Sustainable Biofuel Production for the village of Goejaba. IV Latin America and the Caribbean Biofuels Seminar Cali, Columbia April th

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1 Sustainable Biofuel Production for the village of Goejaba IV Latin America and the Caribbean Biofuels Seminar Cali, Columbia April th

2 Goejaba Village of Goejaba

3 DRESS Foundation for the Development of Renewable Energy Sources in Suriname OBJECTIVES Development of renewable energy sources PROJECTS Hydro project in East Suriname Develop know how and info sharing about renewable energy Biofuel pilot in Goejaba

4 Biodiesel The Diesel engine can be fed with vegetable oils and would help considerably the agriculture of the countries ( 1911 ) it which use ( ) Rudolf Diesel The use of vegetable oils for engine fuels may seem insignificant today. But such oils may become in the course of time as important as petroleum and the coal tar products of the present time ( 1912 ) Peter Moers, Algemeen Project Coordinator Stichting STRO

5 Concept : Jatropha for Diesel!

6 Mission Implement a pilot project for Bio-Diesel production: To test if Bio-Diesel can be produced in an economic and sustainable way. To understand if a viable source of income can be developed for people living in the interior. To create the structures that provide workable solutions for economic development

7 Current state of energy supply Goejaba population 3,000 Number of households 600 Power supply 5 hrs/ day Fuel supply 11 bbl/ mo Generator 150 kw Fuel consumption 16 l/ hr Time power is available 25% of year

8 Stakeholders Goejaba community Goejaba energy committee Stichting voor de Ontwikkeling van Goejaba en Omgeving (STOGO) Rotary Club Paramaribo Ministry of Natural Resources; Dept of rural electrification Stichting voor Development of Renewable Energy Sources in Suriname (DRESS)

9 Environmental Area affected: Area condition: Previous use: Action: Concerns: Remediation: 60 ha secondary jungle growth Shifting Cultivation brush to be cleared area to be planted erosion river water quality 100m strip of brush remains along river

10 Social Impacts to study Gender issues: Women organized by family collect seeds and get the money Workload for circa 70 full time persons to be distributed Social status of women will be impacted Access to seeds: Agricultural activities and harvesting are organized by family Picking by individual family members Payment to individuals

11 Why Jatropha curcas? Versatile Plant - Suitable for use as fuel - Does not compete with food crops - Plants are not eaten by animals - Intercropping with food crops - Oil is suitable for soap making - Plant survives over 20 years - Additional uses for waste - Medicinal use High Oil content Percentage oil (%) Oil content Sesame Jatropha Rape seed Palm Oil seed Mustard seed Sunflow er seed Soy bean Cotton Type of seeds

12 Project assessment Cost US$250,000 Direct Results: Capacity building to farm and to operate a small factory Employment Power supply for the village No fuel transport cost Long term results: Sustainable development for the village including economic growth Intercropping and reduced land used for Shifting cultivation Economic empowerment of women Improved integrated agricultural practices

13 Opportunities Creating 70 full-time equivalent jobs Spin-off of many times the 70 jobs Further economic growth from power availability during 24 hours per day Elimination of Diesel-fuel transport cost Pilot project for paying for power in the interior of Suriname Real data on Jatropha production

14 Project Risks Oil production at Goejaba may differ from Ghana Oil extraction efficiency Labor cost assumption (based on minimum income requirement set by Suriname Bureau of Statistics) Unknown fatal flaws

15 Process principles Jatropha seeds Extruder Jatropha seeds Press cake Pure oil Raw oil Fertiliser Filter Pure Vegetable ( PVO ) oil Pure oil BiodieselReactor Glycerine Soap production Biodiesel Normal Diesel Engine Biodiesel

16 Organization 16 Family Clans of Goejaba Project sponsors Rotary Club Alcoa Paramaribo Foundation Foundation for Development of Goejaba Rotary Club Paramaribo Government of Suriname Center for Agricultural Research University of Suriname Foundation for Development of Renewable energy Sources

17 Project Timeline Scoping study Q Soil and land prospection Q Formation of Business Plan Q Agreement with counterparts Q Q Sourcing of elite planting stock Q ,000 Jatropha plants pilot Q Execution of 60 ha Plantation Q Q Factory Design Q Construction of facilities Q Q Installation of machinery Q First batch testing Q4-2009

18 Project estimate (Q4-2008) 2008) Project development $13,500 Pilot (3 hectare) $10, ha Plantation $70,000 Factory building $63,000 Process equipment $65,000 Tractor and mower $15,000 Logistics $15, Total $251,500

19 Funding of Project Formal Commitments RC Paramaribo $13,000 Alcoa Foundation $72,000 DRESS $23,500 Community (STOGO) $30, Total $138,500

20 Proposal legal structure Prerequisites: Legal structure that fits in the traditional system Community involvement Incentives to create ownership by the community Sustainable Western system Traditional system Limited Liability Company Cooperative Society Foundation Communal system

21 Keys to success: Participatory Process Ownership with the community Coach, encourage and support Evaluate performance Reflect about lessons learned Walk the field, check results vs. expected results Identify: system and performance problems Training Set expectations and accountability Get involved: do not delegate control

22 Thank you

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