# Design and Analysis of Damper Systems for Circuit Breaker

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1 ISSN Design and Analysis of Systems for Circuit Breaker #1 Bhavya Ramakrishnan, #2 Pramod Yadav, #3 Dhananjay R. Panchagade #123 Mechanical Engg. Department, Savitribai Phule Pune University Akurdi, Pune ABSTRACT In today s age, a damper is an integral part of design of the operating mechanism for absorbing impact force to control override and bounce during opening operation in a circuit breaker. We present, in this paper, design of two passive damper systems, rubber damper and hydraulic damper, for a circuit breaker during opening operation. The challenges in building the dampers due to the kinematics and dynamics of the complex transmission linkages and the calculation of impact force on the damper are discussed. An evaluation of the dampers based on analytical calculations for finding the maximum amplitude of vibration and simulation of static structural and explicit dynamics modules using ANSYS Workbench has been provided. The maximum equivalent stress and maximum deformation due to impact force and velocity are computed for the two dampers in each of the simulation cases. ARTICLE INFO Article History Received :18 th November 2015 Received in revised form : 19 th November 2015 Accepted : 21 st November, 2015 Published online : 22 nd November 2015 Keywords- Circuit breaker, rubber damper, hydraulic damper, shock absorption, impact, vibration. I. INTRODUCTION The damper system in the operating mechanism works to dampen the impact, so that the amount of rebound of the mechanical stop is limited to a set range and time span when the breaker is open. We discuss, in this paper, design of two passive damper systems, rubber damper and hydraulic damper, for a circuit breaker during opening operation. I. LITERATURE REVIEW N. B. Kate, T. A. Jadhav [1] presented a mathematical model for the damping force of the hydraulic shock absorber which is implemented to analyze the shock absorbers mounting brackets attached to the vehicle structure. Damping characteristics of automotive were analyzed by considering the performance of displacement-sensitive shock absorber (DSSA) for the ride comfort. The results obtained by experimental method using damper test rig are close to results obtained by analytical model of damping force with 10 % of error. Physical testing results thus indicate that the considered shock absorber mathematical model is reliable and can be used to calculate the durability target life of mounting brackets. Thus this presented methodology can be utilized as an effective way to reduce time and cost in design and development of automotive components. Mr. Sudarshan Martande, Mr. Y. N. Jangale, Mr. N.S. Motgi[3] focus on developing new correlated methodologies that allow engineers to design components of shock absorbers, which are an essential component of an automobile, using FEM based tools. This paper uses a particular method to test it using Finite Element Analysis technique. The analytical calculations for the considered piston assembly in this paper were done using the basic design calculations of each part and the same were compared with the ANSYS results. The different stress and deflection values in shock absorber components were obtained using FEA tools and compared with analytical solutions. Percentage error was calculated and it was found that percentage error is less than 15%. Various stress results were below allowable limits of material thus proving successful use of the commercial FEA tool ANSYS in the design validation of shock absorber. D. D. L. Chung [2] reviews the materials used for vibration damping, including metals, polymers, cement and their composites. Metals and polymers tend to be better than cement due to their viscoelasticity. The paper concludes that damping enhancement mainly involves micro-structural 2015, IERJ All Rights Reserved Page 1

5 lower than the maximum stress limit for the damper material in the explicit dynamics module. The spring deflection was performed for full 16mm stroke of damper in case of static structural module. It was deformed for only mm in case of explicit dynamics module. The maximum amplitude of vibration was found to be mm which is less than 3mm. Thus it is within the set limits for the designed damper in the circuit breaker as seen through analytical calculations. I TABLE Analysis Results for s [6] Douglas P. Taylor, Energy Management Utilizing the Hydraulic Shock Absorber, Taylor Devices, Inc. [7] Nitin S. Gokhale, Sanjay S. Despande, Dr. Anand N. Thite, Practical Finite Element Analysis, Finite To Infinite, Type Value Static Structural Explicit Dynamics Rubber Hydraulic Total Deformation (mm) Equivalent Stress (Mpa) Total Displacement (mm) Equivalent Stress (MPa) Min. 0 0 Max Min Max Min. 0 0 Max Min Max ACKNOWLEDGMENT I thank my parents and my siblings for their loving consideration and constant support to my study.. I would also like to thank Mr. Narendrakumar Sharma and Mr. Krishnamohan Dharmapuri for their inputs in my project work. Special thanks to Mr. Deepak Raorane Sir for the valuable technical inputs and giving me the opportunity to work and present my project. Lastly, I would like to thank all my professors and friends from the M. E. Design course for their encouragement and support. REFERENCES [1] N. B. Kate, T. A. Jadhav, Mathematical modeling of an automobile damper, International Journal of Engg. Research, Nov. 2013, Vol. 2, Issue 7, pp [2] D. D. L. Chung, Review Materials for vibration damping, Journal of Materials Science, 2001, Vol. 36, pp [3] Sudarshan Martande, Y. N. Jangale, N.S. Motgi, International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engg. And Mangmt., March 2013, Vol. 2, Issue 3, pp [4] S. S Rao, Mechanical Vibrations, 5 th Edition, Pearson Education, pp [5] John Dixon, The Shock Absorber Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, , IERJ All Rights Reserved Page 5

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