Practical Application of Bio-based Pyrolysis Oil Paula Flowers Hassett Lance Baird

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1 Practical Application of Bio-based Pyrolysis Oil Paula Flowers Hassett Lance Baird Envergent Technologies

2 Bringing RTP TM technology to the energy industry Envergent Technologies LLC Part of the $35 billion Honeywell group, UOP is a world leader in refining technology for almost 100 years Developers of Rapid Thermal Processing (RTP), commercializing the first plant over 20 years ago Second Generation Renewable Energy Company - Global Reach

3 RTP Second Generation Residues to Energy Transportable fuel Energy densification Maximum liquid yield wt% Forest and Agriculture Residues Fuel Oil Substitution RTP Green Fuel Electricity Production Upgrade to Transport Fuels Liquid Fuel Decouples Biomass Conversion from Energy Generation

4 Residual Fuel Oils Global residual fuel oil demand is expected to remain stable around 9 Mb/d through 2030 Higher Prices declining supplies and emission taxes Global demand for lower emissions SOx, NOx, GHG, Legislation: Cross State Air Pollution Rule effecting 28 states SO2 reduction from 8.8 million tons per year to 2.4 NOX reduction from 2.6 million tons per year to 1.2 Baseline 2005, target year 2014 EU policy by year % of EU energy consumption from renewables 20 % less GHG emissions 20 % increase in energy effeciency

5 Energy Densty LHV, MJ/m3 Properties of RTP percentage Green Fuel Energy Density Comparison wood chips pellets RTP Green Fuel SOx Particulates NOx Fuel MJ/Litre Btu/US Gallon Heavy Fuel Oil (No. 6) ,800 Light Fuel Oil (No. 2) ,000 Ethanol ,000 RTP Green Fuel ,500 Combustion emissions compared to heavy fuel oil SO X reduction > 99% NO X reduction depends on feedstock

6 gco 2 eq/mj Life Cycle Analysis 120 Comparison of GHG Emissions Cradle to Delivered Energy, and Burned Life Cycle GHG Emissions through combustion Petroleum Hard Natural RTP Green Fuel RTP Green Fuel RTP Green Fuel Fuel Oil Coal Gas from from from Logging Willow Poplar Residues RTP green fuel Life Cycle foot print Greener than other alternatives Carbon neutral combustion, up to 90% lower GHG emissions

7 Economic Comparison Economically attractive over a wide range of feed costs

8 RTP Green Fuel Burner District Heating Space heating Applications Industrial process heating (furnaces, kilns, or boilers) Electrical power generation Fired on its own or cofired simultaneously with other fuels: fossil fuel oil, waste fuels biomass Burner Types: Pressure atomization Rotating cup Direct injection

9 Commercial Demonstrations Danstoker Package Boiler- Oilon B&W Multi Fuel Boiler Heavy Industrial Furnace

10 Commercial Demonstrations Petrokraft Rotating Cup Burner in a Water Tube Boiler in Sweden Petrokraft Rotating Cup Burner at a Power Boiler in Norway B&W Water Tube Boiler

11 Storage and Handling Envergent provides know-how to end user: Materials of construction-stainless steel tanks and piping Stability proper handling for long term storage Protective equipment which is similar to fossil fuel oil Delivery to the burner viscosity characteristics Pumping recommendations No special requirements for the firebox Flame signature recognition

12 Case Study - Finland National support to meet 38% renewable targets by 2020 New sulphur legislation requires < 0.1% sulphur fuels Greenfield Site synergies with sawmill and end customers Biomass Type mixed softwood residuals Solid Biomass (chips) 8 MJ/kg 42 tonnes/truck 95 MWh/truck RTP Green Fuel 17 MJ/kg 60 tons/truck 280 MWh/truck

13 Case Study Integrated Plant Source GFN website

14 Case Study Off-take District Heating CHP plant RTP green fuel Pumping Station Homes, businesses, etc

15 Summary Commercially proven fast pyrolysis process for converting biomass into a renewable liquid fuel Improved emissions and carbon footprint relative to combustion of heavy fuel oil Favorable economics: Feedstock flexible, Maximizes liquid yields RTP located near biomass, energy densification improves transport economics to consumer Experience with commercial heat and burner systems Including materials of construction and fuel delivery systems

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