3 AlphaCell SMU Technical Manual, Rev. A Effective Date: January, 2007 Copyright 2007 Alpha Technologies, Inc. member of The Group TM NOTE: Photographs contained in this manual are for illustrative purposes only. These photographs may not match your installation. NOTE: Operator is cautioned to review the drawings and illustrations contained in this manual before proceeding. If there are questions regarding the safe operation of this powering system, please contact Alpha Technologies or your nearest Alpha representative. NOTE: Alpha shall not be held liable for any damage or injury involving its enclosures, power supplies, generators, batteries, or other hardware if used or operated in any manner or subject to any condition not consistent with its intended purpose, or is installed or operated in an unapproved manner, or improperly maintained. Contacting Alpha Technologies: or For general product information and customer service (7 AM to 5 PM, Pacifi c Time), call , For complete technical support, call AM to 5 PM, Pacifi c Time or 24/7 emergency support To report errors in this document, send to :
4 Table of Contents Safety Notes... 6 Battery Safety Notes... 7 Chemical Hazards... 7 Recycling and Disposal Instructions Introduction Theory of Operation Specifi cations General Specifi cations Battery Internal Resistance Temperature, Battery Capacity, and Battery Life Battery Capacity and Ambient Temperature Battery Life and Ambient Temperature Charging Floating Charge Voltage and Ambient Temperature Boost Charging Maintenance Monthly Maintenance Quarterly Maintenance Yearly Maintenance Three-year Maintenance Storage Installation Appendix A: Specifi cations Appendix B: Choosing the Right Capacity Telecom Applications Power Applications Appendix C: Forms... 22
5 Figures Fig. 3-1, Battery Construction... 8 Fig. 4-1, Capacity as a Function of Temperature Fig. 8-2, Battery Connector Detail Fig. 8-1, Frame Construction Fig. 8-3, Sample Battery Installation (SMU-500) Fig. 9-1, Discharge Performance Fig. 9-2, Discharge Curve at One Minute (25 C) Fig. 9-3, Discharge Curve at Five Seconds (25 C) Fig. 9-4, Shock Discharge Curve at Different Rates after Discharge of One Hour (25 C).. 17 Fig. 9-5, Shock Discharge Curves at Different Rates After.5h Discharge (25 C) Fig. 9-6, Recharge Characteristics of SMU-500, 0.1C 10 A, 2.35Vpc (25 C) Fig. 9-7, Recharge Characteristics of SMU-500, 0.1C 10 A, 2.23Vpc (25 C) Fig. 10-1, Single Cell Discharge Curves (Final Voltage: 1.80 Vpc; 25 C) Fig. 10-2, Curves With Stairs Loading Calculation Method (25 C) Fig. 10-3, Curves with Voltage Control Method (25 C) Tables Table 3-1, General Specifi cations... 9 Table 3-2, Internal Resistance and Short Circuit Current (25 C)... 9 Table 5-1, Floating Voltage and Temperature...11 Table 9-1, Discharge Specifi cations
6 Safety Notes Review the drawings and illustrations contained in this manual before proceeding. If there are any questions regarding the safe installation or operation of this product, contact Alpha Technologies or the nearest Alpha representative. Save this document for future reference. To reduce the risk of injury or death, and to ensure the continued safe operation of this product, the following symbols have been placed throughout this manual. Where these symbols appear, use extra care and attention. ATTENTION: The use of ATTENTION indicates specifi c regulatory/code requirements that may affect the placement of equipment and /or installation procedures. NOTE: A NOTE provide additional information to help complete a specifi c task or procedure. CAUTION! The use of CAUTION indicates safety information intended to PREVENT DAMAGE to material or equipment. WARNING! WARNING presents safety information to PREVENT INJURY OR DEATH to the technician or user. 6
7 Battery Safety Notes WARNING! Lead-acid batteries contain dangerous voltages, currents and corrosive material. Battery installation, maintenance, service and replacement must be performed only by authorized personnel. Chemical Hazards Any gelled or liquid leakage from a valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery contains dilute sulfuric acid, which is harmful to the skin and eyes. Emissions are electrolytic, electrically conductive, and corrosive. To avoid injury: Servicing and connection of batteries shall be performed by, or under the direct supervision of, personnel knowledgeable of batteries and the required safety precautions. Always wear eye protection, rubber gloves, and a protective vest when working near batteries. Remove all metallic objects from hands and neck. Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep all open fl ames and sparks away from batteries. Use tools with insulated handles. Do not rest any tools on top of batteries. Lead-acid batteries contain or emit chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. Battery post terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds. Wash hands after handling (California Proposition 65). Wear protective clothing (insulated gloves, eye protection, etc.) when installing, maintaining, servicing, or replacing batteries. If any battery emission contacts the skin, wash immediately and thoroughly with water. Follow your company s approved chemical exposure procedures. Neutralize any spilled battery emission with the special solution contained in an approved spill kit or with a solution of one pound bicarbonate of soda to one gallon of water. Report a chemical spill using your company s spill reporting structure and seek medical attention if necessary. Always replace batteries with those of an identical type and rating. Never install old or untested batteries. Do not charge batteries in a sealed container. Each individual battery should have at least 0.5 inches of space between it and all surrounding surfaces to allow for convection cooling. All battery compartments must have adequate ventilation to prevent accumulation of potentially dangerous gas. Ventilation should prevent trapped hydrogen gas pockets from exceeding a 1% concentration as per regulation 70E of the National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA). Prior to handling the batteries, touch a grounded metal object to dissipate any static charge that may have developed on your body. Never use uninsulated tools or other conductive materials when installing, maintaining, servicing, or replacing batteries. Use special caution when connecting or adjusting battery cabling. An improperly connected battery cable or an unconnected battery cable can make contact with an unintended surface that can result in arcing, fi re, or possible explosion. A battery showing signs of cracking, leaking, or swelling should be replaced immediately by authorized personnel using a battery of identical type and rating. Equipment Cautions Do not operate NiCd and lead-acid batteries in the same room. NiCd emissions will neutralize the lead-acid solution, rendering the battery useless. Overcharging the battery can result in a loss of capacity and excess release of gas. Recycling and Disposal Instructions Spent or damaged batteries are considered environmentally unsafe. Always recycle used batteries or dispose of the batteries in accordance with all federal, state and local regulations. 7
8 1.0 Introduction The AlphaCell SMU battery with sealed gas recombination technology is specifi cally designed for telecommunication applications, and is available with capacities from 200Ah to 2,000Ah. The AlphaCell SMU Series of batteries require less space than conventional VRLA batteries and are structurally arranged to eliminate dislodging and slippage caused by vibrations over time. Features and Benefi ts: 10+ year life Recombination effi ciency approaching 99.9% Low self discharge maximizes shelf life Strong, corrosion resistant grid design Modular unit structure allows for minimal footprint Unique, fl exible connectors that make for convenient installation and effi cient connections Shockproof external design 2.0 Theory of Operation Valve Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) batteries make use of a process called recombination. By reforming the water lost during electrolysis, recombination eliminates the need for regular battery checks and for refi lling the battery water. The chemical reactions are as follows: Discharge Pb + PbO 2 + 2H 2 SO 4 Charge 2PbSO 4 + 2H 2 O 2Pb + O 2 2PbO PbO + H 2 SO 4 PbSO 4 + H 2 O 3.0 Specifications Terminal (+) Cover Positive Strap Safety Valve Terminal (-) Negative Strap Positive Plate Separator Container Negative Plate Fig. 3-1, Battery Construction 8
9 3.0 Specifications, continued 3.1 General Specifications Model SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU2-500-FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR Rated Voltage 10hr. to 1.80Vpc (C 10 ) Rated Capacity (Ah) 3hr. to 1.80Vpc (C 3 ) 1hr. to 1.80Vpc (C 1 ) Dimensions (in/mm) Length Width Height Number of Poles Weight (lb./kg) /120 8/200 15/ / /161 8/200 15/ / /201 8/200 15/ / /242 8/200 15/ / /283 8/200 15/ / / / / / / / / / / / / / /369 9/ / /153 CAUTION! Table 3-1, General Specifi cations 3.2 Battery Internal Resistance Battery internal resistance is a nonlinear parameter that changes with changes in battery temperature and discharge state. The internal resistance is lowest when the battery is fully charged. At full charge and 25 C the internal resistances and short circuit currents are as follows: Model Internal Resistance (m Ω) Short Circuit Current (A) SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU2-500-FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR Table 3-2, Internal Resistance and Short Circuit Current (25 C) A short circuit will drop the battery voltage to zero and physically damage its internal components, poles, and connectors. 9
10 4.0 Temperature, Battery Capacity, and Battery Life There are several factors that affect the capacity and the life-span of a battery. These include charging method, discharge depth, end voltages, and ambient temperature. The most signifi cant of these is temperature. In order to maximize capacity and life-span, ambient temperature should be controlled and the battery s fl oat voltage should be set to the appropriate value (for fl oat voltage specifi cations see section 5.1). CAUTION! Excessive temperatures (over 50 C, 120 F) may cause the heat generated in the recombination process to exceed the rate at which the heat can be transferred out of the battery and thermal runaway may begin. Thermal runaway is a dangerous cycle that can severely damage equipment. 4.1 Battery Capacity and Ambient Temperature The capacity of the battery is directly linked to ambient temperature: The lower the temperature the lower the capacity; the higher the temperature the higher the capacity. The standard capacity data are based on an optimal 25 C ambient temperature. The effect of temperature on capacity is as follows: Percent of Rated Capacity Ambient Temperature ( C) Fig. 4-1, Capacity as a Function of Temperature 10
11 4.0 Temperature, Battery Capacity, and Battery Life, continued NOTE: 4.2 Battery Life and Ambient Temperature The expectant life-span of 10+ years is based on a 25 C ambient temperature. Temperatures above this optimum increase the rate of plate corrosion and of water loss, which shortens battery life. For temperatures above 25 C, the relationship between temperature and life-span is expressed in the following equation: t T = t 25 / 2 (T-25)/10 Where, t T = the actual life span; T= the actual temperature; t 25 = the rated life span at 25 C. For example, if the actual ambient temperature is 35 C then the expectant life-span is 5 years. While an ambient temperature slightly below 25 C may help the battery reach its potential life-span, it will not signifi cantly increase that life-span. In addition, the capacity of the battery and it s ability to discharge signifi cantly decrease at temperatures below 5 C. The battery s optimal operating range is 15 C to 25 C. 5.0 Charging In order to ensure the battery performs to its potential, it is very important that it is: Float-charged in order to remain in a fully charged condition Completely recharged as soon as possible after a discharge, in order to ensure maximum battery life Charged properly 5.1 Floating Charge Voltage and Ambient Temperature The fl oat charge keeps the battery in a fully charged state with a small but constant current which automatically covers capacity lost from self and other discharges. In order to maximize capacity and life span, the battery s fl oat voltage must be set for the ambient temperature range in which the battery operates. Ambient Temperature ( C) Float Voltage (Vpc) +/-5% Table 5-1, Floating Voltage and Temperature CAUTION! A fl oat voltage set higher than specifi ed accelerates the corruption of the grid, shortens the life of the battery, and increases the risk of thermal runaway. A fl oat voltage set lower than specifi ed inhibits the battery from holding a charge; this increases sulfation on the plates, decreases the capacity and shortens the life of the battery. 11
12 5.0 Charging, continued 6.0 Maintenance WARNING! 5.2 Boost Charging NOTE: In general a boost charge should not take more than three hours. If it does, either the batteries or the charger are likely defective. Take and record measurements before and after charging and during discharge to help track changes and problems. Wait two hours after charging before you take fi nal measurements so the electrolyte can cool suffi ciently. The conditions under which the battery needs to be boost charged beyond its fl oat charging are: The cell fl oating charge voltage is less than 2.18V. The battery has been in a unused state for more than 3 months. The battery has been running in a state of fl oating charge for over one year. The preferred boost charging method is: Charge the battery with a current less than.25 C 10 A (0.1 C 10 A to 0.2 C 10 A is recommended) at a charge voltage of 2.30 to 2.35 Vpc. The charge is fi nished when the current drops to less than C 10 A. The SMU battery is maintenance free only in regards to the electrolyte. For assurance of reliability it is important to perform the recommended periodic maintenance. To avoid damage to the equipment or injury to the technician, follow these precautions: All maintenance work should be performed by a trained technician. Remove all jewelry. Do not smoke or use fi re near batteries. Use insulted tools when installing or maintaining the batteries. Do not lay metal tools on the batteries. Do not remove the safety valves from the batteries or add anything to the batteries. Do not clean the batteries with organic cleaners. Do not use defective or damaged batteries. 6.1 Monthly Maintenance Make sure the battery room is clean. Measure and record the ambient temperature of the battery room. Make sure the batteries are clean. Check for damage, or evidence of over-heating on the terminals, containers, and lids. 12 Measure and record the total voltage and fl oating current of the battery system.
13 6.0 Maintenance, continued 6.2 Quarterly Maintenance Repeat monthly inspection. Measure and record the fl oating voltage of every cell. If more than two cells voltages are less than 2.18V, the batteries need to be boost charged (see Section 5.2). If the problem persists, conduct annual and then three-year maintenance. 6.3 Yearly Maintenance Repeat quarterly maintenance and inspection. Ensure all connections are clean and tight. Check the load of the batteries by conducting a capacity (discharge) test: discharge the batteries to between 30% and 40% of rated capacity. 6.4 Three-year Maintenance Conduct a capacity (discharge) test. Replace any battery with a capacity less than 80% of rated capacity. 7.0 Storage Storage procedures: Before storing, fully charge the batteries. Storing a battery in a discharged state will negatively affect its life span and capacity. All lead acid batteries experience self-discharge in open circuit. The self-discharge rate is largely determined by ambient temperature: the lower the temperature, the lower the discharge rate and the higher the temperature, the higher the discharge rate. Store batteries in a clean, well ventilated location with temperatures between 0 C and 35 C. In order to avoid permanent damage to the plate caused by self-discharge, the batteries should be boost charged after every three months in storage (see section 5.2). Record all dates and services performed. See page 22 for form. 13
14 8.0 Installation About the site: Maintain a distance of at least 20" (508mm) between the battery and electrical switches and outlets. Do not expose the battery to organic solvents and corrosive gasses. Maintain a distance of at least 7.87" (200mm) between batteries and battery groups to provide proper ventilation. Create a pathway at least 47.24" (1200mm) wide next to each battery group for access during routine maintenance. Verify that the maximum weight capacity of the fl oor is not exceeded. The ideal operating temperature is 77ºF (25ºC). If possible, install air-conditioning or forced ventilation to keep temperatures between 59ºF (15ºC) and 95ºF (30ºC). CAUTION! All the cells in the system must be of the same capacity. Alpha recommends the cells be close in age. Tools needed: Socket and wrench sets Torque wrench Procedure: 1. Check the cells and frame modules for damage. Do not install damaged cells. 2. Remove the retaining bars and the cells from the frame modules. 3. Fasten the two channel bars to one module with M8x30 bolts, nuts, fl at washers, and lock washers. The bigger diameter holes on the channel bars should face down for anchoring to the fl oor. The channel bars can be mounted with their open side facing either in or out depending on installation and maintenance convenience. 4. Fasten the second frame module to the top of the fi rst with four M8x20 bolts, nuts, fl at washers, and lock washers. Continue stacking and fastening together modules. Alpha recommends stacking no more than four modules. However, the system can accommodate up to six. If applicable, blot parallel stacks to each other with two bolts, one in the front and one in the back, on each row. 5. Torque all nuts to 130 in/lb. (15N/m). 6. Fasten the two lead terminals to the top module. One terminal can be fastened to each side of the module or both can be fastened to the same side. 7. Starting with the bottom module (to prevent tipping), slide the battery cells into the assembled frame. Orient the positive and negative poles of the batteries as shown in Fig Fasten the retaining bars to the modules to secure the cells. 9. Connect the cells using the fl exible connectors according to color and polarity (red=positive; blue=negative), as shown in Figures 8-2 and 8-3. Torque all connections to 130 in/lb. (15N/m). 10. Check the voltage and polarity of the battery string with a voltameter. 11. Connect the positive poles of the cell at one end of the string to the positive terminal. Connect the negative poles of the cell on the other end of the string to the negative terminal (see Fig. 8-3). CAUTION! Take care not to create a short circuit when connecting the battery string to the lead terminals. 12. Install the plastic terminal covers to the terminals and the cover plate to the top of the top module. 14
15 8.0 Installation, continued Cover Plate Plastic Terminal Cover Module 2 Lead Terminal (one of two) M8x20 Bolts Module 1 M8x30 Bolts Channel Bar Fig. 8-1, Frame Construction Positive Lead Terminal Negative Lead Terminal Plastic Terminal Cover 8mm Allen Bolt Washer Connector Terminal Post Fig. 8-2, Battery Connector Detail Fig. 8-3, Sample Battery Installation (SMU-500) 15
16 9.0 Appendix A, Specifications Fig. 9-1, Discharge Performance Voltage Voltage Time (h) Discharge Rate K ch (K ch =I dis /C 10 ) Fig. 9-2, Discharge Curve at One Minute (25 C) 16
17 9.0 Appendix A: Specifications, continued Voltage Discharge Rate K ch (K ch = I dis /C 10 ) Fig. 9-3, Discharge Curve at Five Seconds (25 C) Voltage Float Voltage Open Circuit 0.1 C C C C C Discharge Rate K ch (K ch = I dis /C 10 ) Fig. 9-4, Shock Discharge Curve at Different Rates after Discharge of One Hour (25 C) 17
18 9.0 Appendix A: Specifications, continued Voltage C C C C C Discharge Rate K ch (K ch = I dis /C 10 ) Fig. 9-5, Shock Discharge Curves at Different Rates After.5h Discharge (25 C) Charge current of 0.1C 10 A and a voltage limit of 2.35Vpc (25 C). 1.4 Voltage Current Capacity Charged Current Voltage Capacity Charged Rate Time (h) Fig. 9-6, Recharge Characteristics of a 100% discharged SMU
19 9.0 Appendix A: Specifications, continued Charge current of 0.1C 10 A and a voltage limit of 2.23Vpc (25 C). Current Voltage Capacity Charged Current Voltage Capacity Charged Rate Time (h) Fig. 9-7, Recharge Characteristics of a 100% discharged SMU-500. End Discharge Voltage 1.75/Cell (Amps) Type Minutes Hours SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR End Discharge Voltage 1.80/Cell (Amps) Type Minutes Hours SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR SMU FR Table 9-1, Discharge Specifi cations 19
20 10.0 Appendix B: Choosing the Right Capacity 10.1 Telecom Applications Discharge Time Discharge Current (A) Fig. 10-1, Single Cell Discharge Curves (Final Voltage: 1.80 Vpc; 25 C) 10.2 Power Applications Capacity (C/C 10 ) End Voltage Discharge Time (h) 5 10 Fig. 10-2, Curves With Stairs Loading Calculation Method (25 C) 20
21 10.0 Appendix B: Choosing the Right Capacity, continued 10.2 Power Applications, continued K Ch = I discharge /C End Voltage Time (min) Fig. 10-3, Curves with Voltage Control Method (25 C) 21
22 11.0 Forms Charging Recording Form Record before charging and two hours after Model of Battery Battery Bank No. Charging Current Date Room Temperature Total Battery Voltage Remarks Cell # Voltage Siemans Conductance Rating Notes NOTE: Wait two hours after charging before you take fi nal measurements so the electrolyte can cool suffi ciently. 22
23 11.0 Forms, continued Discharge Recording Form Model of Battery Battery No. Charging Current Date Room Temperature Total Battery Voltage Remarks Cell # Initial Voltage Cell Voltage at Time Period End 15min 30min 1hr 2hr 3hr 4hr 4:30hr 5 hr 23
24 Power Alpha Technologies Alpha Technologies 3767 Alpha Way Bellingham, WA USA Tel: Fax: Web: Alpha Technologies Ltd McConnell Court Burnaby, BC, V5A 3N7 CANADA Tel: Fax: Alpha Technologies Europe Ltd. Twyford House Thorley Bishop's Stortford Hertfordshire CM22 7PA UNITED KINGDOM Tel: Fax: Alpha Technologies GmbH Hansastrasse 8 D Schwabach GERMANY Tel: Fax: Alphatec, Ltd P.O. Box Limassol, Cyprus CYPRUS Tel: Fax: AlphaTEK ooo Khokhlovskiy Pereulok 16 Stroenie 1, offi ce Moscow RUSSIA Tel: Fax: Alphatec Baltics S. Konarskio G. 49 Vilnius 2009 LITHUANIA Tel: Fax: Alpha Technologies 5 Avenue Victor Hugo F Clamart France FRANCE Tel: Fax: Due to continuing product improvements, Alpha reserves the right to change specifi cations without notice. Copyright 2007 Alpha Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. Alpha is a registered trademark of Alpha Technologies. Rev. A.
8A & 8G BATTERY INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS This manual is intended to be a guide to optimize battery performance for multiple cyclic & float applications. Consult applicable User Manuals for
RS02046 Installation and Operating Procedures For C&D Technologies TRUE Front Access TEL Series Batteries FOLLOW MANUFACTURER S PUBLISHED INSTRUCTIONS WHEN INSTALLING, CHARGING AND SERVICING BATTERIES.
LPE Enclosure Installation and Operation Manual LPE Enclosure Effective: 05/2010 member of The Group Power Alpha Technologies LPE Enclosure Installation and Operation Manual 031-302-B0-001, Rev. A Effective
TECHNICAL BULLETIN 41-7264 IntegrIty testing The valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) battery has several components (Ref. Figure 1), all of which can deteriorate with storage conditions and normal as well
PLEASE READ BEFORE PLACING BATTERIES IN SERVICE THESE INSTRUCTIONS TO BE SHIPPED WITH BATTERY AND TO BE DELIVERED TO USER INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS FOR FLOODED TUBULAR-HP MOTIVE POWER BATTERIES
Batteries and more Powered by (CE, UL & ISO9001 APPROVAL) 1. Feature 1) Maintenance free-operation. There is no need to check the special gravity of the electrolyte or to add water during the service life.
Sustainable solutions PowerSafe OPzV Operation Guide for Solar Applications Operation Guide > PowerSafe OPzV < 2 Safety precautions Batteries give off explosive gasses. They are filled with dilute sulphuric
WELDING HELMET INSTRUCTIONS Part #20520 EASTWOOD WELDING HELMETS are specifically designed to provide maximum eye and face protection from harmful UV and IR radiation emitted when welding, in a lightweight,
INSTALLATION, OPERATING & MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS For Valve Regulated Lead Acid Batteries used in Stationary Applications Commissioning by:... Date:... Number of cells/blocks:... Model #:... SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Installation And Operation Instructions For LPS Series Micro Inverter Power Systems Lead Calcium Battery Models: LPS32 and LPS55 Nickel Cadmium Battery Models: LPS20 and LPS35 Surface (-S), Recessed (-R)
Item No. : 2467 300 Amp Battery Jumper User s Manual We are constantly improving our products so specifications are subject to change without notice. Visit our website for the latest product information.
Item #30554 MULTI-FUNCTION POWER PACK INSTRUCTIONS The ROCKWOOD MULTI-FUNCTION POWER PACK is an amazingly powerful yet compact power source fully capable of starting a vehicle repeatedly as well as providing
Dual-Lite Trident TRF 40 Wide Battery Cabinet 20-40kVA Systems USER MANUAL 755-00020-DL 5/17/2017 2 755-00020-OEM R01 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Important Information About This Manual... 4 1.1 Manual Symbols...
Chapter 6 Batteries Types and Characteristics Functions and Features Specifications and Ratings 2012 Jim Dunlop Solar Overview Describing why batteries are used in PV systems. Identifying the basic components
Battery Capacity Analyzer Owners Manual Aircraft Lead Acid Batteries P/N BC3000-0003 (ES1020) Rev. C REMEMBER: 1. LEAD ACID BATTERIES ARE THIRSTY. Always check electrolyte level using an aircraft quality
C O R P O R A T IO N O P E R A T I N G I N S T R U C T I O N S OBE, OBEXU, ON BOARD Battery Chargers INTRODUCTION: These chargers are designed for the permanent installation on battery powered vehicles
Basic Battery Safety Lead Acid Storage Batteries Hazards of Lead Acid Batteries Chemical burns (sulfuric acid) Arc flash / burns Shock Explosive gas (hydrogen) Fire Weight Sulfuric Acid Safety PPE requirements
OWNERS MANUAL Models: SP3, SPSS3 Automatic Battery Charger PLEASE SAVE THIS OWNERS MANUAL AND READ BEFORE EACH USE. This manual will explain how to use the charger safely and effectively. Please read and
Item #21484 XL VIEW AUTO DARKENING WELDING HELMET INSTRUCTIONS EASTWOOD WELDING HELMETS are specifically designed to provide maximum eye and face protection from harmful UV and IR radiation emitted when
Version 3.1 Stand 09.2014 Robert Bosch (Australia) Pty. Ltd. 1555 Centre Road Clayton, Victoria 3168 C3 Operating Instructions For further information please contact Bosch at: Australia 1300 30 70 40 www.boschautoparts.com.au
UPS 12-1121 PURE LEAD PLUS Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery Designed for UPS Standby Power Applications 305-545 Watts per APPLICATIONS Data Centers Network Operations Centers Industrial Process Control
HIGH FREQUENCY AUTOMATIC BATTERY CHARGER MODEL NO: HFBC12 PART NO: 6267000 OPERATION & MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS LS0814 INTRODUCTION Thank you for purchasing this CLARKE High Frequency Automatic Battery
P o w e r S o l u t i o n s RS-1991 Valve Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Only authorized and trained personnel familiar with battery installation, preparation, charging, and maintenance
Haze Battery Company Ltd Sealed Lead Acid 6 & 12 Volt Monobloc AGM Range CONSTRUCTION - AGM battery construction is as shown in the diagram below. The positive and negative grids are cast from a calcium
INSTANT JUMPSTARTING POWER USER MANUAL Copyright PowerStation, LLC All rights reserved MODEL: PS1100 CONTENTS Warning Info 1 2 Introduction 3 Features 3 Getting to know your PS1100 4 5 Operation 6 Charging
Battery Backup System STEP-BY-STEP INSTALLATION GUIDE Operating Instructions & Parts Manual ESP25 Please read and save these instructions. Read carefully before attempting to assemble, install, operate
Single-Point Watering Kit User s Guide Contents 01 Kit Contents...................................3 02 Safety Instructions and Warnings.........................4 03 General Information and Precautions.......................
OWNER'S MANUAL CONTENTS: Page 1 Specifications 2 Safety Information and Warranty Information 3 Parts List 4-6 Assembly Instructions 7 Pump and Ram Assembly Instructions 8 Procedure for Bleeding Air 9 Pump
MNPV12 & 16 Combiner Instructions Applications: SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS PV combiner up to 16 strings using MNPV breakers rated for 150VDC. 120 amps total output PV combiner up to 12 strings using 600VDC
TECHNICAL MANUAL RS02061 Standby Batteries for Renewable Energy Applications Installation and Operating Instructions RS02061/0514/CD www.cdtechno.com Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
OPERATOR S MANUAL Portable Power 950 Model No. 28.71987 Read and follow all Safety Rules and Operating Instructions before Every Use of this Product. Save these instructions. Sears Brands Management Corporation,
OPERATION MANUAL Serial Number (ESG55LX shown) GATOR Battery-powered Pistol Grip Cable Cutters Read and understand all of the instructions and safety information in this manual before operating or servicing
Technical Publications AWP Operator's Manual Fourth Edition, First Printing Part No. 424 Operator s Manual Fourth Edition Important Read, understand and obey these safety rules and operating instructions
12-373 UL Recognized Component RETURN LEAD RECYCLE LIBERTY SERIES 1000 VALVE REGULATED LEAD-CALCIUM BATTERY FOR STANDBY APPLICATIONS Capacities from 100 to 600 Ampere-hours (8 hours to 1.75 VPC) 343 to
Instructions for use GB Fiamm Motive Power energy dry ATEX Instructions for use FMP energy dry ATEX Maintenance free batteries - Motive power batteries EEx certified increased safety e Operation and Instruction
Duo Battery Charge Controller RENOGY 10A 20A Pulse Width Modulation Solar Charge Controller Manual 1 2775 E. Philadelphia St., Ontario CA 91761 1-800-330-8678 Version: 1.2 Important Safety Instructions
DTXP4195 AC/DC LIPO CHARGER INSTRUCTION MANUAL The Onyx 150 AC/DC LiPo balancing charger is the perfect entry-level LiPo charger for modelers using up to 3S LiPo batteries. Inexpensive and very easy to
EcoSolar by Irvin TM Billboard LED Solar System STOP! THIS IS IMPORTANT Take a moment to familiarize yourself with the polarity of the wires included in your solar system. Make sure you connect positive
Technical Note 10406 XLM Energy Storage Module XLM 62V Energy Storage Module Introduction The XLM energy storage modules are self-contained energy storage devices comprised of twenty-three individual supercapacitor
12V CAR JUMP STARTER and portable power bank AC56388 AC56388-60 / AC56388M-60 / AC56388F-60 User Manual PACKAGE CONTENTS: Power Bank Storage Case USB Cable and Car Adaptor User Manual Jumper Cable with
Lead-Acid Batteries: Characteristics ECEN 2060 Battery voltage at zero current v V batt + Pb PbO 2 H + H + H + H+ SO 4-2 H 2 O E o /q e = 0.356 V SO 4-2 I batt E o /q e = 1.685 V The chemical reactions
Audi R8 Ride-on Car 5F62630 OWNER S MANUAL Keep instructions for future reference 1 Safety The owner s manual contains assembly, use and maintenance instructions. The vehicle must be assembled by an adult
Battery Charger Series EASY Charger User s manual 1 Warranty RIPEnergy is not manufacturer of these units. All technical information s, data s and dimensions rely on information s given by the manufacturer.
Digital Intelligent Battery Charger OPERARATOR S MANUAL WARNING! Before you install and use your Nitro Battery Charger, be sure to read and save these safety instructions. INTRODUCTION The Sinergex Nitro
Installation and Operating Instructions for Monolite Valve-Regulated Lead Acid Batteries Important Note Monolite batteries must be placed on charge within 6 months from date of shipment. Failure to observe
Owner s Manual Model Nos. 2001/3001 Commercial Jump Starter/Chargers WARNING READ ENTIRE MANUAL CAREFULLY BEFORE OPERATING UNIT! Made in U.S.A. Clore Automotive Kansas City, MO 64161 www.solaronline.com
R MODEL 2611 10 AMP ON BOARD BATTERY CHARGER Two Outputs OWNER S MANUAL Connections at a glance: For the best charging results both 12 Volt independent batteries should be equally discharged. The charger
BC-9000 BATTERY CHARGER OPERATIONS MANUAL COFKO ELECTRONICS LLC COPYRIGHT 2014 P/N 4169-20 UNPACKING As you unpack your new BC-9000 battery charger, inspect the BC-9000 for signs of shipping damage. If
Stationary Batteries and Battery Management Author can be written as under- Discharge cycle Pb+2H 2 SO 4 +PbO 2 Pbso 4 +2H 2 O+PbSO 4 Charge Cycle Pbso 4 +2H 2 O+PbSO 4 Pb+2H 2 SO 4 +PbO 2 Mr. Manish Naha
BATTERY USER MANUAL Recommended charging, equalization and preventive maintenance procedures for Rolls Batteries. RENEWABLE ENERGY AGM GEL MARINE MOTIVE POWER RAILROAD & DIESEL STARTER TABLE OF CONTENTS
Phone: 605.542.4444 concealite.com! Installation Instructions s Please Save These Instructions Important Safeguards Read and Follow All Safety Instructions When using electrical equipment, basic safety
Automatic Battery Charger Switching mode with Micro-controlled Input:220-260Vac / Output: 12Volt DC User s Manual and Important Safety Information Model: OC-SW121080 / OC-SW121160 / OC-SW121210 FEATURES
PA26001A01 Rev. 02 5-2009 Panduit Corp. 2009 PRECAUTIONS AND GENERAL GUIDELINES... 1 TOOL SPECIFICATIONS... 4 CT-2600 and CT-2600/E TOOLS... 4 IMPORTANT FEATURES OF THE CT-2600 and CT-2600/E BATTERY OPERATED
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Page 1 of 5 SECTION 1 IDENTIFICATION OF THE SUBSTANCE/MIXTURE AND OF THE COMPANY/UNDERTAKING Product Name: Product Code: Company Name: Address: Use of the Product: Lithium Ion
SVTX AGM VRLA batteries 2 Energy is what we do SVTX batteries introduction Product Information The SVTX range of SUNLIGHT Valve Regulated Lead Acid batteries has been designed to provide superior performance
PI1500X Power Inverter User s Manual featuring WARNING Failure to follow instructions may cause damage or explosion, always shield eyes. Read entire instruction manual before use. Warning: This product
Version 1.1 Version 2 Nature Power Inverters True Sinewave Inverter Modified Sinewave Inverter Owner s Manual!!!!!!!!!!! 38304 38204 For safe and optimum performance, the Power Inverter must be used properly.
MAVIC PRO INTELLIGENT FLIGHT BATTERY Safety Guidelines V1.0 2017.01 NOTICE All instructions and other collateral documents are subject to change at the sole discretion of SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. For
INSTALLATION, OPERATING & MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS For Nickel Cadmium (Ni-Cd) Batteries used in Stationary Applications Commissioning by:... Date:... Number of cells/blocks:... Model #... SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
OBE-3-FT Outdoor Series Installation Guide WARNING: Serious Personal Injury Securely mount the enclosure to the ground to prevent tipping. Failure to do so could lead to serious injury or death. Wear appropriate
Installation, Operation & Maintenance Manual For Pro-Fill kits with part numbers beginning in BG BL-175 6/26/2009 General Information & Precautions This publication provides detailed instructions for installing
MODEL CJ-95 CoilJet Portable HVAC Coil Cleaning System OPERATING AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS CJ-95 Manual 2009 All Rights Reserved 07/2009 Table of Contents Warranty... 1 Important Safety Instructions...
PWE/PME Series Pole and Ground-mount Enclosures PWE/PME Series Technical Manual Effective: October 2015 Alpha Technologies Power Alpha Technologies PWE/PME Technical Manual 031-161-B0-005, Rev. F2 Effective
6V MASERATI GRANTURISMO MC STRADALE KT1252TR OWNER S MANUAL Age: 3-7 yrs Weight: Maximum 77 lbs (35 Kgs) Max Speed: 2.5 MPH Battery: 6V7AH Maserati logo and model designations are registered trademarks
Exclusively Square. Exclusively Powerful. Exclusively Ironclad. M o t i v e P o w e r B a t t e r i e s Ironclad technology: Square tubes, more plate surface. For over 100 years, Ironclad batteries with
Table of contents Safety... 2 Specifications... 6 Operation... 7 Maintenance... 10 Warranty... 12 SAFETy SpEcIFIcATIONS OpERATION MAINTENANcE VAc A cca Rc Ah WARNING SyMBOLS AND DEFINITIONS This is the
Connecting External Battery Cabinet(s) to the UNITY/I 9910-UPS IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS - SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS Tools required (use insulated tools): UNITY/I User Manual (IBM Document Number SC21-8381)
CELLYTE 12 PLF & 12PLT Range Sealed VRLA Pure Lead Range of Batteries 15 year design life in float service at 25 o C Pure Lead Monobloc batteries using advanced thin pressed plates to provide very high
Owner s Manual & Safety Instructions Save This Manual Keep this manual for the safety warnings and precautions, assembly, operating, inspection, maintenance and cleaning procedures. Write the product s
NiCd Material Safety Data Sheet Document No.:JJJ/JS-QW751-06 Date: 06/13/12 Product Name: Nickel Cadmium Battery Chemical Systems: Nickel-Cadmium Designed for Recharge: Yes SECTION I-MANUFACTURER INFORMATION.
MDE-4740B Atlas Bezel Upgrade Kit (M08400K001) Installation Instructions February 2010 Introduction Purpose This document provides instructions to install the Atlas Bezel (M08400A001) using the M08400K001
Service Manual 387 S. WABASH STREET P.O. BOX 766 WABASH, IN 46992 PHONE (219) 563-0551 (800) 443-3492 FAX: (219) 563-8245 Table of Contents Description and Theory How a Battery is Constructed...1 How a
Vented fibre structure Nickel Cadmium batteries for stationary systems FNC FNC Vented Nickel Cadmium Batteries the best solution for long, reliable battery life FNC Nickel Cadmium single cells are designed
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.