1 Butterfly Valves for Oil&Gas and Petrochemical industry by Alex Khasin (MS (M.Sc MS M.Sc) Raphael Valves Industries
2 Valve types Gate valves Approx. 13 % of the total valve market is covered by Gate valves Characteristics Multi turn operation Used for On/Off duty Isolation valve Pressure range up to CL4500 Size range up to 1800 mm Temp range cryogenic/500 C Piggable design
3 Gate valves Wedge gate valve Used in liquid and gas applications up to 500 C Sealing is down stream Solid wedge small size, low temp. Flexible wedge suitable for temp shock Double disc wedge improve seat alignment
4 Gate valves Conduit gate valve and Parallel Expanding Gate Valve Typical valve for gas and refinery production and transportation Temperature range up to 250 C (Teflon seat design) Pressure range up to CL2500 Size range up to 1800 mm
5 Gate valves Conduit gate valve and Parallel Expanding Gate Valve Typical valve for gas and refinery production and transportation Temperature range up to 250 C (Teflon seat design) Pressure range up to CL2500 Size range up to 1800 mm
8 Plug valves Expending plug valve Size range up to DN 300 mm No rotation movement on sealing area Low maintenance costs Used in refinery industry Used as double block and bleed valve Typical applications Metering stations Main fuel ring
9 Gate valve design Torque Seated
10 GATE Advantages Disadvantages + Torque Seated - Packing leakage + Good seat Tightness - Weight & Space +F Full llbore - Cavities - Operability -JammingJ i - No perfect tightness
11 Ball Valve T OF BALL RUBBING SEAT % O DEGREES OF ROTATION
12 BALL Advantages + DB&B + Good seat Tightness +F Full llbore Piggable + Operability Disadvantages - Weight & Space - Dead Volume - High wear - Soft Seated Mainly - No perfect ttightness
13 REQUIRED VALVE FEATURES METAL SEATED BIDIRECTIONAL GOOD TIGHTNESS INHERENTLY FIRESAFE or FIRE TESTED
14 APPLICABLE STANDARDS API 609 Butterfly Valves: Double Flanged, Lug- and Wafer-Type. API 598 and API6D (leakage) API 607, API 6FA (fire test) ANSI B16.10, B , B16.47
15 APPLICABLE STANDARDS API 609 Butterfly Valves: Double Flanged, Lug- and Wafer- Type. The standard covers design, materials, faceto-face dimensions, pressure-temperature ratings, and examination, inspection, and test requirements for gray iron, ductile iron, bronze, steel, nickel-base alloy, or special alloy butterfly valves that provide tight shutoff in the closed position and are suitable for flow regulation.
16 APPLICABLE STANDARDS API 598 Valve Inspection and Testing. The standard covers inspection, supplementary examination, and pressure test requirements for both resilient-seated and metal-to-metal to seated gate, globe, plug, ball, check, and butterfly valves. Pertains to inspection by the purchaser and to any supplementary examinations the purchaser may require at the valve manufacturer's plant.
17 APPLICABLE STANDARDS API6D Specification for Pipeline Valves. API 6D is an adoption of ISO 14313: 1999, Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries-Pipeline Transportation Systems- Pipeline Valves. This International Standard specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the design, manufacturing, testing and documentation of ball, check, gate and plug valves for application in pipeline systems.
18 APPLICABLE STANDARDS API 607 Fire Test for Soft-Seated Quarter Turn Valves. The standard covers the requirements for testing and evaluating the performance of straightway, softseated quarter-turn valves when the valves are exposed to certain fire conditions defined in this standard. The procedures described in this standard d apply to all classes and sizes of such valves that are made of materials listed in ASME B16.34.
19 APPLICABLE STANDARDS API 6FA Specification for Fire Test for Valves. The standard d covers the requirements for testing and evaluating the performance of API Spec 6A and Spec 6D valves when exposed to specifically defined fire conditions.
20 APPLICABLE STANDARDS ANSI B16.10, B , B16.47 Specification for pressure class and process connections that cover flanged and welded connection types and face to face dimensions.
21 Product Concept
22 Disc and Stem CN Double eccentric
23 Seat Style CN Typical Fire Safe Seat - POSITION SEATED - Rated according API 609
24 Seat Style CN Metal Seat - Rated according ANSI 150/300/600 - Tightness according ANSI Class IV
25 Series 30, Vanessa Revolution Triple offset ZERO Rubbing
26 GATE VALVES ARE TORQUE SEATED More Torque = More tightness
27 VANESSA TOV IS TORQUE SEATED More Torque = More tightness
28 VANESSA is a 1/4 Turn Gate valve
29 Series 30, Shutoff Capability All Vanessa valves are required to pass a Zero Leakage* test *Zero leakage is defined as the ability to pass a test per All International standards with ZERO bubbles of air and / or drops of water.
30 All Vanessa valves are tested to pass a ZERO LEAKAGE test ZERO leakage definition Zero leakage is defined as the ability to pass a test per ALL International standards with ZERO bubbles of air and/or drops of water
31 Series 30, Shutoff Capability Bubbletight is the most misused term! Bubbletight in accordance with ANSI/FCI 70-2 class VI or API 598 or MSS SP61 means Allowable Leakage. iin accordance with ANSI B cl.vi 8 valve = 45 bubbles per minute 24 valve = 400 bubbles per minute
32 Series 30, Zero Leakage valve API 598 API 598 ANSI/FCI 70-2 API 6D Diameter Metal Steated Soft Seated Class VI Rev.18 MM. INCH Liquid Air** Liquid Air Liquid/Air* 80 3" " " " " " " " " " " " " " ANSI/FCI 70-2 Class VI does not define leakage above 8 * Air test is optional ** Air test is required for butterfly and metal seated ball valves
33 Seat tightness Advantages of TOV over Gate valves Zero leakage compared to API 598 Better packing tightness Better Operability 48 closing in 0.15 seconds! Easily Repairable
34 Advantages of TOV over Gate valves No Jamming No Cavities Space & Weight savings Maintenance Control capability
35 Advantages of TOV over Ball valves Inherently Firesafe vs. Firetested Zero leakage metal seated Non Rubbing rotation o vs. 100% rubbing Less torque / Smaller actuators
36 Advantages of TOV over Ball valves Space & Weight savings Less maintenance Control capability
37 INHERENTLY FIRESAFE The valve is firesafe by design. The valve has no soft components that could be destroyed d by the fire. The valve does not change its performance before, during or after the fire.
38 Series 30, Inherently Fire Safe ZERO Leakage BEFORE DURING AFTER API 607 IV Edition - ELF Fire Test The Fire Test
41 Series 30,000 Preferred installation position with horizontal shaft
42 Series 30, Turbine Trip & Throttle Vanessa Series 30,000 valves are currently used in Turbine Trip & Throttle applications by companies such as: General Electric Toshiba Hitachi Mitsubishi Fuji Ansaldo ABB DN 40 ANSI cl.150 with Biffi hydraulic actuator sold to Mitsubishi Japan for Ilsan (Korea) Power Station
43 Series 30, Large Diameter Vanessa is supplying around 800 pieces of its Series 30,000 Rotary Process Valves (up to 42, ASME cl. 600), to be installed on isolation and Emergency Shut-Down (ESD) services. The selection of Vanessa valves ensures a genuine zero-leakage capability over extended service life.
45 Series 30, Cryogenic Service The ALL METAL - RESILIENT SEALING with shutoff better than all other metal seated valves in cryogenic applications provides Vanessa a leading position in this market. ND 50 Class 150 in 316 S/S sold to Chiyoda for Qatar QGPC shown at the completion of a cryogenic test at the Vanessa plant.
46 Series 30, High Pressure The Vanessa valve, body & trim, is fully ANSI rated up to Cl.900 ANSI cl. 600 and 900 Vanessa valves are used in tight shut-off applications by companies such as: Shell, AGIP, Chevron, Mobil, NAM, Amoco, Chiyoda, Dow, Phillips DN 34 (850 mm.) ANSI Class 900 in 304 L supplied to Chiyoda for QAFAC (Qatar Fuel Additives Company Ltd.) in Qatar - Methanol/MTBE project
47 Series 30, Cryogenic Service Vanessa has cryogenic references with companies such as: Rocketdyne (Boeing), USA Mobil - Qatar Shell - Bonny Island, Nigeria Woodside, Australia Exxon, USA British Gas, UK Air Products, UK SNAM, Italy Korea Gas (Pyeong Taek terminal) Vanessa Cryogenic valve 16 cl. 150 installed on rocket engine test stands at the John C. Stennis Space Center in Mississippi (USA)
48 Series 30, Steam Isolation Vanessa 30,000 Series valves are capable of maintaining Zero Leakage even in saturated t and superheated steam. Vanessa is becoming the industry s standard in all industries for steam isolation applications.
49 Series 30, Off-Shore Vanessa 30,000 Series metal seated, Zero Leakage, inherently firesafe valve is an ideal substitution for ball valves in off-shore applications due to its superior performance, light weight and compact design DN 24 Class 900 in service at Phillips Petroleum, Ekofisk field, Off-Shore Platform No 2/4P in the North Sea as ball valves replacement.
50 Series 30, Tank Farm The long lasting isolation capability provided by the Series 30,000 ideally suits the needs of Tank Farm applications DN 28 Class150 in WCB with Biffi QTC electric actuator installed at TOTAL Flandres refinery in France.
51 Series 30, Tank Isolation Vanessa has supplied more than 2500 valve to Reliance Petroleum Ltd at the world s largest grass roots refinery. Approximately 800 air and motor operated Vanessa valves installed as part of the large tank farm expansion project at the Jamnagar refinery, which spans some 120km2 of the Jamnagar region of Gujarat in North-West India. Vanessa Series 30,000 rotary process valves are being installed on tank manifolds and pump services within the tank farm to perform isolation and demergency Shut tdown (ESD) duties.
52 Series 30, Fire Water Isolation
53 Series 30, Pump Isolation
54 Series 30, Turbine Trip Isolation
55 Series 30, Liquid Styrene Isolation
56 Series 30, Phosgene Unit
57 Series 30, Emergency Shut-Down at Oil Refineries
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