Michigan/Grand River Avenue Transportation Study TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM #18 PROJECTED CARBON DIOXIDE (CO 2 ) EMISSIONS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Michigan/Grand River Avenue Transportation Study TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM #18 PROJECTED CARBON DIOXIDE (CO 2 ) EMISSIONS"

Transcription

1 TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM #18 PROJECTED CARBON DIOXIDE (CO 2 ) EMISSIONS

2 Michigan / Grand River Avenue TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM #18 From: URS Consultant Team To: CATA Project Staff and Technical Committee Topic: Projected Carbon Dioxide (CO 2 ) Emissions 1.0 Introduction The purpose of this technical memorandum is to present the methodology and results of the analysis of potential change in carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions in Year 2035 associated with each of the Build alternatives for the Michigan/Grand River Avenue. The estimated change in CO 2 emissions is one of the primary evaluation measures of the Study, with comparison made relative to the Baseline alternative. The following alternatives were evaluated: Baseline Light Rail Transit (LRT) Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Modern Streetcar. As background, the Greater Lansing Go Green! Initiative has made reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, including CO 2, a goal of the Lansing Region. 1 Mobile sources, including vehicles, produce 31 percent of greenhouse gas. 2 According to the Environmental Protection Agency s (EPA) fuel economy compliance tests, CO 2 emissions represent 90 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions. 3 Therefore, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions of any transportation improvement in the Michigan/Grand River Avenue Corridor is an important in achieving this regional goal. 1 City of Lansing, 2010, About Go Green!, 2 Environmental Protection Agency, EPA and NHTSA Finalize Historic National Program to Reduce Greenhouse Gases and Improve Fuel Economy for Cars and Trucks. 3 Ibid. Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 1

3 2.0 Methodology 2.1 Criteria for Evaluating Alternatives This analysis entailed evaluation of each alternative at the Corridor level and per passenger mile. The change in CO 2 emissions at the Corridor level would assist in determining each alternative s ability to meet the Corridor and regional goals for CO 2 emissions established in the Greater Lansing Go Green! Initiative. The latter is a measure of an alternative s efficiency. Table 1 presents the thresholds used for the evaluation. Table 1: Evaluation Criteria: CO 2 Emissions Percent Change Annual in CO 2 Emissions Compared to the Baseline Grams of CO 2 Emissions per Passenger Mile Rating Definition More than 2 percent reduction Fewer than 300 grams Good Alternative meets criterion very well 1 to 2 percent reduction 300 to 400 grams Fair Alternative meets criterion sufficiently Less than 1 percent reduction More than 400 grams Poor Alternative significantly does not meet criterion 2.2 Estimating CO 2 Emissions Estimates of CO 2 emissions are developed using a two-step process: transit contribution vs. automobile contribution. For this Study, the first step determined CO 2 emissions for each of the transit vehicle types associated with each alternative. For purposes of this analysis, four types of transit vehicles were analyzed: Three types of buses - Forty-foot diesel - Sixty-foot diesel articulated - Sixty-foot diesel-hybrid articulated. This category also encompasses BRT vehicles. Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 2

4 Light rail and modern streetcars vehicles were grouped together based on reporting statistics from the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Transit Vehicles Carbon dioxide emissions for each transit vehicle type were sourced from Journal of Public Transportation, 2006 BRT Special Edition The Potential for BRT to Reduce Transportation-Related CO 2. 5 Table 2 shows the weight of CO 2 emissions per vehicle mile in kilograms (kg), as identified in the reference document. These values are used to estimate annual CO 2 emissions by alternative based on transit vehicle miles. Table 2: CO 2 Emissions per Vehicle Mile by Vehicle Type 6 Vehicle Type 40-foot diesel bus 60-foot diesel bus 60-foot hybrid diesel bus and BRT vehicles Light rail vehicle/modern Streetcar 7 CO 2 Emissions per Vehicle Mile 2.942kg 4.617kg 3.080kg 4.883kg Transit vehicle miles were estimated based on inputs such as route length, hours of service, headways, and fleet size. This information is detailed Technical Memorandum #6: Transit Operating Plans Annual vehicle miles traveled by each type of transit vehicle were multiplied by the CO 2 emissions produced by each type of vehicle, and shown in Table 3. 4 Light Rail and Streetcar are considered to have the same CO 2 emissions per vehicle mile because the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) operating reports statistics for Light Rail and Streetcar as a single category. American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book, Appendix A: Historical Tables, 5 Vincent, William, Lisa Callaghan Jerram, Breakthrough Technologies Institute Journal of Public Transportation, 2006 BRT Special Edition The Potential for BRT to Reduce Transportation-Related CO 2. Tampa, FL. 6 Ibid. 7 Source: 2010 Public Transportation Fact Book, Appendix A: Historical Tables. Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 3

5 Table 3: Estimated Year 2035 Annual CO 2 Emissions from Transit Vehicles Alternative Transit Vehicle Type CO 2 Emission per Vehicle Mile Annual Transit Vehicle miles Annual CO 2 Emissions (Kilograms) Baseline Alternative 2,480,000 Route 1/Route 1 Ltd. 60-foot diesel bus kg 536,774 2,480,000 BRT Alternative 2,290,000 BRT 60-foot hybrid diesel bus kg 516,200 1,590,000 Route 1/Route 1 Ltd. 40-foot diesel bus kg 238, ,000 LRT Alternative 2,140,000 LRT Light rail vehicle kg 295,200 1,440,000 Route 1/Route 1 Ltd. 40-foot diesel bus kg 238, ,000 Modern Streetcar Alternative 3,030,000 Modern Streetcar Streetcar kg 607,000 2,960,000 Route 1/Route 1 Ltd. 40-foot diesel bus kg 24,174 70, Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Personal Vehicles In addition to examining the change in CO 2 emissions related to transit vehicles, implementing the transit improvements would result in a reduction in the vehicle miles traveled (VMT) by personal automobiles and small trucks within the Corridor. For the purposes of this analysis, the Corridor is being defined as the area within one-half mile of the proposed alignment. Personal vehicles in the United States average 20.3 miles per gallon (mpg) 8 based on the EPA s MOBILE6.2 model. 9 The EPA also reports that vehicles burning one gallon of gasoline emit kilograms of CO 2 gas U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2010, Emission Facts: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle. 9 U.S. Environmental Protection agency s model used to estimate highway vehicle emissions. 10 Ibid. Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 4

6 Using these figures, the average personal vehicles in the United States would produce 473 grams of CO 2 gas per mile. The Tri-County Regional Planning Commission (TCRPC) travel demand model was used to estimate the VMT within the Corridor for each of the alternatives for personal vehicles. TCRPC s Wise Growth demographic data was used for the analysis. Table 4 presents the annual CO 2 emissions from personal vehicles in each of the alternatives in Table 4: Estimated Year 2035 Annual CO 2 Emissions from Personal Vehicles Alternative CO 2 Emission per Vehicle Mile Annual VMT from Annual CO 2 Personal Vehicles 11 Emissions Baseline kg million million kg BRT kg million million kg LRT kg million million kg Streetcar kg million million kg 2.3 CO 2 Emissions per Transit Passenger Mile The amount of CO 2 emissions per transit passenger mile is a measure of the efficiency of how each alternative would move people through the Michigan/Grand River Avenue Corridor. This was determined by dividing the annual transit related emissions for each of the alternatives by the annual projected ridership for that alternative. This provided CO 2 emissions per transit rider. A survey of transit riders in the Corridor in October 2009 determined that the average transit trip in the Corridor was 3.02 miles. 13 It was assumed that the average trip pattern in the Corridor would remain constant across all alternatives. Carbon dioxide emissions per transit rider were divided by 3.02 miles to 11 Source: TCRPC travel demand model estimates of average weekday VMT. Average weekday data was annualized at a rate of 300, consistent with FTA guidance. 12 Personal VMT for LRT was projected because ridership modeling for LRT had different demographic data built into the model. 13 Source: Michigan/Grand River Avenue : Technical Memorandum #4 Transit Rider Survey Final, URS Consultant Team, Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 5

7 determine CO 2 emissions per transit passenger mile. Table 5 presents CO 2 emissions per transit passenger mile by alternative. Table 5: Estimated CO 2 Emissions per Transit Passenger Mile Alternative Annual CO 2 Emissions Range of Annual Corridor Ridership 14 CO 2 Emissions per Transit Rider 15 CO 2 Emissions per Transit Passenger Mile 16 Rating Baseline 2.48 million kg 2.22 million million 1,125g - 1,225g 375kg - 400kg BRT 2.29 million kg 1.98 million million 975g - 1,150g 325kg - 375kg LRT 2.14 million kg 1.83 million million 1,025g - 1,175g 325kg - 375kg Modern Streetcar 3.03 million kg 2.34 million million 1,125g - 1,300g 375kg - 425kg The ridership estimates generated by the model for Route 1 in the Baseline and various Build alternatives are presented as a range to demonstrate variations between Base Year 2010 Route 1 s modeled and observed daily ridership. 3.0 Findings and Conclusions Based on the information on Table 6, which summarizes the estimated CO 2 emissions for each alternative, following are findings and conclusions of this analysis: In Year 2035, million grams of CO 2 for the Michigan/Grand River Avenue Corridor are associated with the Baseline alternative. Each of the Build alternatives would decrease CO 2 emissions relative to the Baseline. Each of the Build alternatives would result in relatively similar CO 2 emissions, and thus, reductions in CO 2 emissions vs. the Baseline alternative. 14 The TCRPC travel demand model estimates travel, on the average weekday. Average weekday data was annualized at an annualization rate of Rounded to the nearest 25g of CO 2 emissions. 16 Ibid. Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 6

8 The Modern Streetcar alternative would have the highest CO 2 emissions per passenger mile (see Table 5 between 375g and 425g), despite having the highest ridership. This is reflective of the higher CO 2 emissions per mile of a modern streetcar vehicle than a hybrid bus. (See Table 2 4.9kg and 3.1kg, respectively). In addition, the Modern Streetcar alternative would have more than twice as many vehicle miles as the LRT alternative because it has more stations (28 vs. 16), resulting in an increase in the travel time. The Modern Streetcar alternative would also have more frequent service than the LRT alternative (every six minutes during the peak vs. every 10 minutes), which would also increase the number of transit vehicle miles. Table 6: Summary of Estimated Year 2035 Annual CO 2 Emissions Alternative Transit Vehicles Annual CO 2 Emissions Personal Vehicles Total Percent Change 17 Rating Baseline 2.48 million kg million kg million kg Not applicable Not applicable BRT 2.29 million kg million kg million kg percent LRT 2.14 million kg million kg million kg percent Modern Streetcar 3.03 million kg million kg million kg percent 17 Relative to the Baseline alternative Projected Carbon Dioxide Emissions 7

Air Quality Impacts of Advance Transit s Fixed Route Bus Service

Air Quality Impacts of Advance Transit s Fixed Route Bus Service Air Quality Impacts of Advance Transit s Fixed Route Bus Service Final Report Prepared by: Upper Valley Lake Sunapee Regional Planning Commission 10 Water Street, Suite 225 Lebanon, NH 03766 Prepared for:

More information

Waco Rapid Transit Corridor (RTC) Feasibility Study

Waco Rapid Transit Corridor (RTC) Feasibility Study Waco Rapid Transit Corridor (RTC) Feasibility Study Chris Evilia, Director of Waco Metropolitan Planning Organization Allen Hunter, General Manager Waco Transit System Jimi Mitchell, Project Manager AECOM

More information

Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Joe Calabrese CEO/General Manager

Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority. Joe Calabrese CEO/General Manager Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority Joe Calabrese CEO/General Manager Greater Cleveland RTA Overview Service Area Population of 1.5 million Customers Served 200,000 on a typical weekday 1.6 million

More information

Madison BRT Transit Corridor Study Proposed BRT Operations Plans

Madison BRT Transit Corridor Study Proposed BRT Operations Plans Madison BRT Transit Corridor Study Proposed BRT Operations Plans This paper presents a description of the proposed BRT operations plan for use in the Madison BRT Transit Corridor Study. The objective is

More information

BROWARD BOULEVARD CORRIDOR TRANSIT STUDY

BROWARD BOULEVARD CORRIDOR TRANSIT STUDY BROWARD BOULEVARD CORRIDOR TRANSIT STUDY FM # 42802411201 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY July 2012 GOBROWARD Broward Boulevard Corridor Transit Study FM # 42802411201 Executive Summary Prepared For: Ms. Khalilah Ffrench,

More information

Midtown Corridor Alternatives Analysis Initial Screening Analysis

Midtown Corridor Alternatives Analysis Initial Screening Analysis Midtown Corridor Alternatives Analysis Initial Screening Analysis 7/24/2013 Prepared by the SRF Consulting Group Team for Table of Contents Purpose... 1 Initial Screening Analysis Methodology... 1 Screening...

More information

1 Faculty advisor: Roland Geyer

1 Faculty advisor: Roland Geyer Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions with Hybrid-Electric Vehicles: An Environmental and Economic Analysis By: Kristina Estudillo, Jonathan Koehn, Catherine Levy, Tim Olsen, and Christopher Taylor 1 Introduction

More information

SFMTA Energy Use by Vehicle Type: Transit Investments vs Life Cycle Costs

SFMTA Energy Use by Vehicle Type: Transit Investments vs Life Cycle Costs SFMTA Energy Use by Vehicle Type: Transit Investments vs Life Cycle Costs Peter Brown Project Manager, Long Range Planning Sustainable Streets Division 10 17 2011 Lake Arrowhead, California Outline of

More information

The Case for. Business. investment. in Public Transportation

The Case for. Business. investment. in Public Transportation The Case for Business investment in Public Transportation Introduction Public transportation is an enterprise with expenditure of $55 billion in the United States. There has been a steady growth trend

More information

Red Line/Healthline Extension Major Transportation Improvement Analysis Tier 2 Detailed Alternatives Screening Report

Red Line/Healthline Extension Major Transportation Improvement Analysis Tier 2 Detailed Alternatives Screening Report Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority August 2014 Red Line/Healthline Extension Major Transportation Improvement Analysis Tier 2 Detailed Alternatives Screening Report GREATER CLEVELAND REGIONAL

More information

Knoxville Area Transit (KAT) Transit Development Plan Downtown Transit Plan

Knoxville Area Transit (KAT) Transit Development Plan Downtown Transit Plan Knoxville Area Transit (KAT) Transit Development Plan Submitted to: Knoxville Area Transit and Knoxville Knox County Metropolitan Planning Commission Submitted by: Connetics Transportation Group Under

More information

Caltrain Downtown Extension Study Ridership Forecast Summary

Caltrain Downtown Extension Study Ridership Forecast Summary Caltrain Downtown Extension Study Ridership Forecast Summary presented to Transbay Joint Powers Authority presented by Cambridge Systematics date: March 12, 2009 Transportation leadership you can trust.

More information

RECOMMENDED ALTERNATIVE REPORT

RECOMMENDED ALTERNATIVE REPORT DRAFT METROCENTER CORRIDOR STUDY RECOMMENDED ALTERNATIVE REPORT JULY 12, 2005 TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION PAGE 1.0 INTRODUCTION... 1 2.0 TIER 1 ALTERNATIVES EVALUATION... 1 3.0 TIER 2 ALTERNATIVES EVALUATION...

More information

Preliminary Definition of Alternatives. 3.0 Preliminary Definition of Alternatives

Preliminary Definition of Alternatives. 3.0 Preliminary Definition of Alternatives 3.0 What preliminary alternatives are being evaluated? The alternatives for the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor project that were considered for screening include the No Build Alternative, Transportation

More information

EUGENE-SPRINGFIELD, OREGON EAST WEST PILOT BRT LANE TRANSIT DISTRICT

EUGENE-SPRINGFIELD, OREGON EAST WEST PILOT BRT LANE TRANSIT DISTRICT EUGENE-SPRINGFIELD, OREGON EAST WEST PILOT BRT LANE TRANSIT DISTRICT (BRIEF) Table of Contents EUGENE-SPRINGFIELD, OREGON (USA)... 1 COUNTY CONTEXT AND SYSTEM DESCRIPTION... 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW... 1 PLANNING

More information

BENEFITS OF RECENT IMPROVEMENTS IN VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY

BENEFITS OF RECENT IMPROVEMENTS IN VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY UMTRI-2014-28 OCTOBER 2014 BENEFITS OF RECENT IMPROVEMENTS IN VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY MICHAEL SIVAK BRANDON SCHOETTLE BENEFITS OF RECENT IMPROVEMENTS IN VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY Michael Sivak Brandon Schoettle

More information

Kendall Drive Premium Transit PD&E Study Project Kick-Off Meeting SR 94/Kendall Drive/SW 88 Street Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study

Kendall Drive Premium Transit PD&E Study Project Kick-Off Meeting SR 94/Kendall Drive/SW 88 Street Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study Florida Department of Transportation District Six Kendall Drive Premium Transit PD&E Study Project Kick-Off Meeting SR 94/Kendall Drive/SW 88 Street Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study What

More information

Attachment C: Benefit-Cost Analysis Spreadsheet

Attachment C: Benefit-Cost Analysis Spreadsheet Attachment C: Benefit-Cost Analysis Spreadsheet TIGER VII Application Collier Blvd. Corridor Improvements June 5 th, 2015 Collier Blvd BCA Summary The Collier Boulevard Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) has

More information

THE WILSHIRE CORRIDOR: RAIL AND ITS ALTERNATIVES. Prepared By: Jacki Murdock Transportation and Environmental Planner

THE WILSHIRE CORRIDOR: RAIL AND ITS ALTERNATIVES. Prepared By: Jacki Murdock Transportation and Environmental Planner THE WILSHIRE CORRIDOR: RAIL AND ITS ALTERNATIVES Prepared By: Jacki Murdock Transportation and Environmental Planner December 13 th, 2012 Overview Characteristics of Wilshire Boulevard Overview of the

More information

QUALITY OF LIFE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY REPORT I O N S TAT I O N

QUALITY OF LIFE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY REPORT I O N S TAT I O N QUALITY OF LIFE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY REPORT UN I O N S TAT I O N T R AV E L by TR A I N Published September 2017 2015 PROGRESS MAP This document reports FasTracks progress through 2015 BACKGROUND RTD The

More information

Emission Rate Approach for Evaluating the Differences in Emissions Between CNG and Diesel Busses

Emission Rate Approach for Evaluating the Differences in Emissions Between CNG and Diesel Busses Emission Rate Approach for Evaluating the Differences in Emissions Between CNG and Diesel Busses By Joon H. Byun, Ph.D. Air Quality Modeling Specialist Federal Highway Administration Background Information

More information

Locally Preferred Alternative Report

Locally Preferred Alternative Report METRA UP-NW LINE Cook, Lake, and McHenry Counties Illinois s Analysis Study Locally Preferred Report Document #9 Final Report October 12, 2007 Prepared by DMJM Harris Documents submitted in association

More information

ADVANTAGES OF USING SMARTWAY TECHNOLOGIES

ADVANTAGES OF USING SMARTWAY TECHNOLOGIES ADVANTAGES OF USING SMARTWAY TECHNOLOGIES Energy Center Workshop Tarrant County Community College April 28, 2016 Jasper Alve, Air Quality Planner North Central Texas Council of Governments 1 Structure

More information

Public Meeting. June 15, :30 7:30 p.m.

Public Meeting. June 15, :30 7:30 p.m. Public Meeting June 15, 2017 5:30 7:30 p.m. Welcome 2015 Naval Station Norfolk Transit Extension Study 2015 Naval Station Norfolk Transit Extension Study 2017 Norfolk Westside Transit Study HRT and the

More information

Bella Vista Bypass Benefit Cost Analysis

Bella Vista Bypass Benefit Cost Analysis Bella Vista Benefit Cost Analysis The Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) was performed in accordance with the ARRA guidance provided in the Federal Register. These benefits and costs were quantified in accordance

More information

ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES

ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES SWT-2017-5 MARCH 2017 ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES IN THE UNITED STATES: 1923-2015 MICHAEL SIVAK BRANDON SCHOETTLE SUSTAINABLE WORLDWIDE TRANSPORTATION ON-ROAD FUEL ECONOMY OF VEHICLES IN THE UNITED

More information

Mass Transit in Charlotte and San Antonio. Keith T. Parker, AICP

Mass Transit in Charlotte and San Antonio. Keith T. Parker, AICP Mass Transit in Charlotte and San Antonio Keith T. Parker, AICP President/CEO Presentation Overview Charlotte Agency and Customer Profile San Antonio Agency and Customer Profile Attracting New Customers

More information

KANSAS CITY STREETCAR

KANSAS CITY STREETCAR KANSAS CITY STREETCAR KAREN CLAWSON MID-AMERICA REGIONAL COUNCIL KANSAS CITY STREETCAR Regional Context Alternatives Analysis Kansas City Streetcar Project KANSAS CITY REGION KANSAS CITY REGION KANSAS

More information

Roma McKenzie-Campbell Amtrak, Project Manager. Caroline Ducas VHB, Senior Transit Planner. Boston, Massachusetts

Roma McKenzie-Campbell Amtrak, Project Manager. Caroline Ducas VHB, Senior Transit Planner. Boston, Massachusetts DMU Implementation on Existing Commuter Rail Corridors: Opportunities, Challenges and Lessons Learned Roma McKenzie-Campbell Amtrak, Project Manager Caroline Ducas VHB, Senior Transit Planner Boston, Massachusetts

More information

Alpine Highway to North County Boulevard Connector Study

Alpine Highway to North County Boulevard Connector Study Alpine Highway to North County Boulevard Connector Study prepared by Avenue Consultants March 16, 2017 North County Boulevard Connector Study March 16, 2017 Table of Contents 1 Summary of Findings... 1

More information

METRO TRANSIT a n n ua l re p o r t. madison, wisconsin // mymetrobus.com

METRO TRANSIT a n n ua l re p o r t. madison, wisconsin // mymetrobus.com METRO TRANSIT 2016 a n n ua l re p o r t madison, wisconsin // mymetrobus.com metro transit In 2016, Metro Transit took steps to address capacity issues both on and off the road. Off the road, Metro began

More information

Proposed Program of Interrelated Projects

Proposed Program of Interrelated Projects DALLAS AREA RAPID TRANSIT Proposed Program of Interrelated Projects Federal Transit Administration Capital Investment Program Summer 204 INTRODUCTION The current federal transportation bill, Moving Ahead

More information

September 21, Introduction. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ), National Highway Traffic Safety

September 21, Introduction. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ), National Highway Traffic Safety September 21, 2016 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) California Air Resources Board (CARB) Submitted via: www.regulations.gov and http://www.arb.ca.gov/lispub/comm2/bcsubform.php?listname=drafttar2016-ws

More information

Transit Access Study

Transit Access Study West of Hudson Regional Transit Access Study Open House presentation July 20, 2010 1 Agenda Progress To date Summary of Level 2 Alternatives and Screening Service Plans Bus and Rail Operating and Capital

More information

Independence Institute Denver West Parkway, Suite 185 Golden, Colorado i2i.org/cad.aspx BRT = BTR

Independence Institute Denver West Parkway, Suite 185 Golden, Colorado i2i.org/cad.aspx BRT = BTR Independence Institute 14142 Denver West Parkway, Suite 185 Golden, Colorado 80401 303-279-6536 i2i.org/cad.aspx BRT = BTR Bus-Rapid Transit Is Better Than Rail: The Smart Alternative to Light Rail Joseph

More information

Sound Transit Operations July 2016 Service Performance Report. Ridership

Sound Transit Operations July 2016 Service Performance Report. Ridership Ridership Total Boardings by Mode Mode Jul-15 Jul-16 % YTD-15 YTD-16 % ST Express 1,618,779 1,545,852-4.5% 10,803,486 10,774,063-0.3% Sounder 333,000 323,233-2.9% 2,176,914 2,423,058 11.3% Tacoma Link

More information

Estimation of Average Trip Lengths To and From Century City Center Century City, California

Estimation of Average Trip Lengths To and From Century City Center Century City, California MEMORANDUM TO: FROM: LSA Associates, Inc. Jonathan Chambers, P.E. DATE: October 6, 2014 RE: Estimation of Average Trip Lengths To and From Century City Center Century City, California Ref: J1076 This memorandum

More information

4 COSTS AND OPERATIONS

4 COSTS AND OPERATIONS 4 COSTS AND OPERATIONS 4.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter summarizes the estimated capital and operations and maintenance (O&M) costs for the Modal and High-Speed Train (HST) Alternatives evaluated in this

More information

Blue Ribbon Committee

Blue Ribbon Committee Blue Ribbon Committee February 26, 2015 Kick-off Meeting Blue Ribbon Committee 1 2,228 Metro CNG Buses 170 Bus Routes 18 are Contract Lines Metro Statistics 2 Transitway Lines (Orange/Silver Lines) 20

More information

MAKING USE OF MOBILE6 S CAPABILITIES FOR MODELING START EMISSIONS

MAKING USE OF MOBILE6 S CAPABILITIES FOR MODELING START EMISSIONS MAKING USE OF MOBILE6 S CAPABILITIES FOR MODELING START EMISSIONS Jeff Houk Air Quality Specialist FHWA Resource Center 13 th Annual Emission Inventory Conference, June 10, 2004 Overview Why Start Emissions

More information

Performance Measure Summary - Large Area Sum. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms

Performance Measure Summary - Large Area Sum. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms Performance Measure Summary - Large Area Sum There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2014. There is no single performance

More information

TORONTO TRANSIT COMMISSION REPORT NO.

TORONTO TRANSIT COMMISSION REPORT NO. Revised: March/13 TORONTO TRANSIT COMMISSION REPORT NO. MEETING DATE: March 26, 2014 SUBJECT: COMMUNITY BUS SERVICES ACTION ITEM RECOMMENDATION It is recommended that the Board not approve any routing

More information

Community Outreach Meetings

Community Outreach Meetings Community Outreach Meetings BCT At A Glance 410 square miles service area More than 41.5 million annual trips 327 fixed-route buses 44 bus routes 78 Community Buses in 19 Municipalities BCT At A Glance

More information

Troost Corridor Transit Study

Troost Corridor Transit Study Troost Corridor Transit Study May 23, 2007 Kansas City Area Transportation Authority Agenda Welcome Troost Corridor Planning Study Public participation What is MAX? Survey of Troost Riders Proposed Transit

More information

2015 LRT STATION ACTIVITY & PASSENGER FLOW SUMMARY REPORT

2015 LRT STATION ACTIVITY & PASSENGER FLOW SUMMARY REPORT LRT STATION ACTIVITY & PASSENGER FLOW SUMMARY REPORT CAPITAL and METRO LINES Project Team: ETS Transit Data Management Transportation Planning Strategic Monitoring and Analysis April, 2016 LRT STATION

More information

Performance Measures and Definition of Terms

Performance Measures and Definition of Terms Performance Measure Summary - All 471 Areas Sum There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2014. There is no single performance

More information

PREFACE 2015 CALSTART

PREFACE 2015 CALSTART PREFACE This report was researched and produced by CALSTART, which is solely responsible for its content. The report was prepared by CALSTART technical staff including Ted Bloch-Rubin, Jean-Baptiste Gallo,

More information

CITY OF LONDON STRATEGIC MULTI-YEAR BUDGET ADDITIONAL INVESTMENTS BUSINESS CASE # 6

CITY OF LONDON STRATEGIC MULTI-YEAR BUDGET ADDITIONAL INVESTMENTS BUSINESS CASE # 6 2016 2019 CITY OF LONDON STRATEGIC MULTI-YEAR BUDGET ADDITIONAL INVESTMENTS BUSINESS CASE # 6 STRATEGIC AREA OF FOCUS: SUB-PRIORITY: STRATEGY: INITIATIVE: INITIATIVE LEAD(S): BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE CITY

More information

Benefit Cost Analysis

Benefit Cost Analysis Benefit Cost Analysis The Benefit Cost Analysis (BCA) was performed in accordance with the ARRA guidance provided in the Federal Register. These benefits and costs were quantified in accordance with the

More information

UCLA Lake Arrowhead Conference. October 18, 2010

UCLA Lake Arrowhead Conference. October 18, 2010 BART Click to Capacity edit Master Overview title style for UCLA Lake Arrowhead Conference October 18, 2010 0 BART Basics 360,000 daily riders 104 miles 43 stations 1.3 billion annual passenger miles 1

More information

Introduction and Background Study Purpose

Introduction and Background Study Purpose Introduction and Background The Brent Spence Bridge on I-71/75 across the Ohio River is arguably the single most important piece of transportation infrastructure the Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana (OKI) region.

More information

Performance Measure Summary - Seattle WA. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms

Performance Measure Summary - Seattle WA. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms Performance Measure Summary - Seattle WA There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2014. There is no single performance

More information

Policy Note. Vanpools in the Puget Sound Region The case for expanding vanpool programs to move the most people for the least cost.

Policy Note. Vanpools in the Puget Sound Region The case for expanding vanpool programs to move the most people for the least cost. Policy Note Vanpools in the Puget Sound Region The case for expanding vanpool programs to move the most people for the least cost Recommendations 1. Saturate vanpool market before expanding other intercity

More information

Public Transportation Problems and Solutions in the Historical Center of Quito

Public Transportation Problems and Solutions in the Historical Center of Quito TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH RECORD 1266 205 Public Transportation Problems and Solutions in the Historical Center of Quito JACOB GREENSTEIN, Lours BERGER, AND AMIRAM STRULOV Quito, the capital of Ecuador,

More information

American Driving Survey,

American Driving Survey, RESEARCH BRIEF American Driving Survey, 2015 2016 This Research Brief provides highlights from the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety s 2016 American Driving Survey, which quantifies the daily driving patterns

More information

Background Information about the Metrobus 29 Lines Study

Background Information about the Metrobus 29 Lines Study Background Information about the Metrobus 29 Lines Study Questions Overview of Existing Service Q. Why is the study being conducted? A. The 29 Lines provide an important connection between Annandale and

More information

Address Land Use Approximate GSF

Address Land Use Approximate GSF M E M O R A N D U M To: Kara Brewton, From: Nelson\Nygaard Date: March 26, 2014 Subject: Brookline Place Shared Parking Analysis- Final Memo This memorandum presents a comparative analysis of expected

More information

Performance Measure Summary - Charlotte NC-SC. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms

Performance Measure Summary - Charlotte NC-SC. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms Performance Measure Summary - Charlotte NC-SC There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2014. There is no single performance

More information

Performance Measure Summary - Corpus Christi TX. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms

Performance Measure Summary - Corpus Christi TX. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms Performance Measure Summary - Corpus Christi TX There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2014. There is no single performance

More information

DETAILED DEFINITION OF ALTERNATIVES. July 2014 FINAL

DETAILED DEFINITION OF ALTERNATIVES. July 2014 FINAL DETAILED DEFINITION OF ALTERNATIVES July 2014 Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction... 1 1.1 Detailed Mode Alternatives... 1 1.2 Detailed Alignment Alternatives... 1 1.3 Key Physical and Service Elements...

More information

Performance Measure Summary - Boston MA-NH-RI. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms

Performance Measure Summary - Boston MA-NH-RI. Performance Measures and Definition of Terms Performance Measure Summary - Boston MA-NH-RI There are several inventory and performance measures listed in the pages of this Urban Area Report for the years from 1982 to 2014. There is no single performance

More information

Where are the Increases in Motorcycle Rider Fatalities?

Where are the Increases in Motorcycle Rider Fatalities? Where are the Increases in Motorcycle Rider Fatalities? Umesh Shankar Mathematical Analysis Division (NPO-121) Office of Traffic Records and Analysis National Center for Statistics and Analysis National

More information

Electric vehicles a one-size-fits-all solution for emission reduction from transportation?

Electric vehicles a one-size-fits-all solution for emission reduction from transportation? EVS27 Barcelona, Spain, November 17-20, 2013 Electric vehicles a one-size-fits-all solution for emission reduction from transportation? Hajo Ribberink 1, Evgueniy Entchev 1 (corresponding author) Natural

More information

Green Line Long-Term Investments

Green Line Long-Term Investments Enhancements Short-term improvements to keep Austin moving. Investments Long-term projects to support our future. Mobility Hubs MetroRapid MetroRail MetroExpress Connectors Circulators Project Connect

More information

Highway Transitway Corridor Study

Highway Transitway Corridor Study Highway Transitway Corridor Study Technical Memorandum 3: Corridor Concepts and Evaluation Prepared for: Metropolitan Council May 2014 SRF No. 7994 Table of Contents Introduction... 1 Concept Development...

More information

Metropolitan Freeway System 2013 Congestion Report

Metropolitan Freeway System 2013 Congestion Report Metropolitan Freeway System 2013 Congestion Report Metro District Office of Operations and Maintenance Regional Transportation Management Center May 2014 Table of Contents PURPOSE AND NEED... 1 INTRODUCTION...

More information

ON-ROAD HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK APPLICATION

ON-ROAD HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK APPLICATION CARL MOYER MEMORIAL AIR QUALITY STANDARDS ATTAINMENT PROGRAM ON-ROAD HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK APPLICATION Revised 08/2016 1 of 11 CARL MOYER RURAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Instruction Sheet The California Air Pollution

More information

Will Policy Be The Tipping Point?

Will Policy Be The Tipping Point? Will Policy Be The Tipping Point? 10 th National Clean Cities Conference and Expo May 4, 2004 Stephen L. Reich Program Director - Center for Urban Transportation Research- University of South Florida Presentation

More information

Regional Transportation Commission, Washoe County Lee Gibson, Executive Director Roger Hanson, Senior Planner

Regional Transportation Commission, Washoe County Lee Gibson, Executive Director Roger Hanson, Senior Planner Regional Transportation Commission, Washoe County Lee Gibson, Executive Director Roger Hanson, Senior Planner Presentation Outline Transit System Facts Economic Challenges in the Truckee Meadows RTC Transit

More information

National Household Travel Survey Add-On Use in the Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Area

National Household Travel Survey Add-On Use in the Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Area National Household Travel Survey Add-On Use in the Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Area Presentation to the Transportation Research Board s National Household Travel Survey Conference: Data for Understanding

More information

SCC Greenhouse Gas Assessment

SCC Greenhouse Gas Assessment SCC Greenhouse Gas Assessment April 2015 March 2016 Produced by CO2balance UK Ltd March 2017 CO2balance UK Ltd, 1 Discovery House, Cook Way, Bindon Road, Taunton, Somerset, TA2 6BJ, UK Tel: +44 (0) 1823

More information

State Avenue Corridor Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)

State Avenue Corridor Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) State Avenue Corridor Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Moving Forward Incrementally April 2010 State Ave. BRT Update Bus Rapid Transit Overview State Ave. Alternatives Analysis Results What s Coming Up Right Away!

More information

The Carbon Footprint of Daily Travel

The Carbon Footprint of Daily Travel The Carbon Footprint of Daily Travel Travel Behavior Seminar UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs Nancy McGuckin Travel Behavior Analyst Outline Background on Green House Gases (GHG) and passenger travel

More information

APPENDIX B Traffic Analysis

APPENDIX B Traffic Analysis APPENDIX B Traffic Analysis Rim of the World Unified School District Reconfiguration Prepared for: Rim of the World School District 27315 North Bay Road, Blue Jay, CA 92317 Prepared by: 400 Oceangate,

More information

Appendix B: Travel Demand Forecasts July 2017

Appendix B: Travel Demand Forecasts July 2017 Appendix B: Travel Demand Forecasts July 2017 Table of Contents 1 Introduction... 2 2 Model Review and Updates... 2 2.1 Overview of Smart Moves Model ( City of London Model )... 2 2.1.1 Network and Zone

More information

The Status of Transportation Funding, Road Charge and Vehicle Miles Traveled in California

The Status of Transportation Funding, Road Charge and Vehicle Miles Traveled in California The Status of Transportation Funding, Road Charge and Vehicle Miles Traveled in California Long-Term Policy Options for Sustainable Transportation Options NCSL State Transportation Leaders Symposium October

More information

School Transportation Assessment

School Transportation Assessment Grade: K-12 Version 1 April 2015 School Transportation Assessment SCHOOL BUS Evaluate the carbon emissions from daily transportation related to your school and identify strategies for more sustainable

More information

Table Existing Traffic Conditions for Arterial Segments along Construction Access Route. Daily

Table Existing Traffic Conditions for Arterial Segments along Construction Access Route. Daily 5.8 TRAFFIC, ACCESS, AND CIRCULATION This section describes existing traffic conditions in the project area; summarizes applicable regulations; and analyzes the potential traffic, access, and circulation

More information

Enhancing School Bus Safety and Pupil Transportation Safety

Enhancing School Bus Safety and Pupil Transportation Safety For Release on August 26, 2002 (9:00 am EDST) Enhancing School Bus Safety and Pupil Transportation Safety School bus safety and pupil transportation safety involve two similar, but different, concepts.

More information

Motorcoach Census. A Study of the Size and Activity of the Motorcoach Industry in the United States and Canada in 2015

Motorcoach Census. A Study of the Size and Activity of the Motorcoach Industry in the United States and Canada in 2015 Motorcoach Census A Study of the Size and Activity of the Motorcoach Industry in the United States and Canada in 2015 Prepared for the American Bus Association Foundation by John Dunham & Associates October

More information

BRT: A solution to an urban transport crisis or a financial burden?

BRT: A solution to an urban transport crisis or a financial burden? BRT: A solution to an urban transport crisis or a financial burden? SABOA Conference 28 February 2013 Content 1. Our opinion of BRT 2. BRT Perceptions 3. Why the disconnect? 4. Population density vs Cost

More information

SERVICE DESIGN GUIDELINES

SERVICE DESIGN GUIDELINES VTA TRANSIT SUSTAINABILITY POLICY: APPENDIX A SERVICE DESIGN GUIDELINES Adopted February 2007 COMMUNITYBUS LOCALBUS EXPRESSBUS BUSRAPIDTRANSIT LIGHTRAILTRANSIT STATIONAREAS S A N T A C L A R A Valley Transportation

More information

Impacts of Weakening the Existing EPA Phase 2 GHG Standards. April 2018

Impacts of Weakening the Existing EPA Phase 2 GHG Standards. April 2018 Impacts of Weakening the Existing EPA Phase 2 GHG Standards April 2018 Overview Background on Joint EPA/NHTSA Phase 2 greenhouse gas (GHG)/fuel economy standards Impacts of weakening the existing Phase

More information

Tracking Costs of Alternatively Fueled Buses in Florida Phase II

Tracking Costs of Alternatively Fueled Buses in Florida Phase II Tracking Costs of Alternatively Fueled Buses in Florida Phase II Alexander Kolpakov July 25, 2013 CUTR Webcast National Center for Transit Research University of South Florida Summary Client: Florida Department

More information

US 81 Bypass of Chickasha Environmental Assessment Public Meeting

US 81 Bypass of Chickasha Environmental Assessment Public Meeting US 81 Bypass of Chickasha Environmental Assessment Public Meeting March 14, 2013 Introductions ODOT FHWA SAIC Meeting Purpose Present need for bypass Provide responses to 10/04/11 public meeting comments

More information

Appendix G: Rapid Transit Technology Backgrounder July 2017

Appendix G: Rapid Transit Technology Backgrounder July 2017 Appendix G: Rapid Transit Technology Backgrounder This appendix provides additional details regarding Bus Rapid Transit and Light Rail Transit technologies, with examples from other systems, including:

More information

LARGE source of greenhouse gas emissions, and therefore a large

LARGE source of greenhouse gas emissions, and therefore a large TRAFFIC CONGESTION AND GREENHOUSE GA SES B Y M AT T H E W B A R T H A N D K A N O K B O R I B O O N S O M S I N SU R F A C E T R A N S P O R T A T I O N I N T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S I S A LARGE source

More information

D2 - CBD Second Alignment

D2 - CBD Second Alignment D2 - CBD Second Alignment Joint Meeting of DART Board of Directors/City of Dallas Transportation and Trinity River Project Council Committee 28 October 2013 Steve Salin, AICP Vice President, Rail Planning

More information

Quantifying the Benefits of Bus Rapid Transit Elements

Quantifying the Benefits of Bus Rapid Transit Elements Quantifying the Benefits of Bus Rapid Transit Elements August 2010 FTA-DC-26-7308-2010.1 Quantifying the Benefits of Bus Rapid Transit Elements Funded by the Federal Transit Administration Project Manager:

More information

Operating & Maintenance Cost Model Results

Operating & Maintenance Cost Model Results SEPTA Norristown High Speed Line Extension Alternatives Analysis/Draft Environmental Impact Statement Operating & Maintenance Cost Model Results July 14, 2016 Prepared for: by: Operating & Maintenance

More information

U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle GHG and CAFE Standards

U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle GHG and CAFE Standards Policy Update Number 7 April 9, 2010 U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle GHG and CAFE Standards Final Rule Summary On April 1, 2010, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Transportation

More information

Midtown Corridor Alternatives Analysis. Policy Advisory Committee Meeting February 12, 2014

Midtown Corridor Alternatives Analysis. Policy Advisory Committee Meeting February 12, 2014 Midtown Corridor Alternatives Analysis Policy Advisory Committee Meeting February 12, 2014 Today s Agenda Introductions Outreach efforts and survey results Other updates since last meeting Evaluation results

More information

A Guide to the medium General Service. BC Hydro Last Updated: February 24, 2012

A Guide to the medium General Service. BC Hydro Last Updated: February 24, 2012 A Guide to the medium General Service Conservation Rate BC Hydro Last Updated: February 24, 2012 Executive summary The way Medium General Service (MGS) accounts pay for electricity is changing. MGS is

More information

Commuter Transit Service Feasibility

Commuter Transit Service Feasibility Commuter Transit Service Feasibility West Michigan Transit Linkages Study Submitted to: Ottawa County, Michigan Submitted by: MP2PLANNING, LLC AUGUST 2012 Table of Contents 1. Introduction... 2 2. Overall

More information

December 23, Introduction. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) in the above-referenced matter. In

December 23, Introduction. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) in the above-referenced matter. In Environmental Protection Agency Submitted via: www.regulations.gov December 23, 2016 Re: Consumers Union s Comments on EPA s Proposed Determination on the Appropriateness of the Model Year 2022-2025 Light-Duty

More information

Mississauga Transit 2009 Budget

Mississauga Transit 2009 Budget Mississauga Transit 2009 Budget Budget Committee Presentation December 2, 2008 Revenue Ridership Forecasted 2008 Total Rides Including transfers 11% growth in the last 24 months Transit Service Area Business

More information

CITY OF ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 301 E. Huron St., P.O. Box 8647 Ann Arbor, Michigan

CITY OF ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 301 E. Huron St., P.O. Box 8647 Ann Arbor, Michigan Date: Wednesday, June 18, 2014 Location: Ann Arbor District Library Attendees: 14 citizen attendees Ann Arbor Station Environmental Review Citizen Working Group Meeting Notes Meeting #3 The third meeting

More information

PEACHTREE CORRIDOR PARTNERSHIP. Current Status & Next Steps

PEACHTREE CORRIDOR PARTNERSHIP. Current Status & Next Steps PEACHTREE CORRIDOR PARTNERSHIP Current Status & Next Steps PEACHTREE CORRIDOR PARTNERSHIP Why Peachtree? Why Now? I. THE CONTEXT High Level View of Phasing Discussion Potential Ridership Segment 3 Ease

More information

Husky Stadium: TMP Modernization Project

Husky Stadium: TMP Modernization Project Husky Stadium: TMP Modernization Project 1 Husky Stadium: TMP History 2 Husky Stadium TMP History 1986-1987 Husky Stadium adds the north upper deck. City of Seattle and UW agree on a plan (TMP) to mitigate

More information

An Overview of Rapid Transit Typical Characteristics. Date April 30, 2009

An Overview of Rapid Transit Typical Characteristics. Date April 30, 2009 An Overview of Rapid Transit Typical Characteristics Date April 30, 2009 Land Use and Transportation Is there a link? Streetcar Suburbs were the result of land developers creating streetcar lines in order

More information