Voltage xev Market Direction: Low Voltage Market Drivers

More information

HOW TO USE A MULTIMETER, PART 1: INTRODUCTION

HOW TO USE A MULTIMETER, PART 1: INTRODUCTION HOW TO USE A MULTIMETER, PART 1: INTRODUCTION By: Rob Siegel First, thanks for all the comments, both here and on my Facebook page, about the piece on Electrical Safety two weeks ago. I felt that, if I

More information

IR_FAQ_7 09. Idleright Fact Sheet:

IR_FAQ_7 09. Idleright Fact Sheet: Idleright Fact Sheet: 1. Q: What is the Idleright Fuel Management System? A: The Idleright is a purpose-built fuel management system designed to allow emergency vehicles to be parked with warning lights

More information

Mini Mars Rover. Authors: Jay Clark Matt Johnson Jason Boline. Cost: $315. Time Period: 6 months. University of Idaho

Mini Mars Rover. Authors: Jay Clark Matt Johnson Jason Boline. Cost: $315. Time Period: 6 months. University of Idaho Mini Mars Rover Authors: Jay Clark Matt Johnson Jason Boline Cost: $315 Time Period: 6 months University of Idaho Department of Computer Engineering February 23, 2004 2 Summary This is a proposal for our

More information

Fuel Economy, ACEA 2016 and other challenges for European Passenger Car Oils Richard van den Bulk

Fuel Economy, ACEA 2016 and other challenges for European Passenger Car Oils Richard van den Bulk Fuel Economy, ACEA 2016 and other challenges for European Passenger Car Oils Richard van den Bulk Presented at UNITI, Stuttgart, April 5 th, 2017 2017Chevron Oronite. Agenda Key drivers for European Specs

More information

Fuel Efficient Vehicles & Low Sulphur Diesel MVDA

Fuel Efficient Vehicles & Low Sulphur Diesel MVDA Fuel Efficient Vehicles & Low Sulphur Diesel MVDA The need for more Fuel efficient vehicles Greenhouse Effect Present day price of oil Rapid decreasing oil reserves Oil Reserves It took nature 200 million

More information

E-MOBILITY. Where we come from Where we are Where we will be. Klaus Feldmann/Head of e-mobility October 2017

E-MOBILITY. Where we come from Where we are Where we will be. Klaus Feldmann/Head of e-mobility October 2017 E-MOBILITY Where we come from Where we are Where we will be Klaus Feldmann/Head of e-mobility October 2017 AGENDA 01 Where we come from 02 Where we are 03 Where we will be 01 WHERE WE COME FROM WHERE WE

More information

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION *

NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PRESS EMBARGO: 8.00 AM (6.00 AM GMT), 16 April 2015 NEW PASSENGER CAR REGISTRATIONS EUROPEAN UNION * PASSENGER CAR registrations: +8.6% in first quarter; +10.6% in In 2015, demand for new passenger cars

More information

Questions to the PSA GROUP

Questions to the PSA GROUP A 012036 11.11.2016 Committee of Inquiry into Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector s to the PSA GROUP No 1 From a technical point of view, exemptions for the use of devices interfering with pollution

More information

The Energy Policy Act. The law s requirements for 1 to 200 horsepower AC motors effective October 24, 1997

The Energy Policy Act. The law s requirements for 1 to 200 horsepower AC motors effective October 24, 1997 The law s requirements for 1 to 200 horsepower AC motors effective October 24, 1997 ELECTRIC COMPANY June 12, 1997 CORPORATE OFFICE 5711 R. S. BOREHAM JR. STREET FORT SMITH, ARKANSAS 72902 U.S.A. PHONE:

More information

Electric mobility, renewables and smart grids: the state of the art. Professor David Gray Robert Gordon University Aberdeen

Electric mobility, renewables and smart grids: the state of the art. Professor David Gray Robert Gordon University Aberdeen Electric mobility, renewables and smart grids: the state of the art Professor David Gray Robert Gordon University Aberdeen E harbours Aiming to combine: Renewables Smart energy Electric mobility Electric

More information

The global EV market: where to from here?

The global EV market: where to from here? The global EV market: where to from here? Colin McKerracher Head of Advanced Transport Bloomberg New Energy Finance @colinmckerrache July 10, 2017 Analysis to help you understand the future of energy Solar

More information

WLTP. The Impact on Tax and Car Design

WLTP. The Impact on Tax and Car Design WLTP The Impact on Tax and Car Design Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Testing Procedure (WLTP) The impact on tax and car design The Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Testing Procedure (WLTP) is set

More information

HOW TO DELIVER PUBLIC TRANSPORT ON REDUCED BUDGET

HOW TO DELIVER PUBLIC TRANSPORT ON REDUCED BUDGET LONDON MAY 25, 2011 HOW TO DELIVER PUBLIC TRANSPORT ON REDUCED BUDGET Marc Le Tourneur Direction de l Innovation et du Développement Sinotropher Conference London - May 25, 2011 - SUMMARY PART - 1 Climate

More information

MEASUREMENT THE FUEL CONSUMPTION OF BUSES FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT BY THE METHODOLOGY ''SORT'' (STANDARDISED ON- ROAD TESTS CYCLES)

MEASUREMENT THE FUEL CONSUMPTION OF BUSES FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT BY THE METHODOLOGY ''SORT'' (STANDARDISED ON- ROAD TESTS CYCLES) MEASUREMENT THE FUEL CONSUMPTION OF BUSES FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT BY THE METHODOLOGY ''SORT'' (STANDARDISED ON- ROAD TESTS CYCLES) Slobodan Mišanović 1, Vladimir Spasojević 2 INTRODUCTION UDC:629.1.07 The

More information

BENCHMARK SURVEY 2013

BENCHMARK SURVEY 2013 AUSTRALIAN CAR WASH INDUSTRY BENCHMARK SURVEY 2013 This survey was undertaken in response to many requests for information about the car wash industry in Australia both the current position and the trends

More information

10 Tips That May Help You Save Fuel

10 Tips That May Help You Save Fuel 10 Tips That May Help You Save Fuel Even as internal combustion engines are becoming ever more powerful, use of stateof-the-art technologies also means they require less fuel. Nevertheless, a lot depends

More information

Enjoy your solar powered life

Enjoy your solar powered life Enjoy your solar powered life It is time for you to power your life with solar energy. Electricity holds a significant place in your life as it powers all the devices that make it better and easier. But

More information

IVECO DUAL ENERGY A TECHNOLOGY CONCEPT

IVECO DUAL ENERGY A TECHNOLOGY CONCEPT IVECO DUAL ENERGY A TECHNOLOGY CONCEPT To meet the needs of increasingly sustainable mobility, responsibly combining economic growth with environmental protection, Iveco is committed to research new technological

More information

Honda Remains the Most Satisfying Brand to Own in France

Honda Remains the Most Satisfying Brand to Own in France and L Automobile Magazine Report: Toyota, BMW, Honda and Peugeot Capture Top Model Awards in France Vehicle Customer Satisfaction Study Honda Remains the Most Satisfying Brand to Own in France PARIS: 22

More information

4th ACEM Annual Conference

4th ACEM Annual Conference 4th ACEM Annual Conference The Powered Two-Wheeler contribution to better quality of life in cities Urban Innovations Urban innovations Increasing traffic in European cities and towns calls for new solutions

More information

Establishment of Joint Venture with PSA for EV Traction Motor Business

Establishment of Joint Venture with PSA for EV Traction Motor Business NIDEC CORPORATION Establishment of Joint Venture with PSA for EV Traction Motor Business Nidec Corporation December 4 th, 2017 Note Regarding Forward-looking Statements These presentation materials and

More information

Driving a vehicle with the Lightning Hybrids Energy Recovery System JUNE 2016

Driving a vehicle with the Lightning Hybrids Energy Recovery System JUNE 2016 Driving a vehicle with the Lightning Hybrids Energy Recovery System JUNE 2016 Welcome to Lightning Hybrids Driver Training Lightning Hybrids hydraulic hybrid system saves fuel and reduces emissions. It

More information

Take a fresh look at solar things you should consider when purchasing a solar system

Take a fresh look at solar things you should consider when purchasing a solar system Take a fresh look at solar things you should consider when purchasing a solar system you re not JusT buying hardware 1 2 3 Get a system designed to suit your electricity usage Get long-term support Think

More information

BMW Combox Media Retrofit

BMW Combox Media Retrofit BMW Combox Media Retrofit BimmerTech was established with the sole purpose of providing BMW owners with the most advanced and up-to-date OEM retrofits, coding and software updates not commonly available

More information

Improving the gearshift feel in an SW20.

Improving the gearshift feel in an SW20. Improving the gearshift feel in an SW20. Part one In 3 parts. The SW20 gearshift can be often be greatly improved by eliminating play in the shift linkages, and this article covers three areas that need

More information

Pedal Power Generation

Pedal Power Generation International Journal of Electrical Engineering. ISSN 0974-2158 Volume 3, Number 3 (2010), pp. 169--174 International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Pedal Power Generation H.N. Siddarameshwara,

More information

Member of the Board of Management of BMW AG, Finance

Member of the Board of Management of BMW AG, Finance Statement Dr Friedrich Eichiner Member of the Board of Management of BMW AG, Finance International Press Launch of BMW 5 Series Lisbon, 28 November 2016 I, too, would like to welcome you here today. I

More information

1997 Fiat Bravo S. Free Download 1997 FIAT BRAVO S

1997 Fiat Bravo S. Free Download 1997 FIAT BRAVO S 1997 Fiat Bravo S Free Download 1997 FIAT BRAVO S [FREE] Access of 1997 Fiat Bravo S [FREEMIUM] Access. 1997 FIAT BRAVO - USER REVIEWS - CARGURUS Tue, 26 Dec 2017 09:36:00 GMT not very well built, but

More information

Comparative analysis of noise emissions of new European passenger cars

Comparative analysis of noise emissions of new European passenger cars Comparative analysis of noise emissions of new European passenger cars THEODORA KOKKINOU and EFTHIMIOS ZERVAS* Department of Environmental Engineering Democritus University of Thrace Vas. Sofias 12, 600

More information

10 Th Urban Mobility Conference / CODATU XVII Innovative Funding For Urban Mobility Case study: RATP & Ile-de France mobility

10 Th Urban Mobility Conference / CODATU XVII Innovative Funding For Urban Mobility Case study: RATP & Ile-de France mobility 10 Th Urban Mobility Conference / CODATU XVII-2017 Innovative Funding For Urban Mobility Case study: RATP & Ile-de France mobility ORGANIZATION OF ÎLE-DE-FRANCE REGION URBAN MOBILITY Île-de-France region:

More information

BorjaEsteban AN INTEGRATED INDUSTRIAL POLICY FOR THE GLOBALISATION ERA. Madrid, 21 October Institutional Relations Spain

BorjaEsteban AN INTEGRATED INDUSTRIAL POLICY FOR THE GLOBALISATION ERA. Madrid, 21 October Institutional Relations Spain European Economic and Social Committee Consultative Commission on Industrial Change (CCMI) BorjaEsteban Institutional Relations Spain AN INTEGRATED INDUSTRIAL POLICY FOR THE GLOBALISATION ERA Madrid, 21

More information

Roehrig Engineering, Inc.

Roehrig Engineering, Inc. Roehrig Engineering, Inc. Home Contact Us Roehrig News New Products Products Software Downloads Technical Info Forums What Is a Shock Dynamometer? by Paul Haney, Sept. 9, 2004 Racers are beginning to realize

More information

Evaluation of the interlock programme for DUI offenders in Finland

Evaluation of the interlock programme for DUI offenders in Finland Special Adviser, Marita Löytty, Finnish Transport Safety Agency (Trafi) Abstract Background Finland started a trial with alcohol interlocks for DUI offenders in 2005. The positive experiences of the three-year

More information

Investigation into the Department for Transport s decision to cancel three rail electrification projects. Report. Department for Transport

Investigation into the Department for Transport s decision to cancel three rail electrification projects. Report. Department for Transport A picture of the National Audit Office logo Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General Department for Transport Investigation into the Department for Transport s decision to cancel three rail electrification

More information

Test Based Optimization and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Driving Behavior for Electric Vehicles

Test Based Optimization and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Driving Behavior for Electric Vehicles Test Based Optimization and Evaluation of Energy Efficient Driving Behavior for Electric Vehicles Bachelorarbeit Zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) im Studiengang Wirtschaftsingenieur

More information

SMART FORTWO 450 FULL OWNERS MANUAL PDF

SMART FORTWO 450 FULL OWNERS MANUAL PDF 19 November, 2017 SMART FORTWO 450 FULL OWNERS MANUAL PDF Document Filetype: PDF 257.16 KB 0 SMART FORTWO 450 FULL OWNERS MANUAL PDF We offer many book collections from fictions to science at all. Save

More information

Extending the life of Semitan rolling stock: A tradition in Nantes

Extending the life of Semitan rolling stock: A tradition in Nantes Extending the life of Semitan rolling stock: A tradition in Nantes Bucharest, the 25th of May 2011 Nantes city and conurbations : Some figures 36 th biggest city in Europe Nantes conurbation: 6 th biggest

More information

INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE IN DANISH COMPANY DELEGATION JOINING THE ENERGY FOR SMART MOBILITY CONFERENCE IN MARSEILLE FEBRUARY 15-16th 2018

INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE IN DANISH COMPANY DELEGATION JOINING THE ENERGY FOR SMART MOBILITY CONFERENCE IN MARSEILLE FEBRUARY 15-16th 2018 INVITATION TO PARTICIPATE IN DANISH COMPANY DELEGATION JOINING THE ENERGY FOR SMART MOBILITY CONFERENCE IN MARSEILLE FEBRUARY 15-16th 2018 CONTACT DETAILS: KAREN-LUISE JOHANSEN GESLIN / KARGES@UM.DK SENIOR

More information

«From human driving to automated driving"

«From human driving to automated driving «From human driving to automated driving" Jacques Ehrlich Head of LIVIC Jacques.ehrlich@ifsttar.fr March 19, 2012 Why automation? Automation is a global answer to four important societal issues Some definition

More information

When should an Electric Adjustable Speed Drive be used instead of a Gas or Steam Turbine? Paul Blaiklock, Manish Verma, Stephan Bondy

When should an Electric Adjustable Speed Drive be used instead of a Gas or Steam Turbine? Paul Blaiklock, Manish Verma, Stephan Bondy When should an Electric Adjustable Speed Drive be used instead of a Gas or Steam Turbine? Paul Blaiklock, Manish Verma, Stephan Bondy TMEIC Corporation Roanoke, VA, and Houston, TX 2/8/2013 When should

More information

G u i d e l i n e S U S T A I N A B L E P A R K I N G M A N A G E M E N T Version: November 2015

G u i d e l i n e S U S T A I N A B L E P A R K I N G M A N A G E M E N T Version: November 2015 G u i d e l i n e S U S T A I N A B L E P A R K I N G M A N A G E M E N T Version: November 2015 Parking management is a powerful tool for cities to influence transport. By managing the supply, design

More information