Studies of E-Factors and Vehicle Emissions

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1 ERMES-Meeting Brussels Studies of E-Factors and Vehicle Emissions Current and future projects being funded and coordinated by BASt on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development Dr. Hans Holdik Federal Highway Research Institute Brussels, 27/

2 Outline Short Intro: BASt - Who we are, our mission Current Studies on E-Factor Measurements Other ERMES relevant BASt projects Planned activities for 2013/2014 Dr. Hans Holdik Referat F1 Aktive Fahrzeugsicherheit, Emissionen, Energie 2

3 Independent Research Test Advice Standardisation for road transport Vehicle-Pavement Interaction Facility Dynamic Full-Scale Pavement Test Impact Facility Interior Test Facility Drum Testing Facility Turn-Table Road- Marking Test System German Government Agency with approx. 400 employees located in Bergisch Gladbach Light Hall Office and Laboratories Unique Large-Scale Test Facilities Test Track and Impact Test Facility Building Dr. Hans Holdik Referat F1 Aktive Fahrzeugsicherheit, Emissionen, Energie 3

4 Department Automotive Engineering Section Active Vehicle Safety Emissions Energy Driving behaviour 1. Active Vehicle Safety Technical Inspection Technical inspection Driving behaviour, handling and dynamics Sight and visibility Euro NCAP (active Safety) 2. Emissions Energy In-Service Surveys on Emission Limit Values Alternative Propulsion and Alternative Fuels Emission Modeling and Projections - TREMOD Handbook Emission Factors - HBEFA Dr. Hans Holdik Referat F1 Aktive Fahrzeugsicherheit, Emissionen, Energie 4

5 Outline Short Intro: BASt - Who we are, our mission Current Studies on E-Factor Measurements Other ERMES relevant BASt projects Planned activities for 2013/2014 Dr. Hans Holdik Referat F1 Aktive Fahrzeugsicherheit, Emissionen, Energie 5

6 Current Studies on E-Factor Measurements FE : Study on EF from bio-fuel powered vehicles Consortium: TÜV Nord with TUG-FVT, Ifeu and H. Steven Project duration: 14 months, budget: 70 T Partners involved: H.S. FE : Study on E-Factors from N3 vehicles Consortium: TÜV Nord with TUG-FVT Project duration: 9 months, budget: 150 T Partners involved: 6

7 Study on E-Factors from bio-fuel powered vehicles Project structure: Coordination of partners and reporting Project Leader H.S. Cycle Design, Measurements, Environmental Assessment Chasis Dyno Measurements ERMES-Short Emission Cycle Consultancy Emissions Well-to- Tank Determination of E-Factors Data Analysis and Calculation of E- Factors 7

8 Study on E-Factors from bio-fuel powered vehicles Test Vehicles Petrol vehicle Type Fuels (Petrol/EthOH): E10/E85 Opel Insignia, 2.0 Turbo Bioethanol E85 Sports Tourer Innovation Displ. / ccm Transmission kw Emission Status M 162 Euro 5 VW Passat, 1.4 TSI Multifuel M 118 Euro 5 Diesel vehicle Type Fuels (Diesel/ FAME): B10/B20/B100 Displ. / ccm Transmission kw Emission Status BMW 530d A 190 Euro 6 BMW 318d Efficiency Dynamics M 85 Euro 5 8

9 Investigation of E-Factors from bio-fuel powered vehicles Applied Test Cycles NEDC (cold, hot) Reference and Conditioning CADC Reference ERMES short test successfully applied! H.S. 9

10 Day 1 PreCo1 Shed Emission Test (Otto) Conditioning of adsorber/charcoal filter Pre-Conditioning Cycles: 1x NEDC part I, 2x NEDC part II, Cool down Soak-Time min. 12h Day 2 Day 3 PreCo2 Type IV part 1 Test 1x UDC 1x EUDC 1xUDC Hot soak loss determination Opel Insignia VW Passat E10 and E85 Day 4 Type IV part 2 Test Diurnal loss determination No peculiarities 10

11 Assessment of Emissions and Energy Demand of Bio-Fuels GHG Energy Demand Sugar Cane Sugar Beet Wheat Limited Emissions FAME from Reep-Oil Soy-Oil EthOH from Sugar Cane Wheat Sugar Beet Different process paths regarding Technology Primary Energy Resulted in an Overall Assessment-Matrix Folie Nr. 11

12 Investigation of E-Factors from bio-fuel powered vehicles Conclusion Test cycles: NEDC (cold, hot), CADC, ERMES short test Calculation of EF from PHEM-Model (TU Graz) accomplished Shed-Emissions determined Calculation of pre-chain emissions accomplished Final report expected for 12/2012 H.S. 12

13 Study on E-Factors from N3 Vehicles Project structure: Project Leader Measurements Motor test bed Measurements Chasis Dyno measurements Determination of E-Factors Data Analysis and Calculation of E-Factors PHEM-Model 13

14 Study on E-Factors from N2 vehicles Aims and Deliverables EF from Euro-V / Euro-VI Heavy Duty Vehicle engines Test Bed and Chasis Dyno measurements Measurements before and after the emission reduction system (DPF,SRC,SCRT) Choice of engines / vehicles according to latest HBEFA demand: Scania R480 4x2, 353kW, 12,7 l, Euro VI Daimler OM 471, 375 kw, 12,8 l, Euro VI MAN engine, t.b.d Scania R480 4x2 OM

15 Study on E-Factors from N2 vehicles Status Scania Euro VI: Chasis Dyno measurements accomplished Data S. Hausberger/ FVT Some delay in the support of engines! Updated Time schedule: Scania (chasis dyno) Daimler OM 471 (test bed) MAN (test bed)

16 Outline Short Intro: BASt - Who we are, our mission Current Studies on E-Factor Measurements Other ERMES relevant BASt projects Planned activities for 2013/

17 Other ERMES relevant projects Conventional fuels blended with bio-fuels and pure bio-mass based fuels FE : Vehicle technical premises for higher blend rates of today s state-of-the-art bio-fuels Partner involved: DEKRA Project duration: 04/ /2013, budget: 130 T FE : Feasibility study on the compliance of emission limits with vehicles being operated with bio-fuels Partner involved: DEKRA Project duration: 04/ /2013, budget: 200 T 17

18 Objectives Statements on technical premises regarding the introduction of fuels with higher FAME/ Ethanol content Vehicle technical premises for higher blend rates of today s state-of-the-art bio-fuels Feasibility study on the compliance of emission limits with vehicles being operated with bio-fuels Statement on engine operation in the long-term Operation, fuel consumption and CO 2 emission: E5, E10, E20, E25, B5, B10, B20, B100 Visual Engine Inspections, oil dilution Petrol/ EthOH: 5, km long-term run: B20, E25 Statement on emission limits in the long-term CO, HC, NO x, NO 2, particles (P m, P n ) E5, E10, E20, E25, B5, B10, B20, B km long-term run: B20, E25 Emission tests every km 18

19 Test vehicles: 4 x Euro 5 Diesel-Vehicles (DICI) Petrol-Vehicles Long-term Run 1) VW Touran 2.0 TDI 103 kw / 4200 min ccm 2) VW Golf kw / 5000 min ccm, DISI 3) Renault Megane dci kw / 3750 min ccm 4) Opel Corsa kw / 5600 min ccm, PISI 19

20 Preliminary Results Diesel-Vehicle (DICI) Petrol-Vehicle Long-term run successfully accomplished without any problems Emission limits were fulfilled at any time No significant performance decay of the catalyst Dilution of motor oil remarkable only when operation under weak burden (UDC or WLTP L part) 20

21 Outline Short Intro: BASt - Who we are, our mission Current Studies on E-Factor Measurements Other ERMES relevant BASt projects Planned activities for 2013/

22 Planned activities for 2013 / 2014 Final reports Bio-Fuel Projects EF from N3 truck engines EF from latest technology M1 vehicles E-Factors from LPG- /CNG- fuelled vehicles 22

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